The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel R E Rodes, 5th Alabama Infantry

Colonel R E Rodes, 5th Alabama Infantry

Fifth Alabama Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 13 and 15 May, 1861, dated 13 May, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19 June, 1861. Stationed at Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL R E RODES
Captain R E Rodes, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company H, was appointed colonel, 5th Alabama Infantry, at Montgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 13 May, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL A C JONES
Captain A C Jones, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company I, was appointed colonel, 5th Alabama Infantry, at Montgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 13 May, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.

MAJOR J T MORGAN
J T Morgan was appointed colonel, 5th Alabama Infantry, at Montgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 13 May, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.

Company A Grove Hill Guards: CAPT. J M HALL
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Grove Hill, Clarke County, Alabama, on 6 May, 1861, and the company was ordered to proceed by the steamer Southern Republic on the Alabama River to Montgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 6 May, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 8 May, 1861, and J M Hall, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company A, arrived at Montgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 11 May, 1861. He was appointed captain, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company A, on 13 May, 1861, dated 21 February, 1861.
Company B Livingston Rifles: CAPT. J H DENT
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Livingston, Sumter County, Alabama, on 15 April, 1861, and the company was ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 5 May, 1861. The company arrived by the steamer Southern Republic on the Alabama River at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 8 May, 1861, and J H Dent was appointed captain, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company B, on 13 May, 1861, dated 8 March, 1861.
Company C Pickensville Blues: CAPT. S H FERGUSON
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Pickensville, Pickens County, Alabama, on 20 April, 1861, and the company was ordered to proceed by the steamer Marengo on the Tombigbee River to Montgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 6 May, 1861. S H Ferguson was appointed captain, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company C, on 13 May, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861.
Company D Monroe Guards: CAPT. G GOODE
The company was accepted in Confederate service for one year at Pineville, Monroe County, Alabama, on 15 March, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 5 May, 1861. Captain G Goode, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company D, arrived at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 11 May, 1861, and fifteen men were assigned to the 2nd Alabama Battalion Light Artillery, Company D, under the command of Captain H H Sengstak, by Special Orders No.36, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 13 February, 1862.
Company E Talladega Artillery: CAPT. C M SHELLEY
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Talladega, Talladega County, Alabama, on 1 May, 1861, and the company was ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 1 May, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 2 May, 1861, and C M Shelly was appointed captain, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company E, on 13 May, 1861, dated 2 April, 1861.
Company F Sumter Rifle Guards: CAPT. R P BLOUNT
The company was accepted in Confederate in state service at Livingston, Sumter County, Alabama, on 26 April, 1861, and arrived by the steamer Southern Republic on the Alabama River at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Mountgomery County Alabama, on 8 May, 1861.
Company G Cahaba Rifles: CAPT. C C PEGUES
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Cahaba, Dallas County, Alabama, on 10 April, 1861, and the company was ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 7 May, 1861. The company arrived by the steamer Southern Republic on the Alabama River at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 8 May, 1861, and C C Pegues was appointed captain, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company G, on 13 May, 1861, dated 14 January, 1861.
Company H Warrior Guards: CAPT. W H FOWLER
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Tuscaloosa, Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, under the command of Captain R E Rodes, on 22 April, 1861, and the company was ordered to proceed by the steamer Cherokee on the Black Warrior River to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 4 May, 1861. The company arrived at Selma, Dallas County, Alabama, the same day and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Southern Republic on the Alabama River to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 8 May, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, the same day and Captain R E Rodes and First Lieutenant W H Fowler, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company H, were appointed colonel, 5th Alabama Infantry, and captain, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company H, on 13 May, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861. The company was reorganised as Fowler's Artillery, under the command Captain W H Fowler, at Davis' Ford, on Cedar Run, on 28 December, 1861.
Company I Greensboro Guards: CAPT. E L HOBSON
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Greensboro, Hale County, Alabama, under the command of Captain A C Jones, on 13 April, 1861, and was ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, on 5 May, 1861. The arrived by steamer on the Alabama River at Selma, Dallas County, Alabama, via Uniontown, Perry County, Alabama, on 6 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Southern Republic on the Alabama River to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 8 May, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, the same day and Captain A C Jones and Orderly Sergeant E L Hobson, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company H, were appointed lieutenant colonel, 5th Alabama Infantry, and captain, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company I, respectively, on 13 May, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.
Company K (1st) Continental (Mobile) State Artillery or State (Alabama) Artillery: CAPT. W H KETCHUM
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, on 20 April, 1861, and was ordered to the Magnolia Racecourse, near Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, on 2 May, 1861. The was ordered to proceed by the steamer Saint Charles to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, at 9 AM on 7 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 11 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Alabama & Florida Railroad to Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, at 12 PM on 12 May, 1861, and arrived on 13 May, 1861. Captain W H Ketchum resigned on 17 May, 1861, and the company was stationed at Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, under the command of Captain W H Horner, Mobile Continental State Artillery, on 2 June, 1861.
 
Company K (2nd) Barbour Greys: CAPT. E BLACKFORD
The company was accepted in Confederate service at Clayton, Barbour County, Alabama, on 15 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.50, Paragraph III, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, the same day. The company was mustered in Confederate service at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and E Blackford was appointed captain, 5th Alabama Infantry, Company K (2nd), on 17 June, 1861, dated 9 April, 1861. The company arrived at Farr's Crossroads, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 7 July, 1861.
Company K (3rd) Hayneville Guards: CAPT. D W JOHNSON
A detachment of the 6th Alabama Infantry, Company E, was assigned to the 5th Alabama Infantry, Company K (3rd), on 27 April, 1862 (See the 6th Alabama Infantry).

Seizure of Fort Morgan, 4 January, 1861

Colonel J B Todd, First Alabama Volunteer Corps

Three companies of the 1st Alabama Volunteer Corps, under the command of Colonel J B Todd, were ordered to proceed by the steamer Kate Dale to seize Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, at 11 PM on 3 January, 1861, and arrived at 3 AM on the 4 January, 1861.

Detachment of 1st Alabama Volunteer Corps, 3-4 January, 1861: Colonel J B Todd; Mobile Cadets, Captain R M Sands; Mobile Continental (Mobile) State Artillery or State (Alabama) Artillery, Captain W H Ketchum; Mobile Independent Rifles, Captain A Stikes (See the 12th Alabama Infantry)

Seizure of Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, 4 January, 1861: Sergeant S Patterson, United States Ordnance Department, surrendered Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, at 5 AM on 4 January, 1861.

Note: The Mobile Cadets, under the command of Captain R M Sands, was ordered to proceed by the steamer Kate Dale to Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, at 2 PM on 13 January, 1861, and relieved the Mobile Continental (Mobile) State Artillery or State (Alabama) Artillery stationed at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, between 3 and 13 January, 1861.

Additional troops at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, 13 January-21 February, 1861: The Continental (Mobile) State Artillery or State (Alabama) Artillery, 1st Alabama Volunteer Corps, was assigned to garrison duty at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, between 3 January and 14 February, 1861; the Governor's Guards between 13 January and 21 February, 1861 (See the 4th Alabama Infantry); the Greenboro Light Artillery between 16 January and 20 February, 1861; the Warrior Guards between 18 January and 15 March, 1861; the Talladega Artillery between 23 February and 15 April, 1861; the Coosa Volunteers between 28 February and 5 April, 1861 (See the 12th Alabama Infantry); and the Grove Hill Guards on 5 March, 1861.

Note: The Montgomery Rifles and the Marion Rifles, under the command of Captains J B Bibb and R T Royston, respectively, were ordered to Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, on 8 January, 1861, and the Selma Independent Blues, under the command of Captain J Kent, on 11 January, 1861.

Sources

"The Fifth Regiment of Alabama Volunteers, under the command of Col. Rodes, have arrived, and are quartered in the city limits. I visiyed their camp this morning, and found on the right wing the State Artillery, (Continentals,) Capt. W. H. Ketchum, of Mobile. They are supplied with a battery of six pieces, viz; two large 12 pounder rifle cannon; three 12 pounder howitzers; and one 6 pounder cannon; their caissions are to arrive tomorrow.."

Evening Star, 23 May, 1861 - Pensacola affairs

"At Union Mills, Ewell held the Sixth Alabama in reserve. He put the Sixth Louisiana near the ford, above the Orange & Alexandria railroad bridge, and below the bridge he placed the Fifth Alabama. Rhodes put part of the regiment in reserve and entrenched the rest along the water's edge, explaining to Company D that he wanted to give the Greensboro boys a chance at the enemy the first opportunity."

Major General Robert E. Rodes of the Army of Northern Virginia: A biography, by Darrell L Collins

Guarding Greensboro: A Confederate company in the making of a Southern community, by G Ward Hubbs

"This afternoon a company of cavalry was attached to our regiment."

Voices from Company D: Diaries by the Greensboro Guards, Fifth Alabama Infantry Regiment, Army of Northern Virginia, by G Ward Hubbs

Alabama: Her history, resources, war record, and public men from 1540 to 1872, by Willis Brewer

Notes

The 5th Alabama Infantry, Company D, was accepted in Confederate service on 15 March, 1861; Company G, on 10 April, 1861; Company I, on 13 April, 1861; Companies C and K (1st), on 20 April, 1861; Company H, on 22 April, 1861; Company F, on 26 April, 1861; Company E, on 1 May, 1861; Company A, on 6 May, 1861, and was organised at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 11 May, 1861.

state Service

Garrison at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, Company K (1st), 3 January-14 February, 1861: The Continental (Mobile) State Artillery or State (Alabama) Artillery, 1st Alabama Volunteer Corps, under the command of Colonel J B Todd, was ordered to proceed by the steamer Kate Dale to seize Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, at 11 PM on 3 January, 1861, and was accompanied by the Mobile Cadets and the Mobile Independent Rifles, 1st Alabama Volunteer Corps. The company arrived at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, at 3 AM on the 4 January, 1861, and was assigned to garrison duty between 4 January and 14 February, 1861.

Garrison at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, Company I, 16 January-20 February, 1861: The Greenboro Light Arillery, under the command of Captain A C Jones, was ordered to Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, in the morning on 13 January, 1861, and arrived at Eastport Landing, near Greensboro, Hale County, Alabama, on the Black Warrior River, the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the steamer Cherokee on the Black Warrior River to Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, on 13 January, 1861, and arrived at Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, on 15 January, 1861. The Greenboro Light Artillery was assigned to garrison duty at Fort Morgan, Mobile Bay, near Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, between 16 January and 20 February, 1861. The company was ordered to Greensboro, Hale County, Alabama, in the morning on 20 February, 1861, and arrived in the morning on 22 February, 1861.

Garrison at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, Company H, 18 January-15 March, 1861: The Warrior Guards was ordered to proceed by the steamer L D Wallace on the Black Warrior River to Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, in the morning on 15 January, 1861, and arrived at Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, in the afternoon on 17 January, 1861. The company was assigned to garrison duty at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, between on 18 January and 15 March, 1861. The Warrior Guards was ordered to Tuscaloosa, Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, in the morning on 15 March, 1861.

Garrison at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, Company E, 23 February-15 April, 1861: The Talladega Artillery was assigned to garrison duty at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, between 23 February and 15 April, 1861.

Note: Captain P Morgan, Talladega Artillery, resigned at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, on 5 April, 1861.

Garrison at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, Company A, 5 March, 1861: The Grove Hill Guards was assigned to garrison duty at Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, opposite Dauphin Island, Mobile County, Alabama, on 5 March, 1861.

Confederate Service

The 5th Alabama Infantry was organised at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 13 May, 1861, dated 11 May, 1861.

Talladega, Talladega County, to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, Company D, 1-2 May, 1861: The Tallageda Artillery was ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 1 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 2 May, 1861.

Pineville, Monroe County, to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, Company E, 5 May, 1861: The Monroe Guards arrived at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 5 May, 1861.

Tuscaloosa, Tuscaloosa County, to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, Company H, 4-8 May, 1861: The Warrior Guards was ordered to proceed by the steamer Cherokee on the Black Warrior River to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 4 May, 1861, and arrived at Slema, Dallas County, Alabama, the same day. the company was ordered to proceed by the steamer Southern Republic on the Alabama River to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 8 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, the same day

Livingston, Sumter County, to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, Company B, 5-8 May, 1861: The Livingston Rifles were ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 5 May, 1861, and arrived by the steamer Southern Republic on the Alabama River at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 8 May, 1861.

Greensboro, Hale County, to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, Company I, 5-8 May, 1861: The Greensboro Guards was ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, on 5 May, 1861, and arrived by steamer on the Alabama River at Selma, Dallas County, Alabama, via Uniontown, Perry County, Alabama, on 6 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the steamer Southern Republic on the Alabama River to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 8 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, the same day.

Pickensville, Pickens County, to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, Company C, 6-8 May, 1861: The Pickensville Blues was ordered to proceed by the steamer Marengo on the Tombigbee River to Montgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 6 May, 1861, and arrived on the Alabama River at amp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 8 May, 1861.

Grove Hill, Clarke County, to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, Company A, 6-8 May, 1861: The Grove Hill Guards was ordered to proceed by the steamer Southern Republic on the Alabama River to Montgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 6 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Mountgomery County, Alabama, on 8 May, 1861.

Cahaba, Dallas County, to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, Company G, 7-8 May, 1861: The Cahaba Rifles were ordered to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 7 May, 1861, and arrived by the steamer Southern Republic on the Alabama River at Camp Jeff Davis, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 8 May, 1861.

Mobile, Mobile County, to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, Company K (1st), 7-11 May, 1861: The Mobile Continental (Mobile) State Artillery or State (Alabama) Artillery was ordered to proceed by the steamer Saint Charles to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, with two 6 pounder smoothbores and one 12 pounder howitzer at 9 AM on 7 May, 1861, and was assigned two 12 pounder rifles and one 6 pounder smoothbore at Camp Jeff Davis, near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, between 10 and 11 May, 1861.

Livingston, Sumter County, to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, Company F, 8 May, 1861: The Sumter Rifle Guards arrived by the steamer Southern Republic on the Alabama River at Camp Jeff Davis, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 8 May, 1861.

Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, to Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, Companies A, B, D, E, H, I, and K (1st), 12-13 May, 1861: The 5th Alabama Infantry, Companies A, B, D, E, H, I, and K (1st), under the command of Colonel R E Rodes and Major J T Morgan, were ordered to proceed by the Alabama & Florida Railroad to Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, at 12 PM on 12 May, 1861, and arrived in the morning on 13 May, 1861.

Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, to Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, Companies C, F, & G, 14-15 May, 1861: The 5th Alabama Infantry, Companies C, F, and G, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel A C Jones, were ordered to proceed by the Alabama & Florida Railroad to Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, on 14 May, 1861, and arrived on 15 May, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, 13 & 15 May, 1861, dated 13 May, 1861: The 5th Alabama Infantry, Companies A, B, D, E, H, I, and K (1st), were mustered in Confederate service for one year at Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, by Captain W H Forney, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 13 May, 1861, and Companies C, F, and G on 15 May, 1861, dated 13 May, 1861 (See the 10th Alabama Infantry).

Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, 2 June, 1861: The 5th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Alabama & Florida Railroad to Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 2 June, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: The 5th Alabama Infantry, Company K (1st), was assigned to garrison duty at Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, on 2 June, 1861.

Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, to Richmond, Virginia, 3-10 June, 1861: Six companies of the 5th Alabama Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad via West Point, Troup County; Atlanta, Fulton County; and Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia; and Lynchburg, Virginia, at 9 PM on 9 June, 1861. The remaining three companies arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, on 10 June, 1861.

Note: The 5th Alabama Infantry was stationed at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, between 10 and 18 June, 1861, and the Barbour Greys was mustered in Confederate service as the 5th Alabama Infantry, Company K (2nd), by Special Orders No.195, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 18-19 June, 1861: The 5th Alabama Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.73, Paragraph III, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, between 9 and 10 AM on 18 June, 1861, dated 17 June, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 1.30 AM on 19 June, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to Warrenton Turnpike, near Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 19 June, 1861: The 5th Alabama Infantry was ordered to the Warrenton Turnpike, near the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.46, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: The 5th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General R S Ewell, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 20 June, 1861.

Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, to Farr's Crossroads, between Fairfax Station & Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 22-23 June, 1861: The 5th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Farr's Crossroads, on the Old Braddock Road, between Fairfax Station and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 8.30 PM on 22 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861, and arrived at Farr's Crossroads, on the Old Braddock Road, between Fairfax Station and Fairfax Courthouse, via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 23 June, 1861.

Farr's Crossroads, between Fairfax Station & Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, Company K (2nd), 5-7 July, 1861: The 5th Alabama Infantry, Company K (2nd), was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.212, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861, and arrived at Farr's Crossroads, on the Old Braddock Road, between Fairfax Station and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 7 July, 1861.

Note: A detachment of twenty men of the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company F, was temporarily assigned to the 5th Alabama Infantry at Farr's Crossroads, on the Old Braddock Road, between Fairfax Station and Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861 (See Jenifer's Battalion Cavalry).

Old Braddock Road, near Pohick Run, Companies A, E & I, 16 & 17 July, 1861: The 5th Alabama Infantry, Company E, under the command of Captain C M Shelley, was assigned to guard duty on the Old Braddock Road, near Pohick Run, on 16 July, 1861, and Company I, under the command of Captain E Hobson, as a reserve in the morning on 17 July, 1861. The 5th Alabama Infantry, Company A, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel A C Jones, was assigned to guard the road between Farr's Crossroads, on the Old Braddock Road, and Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Major J T Morgan, 5th Alabama Infantry, was assigned to command the 5th Alabama Infantry, Company E, on the Old Braddock Road, near Pohick Run, on 17 July, 1861.

Withdrawal to Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17 July, 1861: The 5th Alabama Infantry was ordered to withdraw by the Old Braddock Road to McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 17 July, 1861, and proceeded across the Bull Run River at 3 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 17 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 5th Alabama Infantry was ordered across Union Mills Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Note: The 5th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General R S Ewell, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 5th Alabama Infantry, 6th Alabama Infantry, 12th Alabama Infantry, 12th Mississippi Infantry

Union Mills to Sangster's or Elzey's Crossroads, Prince William County, Virginia, 23 August, 1861: The 5th Alabama Infantry was ordered to Sangster's or Elzey's Crossroads, Prince William County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 23 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Masked Battery, near Sangster's or Elzey's Crossroads, Prince William County, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day.

Reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 27 April, 1862: The 5th Alabama Infantry was reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 27 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 5th Alabama Infantry surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General R S Ewell, Confederate States Army, Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain R S Ewell, 1st United States Dragoons, resigned on 7 May, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 16 March, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the volunteer companies at Richmond, Virginia, by General Orders No.7, Paragraph I, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 1 May, 1861, and was ordered to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by General Orders No.8, Paragraph I, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861. He arrived at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 19 May, 1861. He arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 24 May, 1861, and was immediately ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 4.30 AM the same day. Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell was accompanied by Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, and three companies of the 19th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J B Strange, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 7.30 AM on 25 May, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry). He was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 27 May, 1861, and the Rappahannock Cavalry, the Prince William Cavalry, and the Warrenton Rifles, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, were engaged in a skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 3 and 4 AM on 1 June, 1861 (See the Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse). Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861, and assigned to command the Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 20 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.61, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 14 May, 1861: The Halifax Light Infantry, Old Dominion Guards, and Chatham Greys were ordered to the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.61, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.63, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 15 May, 1861: The Young Guard, Mount Vernon Guards, Chesterfield Central Guards, Bedford Rifle Greys, and Meadville Greys were ordered to the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, by Special Orders No.63, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861.

Note: The Young Guard, Chatham Greys, Halifax Light Infantry, Mount Vernon Guards, Chesterfield Central Guards, Bedford Rifle Greys, and Meadville Greys were ordered to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, cavalry, Confederate States Army, by General Orders No.8, Paragraph I, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel R H Chilton, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command Camp Ashland, Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by General Orders No.18, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 19 May, 1861.

The 5th Alabama Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General R S Ewell, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT No.95: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp536-537
Colonel R E Rodes, Fifth Alabama Infantry of skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, dated Union Mills Station, Prince William County, Virginia, 24 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT No.95: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp536-537
Brigadier General R S Ewell, Confederate States Army, Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, 24 July, 1861