The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Private B F Beahm, 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company H

Private B F Beahm, 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company H

Thirty-third Virginia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service dated 1 July and 8, 11, and 26 July, 1861. Eight companies arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20 July, 1861. Stationed at the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861. Received numerical designation after the first battle of Manassas

COLONEL A C CUMMINGS

ACTING LIEUTENANT COLONEL & CAPTAIN W F LEE
Second Lieutenant W F Lee, 2nd United States Infantry, Company I, resigned on 30 April, 1861, and Captain W F Lee, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.35, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861. He was appointed acting lieutenant colonel, 33rd Virginia Infantry, on 21 July, 1861, and was mortally wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. Captain J R Jones, 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company I, was appointed lieutenant colonel 33rd Virginia Infantry, on 21 August, 1861.

MAJOR E G LEE
Captain E G Lee was assigned as an aide to Brigadier General T J Jackson in June and July 1861 and was appointed major, 33rd Virginia Infantry, by Special orders No.234, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 26 July, 1861, dated 27 July, 1861.

Company A Potomac Guards: CAPT. P T GRACE
The company was accepted in state service at Springfield, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Park Valley, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Capon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.
Company B Tom's Brook Guards or Shenandoah Riflemen: CAPT. E CRABILL
The company was accepted in state service at Tom's Brook, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning the same day. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant & Adjutant J F Neff, 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company B, was assigned to command the company during the first battle of Manassas as Captain E Crabill, 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company B, was sick on 21 July, 1861. Captain E Crabill, 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company B, resigned at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 6 August, 1861, and First Lieutenant M Strickler, 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company B, was appointed captain on 29 August, 1861.
Company C Tenth Legion Minutemen: CAPT. J GATEWOOD
The company was organised at Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861, and was accepted in state service on 3 June, 1861. The company was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 6 June, 1861, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day. The company was stationed at the Town Hall, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 7 June, 1861. The company arrived at Harpers Ferry via Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day and was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry on 7 June, 1861 (See the 10th Virginia Infantry). The company was assigned to the 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company C, at Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and was ordered to Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 29 June, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service at Camp E K Smith, Hollingsworth Mills, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861.
Company D Mountain Rangers: CAPT. F W M HOLLIDAY
The company was accepted in state service at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861, and was assigned to detached duty near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year on 26 July, 1861.
Company E Emerald Guards: CAPT. M M SIBERT
The company was accepted in state service at New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 6 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 1 June, 1861.
Company F Independent Greys or Hardy Greys: CAPT. A SPaNGLER
The company was accepted in state service at Moorefield, Hardy County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861.
Company G Mount Jackson Rifles or Allen's Infantry: CAPT. G W ALLEN
The company was accepted in state service at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 18 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 15 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and arrived the same day.
Company H Page Greys: CAPT. W D RIPPETOE
The company was accepted in state service at Luray, Page County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 19 June, 1861. The company was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day and arrived on 20 June, 1861.
Company I Rockingham Confederates: CAPT. J R JONES
The company was accepted in state service at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861, and was assigned to guard fifty-five prisoners at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861.
Company K Shenandoah Sharpshooters: CAPT. D H WALTON
The company was accepted in state service at Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861. Captain D H Walton, 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company K, was sick at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861, and Second Lieutenant R Fadely, 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company K, was assigned to command the company during the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.

Sources

"This morning ninety-six gallant and chivalrous looking volunteers from Luray, Page County, under the command of Capt. Young, left in the cars, and Capt, F. W. M. Holliday's Rifle Mountain Rangers will leave in a few days."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 8 June, 1861 - From Winchester, Va., 4 June, 1861

"our company, the Shenandoah Riflemen, left for Winchester this morning. They number between sixty and seventy men, all of whom are quite expert with the gun, and good marksmen."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 22 June, 1861 - From Tom's Brook, Shenandoah Co., 18 June, 1861

"While his regiment was preparing to leave with the rest of Johnston's army, Holliday's company and Company I, the Rockbridge Confederates, were ordered to remain behind on detached duty."

Stonewall Jackson and Winchester, Virginia, by Jerry Holsworth

"As the brigade was then in line, the Thirty-third was on the left and was at that time the extreme left of our army. On its right the Second, Fourth, Twenty-seventh and Fifth – the latter, as I understand, a little detached from the balance of the brigade. (The Fourth was in line behind Colonel Pendleton's batteries, and the Twenty-seventh just in rear of it; so that the right centre was four deep. - J. W. D.)"

"Two of the largest companies of the Thirty-third had been left in the Valley. The eight companies present were from Shenandoah, Page, Hampshire and Hardy (five were from Shenandoah, and one each from Page, Hardy and Hampshire); both the latter companies were small, about fifty men, so that deducting the sick and absent, there were only about 400 men in action. I was the only regular field officer in the regiment; but there was a Captain Lee, a splendid man and gallant officer, who had been temporarily assigned to the regiment and acted as field lieutenant colonel; he was in the charge, struck in the breast with a piece of shell and fell at his post mortally wounded, and died soon afterwards."

Southern Historical Society Papers Volume 34: Thirty-third at First Manassas pp363-371, by Arthur C Cummings, Abingdon, 6 May, 1898

Shenandoah Herald: Diary of a soldier of the Stonewall Brigade, first year of the war, by John H Grabill

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Thirty-third Virginia Infantry, Third Edition, by L Reidenbaugh

Four years in the Stonewall Brigade, by John O Casler

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 72, Serial No.84: Record of events for Thirty-third Virginia Infantry, June 1861-February 1864, edited by James B Hewett

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 33rd Virginia Infantry was organised at Camp E K Smith, near Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27 June, 1861.

Mustered in one year, 1, 15, 17, & 19 June & 8, 11, & 26 July, 1861: The 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company E was mustered in state service for one year on 1 June, 1861; Companies F and G for one year on 15 June, 1861; Company A for one year on 17 June, 1861; Company H for one year on 19 June, 1861; Company B in Confederate service for one year at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861; Company I for one year on 11 July, 1861; and Company D for one year on 26 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company D, 10 May-7 June, 1861: The Mountain Rangers was accepted in state service at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861, and was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, between 10 May and 7 June, 1861.

Note: Captain F W M Holliday arrested Brigadier General W S Harney, United States Army, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861.

New Creek, Mineral County, to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Hampshire Riflemen, 21 May & 6 June, 1861: The New Creek Riflemen, under the command of Captain E M Armstrong, was ordered to rendezvous at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861, but only twenty-five men arrived at Burlington, Mineral County, Virginia, and the company was disbanded between 21 and 31 May, 1861. The company was reorganised as the Hampshire Riflemen at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant G F Sheetz, New Creek Riflemen, was appointed captain on 6 June, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

Woodstock, Shenandoah County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company C, 6-7 June, 1861: The Tenth Legion Minutemen was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 6 June, 1861, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 7 June, 1861, and arrived via Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day.

Note: The Tenth Legion Minutemen was assigned to the 10th Virginia Infantry at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 7 June, 1861 (See the 10th Virginia Infantry).

Winchester, Frederick County, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, Company D, 7 & 19 June, 1861: The Mountain Rangers was ordered to remove wire from the telegraph line on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad on 7 June, 1861, and was stationed at Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 19 June, 1861.

Springfield to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Company A, 8 June, 1861: The Potomac Guards was accepted in state service at Springfield, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861, and was ordered to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861. The company arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, the same day.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, & Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Companies A & F, 16 May & 12 June, 1861: A C Cummings was appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 16 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the Potomac Guards, the Independent Greys, the Hampshire Riflemen, the Bloomery Company, and a detachment of local citizens stationed at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 12 June, 1861.

Note: The Bloomery Company was assigned one 12 pounder howitzer and one 6 pounder rifle which arrived from Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 7 June, 1861.

Skirmish at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Companies A & F, 12 June, 1861: The Potomac Guards and the Independent Greys, under the command of Colonel A C Cummings, Provisional Army of Virginia, were engaged in a skirmish at Cemetery Hill, near Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 12 June, 1861.

Note: Six companies of the 11th Indiana Infantry, under the command of Colonel L Wallace, were engaged skirmish at Cemetery Hill, near Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 12 June, 1861 (See Unassigned, Army of Pennsylvania).

Romney to Park Valley, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Capon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, Companies A & F, 12–13 June, 1861: The Potomac Guards and the Independent Greys, under the command of Colonel A C Cummings, Provisional Army of Virginia, were ordered to withdraw to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on on 12 June, 1861, and were accompanied by the Hampshire Riflemen. The Potomac Guards and the Independent Greys arrived at Park Valley, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Capon Bridge, via Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861.

Note: The Independent Greys and the Potomac Guards were mustered in state service at Park Valley, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Capon Bridge, via Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 15 and 17 June, 1861, respectively.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Company C, 13-18 June, 1861: The Tenth Legion Minutemen was ordered to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Romney Courthouse, Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 11 AM on 18 June, 1861.

Note: The 10th Virginia Infantry, the 13th Virginia Infantry, and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, were ordered to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at 11 AM on 18 June, 1861.

Park Valley, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Capon Bridge, to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, Companies A & F, 18-19 June, 1861: The Potomac Guards and the Independent Greys were ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 June, 1861, and were accompanied by the Hampshire Riflemen. The Potomac Guards and the Independent Greys arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, arrived at 3 PM the same day and were assigned to Lee's Battalion Infantry, under the command of Captain W F Lee, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Note: Lee's Battalion Infantry was temporarily assigned to the 13th Virginia Infantry at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Tom's Brook, Shenandoah County, to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company B, 18 June, 1861: The Tom's Brook Guards or Shenandoah Riflemen was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 June, 1861.

Luray, Page County, to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company H, 19-20 June, 1861: The Page Greys was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and arrived on 20 June, 1861.

Romney, Hampshire County, to Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Companies A, C, & F, 21-24 June, 1861: The Potomac Guards, the Independent Greys, and Tenth Legion Minutemen, as part of the 10th Virginia Infantry, were ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and were accompanied by the Hampshire Riflemen, the 10th Virginia Infantry, the 13th Virginia Infantry, and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry. The companies arrived at Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and were ordered to Capon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 22 June, 1861. The Potomac Guards, the Independent Greys, and Tenth Legion Minutemen were ordered to Hogue Creek, near Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 23 June, 1861, and arrived at 7 PM the same day. The companies were ordered to Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 24 June, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Darkesville, Berkeley County, to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company D, 26 June-17 July, 1861: The Mountain Rangers was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and arrived via Berkeley Springs or Bath and Oakland, Moragn County; Bloomery, Hampshire County, and Round Hill, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, to Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company G, 20 & 27 June, 1861: The Mount Jackson Rifles arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company G, at Camp E K Smith, near Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27 June, 1861.

New Market, Shenandoah County, to Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company E, 27 June, 1861: The Emerald Guards was assigned to the 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company E, at Camp E K Smith, near Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27 June, 1861.

Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, to Shawnee Springs, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Companies A & F, 27 June, 1861: The Potomac Guards and the Independent Greys were ordered to Shawnee Springs, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 27 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Cummings, Shawnee Springs, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The Hampshire Riflemen was assigned to the 7th Virginia Cavalry, Company F, on 25 June 1861, and was ordered to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 27 June, 1861. The Potomac Guards and the Independent Greys were temporarily assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel A Elzey, 1st Matyland Infantry, at Camp Cummings, Shawnee Springs, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, to Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company C, 29 June, 1861: The Tenth Legion Minutemen was assigned to the 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company C, at Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and was ordered to Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 29 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp E K Smith, near Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 33rd Virginia Infantry, Companies C, E, G, and H, were stationed at Camp E K Smith, near Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel A C Cummings, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 30 June, 1861.

Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company I, 1 & 11 July, 1861: The Rockingham Confederates was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 11 July, 1861.

Shawnee Springs, near Winchester, Frederick County, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, Companies A & F, 2-5 July, 1861: The Potomac Guards and the Independent Rifles were ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 2 July, 1861, and arrived via Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 July, 1861. The Potomac Guards and the Independent Rifles were ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861.

Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, Frederick County, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, Company E, 4-7 July, 1861: The 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company E, was assigned to guard commissionary stores on the Valley Turnpike at Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 4 July, 1861, and arrived at 7 AM the same day. Company E was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp E K Smith, near Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day.

Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, to Shawnee Springs, near Frederick County, Virginia, Company C, 5 July, 1861: The 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company C, was ordered to Shawnee Springs, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Cummings, Shawnee Springs, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Shawnee Springs to Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company C, 8 July, 1861: The 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company C, was ordered to Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Shawnee Springs to Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Companies A & F, 12 July, 1861: The Potomac Guards and the Independent Rifles were ordered to Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, Frederick County, Virginia, between 6 and 12 July, 1861, and were assigned to the 33rd Virginia Infantry, Companies A and F, at Camp E K Smith, near Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861.

Note: The 33rd Virginia Infantry, Companies B, C, E, G, and H, were stationed at Camp E K Smith, Hollingsworth Mills, on Abrams Creek, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel A C Cummings, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 12 July, 1861.

Hollingsworth Mills, on Abram Creeks, to Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, E, F, G, & H, 15 July, 1861: The 33rd Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, F, G, and H, were ordered to the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 15 July, 1861, and were assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, at Camp Johnston, Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Woodstock, Shenandoah County, to Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Company K, 16 July, 1861: The Shenandoah Sharpshooters arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and was assigned to the 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company K, at Camp Johnston, Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Major L Lutz, 146th Virginia Militia Infantry (Shenandoah County), was appointed first lieutenant, Shenandoah Sharpshooters, on 15 July, 1861, but failed to join between 15 and 18 July, 1861. G W Buck was appointed first lieutenant at Farifax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 21 September, 1861 (See the Virginia Militia).

The 33rd Virginia Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Note: The organisation of the 33rd Virginia Infantry was not completed on 17 July, 1861, and was temporarily known as Cummings' Regiment at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. The Mountain Rangers and the Rockingham Confederates were assigned to detached duty at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-20 July, 1861: The 33rd Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, F, G, H, and K, were ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, near Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day. Companies A, B, C, E, F, G, H, and K arrived at Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, via Ashhby's Gap at 1 AM on 19 July, 1861, and was ordered to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 AM same day. The 33rd Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, F, G, H, and K, arrived at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19-20 July, 1861: The 33rd Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, F, G, H, and K, were ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 4 PM on 19 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 1 AM on 20 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, at 8 AM on 20 July, 1861.

Note: The 33rd Virginia Infantry was stationed at the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, as support to the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 21 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Company I, 18 & 23 July, 1861: The 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company I, was assigned to guard fifty-five Federal prisoners at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.

Note: A detachment of sixteen men of the 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company I, under the command of First Lieutenant G C Eastham, was ordered to accompany Federal prisoners to Richmond, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, between 27 July and 2 August, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 33rd Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, F, G, H, and K, were ordered to the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Rear of Blackburn's & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, Companies D, 26 July, 1861: The 33rd Virginia Infantry, Company D, was stationed near Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, on 26 July, 1861.

Blackburn's & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, to three miles east of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 27 July, 1861: The 33rd Virginia Infantry was ordered three miles east of Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 27 July, 1861.

Three miles east of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 2 August, 1861: The 33rd Virginia Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Harman, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Reorganised at Elk Run Creek, near Conrad's Store, Rockingham County, Virginia, 21 & 23 April, 1862: The 10th Virginia Infantry was reorganised at Elk Run Creek, near Conrad's Store, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 21 and 23 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 33rd Virginia Infantry, under the command of Captain H A Herrell, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Major T J Jackson, Virginia Military Institute, was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, at 1 PM on 21 April, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 22 April, 1861. He proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 9 AM the same day and arrived via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 23 April, 1861. Major T J Jackson was appointed colonel, Provisional Army Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army Virginia, was accompanied by Adjutant General J Preston and Inspector General J Massie, Confederate States Army, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 2..30 PM on 27 April, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army Virginia, was assigned to command the troops stationed in and around Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 30 April and 23 May, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Provisional Army of Virginia, 23 April, 1861: The Provisional Army of Virginia was organised on 23 April, 1861, under a Virginia Ordnance dated 27 April, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 33rd Virginia Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, on 25 September, 1861.

Reports

Official REPORT No.82: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp481-482
Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated near manassas Junction, Virginia, 23 July, 1861