The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Second Division

The 8th New York State Militia, Company K, Corps Engineers, circa 1861

The 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company K, Corps Engineers, circa 1861

Eighth New York State Militia Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three months 25 April, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 18 May, 1861

COLONEL G LYONS

LIEUTENANT COLONEL C G WATERBURY
C G Waterbury was appointed major, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, on 21 September, 1850.

MAJOR O F WENTWORTH
O F Wentworth was appointed major, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, on 21 September, 1855.

Company A: CAPT. J O JOHNSTON
The company was accepted in state service for three months at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and J O Johnston was appointed captain, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company A, on 6 February, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. T SWANeY
The company was accepted in state service for three months at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and T Swaney was appointed captain, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company B, the same day.
Company C: CAPT. E BURGER
The company was accepted in state service for three months at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and E Burger was appointed captain, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company C, on 11 January, 1853.
Company D: CAPT. E D LAWRENCE
The company was accepted in state service for three months at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and E D Lawrence was appointed captain, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company D, on 8 June, 1858.
Company E: CAPT. M GuFFIN
The company was accepted in state service for three months at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and M Guffin was appointed captain, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company E, on 21 April, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. L BUCK
The company was accepted in state service for three months at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and L Buck was appointed captain, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company F, on 6 July, 1854.
Company G: CAPT. W S CARR
The company was accepted in state service for three months at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and W S Carr was appointed captain, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company G, on 20 April, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. S N GREGORY
The company was accepted in state service for three months at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and S N Gregory was appointed captain, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company H, on 16 September, 1858.
Company I Washington Grey Troop or Varian's Light Artillery: CAPT. J M VARIAN
The company was accepted in state service for three months as light artillery at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 19 April, 1861 (See Varian's Light Artillery).
Corps Engineers: CAPT. W M WALTON
A detachment of twenty-four men were accepted in state service for three months at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 23 April, 1861, and W M Walton was appointed captain, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Corps Engineer,s on 16 February, 1859, dated 7 January, 1859.

Sources

"New York 24 April - The eighth, thirteenth, twenty-eighth, and the sixty-ninth regiments, nearly 3,000 strong, embarked yesterday afternoon fron Annapolis, on the steamers Marion, Alabama, and James Adger."

The National Republican, 24 April, 1861 - Departure of troops from New York

"New York 23 April - The Eighth, Thirteenth, Sixty-ninth Regiments, sailed today - the latter accompanied to the pier by about 1,000 recruits forwhom there is yet no means of transportation."

"The steamer Marion sailed at 6 o'clock with the 13th Brooklyn Regiment, and the U.S. brig Perry in tow. The James Adger, with the 69th Regiment, and the Alabama, with the 8th Regiment, sailed at the same time."

The Evening Star, 26 April, 1861

"A detachment of 300 men, of the Eighth New York Regiment, with two pieces of artillery, are entrenching themselves on an elevation about ten miles from Annapolis, completely commanding the road to Baltimore. The position is on the north sife of Severn River."

The Sunbury American, 4 May, 1861 - Annapolis, 29 April, 1861, 6 o'clock P.M.

"The following positions, as nearly as we can learn, are occupied by the northern troops in and around Washington: The 5th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Schwarzwealder, 1,100 men, is quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pinckney, 850 men, is quartered in the City of Washington and at Annapolis. The 7th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lefferts, 1,300 men, is encamped on Prospect Hill, a mile from the White House. The 8th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lyons, 960 men, occupy the Relay House, and a detachment is also stationed at Annapolis. The 12th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Butterfield, 950 men, is quartered in the City. The 13th Regiment N.Y.S.M. (Brooklyn), Colonel Smith, 1,100 men, is stationed at Annapolis. The 20th Regiment (Ulster) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pratt, 800 men, is stationed in Washington. The 25th Regiment (Albany) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Bryan, 800 men, is quartered in Washington. The 28th Regiment (Brooklyn) N.Y.S.M., Colonel M. Bennett, 550 men, is quartered in Washington. The 69th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Corcoran, 1,100 men, is quartered on Georgetown Heights, near the college. The 71st Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Vosburgh, 1,100 men, occupy the Navy yard. They also have control of three boats on the river, manned with 75 men each. The Alexandria bridge is also in charge of the 71st, 150 men stationed on the bridge with three pieces of ordnance. The 1st Regiment Firemen Zouaves (Volunteers), Colonel E. E. Ellsworth, 1,015 men, will soon be encamped on Georgetown Heights. They have been quartered in the Capital. Governor Sprague's Rhode Islanders, Colonel Burnside, 1,100 men, are quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment Massachusetts occupies the Relay House, nine miles from Baltimore. The 8th Massachusetts Regiment is quartered in Washington. A Regiment of pennsylvania troops is stationed at the Relay House with the Massachusetts 6th and New York 8th, while the remainder is stationed in Washington. The 4th New jersey Regiment has gone into encampment on Merdian Hill, near the camp of the New York 7th. About 2,700 New Jersey soldiers are quartered in Washington."

The Belmont Chronicle (St Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio), 16 May, 1861 - Positions of Northern troops in the South

"The 8th regiment New York Militia, 1,000 men, under command of Col. Lyons, are encamped in 80 tents on the heights in the rear of the Relay House. The 6th regiment, Massachusetts, are encamped in 108 tents on a high bluff, half a mile west of Relay House, and near the railway. The Boston Light Artillery are doing good service here. They have six pieces, 75 horses, and number 105 men. The first section commands the bridge from a prominence; the second is stationed near the railroad, and within a few rods of the Relay House, and commands the railroad and river. The third has not yet been assigned a position."

The Alexandria Gazette, 13 May, 1861 - U.S. forces at Relay House, 6 P.M., 11 May, 1861

"This morning at a quarter to 12m., a train arrived fron Baltimore, having on board the New York Eighth Regiment, consisting of eight full companies of one hundred men each. This regiment left New York on 22d of last month, and have been on labourious duty ever since."

The Evening Star, 18 May, 1861 - More troops - Arrival of the New York Eighth Regiment - They go into camp

"This splendid regiment reached this city about noon on Saturday, bringing with them their camp equipage, and immediately marched out to Kalorama, where they pitched their tents."

The National Republican, 20 May, 1861 - Arrival of New York Eighth regiment

"At Arlington House, we found the New York eighth regiment, Col. Lyons, snugly encamped. Their battery, which arrived her early yesterday morning, is with them, and they have placed it so that it would fall fearfully upon any attacking party."

The National Republican, 28 May, 1861 - Over the river

"It appears that an order had been received to the effect that the Grey troop should leave the howitzers and take six 6 pounders."

"In Hudson street, the Grey troop, numbering 100 men, with a battery of six 6-pounders and thirty-six horses, turned down and proceeded to Pier No. 13, where they embarked on board the steamship Montgomery."

Rebellion Record: Document 93, departure of the 8th, 13th, and 69th N. Y. Regiments, New York Tribune, 24 April, 1861

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 1, by Frederick Phisterer

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 2, New York, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio

Notes

The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was accepted in state service for three months at New York City, New York County, New York, on 23 April, 1861.

Note: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at New York City, New York County, New York, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861.

New York City, New York County, New York, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 23-25 April, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry (900) was ordered to proceed by the steamer Alabama on the North or Hudson River, at Pier No.36, on West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 6 PM on 23 April, 1861, and arrived in the morning on 25 April, 1861.

Note: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Union Square, between Broadway and Fourth Avenue and West Fourteenth and West Seventeenth Streets, New York City, New York County, New York, at 8 AM on 23 April, 1861.

Disembarked at United States Naval Academy, near Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 25 April, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry disembarked at the United States Naval Academy, near Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, on 25 April, 1861.

Note: Varian's Light Artillery, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company I, was ordered to proceed by the steamer Montgomery to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 10 AM on 24 April, 1861, and arrived on 25 April, 1861 (See Varian's Light Artillery).

Mustered in three months, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 25 April, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, on 25 April, 1861.

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, to Fort Morgan, Mount Misery, near Elkton, Cecil County, Maryland, 30 April, 1861: A detachment of three hundred men of the 8th New York State Militia Infantry, seven engineers, and a section of Varian's Light Artillery were stationed at Fort Morgan, Mount Misery, near Elkton, Cecil County, Maryland, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C G Waterbury, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, on 30 April, 1861.

Note: A detachment of three hundred men of the 8th New York State Militia Infantry were stationed at Fort Morgan, Mount Misery, near Elkton, Cecil County, Maryland, between 24 and 1 May, 1861, and a detachment of two hundred and fifty men of the 6th New York State Militia Infantry were ordered to Mount Misery, near Elkton, Cecil County, Maryland, on 1 May, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Annapolis & Maryland).

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, to Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch & Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, 5 May, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch and Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, under the command of Brigadier General B F Butler, Massachusetts Volunteers, at 7 AM the 5 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the Boston Light Artillery (See the Three Months Volunteers, Department of Annapolis). The regiment arrived by the Washington, Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch and Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, at 11 AM the same day and was stationed at Luckett's and Talbot's Farms, near Elkridge Landing, on the Patapsco River, and Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch & Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, between 5 and 17 May, 1861.

Note: The 6th Massachusetts Infantry arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch and Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, at 5 PM on 5 May, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Troops stationed near Elkridge Landing, on the Patapsco River, & Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch & Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, 12 May, 1861:Brigadier General B F Butler, Massachusetts Volunteers; ; 6th Massachusetts Infantry (635), 8th New York State Militia Infantry (900), Boston Light Arillery (116)

Occupation of Baltimore City, Maryland, detachment of 8th New York State Militia Infantry, 13 May, 1861: Four hundred and fifty men of the 8th New York State Militia Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C G Waterbury, were ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Baltimore City, Maryland, under the command of Brigadier General B F Butler, Massachusetts Volunteers, in the afternoon on 13 May, 1861, and was accompanied by five hundred men of the 6th Massachusetts Infantry, under the command of Colonel E F Jones, and a section of the Boston Light Artillery, under the command of Major A Cook. The four hundred and fifty men of the 8th New York State Militia Infantry arrived at Camden Station, Baltimore City, Maryland, at 8 PM the same day and were ordered to Federal Hill, Baltimore City, Maryland, in the evening on 13 May, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General B F Butler, Massachusetts Volunteers, set up headquarters at Shillinger's House, on Federal Hill, Baltimore City, Maryland, in the evening on 13 May, 1861, and the 8th Massachusetts Infantry arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch and Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, on 13 and 14 May, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Annapolis).

Federal Hill, Baltimore City, to Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch & Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, detachment of 8th New York State Militia Infantry, 16 May, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch and Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, under the command of Brigadier General B F Butler, Massachusetts Volunteers, on 16 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 6th Massachusetts Infantry and a section of the Boston Light Artillery. The regiment arrived at Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch and Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, at 5 PM the same day.

Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch & Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 17 May, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch and Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, in the morning on 17 May, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Washington, D. C., via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 11.45 AM the same day.

Washington to Kalorama, near Lyons' Mill, on Rock Creek, D. C., 17 May, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to Kalorama, near Lyons' Mill, on Rock Creek, D. C., in the evening on 17 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 22 May, 1861: Major General C W Sandford, New York State Militia, was ordered to assume immediate command of all the regiments of his State within the District of Columbia, and to report directly to general headquarters by Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 22 May, 1861.

Kalorama, near Lyons' Mill, on Rock Creek, D. C., to Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 26 May, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., in the morning on 26 May, 1861, and arrived at the rear of Arlington House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 8 PM the same day.

Note: Major General C W Sandford, New York Volunteers, was assigned to command the New York State Militia during the occupation of Arlington Heights, Fairfax County, and Alexandria, Virginia, and set up Headquarters at Arlington House, Lee-Custis Mansion, on 24 May, 1861. Varian's Light Artillery arrived at Arlington House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 27 May, 1861.

General Orders No.1, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, 28 May, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry, the 12th New York State Militia Infantry, the 25th New York State Militia Infantry and other troops or detachments in his vicinity were assigned to Colonel S P Heintzelman, 17th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.1, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.5, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, 3 June, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry, the 8th New York State Militia Infantry, and 25th New York State Militia Infantry were temporarily assigned to Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, by Special Orders No.5, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria, County, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.18, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria, County, Virginia, 1 July, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry and the 14th New York State Militia Infantry were assigned to Colonel A Porter, 16th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.18, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria, County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel A Porter, 16th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Columbia Turnpike to Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived at the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near Arlington Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day. The regiment arrived at Bailey's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 PM on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861. The 8th New York State Militia Infantry arrived by Little River Turnpike via Annandale, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 18 July, 1861. The regiment encamped near the Warrenton Turnpike, two miles east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 4.30 AM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Sudley Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 5.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 9.30 AM the same day.

Order of march, 21 July, 1861: The 5th United States Artillery, Light Company D; the United States Marine Corps Battalion; the 27th New York Infantry; the 14th New York State Militia Infantry; the 8th New York State Militia Infantry; the United States Battalion Infantry; and the United States Battalion Cavalry, on 16 July, 1861.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run, the 14th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 12 AM on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Arlington House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, via Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 12th New York Infantry was stationed at Arlington House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the evening on 22 July, 1861 (See the 12th New York Infantry).

Washington, D. C., to New York City, New York County, New York, 24-26 July, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to New York City, New York County, New York, at 8 PM on 24 July, 1861, and arrived by the Philadelphia, Wilmington, & Baltimore Railroad at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 10 AM on 26 July, 1861. The regiment arrived by the steamer Gregory on the North or Hudson River at Jersey City Ferry Terminal, on Cortlandt Street, New York City, New York County, New York at 1 .30 PM on 26 July, 1861.

Note: The 71st New York State Militia Infantry was stationed at Harve de Grace, Harford County, Maryland, at 5 PM on 25 July, 1861

Mustered out, New York City, New York County, New York, 2 August, 1861: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was mustered out at New York City, New York County, New York, on 2 August, 1861.

Colonel A Porter, First Brigade, 16th United States Infantry, Second Division, McDowell's Army: Captain & Brevet Lieutenant Colonel A Porter, United States Mounted Riflemen, was appointed colonel, 16th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861, and brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.33: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp387-388
Colonel G Lyons, Eighth New York State Militia Infantry, dated Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.32: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp353-356
Colonel A Porter, Sixteenth United States Infantry, First Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Army, dated Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.31: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp382-383
Colonel D Hunter, Third United States Cavalry, Second Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 5 August, 1861