The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Acting Captain W N Pendleton

Colonel & Acting Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery

First Rockbridge Artillery

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 20 July, 1861. Stationed at the rear of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL & ACTING CAPTAIN W N PENDLETON
Captain J McClausland, Virginia Military Institute, was appointed lieutenant colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and Reverend W N Pendleton was appointed captain, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, on 1 May, 1861. Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, was appointed chief of artillery, Army of the Shenandoah, on 13 July, 1861, and colonel, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 15 July, 1861. Colonel W N Pendleton, artillery, Confederate States Army, was assigned as acting captain, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, between 13 and 23 July, 1861.

Section: FIRST LT. J B BROKENBROUGH
First Lieutenant J B Brokenbrough, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, was assigned to command the company between 10 and 14 August, 1861, and his resignation was accepted by Special Orders No.134, Paragraph VII, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 26 August, 1861. First Lieutenant J B Brokenbrough, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, was appointed captain, Baltimore Light Artillery (designated the 2nd Maryland Artillery, Maryland Troops, on 19 January, 1864), at Richmond, Virginia, on 15 August, 1861.

6 pounder smoothbore, M1841 & 12 pounder field howitzer, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. W MCLAUGHLIN
Second Lieutenant W McLaughlin, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, was assigned to command the company between 23 July and 10 August, 1861, and was appointed captain, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, on 14 August, 1861.

Two 6 pounder light 'Cadet' smoothbores

Virginia Military Institute corps Cadets

Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad & Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of the Capitol, Captiol Hill, Richmond, Virginia, 20-24 April, 1861: Major W Gilham, Virginia Military Institute, was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 20 April, 1861, and was stationed as commandant at Camp Lee, Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad and Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of the Capitol, Captiol Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861. He was appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 26 April 1861.

Note: Superintendent & Colonel F A Smith, Virginia Military Institute, was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and Brigadier General J H Winder, Confederate States Army, was appointed commandant at Camp Lee, Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad and Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of the Capitol, Captiol Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861. Colonel C Dimmock, Provisional Army of Virginia, was appointed commandant at Camp Lee, Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad and Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of the Capitol, Captiol Hill, on 18 July, 1861 (See the 18th Virginia Infantry).

Virginia Military Institute, on Letcher Avenue, Lexington, Rockbridge County, to Richmond, Virginia, 21-23 April, 1861: The Virginia Military Institute Corps Cadets and four 6 pounder light Cadet smoothbores, under the command of Majors T J Jackson and R E Colston, Virginia Military Institute, were ordered to Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, at 12.30 PM on 21 April, 1861, and arrived at 4 AM on 22 April, 1861. The Virginia Military Institute Corps Cadets were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day and arrived at via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 23 April, 1861.

Note: The Virginia Military Institute Corps Cadets, under the command of Acting Commandant & Major R E Colston, Virginia Military Institute, were assigned as drillmasters, one per company, at Camp Lee, Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad and Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of the Capitol, Captiol Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861.

Virginia Military Institute, on Letcher Avenue, Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, 20 April, 1861: Major J T L Preston, Virginia Military Institute, was appointed acting superintendent at Virginia Military Institute, on Letcher Avenue, Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 20 April, 1861.

Note: The Rockbridge Greys, under the command of Captain J G Updike, was organised at Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 20 April, 1861, and was assigned to garrison duty at the Virginia Military Institute, on Letcher avenue, Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 6 May, 1861 (See the 4th Virginia Infantry).

Richmond or Baptist College Artillery Barracks, on Bush Hill, south of Deep Run Turnpike, one & a quarter miles northwest of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Virginia, 29 April, 1861: Twelve cadets were assigned as drillmasters to light artillery companies at the Richmond or Baptist College Artillery Barracks, on Bush Hill, south of Deep Run Turnpike, one and a quarter miles northwest of the Capitol, Capitol Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861.

Appointments of Virginia Military Institute, 24 April-18 July, 1861: Major T H Williamson, Virginia Military Institute, was appointed major, corps engineers, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 24 April, 1861 (See Engineers, Army of the Potomac); Major T J Jackson, Virginia Military Institute, colonel, Provisional Army Virginia, on 26 April, 1861; Major R E Colston, Virginia Military Institute, colonel, 16th Virginia Infantry, on 2 May, 1861; Colonel W Gilham, Virginia Military Institute, colonel, 21st Virginia Infantry, on 1 July, 1861; Colonel F A Smith, Virginia Military Institute, colonel, 9th Virginia Infantry, on 7 July, 1861; Major J T L Preston, Virginia Military Institute, lieutenant colonel, 9th Virginia Infantry, 7 July, 1861; Major S Crutchfield, Virginia Military Institute, major, 9th Virginia Infantry, 7 July, 1861; Captain M B Hardin, Virginia Military Institute, major, 9th Virginia Infantry, on 18 July, 1861.

Reserve Artillery, Army of the Potomac, 14 January, 1862

Col. W N Pendleton

Amherst Artillery: Capt. T J Kirkpatrick
Asland Light Artillery: Capt. P WoolFolk, Jr.
Fluvanna Artillery, No.1: Capt. W H Holman (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry)
Fluvanna Artillery, No.2: Capt. C C Cocke (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry)
1st Georgia Regulars, Artillery Company A, or Hamilton's Georgia Artillery: Capt. S P Hamilton
The 1st Georgia Regulars, Company M, was designated the 1st Georgia Regulars, Artillery Company A, or Hamilton's Georgia Artillery on 24 July, 1861, and was disbanded and assigned to the 1st Georgia Regulars by Special Orders No.163, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 15 July, 1862.
Irwin Artillery: Capt. J Lane
The 9th Georgia Infantry, Company A, was designated the Irwin Artillery on 12 December, 1861 (See the 9th Georgia Infantry).
Morris or Davis Artillery: Capt. L M Coleman
Powhatan Artillery: Capt. W J Dance
Sumter Light Artillery: Capt. A S Cutts (See the Sumter Light Artillery)

Sources

"An Artillery company was organized here to-day. Lieut. McClausland, one of the Assistant Professors at the Military Institute, was elected Captain, and Col. McLaughlin, J. B. Brockenbrough, Jr., and W. T. Poague, Lieutenants."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 10 May, 1861 - Progress of the war, Lexington, Rockbridge County, 23 April, 1861

"On Sunday morning last, the artillery company from Lexington, of which Rev. Dr. Pendelton is Captain, left this place for service in the field."

The Staunton Spectator, 14 May, 1861 - Military movements

"In consequence of the promotion of Capt. McClausland, of our Artillery company, to the post of Lieut. Colonel of volunteers, the company unamimously elected the Rev'd Dr. Pendleton as Captain, and he promptly accepted."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 10 May, 1861 - Affairs in Rockbridge

"The Army of the Shenandoah, on the 18th of July, left Winchester under imperative orders to reach Manassas in the shortest possible time. General Johnston directed the captains of the several batteries to report to me as they arrived at Piedmont, the station on the Manassas Gap Railroad where the infantry were to take the cars, that under my command they might march to join General Beauregard. By nightfall of the 19th only three out of five had reached Piedmont, and two of those I had myself conducted, about eleven P.M., when it was very dark, through the Shenandoah. Meantime messengers from Manassas reached General Johnston, which induced him to start me immediately with the three batteries, Captain Stanard's, Captain Alburtis's, and my own. The darkness was intense, the road scarcely practicable for four-wheeled carriages, and the weather very bad. Men and horses were greatly fagged. Yet I procured guides, encouraged all, and pressed on. Other messengers from Manassas brought me despatches after midnight begging me to hasten. By judicious rest for teams and men, not exceeding two hours in all, I reached Manassas, with all safe and in good condition, about two o'clock P.M., Saturday, 20th instant."

"A second captain had not yet been appointed to succeed Colonel W N Pendleton in command of the Rockbridge battery, and he continued for some weeks to act in that capacity. Accordingly, he now took the battery into action, posting its guns and giving directions for the cutting of fuses and aiming of pieces, besides exercising general supervision over all the artillery present belonging to the Army of the Shenandoah."

Memoirs of William N Pendleton: D. D. Rector of Latimer Parish, Lexington, Virginia, Brigadier General C.S.A., chief of artillery, Army of Northern Virginia, by his daughter Susan P Lee

"The plain grey cloth uniforms and outfit of blankets, knapsacks, cooking utensils, & c., furnished mainly by Rockbridge county, have been as well preserved as could be expected. The uniform is, however, in many cases, considerably worn."

"My impression is that one of our guns on the left was separated from the next two guns by guns of other batteries which were there before us; that two of our guns, the heavy six-pounder and the Howitzer were together, and that at an interval of fifty or a hundred yards, our fourth gun, under Sergeant Davis, was put into position on the extreme right of all the artillery."

"We gave up the two light six-pounder brass guns which had belonged to the Virginia Military Institute, retaining only the United States six-pounder and the twelve-pounder Howitzer, and got in addition two other United States brass six-pounders, and two of the ten-pounder parrot guns which had been used against us on the 21st."

"Colonel Pendleton, who was in command of this company and other companies near it on the 21st July, had been commissioned colonel in the Provisional army of the Confederate States army on the 15th, but was not relieved of command of this battery till the 23d."

Southern Historical Society Papers Volume 23: Historical sketch of the Rockbridge artillery, C.S. Army, by a member of the famous battery

"About the time the Cadet Corps was ordered to Richmond to drill the troops gathering there, the Rockbridge Battery was raised and soon ordered to Harper's Ferry, being given the old bronze 6-pounder guns of the cadet battery, the Corps having taken with it other pieces, including the 3-inch Parrott rifle, with Jackson had obtained such surprising results in Lexington the year before. For caissons, the Rockbridge Battery constructed large chests on the running parts of hay wagons, the cadets having taken all the material of their battery except the guns."

The long arm of Lee or the history of the artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia with a brief account of the Confederate Bureau of Ordnance, Volume I, by Jennings C Wise

The Military History of the Virginia Military Institute from 1839 to 1865 with appendix, maps, and illustrations, by Jennings C Wise

Southern Historical Society Papers Volume 28: Harper's Ferry and First Manassas, extracts from the diary of Captain James M. Garnett, in charge of General Ordnance Train, Army of Northern Virginia, from January, 1863, to February, 1864; and ordnance officer of Rodes' (later Grime's) Division, 2d Corps, A.N. Va., from February, 1864, to April 9, 1865

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, First & Second Rockbridge Artillery, by R J Driver, Jr.

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was organised at Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, under the command of Captain J McClausland, on 23 April, 1861, and was accepted in state service on 29 April, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, 11 May, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was mustered in state service for one year at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, by Major & Quartermaster M G Harman, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 11 May, 1861.

Note: Reverend W N Pendleton was appointed captain, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, on 1 May, 1861, and Captain J McClausland, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, was appointed lieutenant colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on (?) April, 1861, and colonel, 36th Virginia Infantry, on 15 July, 1861. The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was assigned two 6 pounder light Cadet smoothbores stationed at the Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861.

Lexington, Rockbridge County, to Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, 11 May, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery (76), under the command of First Lieutenant J B Brokenbrough, was ordered to Harpers Ferry, County, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 12-15 May, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 12 May, 1861, and arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Winchester, Frederick County, via Charlottesville, Albemarle County; Manassas Junction, Prince William County; and Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day and arrived on 15 May, 1861.

Bolivar Heights, one & a half miles west of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 23 May, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was stationed at Bolivar Heights, one and a half miles west of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Organisation of 1st Virginia Light Artillery, 3 May, 1861: Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery; Company B, Wise Artillery, Captain E G Alburtis; Company C, Newtown Artillery, Captain G A Groves

Note: The Wise Artillery and the Newtown Artillery were assigned to the 1st Virginia Light Artillery, Companies B and C, respectively, under the command of Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 3 May, 1861, but was not completed or recognised by the Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, and was disbanded prior to 26 April, 1862.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Lemon's Ferry, on the Potomac River, west of Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, 18 May, 1861: A section of the 1st Rockbridge Artillery, under the command of Captain W N Pendleton, arrived at Camp Lee or Allen, Lemon's Ferry, on the Potomac River, west of Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, on 18 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd Virginia Infantry (See the 2nd Virginia Infantry).

Troops stationed at & in the vicinity of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 23 May, 1861: 2nd Virginia Infantry, Colonel J W Allen; 4th Virginia Infantry, Colonel J F Preston; 5th Virginia Infantry, Colonel K Harper; 10th Virginia Infantry, Colonel S B Gibbons; 13th Virginia Infantry, Colonel A P Hill; 2nd Mississippi Infantry, Colonel W C Falkner; 11th Mississippi Infantry, Colonel W H Moore; 4th Alabama Infantry, Colonel E J Jones; 1st Maryland Infantry, Companies A, B, C (1st), D, D, F (1st), G, and H (1st), Captain G H Steuart, cavalry, Confederate States Army; 1st Kentucky Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and D, Major H B Duncan; 2nd Kentucky Battalion Sharpshooters, Companies A and B, Acting Major & Captain J D Pope, Bustard Guards; 1st Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G (1st), and H, Lieutenant Colonel J E B Stuart; 1st Rockbridge Artillery, Captain W N Pendelton; Wise Arillery, Captain E G Alburtis; Newtown Artillery, Captain G A Groves; Staunton Artillery, Captain J D Imboden

lemon's Ferry, on the Potomac River, west of Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, to Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, 31 May, 1861: A section of the 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg & Williamsport Turnpike to Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 1 June, 1861.

Note: A section of the 1st Rockbridge Artillery, under the command of First Lieuetenant J B Brockenbrough, was stationed at Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861: The 2nd Virginia Infantry, the 4th Virginia Infantry, 5th Virginia Infantry, 27th Virginia Infantry, and the 1st Rockbridge Artillery were assigned to Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Evacuation Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 15 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Smithfield, Charlestown & Harpers Ferry Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 15 June, 1861.

Note: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was stationed at Camp Johnston, on the Berryville & Charleston Turnpike, on the North or South Fork of Bull Skin Run, three or four miles west of Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening on 15 June, 1861.

Berryville & Charleston Turnpike, on the North or South Fork of Bull Skin Run, three or four miles west of Charlestown, Jefferson County, to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 16 June, 1861, and arrived at Mill Creek, a quarter of a mile north of Bunker Hill, via Smithfield or Middleway, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Mill Creek, a quarter of a mile north of Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Frederick County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Note: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, at Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, five miles northeast of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Winchester, to the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 18 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery arrived at Camp Johnston, Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 June, 1861.

Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 19-20 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 11 PM same day. The company was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was stationed in the vicinity of Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861.

Martinsburg to Four Mile Woods or Myer's Orchard, east of the Valley Turnpike, two & a half miles south of Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 21 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg & Williamsport Turnpike to Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 21 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Stephens, Four Mile Woods or Myer's Orchard, east of the Valley Turnpike, two and a half miles south of Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day.

Skirmish between W Hills & W Port(a)erfield's Farms, west of the Martinsburg & Williamsport Turnpike, one & a half miles southwest of Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg & Williamsport Turnpike to Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 7.30 AM on 2 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 5th Virginia Infantry (See the 5th Virginia Infantry). One 6 pounder smoothbore of the 1st Rockbridge Artillery, under the command of Captain W N Pendleton, was engaged in a skirmish between W Hill's and W Porterfield's Farms, on the Martinsburg & Williamsport Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM the same day.

Note: One 6 pounder smoothbore and two 6 pounder light Cadet smoothbores of the 1st Rockbridge Artillery supported by the 4th Virginia Infantry were assigned as a reserve between Hainesville and W Porterfield's Farm, on the Martinsburg & Williamsport Turnpike, one and a half miles southwest of Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861 (See the 4th Virginia Infantry).

Four Mile Woods or Myer's Orchard, east of the Martinsburg & Williamsport Turnpike, two & a half miles south of Hainesville, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-3 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery arrived at Snodgrass or Big Spring, on the Martinsburg Turnpike, one and a half miles south of Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 2 July, 1861, and was ordered to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 3 July, 1861.

Darkesville, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 7-8 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Carter, Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Winchester, Frederick County, via Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 8 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was stationed five miles north of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 7 July, 1861.

Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Winchester, to the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 10 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 10 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 12 AM the same day.

Note: Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, was appointed chief of artillery, Army of the Shenandoah, on 13 July, 1861, and colonel, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 15 July, 1861. Colonel W N Pendleton, artillery, Confederate States Army, was assigned as acting captain, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, between 13 and 23 July, 1861.

The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861, dated 17 July, 1861.

Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, one mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 19 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, three and a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day. The company arrived at Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, via Ashby's Gap at 1 AM on 19 July, 1861, and was ordered to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 AM same day. The 1st Rockbridge Artillery arrived at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel & Acting Captain W N Pendleton, artillery, Confederate States Army, at 7 PM on 19 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the Wise Artillery and the Thomas Artillery. The company arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, via Salem and White Plains, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 20 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was assigned to Colonel & Acting Captain W N Pendleton, artillery, Confederate States Army, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861, and was stationed at the rear of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 20 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 1st Rockbridge Artillery arrived at the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Blackburn's & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, to three miles east of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 27 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered three miles east of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861.

Three miles east of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 2 August, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery arrived at Camp Harman, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861.

Note: Second Lieutenant W McLaughlin, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, was assigned to command the 1st Rockbridge Artillery between 23 July and 10 August, 1861, and First Lieutenant J B Brokenbrough, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, between 10 and 14 August, 1861. Second Lieutenant W McLaughlin, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, was appointed captain, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, on 14 August, 1861, and the 1st Rockbridge Artillery was assigned two 10 pounder Parrott rifles, three 6 pounder smoothbores, and one 12 pounder howitzer captured at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. Note: Colonel J T Gibson, 55th Virginia Militia (Jefferson County), was appointed private, Rockbridge Artillery, at Camp Harman, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 14 August, 1861 (See the Virginia Militia).

Reorganised at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, 22 April, 1862: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was reorganised at Conrad's Store, on Elk Run Creek, Rockingham County, Virginia, under the command of Captain W T Poague, on 22 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery, under the command of Captain A Graham, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General D R Jones, Confederate States Army, Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Brevet Captain & Assistant Adjutant General D R Jones, United States Army, resigned on 15 February, 1861, and was appointed captain and assistant adjutant general, Confederate States Army, on 6 March, 1861. Captain & Assistant Adjutant General D R Jones, Confederate States Army, was assigned to Brigadier General P G T Beauregard, Confederate States Army, at Charleston Harbour between 11 and 31 March, 1861, and was appointed major and assistant adjutant and inspector general, Confederate States Army, on 29 March, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861. Major & Assistant Adjutant General D R Jones, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 20 June, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Provisional Army of Virginia, 23 April, 1861: The Provisional Army of Virginia was organised on 23 April, 1861, under a Virginia Ordnance dated 27 April, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 September, 1861.

The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, on 25 July 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT No.11: Series I, Volume 2, (Serial No.2), pp185-186
Colonel T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 3 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT: Series I, Volume 51, Part I (Serial No.107), pp34-36
Colonel W N Pendleton, Confederate States Army, Artillery, dated in the vicinity of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861

Official REPORT No.82: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp481-482
Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated in the vicinity of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861