The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Lieutenant Colonel J B Gordon, 6th Alabama Infantry

Lieutenant Colonel J B Gordon, 6th Alabama Infantry

Sixth Alabama Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 15, 16, and 17 May, and 2 and 4 June, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 15 and 16 June, 1861. Stationed at Union Mills, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL J J SEIBELS
J J Seibels was appointed colonel, 6th Alabama Infantry, at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 17 May, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL B H BAKER
Captain B H Baker, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company J, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 6th Alabama Infantry, at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 17 May, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.

MAJOR J B GORDON
Captain J B Gordon, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company I, was appointed major, 6th Alabama Infantry, on 17 May, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.

Company A Henry Greys: CAPT. A C GORDAN
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Abbeville, Henry County, Alabama, on 11 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, by Major & Assistant Quartermaster E E McLean, Confederate States Army, on 16 May, 1861.
Company B Sam Rice Guards or Loachapoka Rifles: CAPT. J M KENNEDY
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Loachapoka, Lee County, Alabama, on 7 May, 1861, and J M Kennedy was appointed captain, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company B, on 15 May, 1861, dated 29 January, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, by Major & Assistant Quartermaster E E McLean, Confederate States Army, on 15 May, 1861.
Company C Confederate or Marengo Rifles: CAPT. G LYNCH
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Clifton, Wilcox Countiy, Alabama, on 11 May, 1861, and G Lynch was appointed captain, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company C, on 16 May, 1861, dated 22 February, 1861. The company was mustered in state service on 11 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, by Major & Assistant Quartermaster E E McLean, Confederate States Army, on 16 May, 1861.
Company D Montgomery Independent Rifles: CAPT. G B DUVAL
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 7 May, 1861, and G B Duval was appointed captain, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company D, on 15 May, 1861, dated 25 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, by Major & Assistant Quartermaster E E McLean, Confederate States Army, on 15 May, 1861.
Company E Hayneville Guards: CAPT. J J WILLINGHAM
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Hayneville, Lowndes County, Alabama, on 17 April, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, by Major & Assistant Quartermaster E E McLean, Confederate States Army, on 16 May, 1861. A detachment of the company was assigned to the 6th Alabama Infantry, Company M, and the 5th Alabama Infantry, Company K (3rd), on 27 April, 1862 (See the 5th Alabama Infantry).
Company F Sumter Rifle Guards: CAPT. W T GUNTER
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Bridgeport, Jackson County, Alabama, on 30 April, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, by Major & Assistant Quartermaster E E McLean, Confederate States Army, on 16 May, 1861.
Company G Montgomery Greys: CAPT. S G HARDAWAY
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 6 May, 1861, and S G Hardaway was appointed captain, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company D, on 15 May, 1861, dated 2 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year by Major & Assistant Quartermaster E E McLean, Confederate States Army, on 15 May, 1861.
Company H Opelika Volunteers: CAPT. J F WADDELL
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Opelika, Lee County, Alabama, on 12 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 14 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, by Major & Assistant Quartermaster E E McLean, Confederate States Army, on 17 May, 1861, and twenty men from each company of the 6th Alabama Infantry were assigned to Waddell's Light Artillery, under the command of Captain J F Waddell, on 1 February, 1862.
Company I Raccoon Roughs: CAPT. W L GORDON
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Long Island, Jackson County, Alabama, under the command of Captain J B Gordon, on 25 April, 1861, and arrived by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 7 May 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year, under the command of Captain W L Gordon, at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, by Major & Assistant Quartermaster E E McLean, Confederate States Army, on 15 May, 1861. Captain J B Gordon, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company I, was appointed major, 6th Alabama Infantry, on 17 May, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.
Company J Russell Volunteers: CAPT. W H WEEMS
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Crawford, Russell County, Alabama, under the command of Captain B H Baker, on 2 May, 1861, and the company was mustered in Confederate service for one year, under the command of Captain W H Weems, at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, by Major E E McLean, assistant quartermaster, Confederate States Army, on 15 May, 1861. Captain B H Baker, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company J, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 6th Alabama Infantry, at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 17 May, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.
Company K Henry or Columbia Blues: CAPT. T T SMITH
The company was Confederate in state service at Columbia, Houston County, Alabama, on 25 May, 1861, and was ordered to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Special Orders No.59, Paragraph VI, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, the same day. The company arrived at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, in the evening on 4 June, 1861, and T T Smith was appointed captain, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company K, at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 4 June, 1861, dated 6 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 4 June, 1861.
Company L Autauga Rifles: CAPT. T A DAVIS
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Independence, Autauga County, Alabama, on 22 May, 1861, and was ordered to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Special Orders No.56, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 30 May, 1861, dated 22 May, 1861. The company arrived at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, in the morning on 2 June, 1861, and T A Davis was appointed captain, 6th Alabama Infantry, Company L, at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 2 June, 1861, dated 29 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 2 June, 1861.

Sources

"The Racoon Roughs made an imposing twelfth part of the Sixth Alabama, which was one of the largest regiments in the Confederate army."

"No regulation uniform had at this time been adopted for field officers, and in deference to the wishes and the somewhat quaint taste of Colonel Siebels, the regimental commander, the mounted officers of the Sixth wore double-breasted frock-coats made of green broadcloth, with the brass buttons of the United States army. These green coats – more suited to Irishmen than to Americans – were not discarded during the entire term of our first enlistment for twelve months, nor until we enrolled as a part of the army that was to serve until Southern independence was won or lost."

Reminiscences of the civil war, by General John B Gordon

Reminiscences of the Autauga Rifles (Co. G, Sixth Alabama Volunteer Regiment, C.S.A.), by Lieutenant James Monroe Thompson

John Brown Gordon: Soldier, Southerner, American, by Ralph Lowell Eckert

Alabama: Her history, resources, war record, and public men from 1540 to 1872, by Willis Brewer

Notes

The 6th Alabama Infantry, Company E, was accepted in Confederate service on 17 April, 1861; Company F, on 30 April, 1861; Company I, on 2 May, 1861; Company G, on 6 May, 1861; Companies B and D, on 7 May, 1861; Companies A and B, on 11 May, 1861; Company L, on 22 May, 1861; and Company K, on 25 May, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 6 May, 1861. The 6th Alabama Infantry, was organised at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 17 May, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861.

State Service

Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, Company E, 13-15 January, 1861: The Hayneville Guards arrived at Fort San Carlos de Barrancas, near Warrington, Escambia County, Florida, in the morning on 13 January, 1861, and was ordered to Hayneville, Lowndes County, Alabama, on 15 January, 1861 (See the 11th Mississippi Infantry).

Confederate Service

Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, & J, 25-27 May, 1861: The 6th Alabama Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, and J, was ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph II, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 25 May, 1861, dated 23 May, 1861, and Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, and J arrived by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad at Camp Moore, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, via West Point, Troup County; Atlanta, Fulton County; and Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia; and Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, at 9 AM on 27 May, 1861.

Independence, Autauga County, & Columbia, Houston County, Alabama, to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, 2 & 4 June, Companies K & L, 1861: The Autauga Rifles was ordered to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Special Orders No.56, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 22 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Moore, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 2 June, 1861. The Henry or Columbia blues was ordered to Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Special Orders No.59, Paragraph VI, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 25 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Moore, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, on 4 June, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, & Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, 15, 16, & 17 May & 2 & 4 June, 1861: The 6th Alabama Infantry, Companies B, D, G, I, and J, were mustered in Confederate service for one year at Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, by Major & Assistant Quartermaster E E McLean, Confederate States Army, on 15 May, 1861; Companies A, C, E, and F on 16 May, 1861; Company H on 17 May, 1861; Company L at Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 2 June, 1861; and Company K on 4 June, 1861.

Note: The Autauga Rifles was mustered in Confederate State service at Camp Moore, near Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, by Captain W S Walker, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 2 June, 1861, and Henry Blues on 4 June, 1861.

Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi, to Lynchburg, Virginia, 7-12 June, 1861: The 6th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, at 6 AM on 7 June, 1861, and arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad via Chattanooga, Hamilton County; Knoxville, Knox County; and Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, on 12 June, 1861.

Note: The The 6th Alabama Infantry, Companies I and L, were ordered to proceed by the Memphis & Charleston Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and arrived on 13 June, 1861.

Lynchburg to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 14-15 June, 1861: The 6th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the evening on 14 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Charlottesville, Albermarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861.

Note: The 6th Alabama Infantry, Companies I and L, arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the evening on 16 June, 1861, and the 6th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General R S Ewell, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Manassas Junction to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 22 June, 1861: Seven companies of the 6th Alabama Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 22 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Manassas Junction to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, Gordon's Battalion Infantry, 22 June, 1861: A battalion of the 6th Alabama Infantry, under the command of Major J B Gordon, were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Elzey's or Sangster's Crossroads, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 22 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: The 6th Alabama Infantry, Companies F and L, and two other companies were assigned to Gordon's Battalion Infantry, under the command of Major J B Gordon, 6th Alabama Infantry, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Withdrawal to Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861: The 6th Alabama Infantry was ordered to withdraw to Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered across the Bull Run River at Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 6 AM on 18 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 6th Alabama Infantry was ordered across Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 6th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General R S Ewell, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 5th Alabama Infantry, 6th Alabama Infantry, 12th Alabama Infantry, 12th Mississippi Infantry

Union Mills to Sangster's Crossroads, Prince William County, Virginia, 23 August, 1861: The 6th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Sangster's Crossroads, Prince William County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 23 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Masked Battery, near Sangster's Crossroads, Prince William County, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day.

Reorganised near Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, March 1862: The 6th Alabama Infantry was reorganised near Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, in March 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 6th Alabama Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General R S Ewell, Confederate States Army, Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain R S Ewell, 1st United States Dragoons, resigned on 7 May, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 16 March, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the volunteer companies at Richmond, Virginia, by General Orders No.7, Paragraph I, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 1 May, 1861, and was ordered to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by General Orders No.8, Paragraph I, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861. He arrived at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 19 May, 1861. He arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 24 May, 1861, and was immediately ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 4.30 AM the same day. Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell was accompanied by Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, and three companies of the 19th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J B Strange, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 7.30 AM on 25 May, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry). He was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 27 May, 1861, and the Rappahannock Cavalry, the Prince William Cavalry, and the Warrenton Rifles, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, were engaged in a skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 3 and 4 AM on 1 June, 1861 (See the Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse). Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861, and assigned to command the Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 20 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.61, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 14 May, 1861: The Halifax Light Infantry, Old Dominion Guards, and Chatham Greys were ordered to the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.61, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.63, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 15 May, 1861: The Young Guard, Mount Vernon Guards, Chesterfield Central Guards, Bedford Rifle Greys, and Meadville Greys were ordered to the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.63, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861.

Note: The Young Guard, Chatham Greys, Halifax Light Infantry, Mount Vernon Guards, Chesterfield Central Guards, Bedford Rifle Greys, and Meadville Greys were ordered to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, cavalry, Confederate States Army, by General Orders No.8, Paragraph I, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel R H Chilton, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command Camp Ashland, Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by General Orders No.18, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 19 May, 1861.

The 6th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General R S Ewell, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT No.95: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp536-537
Brigadier General R S Ewell, Confederate States Army, Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, 24 July, 1861