The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Private A Lacombe, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company C, postwar

Private A Lacombe, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company C, postwar

Sixth Louisiana Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for the war 4 June and 5 June, 1861, dated 4 June, 1861. Companies A, D, F, and I arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 14 June, 1861, and Companies B, C, E, G, H, and K 16 June, 1861. Stationed at Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL I G SEYMOUR
I G Seymour was appointed colonel, 6th Louisiana Infantry, on 21 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war by First Lieutenant C W Phifer, cavalry, Comfederate States Army, on 4 June, 1861, dated 2 June, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL L LAY
Captain L Lay, Violet Guards, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 6th Louisiana Infantry, on 24 May, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war by First Lieutenant C W Phifer, cavalry, Comfederate States Army, on 4 June, 1861, dated 2 June, 1861.

MAJOR S L JAMES
Captain S L James, Irish Brigade, Company A, was appointed major, 6th Louisiana Infantry, on 21 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war by First Lieutenant C W Phifer, cavalry, Comfederate States Army, on 4 June, 1861, dated 2 June, 1861.

Company A Union & Sabine Rifles: CAPT. A MCARTHUR, Jr.
The Sabine Rifles (Sabine Parish), under the command of Captain A McArthur, Jr., arrived by the steamer W Barton at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 5 May, 1861, and was consolidated with the Southern Guards (Union Parish), under the command of Captain J S Severna, at Camp Moore, on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad, one and a half miles above Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, on 1 June, 1861.
Company B Calhoun Guards: CAPT. H B STRONG
The company was stationed at No.99 St Charles Street, New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 11 February, 1861, and was accepted in state service on 8 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 29 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Moore, on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad, one and a half miles above Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, on 1 June, 1861.
Company C St. Landry Light Guards: CAPT. N G OFFUTT
The company was accepted in state service at Washington, St Landry Parish, Louisiana, in April or May 1861 and was mustered in state service for the war at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 28 May, 1861.
Company D Tensas Rifles: CAPT. C B TENNEY
The company was accepted in state service at St Joseph, Tensas Parish, Louisiana, on 27 April, 1861, and arrived by the steamer Mary E Keene at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 9 May, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Moore, on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad, one and a half miles above Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, on 13 May, 1861.
Company E Mercer Rifle Guards: CAPT. T F WALKER
The company was accepted in state service at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 1 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for the war and ordered to proceed by the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad to Tangipahoa Station, Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana, on 18 May, 1861.
Company F Irish Brigade, Company B: CAPT. W MONAGHAN
The company was accepted in state service at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 8 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Moore, on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad, one and a half miles above Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, on 18 May, 1861.
Company G Pemberton Rangers: CAPT. I A SMITH
The company was mustered in state service for one year at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 9 May, 1861.
Company H Orleans Rifles or Rangers: CAPT. T F FISHER
The company was mustered in state service for the war at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 12 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Moore, on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad, one and a half miles above Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, on 18 May, 1861. Captain T F Fisher, 6th Louisina Infantry, Company H, resigned on 20 August, 1861.
Company I Irish Brigade, Company A: CAPT. J Hanlon
The company was mustered in state service for the war at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, under the command of Captain S L James, and ordered to Metairie Racecourse, Metairie, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, on 3 May, 1861. The company was ordered to set up Camp Moore, on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad, one and a half miles above Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, in the evening on 11 May, 1861, and Captain S L James, Irish Brigade, Company A, was appointed major, 6th Louisiana Infantry, on 21 May, 1861. First Lieutenant J Hanlon, Irish Brigade, Company A, was appointed captain, 6th Louisiana Infantry, Company I, on 24 May, 1861.
Company K Violet Guards: CAPT. W H MANNING
The company was accepted in state service at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 3 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for the war, under the command of Captain L Lay, on 3 May, 1861, dated 1 May, 1861. The company was part of the American Rifle Battalion Infantry, under the command of Major C De Choiseul, on 6 May, 1861, and Captain L Lay, Violet Guards, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 6th Louisiana Infantry, on 24 May, 1861, dated 21 May, 1861 (See the 7th louisiana Infantry). W H Manning was appointed captain, 6th Louisiana Infantry, Company K, on 25 May, 1861, dated 23 May, 1861.

Sources

"Monaghan's Irishmen dug rifle pits along the stream and rested on their arms."

Irish rebels, Confederate tigers: A history of the 6th Louisiana Volunteers, by James P Gannon

Foreigners in the Confederacy, by Ella Lonn

A guide to Louisiana Confederate military organizations 1861-1865, by A W Bergerun, Jr.

Notes

The 6th Louisiana Infantry was organised at Camp Moore, on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad, one and a half miles above Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, on 21 May, 1861.

Note: The Irish Brigade (83), Company B, and the Sabine Rifles (78) were stationed at Camp Walker, Metairie Racecourse, Metairie, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, under the command of Brigadier General E L Tracy, First Brigade, First Division, Louisiana State Troops, on 11 May, 1861.

Mustered in war, Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, 4 June & 5 June, 1861, dated 4 June, 1861: The 6th Louisiana Infantry, Companies A, D, F, H, and I, were mustered in Confederate service for the war at Camp Moore, on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad, one and a half miles above Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, by First Lieutenant C W Phifer, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 4 June, 1861; Companies C, E, G, and K, by Second Lieutenant N W Pope, 4th Louisana Infantry, Company C, on 4 June, 1861; and Company B on 5 June, 1861, dated 4 June, 1861.

Note: The Tensas Rifles (108) was ordered to proceed by the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad to Tangipahoa Station, Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana, on 12 May, 1861, and the Mercer Rifle Guards, the Orleans Rifles or Rangers, and the Irish Brigade, Company B, arrived at Camp Moore, on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad, one and a half miles above Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, on 18 May, 1861. The Calhoun Guards was ordered to proceed by the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad to Tangipahoa Station, Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana, at 7.30 AM on 1 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the Continental Guards (See the 7th Louisiana Infantry).

Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, to Lynchburg, Virginia, Companies A, D, F, H, & I, 8-12 June, 1861: The 6th Louisiana Infantry, Companies A, D, F, H, and I, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel L Lay and Major S L James, were ordered to proceed by the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, in the morning on 8 June, 1861, and arrived at Burnsville, Tishomingo County, via Jackson, Hinds County, Mississippi, at 2 PM on 10 June, 1861. Companies A, D, F, H, and I arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad at Lynchburg via Knoxville, Knox County, and Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, Virginia, at 1.30 AM on 12 June, 1861.

Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, to Lynchburg, Virginia, Companies B, C, E, G, & K, 11-18 June, 1861: The 6th Louisiana Infantry, Companies B, C, E, G, and K, under the command of Colonel I G Seymour, were ordered to proceed by the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861, and arrived by the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad at Greenville, Greene County, Tennessee on 16 June, 1861. The regiment arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad at Lynchburg, Virginia, in the morning on 18 June, 1861.

Lynchburg to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies A, D, F, H, & I, 15-16 June, 1861: The 6th Louisiana Infantry, Companies A, D, F, H, and I, were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861.

Lynchburg to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies B, C, E, G, & K, 19-20 June, 1861: The 6th Louisiana Infantry, Companies B, C, E, G, and K, were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the evening on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 6th Louisiana Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General R S Ewell, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 20 June, 1861.

Manassas Junction to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 22-23 June, 1861: The 6th Louisiana Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861, and in the morning on 23 June, 1861.

Withdrawal to Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, 17 July, 1861: The 6th Louisiana Infantry was ordered to withdraw to Union Mills, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and Companies B and E were assigned as a reserve at Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day. The regiment arrived at Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered across the Bull Run River at Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 6 AM on 18 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 6th Louisiana Infantry was ordered across Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 6th Louisiana Infantry was assigned to the Eighth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Acting Brigadier General & Colonel I G Seymour, 6th Louisiana Infantry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Eighth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 1st Louisiana Special Battalion Infantry, 6th Louisiana Infantry, 7th Louisiana Infantry, 8th Louisiana Infantry, 9th Louisiana Infantry

Union Mills to Camp Bienville, between Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, & Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 28 July, 1861: The 6th Louisiana Infantry was ordered between Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, and Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, in the morning on 28 July, 1861, dated 25 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Bienville, between Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, and Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Between Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, & Centreville, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 28 August, 1861: The 6th Louisiana Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 272, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 28 August, 1861.

Centreville to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, 29 August, 1861: The 6th Louisiana Infantry was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 280, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 29 August, 1861.

Reorganised near Conrad's Store, Rockingham County, Virginia, 9 May 1862: The 6th Louisiana Infantry was reorganised at Camp Bragg, near Conrad's Store, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 9 May, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 6th Louisiana Infantry, under the command of Colonel E Waggaman, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General R S Ewell, Confederate States Army, Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain R S Ewell, 1st United States Dragoons, resigned on 7 May, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 16 March, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the volunteer companies at Richmond, Virginia, by General Orders No.7, Paragraph I, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 1 May, 1861, and was ordered to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by General Orders No.8, Paragraph I, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861. He arrived at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 19 May, 1861. He arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 24 May, 1861, and was immediately ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 4.30 AM the same day. Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell was accompanied by Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, and three companies of the 19th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J B Strange, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 7.30 AM on 25 May, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry). He was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 27 May, 1861, and the Rappahannock Cavalry, the Prince William Cavalry, and the Warrenton Rifles, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, were engaged in a skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 3 and 4 AM on 1 June, 1861 (See the Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse). Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861, and assigned to command the Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 20 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.61, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 14 May, 1861: The Halifax Light Infantry, Old Dominion Guards, and Chatham Greys were ordered to the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.61, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.63, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 15 May, 1861: The Young Guard, Mount Vernon Guards, Chesterfield Central Guards, Bedford Rifle Greys, and Meadville Greys were ordered to the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.63, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861.

Note: The Young Guard, Chatham Greys, Halifax Light Infantry, Mount Vernon Guards, Chesterfield Central Guards, Bedford Rifle Greys, and Meadville Greys were ordered to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, cavalry, Confederate States Army, by General Orders No.8, Paragraph I, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel R H Chilton, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command Camp Ashland, Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by General Orders No.18, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 19 May, 1861.

Camp Walker, Metairie Racecourse, Metairie, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, 29 April, 1861: Camp Walker was set up at Metairie Racecourse, Metairie, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, under the command of Brigadier General E L Tracy, First Brigade, First Division, Louisiana State Troops, on 29 April, 1861.

Camp Moore, on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad, one & a half miles above Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, 11 May, 1861: The Irish Brigade, Company A, under the command of Captain S L James, was ordered to set up Camp Moore, on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northen Railroad, one and a half miles above Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, in the evening on 11 May, 1861, and was accompanied by Lieutenant Colonel H Forno, 5th Louisiana Infantry (See the 6th Louisiana Infantry).

Note: Brigadier General E L Tracy, First Brigade, First Division, Louisiana State Troops, was assigned to command Camp Moore, on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northen Railroad, one and a half miles above Tangipahoa Station, St Helena (Tangipahoa) Parish, Louisiana, on 12 May, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Tracey, Tangipahoa, Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana, on 28 May, 1861.

The 6th Louisiana Infantry was assigned to the Eighth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Acting Brigadier General & Colonel I G Seymour, 6th Louisiana Infantry, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT No.95: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp536-537
Brigadier General R S Ewell, Confederate States Army, Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, 24 July, 1861