The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Acting Captain W N Pendleton

Colonel & Acting Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery

First Rockbridge Artillery

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 20 July, 1861. Stationed at the rear of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL & ACTING CAPTAIN W N PENDLETON
Captain J McClausland, Virginia Military Institute, was appointed lieutenant colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and Reverend W N Pendleton captain, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, on 1 May, 1861. Captain W N Pendleton was appointed chief of artillery, Army of the Shenandoah, on 13 July, 1861, and colonel, Confederate States Army, on 15 July, 1861. Colonel W N Pendleton was assigned as acting captain, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, between 13 and 23 July, 1861.

Section: FIRST LT. J B BROKENBROUGH
First Lieutenant J B Brokenbrough was assigned to command the 1st Rockbridge Artillery between 10 and 14 August, 1861, and his resignation was accepted by Special Orders No.134, Paragraph VII, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 26 August, 1861.

6 pounder smoothbore, M1841 & 12 pounder field howitzer, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. W MCLAUGHLIN
Second Lieutenant W McLaughlin was assigned to command the 1st Rockbridge Artillery between 23 July and 10 August, 1861, and was appointed captain on 14 August, 1861.

Two 6 pounder light 'Cadet' smoothbores

Virginia Military Institute corps Cadets

Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia: Superintendent & Colonel F A Smith and Major W Gilham, Virginia Military Institute, were ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 18 and 20 April, 1861, respectively, and Major W Gilham was stationed as commandant at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861. He was appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 26 April 1861.

Note: Brigadier General J H Winder, Confederate States Army, was appointed commandant at Camp Lee, Hermiatge or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and Colonel C Dimmock, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 18 July, 1861 (See the 18th Virginia Infantry).

Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Rockbridge County, to Richmond, Virginia, 21-23 April, 1861: The Virginia Military Institute Corps Cadets and four 6 pounder light Cadet smoothbores, under the command of Majors T J Jackson and R E Colston, Virginia Military Institute, were ordered to Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, at 12.30 PM on 21 April, 1861, and arrived at 4 AM on 22 April, 1861. The Virginia Military Institute Corps Cadets were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day and arrived at via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 23 April, 1861.

Note: The Virginia Military Institute Corps Cadets, under the command of Acting Commandant & Major R E Colston, Virginia Military Institute, were assigned as drillmasters, one per company, at Camp Lee, Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861.

Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, 20 April, 1861: Major J T L Preston, Virginia Military Institute, was appointed acting superintendent on 20 April, 1861.

Note: The Rockbridge Greys, under the command of Captain J G Updike, was organised at Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 20 April, 1861, and was assigned to garrison duty at the Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 6 May, 1861 (See the 4th Virginia Infantry).

Baptist College Artillery Barracks, near Fush Hill, Richmond, Virginia, 29 April, 1861: Twelve cadets were assigned as drillmasters to light artillery companies at the Baptist College Artillery Barracks, near Fush Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861.

Appointments, 24 April to 18 July, 1861: Major T H Williamson, Virginia Military Institute, was appointed major, corps engineers, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 24 April, 1861 (See Engineers, Army of the Potomac); Major T J Jackson, Virginia Military Institute, colonel, Provisional Army Virginia, on 26 April, 1861; Major R E Colston, Virginia Military Institute, colonel, 16th Virginia Infantry, on 2 May, 1861; Colonel W Gilham, Virginia Military Institute, colonel, 21st Virginia Infantry, on 1 July, 1861; Colonel F A Smith, Virginia Military Institute, colonel, 9th Virginia Infantry, on 7 July, 1861; Major J T L Preston, Virginia Military Institute, lieutenant colonel, 9th Virginia Infantry, 7 July, 1861; Major S Crutchfield, Virginia Military Institute, major, 9th Virginia Infantry, 7 July, 1861; Captain M B Hardin, Virginia Military Institute, major, 9th Virginia Infantry, on 18 July, 1861.

Reserve Artillery, Army of the Potomac, 14 January, 1862

Col. W N Pendleton

Amherst Artillery: Capt. T J Kirkpatrick
Asland Light Artillery: Capt. P WoolFolk, Jr.
Fluvanna Artillery, No.1: Capt. W H Holman (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry)
Fluvanna Artillery, No.2: Capt. C C Cocke (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry)
Hamilton's Georgia Artillery: Capt. S P Hamilton
The 1st Georgia Infantry, Company A (1st), was redesignated Hamilton's Georgia Artillery on 24 July, 1861.
Irwin Artillery: Capt. J Lane
The 9th Georgia Infantry, Company A, was redesignated the Irwin Artillery on 12 December, 1861 (See the 9th Georgia Infantry).
Morris or Davis Artillery: Capt. L M Coleman
Powhatan Artillery: Capt. W J Dance
Sumter Light Artillery: Capt. A S Cutts (See the Sumter Light Artillery)

Sources

"An Artillery company was organized here to-day. Lieut. McClausland, one of the Assistant Professors at the Military Institute, was elected Captain, and Col. McLaughlin, J. B. Brockenbrough, Jr., and W. T. Poague, Lieutenants."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 10 May, 1861 - Progress of the war, Lexington, Rockbridge County, 23 April, 1861

"On Sunday morning last, the artillery company from Lexington, of which Rev. Dr. Pendelton is Captain, left this place for service in the field."

The Staunton Spectator, 14 May, 1861 - Military movements

"In consequence of the promotion of Capt. McClausland, of our Artillery company, to the post of Lieut. Colonel of volunteers, the company unamimously elected the Rev'd Dr. Pendleton as Captain, and he promptly accepted."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 10 May, 1861 - Affairs in Rockbridge

"The Army of the Shenandoah, on the 18th of July, left Winchester under imperative orders to reach Manassas in the shortest possible time. General Johnston directed the captains of the several batteries to report to me as they arrived at Piedmont, the station on the Manassas Gap Railroad where the infantry were to take the cars, that under my command they might march to join General Beauregard. By nightfall of the 19th only three out of five had reached Piedmont, and two of those I had myself conducted, about eleven P.M., when it was very dark, through the Shenandoah. Meantime messengers from Manassas reached General Johnston, which induced him to start me immediately with the three batteries, Captain Stanard's, Captain Alburtis's, and my own. The darkness was intense, the road scarcely practicable for four-wheeled carriages, and the weather very bad. Men and horses were greatly fagged. Yet I procured guides, encouraged all, and pressed on. Other messengers from Manassas brought me despatches after midnight begging me to hasten. By judicious rest for teams and men, not exceeding two hours in all, I reached Manassas, with all safe and in good condition, about two o'clock P.M., Saturday, 20th instant."

"A second captain had not yet been appointed to succeed Colonel W N Pendleton in command of the Rockbridge battery, and he continued for some weeks to act in that capacity. Accordingly, he now took the battery into action, posting its guns and giving directions for the cutting of fuses and aiming of pieces, besides exercising general supervision over all the artillery present belonging to the Army of the Shenandoah."

Memoirs of William N Pendleton: D. D. Rector of Latimer Parish, Lexington, Virginia, Brigadier General C.S.A., chief of artillery, Army of Northern Virginia, by his daughter Susan P Lee

"The plain grey cloth uniforms and outfit of blankets, knapsacks, cooking utensils, & c., furnished mainly by Rockbridge county, have been as well preserved as could be expected. The uniform is, however, in many cases, considerably worn."

"My impression is that one of our guns on the left was separated from the next two guns by guns of other batteries which were there before us; that two of our guns, the heavy six-pounder and the Howitzer were together, and that at an interval of fifty or a hundred yards, our fourth gun, under Sergeant Davis, was put into position on the extreme right of all the artillery."

"We gave up the two light six-pounder brass guns which had belonged to the Virginia Military Institute, retaining only the United States six-pounder and the twelve-pounder Howitzer, and got in addition two other United States brass six-pounders, and two of the ten-pounder parrot guns which had been used against us on the 21st."

"Colonel Pendleton, who was in command of this company and other companies near it on the 21st July, had been commissioned colonel in the Provisional army of the Confederate States army on the 15th, but was not relieved of command of this battery till the 23d."

Southern Historical Society Papers Volume 23: Historical sketch of the Rockbridge artillery, C.S. Army, by a member of the famous battery

"About the time the Cadet Corps was ordered to Richmond to drill the troops gathering there, the Rockbridge Battery was raised and soon ordered to Harper's Ferry, being given the old bronze 6-pounder guns of the cadet battery, the Corps having taken with it other pieces, including the 3-inch Parrott rifle, with Jackson had obtained such surprising results in Lexington the year before. For caissons, the Rockbridge Battery constructed large chests on the running parts of hay wagons, the cadets having taken all the material of their battery except the guns."

The long arm of Lee or the history of the artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia with a brief account of the Confederate Bureau of Ordnance, Volume I, by Jennings C Wise

The Military History of the Virginia Military Institute from 1839 to 1865 with appendix, maps, and illustrations, by Jennings C Wise

Southern Historical Society Papers Volume 28: Harper's Ferry and First Manassas, extracts from the diary of Captain James M. Garnett, in charge of General Ordnance Train, Army of Northern Virginia, from January, 1863, to February, 1864; and ordnance officer of Rodes' (later Grime's) Division, 2d Corps, A.N. Va., from February, 1864, to April 9, 1865

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, First & Second Rockbridge Artillery, by R J Driver, Jr.

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was organised at Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, under the command of Captain J McClausland, on 23 April, 1861, and was accepted in state service on 29 April, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, 11 May, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was mustered in state service for one year at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, by Major & Quartermaster M G Harman, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 11 May, 1861.

Note: Captain J McClausland, Virginia Military Institute, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 36th Virginia Infantry, in April 1861, and Reverend W N Pendleton was appointed captain, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, on 1 May, 1861. The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was assigned two 6 pounder light Cadet smoothbores stationed at the Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861.

Lexington, Rockbridge County, to Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, 11-12 May, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Harpers Ferry, County, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Captain W N Pendleton was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, to procure two artillery pieces and equipment on 9 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, by Major M G Harman, Confederate States Army, on 12 May, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 12-15 May, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 12 May, 1861, and arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Winchester, Frederick County, via Charlottesville, Albemarle County; Gordonsville, Orange County; Manassas Junction; and Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day and arrived on 15 May, 1861.

Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 23 May, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was stationed at Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Note: The Wise Artillery and the Newtown Artillery were assigned to the 1st Virginia Light Artillery, Companies B and C, respectively, under the command of Captain W N Pendleton, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in May 1861 and was disbanded prior to 26 April, 1862.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Potomac River, opposite Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, 18 May, 1861: A section of the 1st Rockbridge Artillery, under the command of Captain W N Pendleton, arrived at Camp Lee or Allen, on the Potomac River, opposite Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, on 18 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd Virginia Infantry (See the 2nd Virginia Infantry).

Potomac River, opposite Williamsport, Washington County, Maryland, to Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: A section of the 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 24 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, near Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: A section of the 1st Rockbridge Artillery, under the command of First Lieuetenant J B Brockenbrough, was stationed near the Potomac River, at Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861: The 2nd Virginia Infantry, the 4th Virginia Infantry, 5th Virginia Infantry, 27th Virginia Infantry, and the 1st Rockbridge Artillery were assigned to Colonel T J Jackson at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Evacuation Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 15 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Charlestown Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 15 June, 1861, and encamped naer Bull Skin Run, between Winchester, Frederick County, and Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Charlestown, Jefferson County, to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 16 June, 1861, and arrived via Smithfield, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. The company encamped on Mill Creek, near Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 16 June, 1861.

Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Note: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Stephenson's Depot to Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 18 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 19-21 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 11 PM same day. The company was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 June, 1861, and encamped near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861.

Martinsburg to Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 22 June, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Williamsport Turnpike to Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 22 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Stephens, Myers Orchard, near Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day.

Skirmish at Falling Waters or Hoke's Run, on the Potomac River, near Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Williamsport Turnpike to Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 7.30 AM on 2 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 5th Virginia Infantry (See the 5th Virginia Infantry). One 6 pounder smoothbore of the 1st Rockbridge Artillery, under the command of Captain W N Pendleton, was engaged in a skirmish at Porterfield's Farm, between Falling Waters and Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM the same day. One 6 pounder smoothbore and two 6 pounder light Cadet smoothbores were assigned as a reserve on the Williamsport Turnpike supported by the 4th Virginia Infantry between Hainesville and Porterfield's Farm, near Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861 (See the 4th Virginia Infantry).

Falling Waters or Hoke's Run, on the Potomac River, near Hainesville, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-3 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to withdraw to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, and encamped at Big Spring, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The company was ordered to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 3 July, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Darkesville, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, 7-8 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day. The company was stationed five miles from Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Carter, near the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 8 July, 1861.

Stephenson's Depot to Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 10 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 10 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 12 AM the same day.

Note: Captain W N Pendleton was appointed chief of artillery, Army of the Shenandoah, on 13 July, 1861, and colonel, Confederate States Army, on 15 July, 1861. Colonel W N Pendleton was assigned as acting captain, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, between 13 and 23 July, 1861.

The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 19 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, near Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day. The company arrived at Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, via Ashby's Gap at 1 AM on 19 July, 1861, and was ordered to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 AM same day. The 1st Rockbridge Artillery arrived at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to proceed by road to Manassas Junction, Virginia, under the command of Colonel & Acting Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, at 7 PM on 19 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the Wise Artillery and the Thomas Artillery. The company arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Salem and White Plains, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 20 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was assigned to Colonel & Acting Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861, and was stationed at the rear near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 20 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 1st Rockbridge Artillery arrived at the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Blackburn's & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, to three miles east of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 27 July, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered three miles east of Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861.

Three miles east of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 2 August, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Harman, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Reorganised near Centreville, Farifax County, Virginia, 14 August, 1861: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was reorganised, under the command of Captain W McLauglin, on 14 August, 1861, and was assigned two 10 pounder Parrott rifles, three 6 pounder smoothbores, and one 12 pounder howitzer captured at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.

Note: Second Lieutenant W McLaughlin was assigned to command the 1st Rockbridge Artillery between 23 July and 10 August, 1861, and was appointed captain on 14 August, 1861, and First Lieutenant J B Brokenbrough between 10 and 14 August, 1861. Second Lieutenant W McLaughlin was appointed captain, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, on 14 August, 1861.

Reorganised at Elk Run Creek, near Conrad's Store, Rockingham County, Virginia, 22 April, 1862: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was reorganised at Elk Run Creek, near Conrad's Store, Rockingham County, Virginia, under the command of Captain W T Poague, on 22 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 1st Rockbridge Artillery, under the command of Captain A Graham, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Major T J Jackson, Virginia Military Institute, was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, at 1 PM on 21 April, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 22 April, 1861. He proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 9 AM the same day and arrived via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 23 April, 1861. Major T J Jackson was appointed colonel, Provisional Army Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army Virginia, was accompanied by Adjutant General J Preston and Inspector General J Massie, Confederate States Army, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 2..30 PM on 27 April, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army Virginia, was assigned to command the troops stationed in and around Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 30 April and 23 May, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Reserve Artillery, Army of the Potomac, 1861: Ashland Artillery, Captain P Woolfolk, Jr.; Fluvanna Artillery No.2, Captain J J Ancell (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry); Morris Louisa Artillery, Captain L H Coleman; the Sumter Light Artilllery, Captian A S Cutts (See the Sumter Light Artillery); Powhatan Artillery, Captain W J Dance; Hamliton's Georgia Light Artillery, Captain S P Hamilton; Fluvanna Artillery No.1, Captain W H Holman (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry); Amherst Artillery, Captain T J Kirkpatrick; and the Irvin Artillery, Captain J Lane (See the 9th Georgia Infantry)

Provisional Army of Virginia, 23 April, 1861: The Provisional Army of Virginia was organised on 23 April, 1861, under a Virginia Ordnance dated 27 April, 1861.

The 1st Rockbridge Artillery was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, on 25 July 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT No.11: Series I, Volume 2, (Serial No.2), pp185-186
Colonel T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 3 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT: Series I, Volume 51, Part I (Serial No.107), pp34-36
Colonel W N Pendleton, Confederate States Army, Artillery, dated near Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 23 July, 1861

Official REPORT No.82: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp481-482
Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated near manassas Junction, Virginia, 23 July, 1861