The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Lieutenant Colonel J Echols, 27th Virginia Infantry

Lieutenant Colonel J Echols, 27th Virginia Infantry

Twenty-seventh Virginia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19 July, 1861. Stationed at the rear of Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL W W GORDON
W W Gordon was appointed colonel, 27th Virginia Infantry at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861, and resigned due to ill health on 14 October, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J ECHOLS
Captain J Echols, 27th Virginia Infantry, Company D, was appointed lieutenant colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861.

MAJOR A J GRIGSBY
A J Grigsby was appointed major, 27th Virginia Infantry at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 12 June, 1861

Company A Alleghany Light Infantry or Roughs: CAPT. T MCALLISTER
The company was accepted in state service at Covington, Alleghany County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, by Major & Quartermaster M G Harman, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 14 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861. The company arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 13th Virginia Infantry between 18 and 29 May, 1861 (See the 13th Virginia Infantry). The company was assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry on 30 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant J Carpenter was appointed adjutant, 27th Virginia Infantry, on 2 June, 1861. Captain T McAllister's resignation due to ill health was accepted by Special orders No.129, Paragraph I, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 20 August, 1861, and First Lieutenant J Carpenter was appointed captain on 26 August, 1861. The company was redesignated the Alleghany Artillery on 31 October, 1861.
Company B Virginia Hibernians: CAPT. H H ROBERTSON
The company was accepted in state service at Jackson River, Alleghany County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, the same day. The company was mustered in state service at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel J Echols, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 15 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861. The company arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 5th Virginia Infantry at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 23 and 29 May, 1861 (See the 5th Virginia Infantry). The company was assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry on 30 May, 1861.
Company C Alleghany Rifles: CAPT. L P HOLLOWAY
The company was accepted in state service at Jackson River, Alleghany County, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel J Echols, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861. The company arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 26 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry between 27 and 29 May, 1861 (See the 10th Virginia Infantry). The company was assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry on 30 May, 1861.
Company D Monroe Guard: CAPT. H S TIFFANY
The company was accepted in state service at Union, Monroe County, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed to Staunton, Virginia, under the command of Captain H S Tiffany, on 13 May, 1861. The company arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service by Lieutenant Colonel J Echols, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 26 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 2nd Virginia Infantry, under the command of Colonel J C Cummings, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 27 and 29 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry on 30 May, 1861 (See the 33rd Virginia Infantry). Captain H S Tiffany was killed at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.
Company E Greenbrier or Lewisburg Rifles: CAPT. R F DENNIS
The company was accepted in state service at Lewisburg, Greenbrier County, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861, and was ordered to Staunton, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861. The company arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 15 May 1861, and was mustered in state service by Lieutenant Colonel J Echols, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861, and arrived on 22 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 5th Virginia Infantry shortly afterwards and was assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry on 30 May, 1861 (See the 5th Virginia Infantry).
Company F Greenbrier Sharpshooters or Meadow Rifles: CAPT. S W BROWN
The company was accepted in state service at Meadow Bluff, Greenbrier County, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel J Echols, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 18 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. Captain S W Brown was discharged due to typhoid fever and died on 21 July, 1861, and Drillmaster C R Norris, Virginia Military Institute Corps Cadets, was assigned as acting captain during the first battle of Manassas. Captain S W Brown died on 22 August, 1861 (See the 1st Rockbridge Artillery).
Company G Shriver Greys: CAPT. D M SHRIVER
The company was accepted in state service at Wheeling, Ohio County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861, and proceeded by boat on the Ohio River to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 18 May, 1861. The company arrived at Gauley Bridge, Fayette County, via Parkersburg, Wood County, and Charleston, Kanawha County, Virginia, on 19 May, 1861, and proceeded to Lewisburg, Greenbrier County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861. The company arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 26 May, 1861. The company was assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry on 31 May, 1861, and Captain D M Shriver's resignation was accepted by Special Orders No.133, Paragraph XX, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 24 August, 1861. The company was assigned to the 36th Virginia Battalion Cavalry, under the command of Major J W Sweeney, in May 1863.
Company H (1st) Old Dominion Greys: CAPT. W SHERRARD
The company was accepted in state service at Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861, and was assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry, Company H (1st), at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861. Captain W Sherrard, 27th Virginia Infantry, Company H (1st), resigned at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 5 June, 1861, and the company was disbanded on 10 June, 1861.
Company H (2nd) Rockbridge Rifles: CAPT. S H LETCHER
The company was accepted in state service at Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day. The company arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to Mount Sidney, Augusta County, Virginia, at 3 PM the same day. The company arrived at Mount Sidney, Augusta County, Virginia, in the evening on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 April, 1861. The company arrived at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 20 April, 1861, and was ordered to Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 April, 1861. The company arrived at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, at 6 PM on the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, at 7.30 AM on 22 April, 1861. The company arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, in the morning on 23 April, 1861. The company was was assigned to the 5th Virginia Infantry on 8 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Loudoun Heights, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 15 May, 1861 (See the 5th Virginia Infantry). The company was assigned to the 4th Virginia Infantry, Company K, at Camp Johnston, on the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and to the 27th Virginia Infantry on 24 July, 1861 (See the 4th Virginia Infantry).

Sources

"By order of Gen. Harman, the Rockbridge Rifles (Capt. Letcher) left today at 1 o'clock for Staunton. They number near 100 able-bodied men. This evening the Rockbridge Troop, (Capt. White,) 80 strong, leave for Staunton, and the Troop in the lower end of our county, (Capt. McNutt,) goes with them."

The Staunton Spectator, 20 April, 1861 - Troops in motion

"The company of infantry fron Greenbrier, under the command of Robert F. Dennis, and a company from Monroe, the 'Monroe Guard,' Capt. Tiffany, left their respective counties on Monday, and are expected here on Wednesday."

The Staunton Spectator, 14 May, 1861 - Military movements

"The following companies left this place during the past week:- On Saturday the 12th, Rockbridge Artillery, Capt. W. N. Pendleton; on Monday, the 13th, Staunton Rifles, Capt. Asher W. Harman, and West View Infantry, Capt. St. Francis C. Roberts; on Tuesday, Churchville Cavalry, Capt. Sterrett; on Wednesday, Alleghany Light Infantry, Capt. Thompsin McAllister, and Ready Rifles of Augusta, Capt. O. F. Grinnan; on Thursday, Rockbridge Greys, Capt. James G. Updike, and, on Saturday, about one hundred soldiers enlisted in the regular army. On Monday of this week, Greenbrier Rifles, Capt. Robert F. Dennis, and Hibernians, Capt. H. H. Robertson; on Tuesday, Monroe Guard, Capt. Tiffany, and Alleghany Rifles, Capt. Holloway. Other companies will leave in a few days."

The Staunton Spectator, 21 May, 1861 - Departure of troops

"At First Manassas he commanded the regiment, and was soon afterwards made its Colonel, (the health of Colonel W. W. Gordon having occasioned the resignation of that officer)."

The Confederate Veteran, Volume 4: Gen. John Echols, advocate and defender of the Confederacy pp316-317

"Norris and Cadet Charles C Wight were assigned to instruct the 27th Virginia Infantry."

"In its ranks as acting volunteer captains were Cadets Norris, Hempstead, Wight, and Moffett."

The young lions: Confederate cadets at war, by James Lee Conrad

"While Gordon was the official commander of the regiment until he resigned in October 1861, the actual command devolved upon Lieutenant Colonel J Echols, the 33 year old church elder who had organized the Monroe Guards and been a member of the Virginia Assembly that passed the ordinance of secession."

"The list of fatalities also included the name of C R Norris, acting captain of a company in the 27th Virginia Infantry on its fateful charge down Henry House Hill."

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Twenty-seventh Virginia Infantry, First Edition, No.476 of 1000, by L Reidenbaugh

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 72, Serial No.84: Record of events for Twenty-seventh Virginia Infantry, April 1861-October 1864, edited by James B Hewett

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861–1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 27th Virginia Infantry was organised as the 6th Virginia Infantry at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861, and was redesignated the 27th Virginia Infantry on 31 May, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Staunton, Augusta County, & Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 14, 15, 18, & 26 May, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry, Company A, was mustered in state service for one year at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, by Major & Quartermaster M G Harman, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 14 May, 1861; Companies B, C, D, and E for one year by Lieutenant Colonel J Echols, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 15 May, 1861; Company H (2nd) for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 15 May, 1861; Company F for one year Lieutenant Colonel J Echols, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 18 May, 1861; and Company G for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 26 May, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 23 April, Company H (1st), 1861: The Old Dominion Greys were stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia State Militia, on 23 April, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, Company A, 13 May, 1861: The Alleghany Light Infantry arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, Companies B, C, D, & E, 15 May, 1861: The Virginia Hibernians, the Alleghany Rifles, the Monroe Guard, and the Greenbrier Rifles, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J Echols, Provisional Army of Virginia, arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 15 May, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, Company F, 17 May, 1861: The Greenbrier Sharpshooters arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company A, 17 May, 1861: The Alleghany Light Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the Ready Rifles (See the 5th Virginia Infantry). The company arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, via Gordonsville, Orange County; Manassas Junction; and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company F, 18-20 May, 1861: The Greenbrier Sharpshooters was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 18 May, 1861, and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad via Gordonsville, Orange County; Manassas Junction; and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies B & E, 20-22 May, 1861: The Virginia Hibernians and the Greenbrier Rifles were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861, and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad via Gordonsville, Orange County; Manassas Junction; and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies C & D, 21-26 May, 1861: The Alleghany Rifles and the Monroe Guard were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861, and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad via Gordonsville, Orange County; Manassas Junction; and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 May, 1861.

Note: The Alleghany Light Infantry, the Virginia Hibernians, the Alleghany Rifles, the Monroe Guard, the Greenbrier Rifles, the Greenbrier Sharpshooters, and the Shriver Greys were assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, repectively, on 30 May, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, & G, 15-26 May, 1861: The Alleghany Light Infantry, the Virginia Hibernians, the Alleghany Rifles, the Monroe Guard, the Greenbrier Rifles, the Greenbrier Sharpshooters, and Shriver Greys were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 15 and 22 May, 1861, and arrived between 17 and 26 May, 1861. The Alleghany Light Infantry, the Virginia Hibernians, the Alleghany Rifles, the Monroe Guard, the Greenbrier Rifles, the Greenbrier Sharpshooters , and the Shriver Greys were assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, repectively, on 30 May, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies G & H (1st), 30 May, 1861: The Shriver Greys was mustered in state service at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 26 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry, Company G, on 30 May, 1861. The Old Dominion Greys was assigned as Company H on 30 May, 1861, but was disbanded by General J E Johnston on 10 June, 1861.

Note: The 27th Virginia Infantry, Company G, encamped at the Armory Buildings, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 27 May, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861: The 2nd Virginia Infantry, the 4th Virginia Infantry, 5th Virginia Infantry, 27th Virginia Infantry, and the 1st Rockbridge Artillery were assigned to Colonel T J Jackson at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Evacuation Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15 June, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 15 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Charlestown Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day. The regiment arrived at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 15 June, 1861, and encamped at Camp Johnston, Bull Skin Run, on the Shenandoah River, near Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Note: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 14 June, 1861, and Company A was stationed at Maryland Heights, opposite Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day.

Bull Skin Run, on the Shenandoah River, to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 16 June, 1861, and arrived via Smithfield, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. The regiment encamped on Mill Creek, near Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 16 June, 1861.

Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Note: The 27th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Stephenson's Depot to Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 18 June, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 19-21 June, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 11 PM same day. The regiment was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 June, 1861, and destroyed the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad rolling stock at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day. The 27th Virginia Infantry encamped near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861.

Martinsburg to Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 22 June, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Williamsport Turnpike to Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 22 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Stephens, Myers Orchard, in the vicinity of Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day.

Skirmish at Falling Waters or Hoke Run, one mile south of Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2 July, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was assigned to guard the baggage at Camp Stephens, in the vicinity of Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, during the skirmish at W Porterfield's Farm, on the Martinsburg & Williamsport Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 2 July, 1861.

Hainesville to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-3 July, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to withdraw to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, and arrived at Snodgrass or Big Spring, on the Valley Turnpike, two miles south of Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 3 July, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Darkesville, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, 7-8 July, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day. The regiment was stationed five miles from Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Carter, near the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 8 July, 1861.

Stephenson's Depot to Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 10 July, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 10 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 12 AM the same day.

The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day. The regiment arrived at Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, via Ashby's Gap at 1 AM on 19 July, 1861, and was ordered to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 AM same day. The 27th Virginia Infantry arrived at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19 July, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 9 AM on 19 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day.

Blackburn's & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, 20 July, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered near Bull Run River in the evening on 19 July, 1861, and to the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 20 July, 1861.

Note: The 27th Virginia Infantry was stationed at the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, as support to the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 27th Virginia Infantry was stationed at the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 4th Virginia Infantry, Company K, was assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry, Company H (2nd), between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, on 24 July, 1861 (See the 4th Virginia Infantry).

Blackburn's & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, to three miles east of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 27 July, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered three miles east of Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861.

Three miles east of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 2 August, 1861: The 27th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Harman, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Reorganised at Elk Run Creek, near Conrad's Store, Rockingham County, Virginia, 23 April, 1862: The 27th Virginia Infantry was reorganised at Elk Run Creek, near Conrad's Store, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 27th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Captain F C Wilson, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Major T J Jackson, Virginia Military Institute, was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, at 1 PM on 21 April, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 22 April, 1861. He proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 9 AM the same day and arrived via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 23 April, 1861. Major T J Jackson was appointed colonel, Provisional Army Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army Virginia, was accompanied by Adjutant General J Preston and Inspector General J Massie, Confederate States Army, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 2..30 PM on 27 April, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army Virginia, was assigned to command the troops stationed in and around Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 30 April and 23 May, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Provisional Army of Virginia, 23 April, 1861: The Provisional Army of Virginia was organised on 23 April, 1861, under a Virginia Ordnance dated 27 April, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 27th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, on 25 September, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT No.11: Series I, Volume 2, (Serial No.2), pp185-186
Colonel T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 3 July, 1861

Official REPORT No.82: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp481-482
Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated near manassas Junction, Virginia, 23 July, 1861