The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Private W B Ott, 4th Virginia Infantry, Company I

Private W B Ott, 4th Virginia Infantry, Company I

Fourth Virginia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 9 July, 1861. Stationed at the rear of Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL J F PRESTON
Colonel J F Preston, 75th Virginia Militia Infantry (Montgomery County), was appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 25 April, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL L T MOORE
Colonel L T Moore, 31st Virginia Militia Infantry (Frederick County), was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861.

MAJOR J F KENT
Captain J F Kent, 4th Virginia Infantry, Company A, was appointed major, 4th Virginia Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 4 May, 1861.

Company A Wythe Greys: CAPT. W Terry
The company was accepted in state service at Wytheville, Wythe County, Virginia, under the command of Captain J F Kent, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861. The company arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad at Christiansburg Depot, near Christiansburg, Montgomery County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 23 April, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond via Lynchburg, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year by Colonel J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day. Captain J F Kent, 4th Virginia Infantry, Company A, was appointed major, 4th Virginia Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 4 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant W Terry, 4th Virginia Infantry, Company A, was appointed captain on 14 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861, and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, via Strasburg, Shenandoah County, and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 12 May, 1861. The company was detached on artillery service between 28 February and 29 March, 1862, and was assigned to the 4th Virginia Infantry on 10 April, 1862.
Company B Fort Lewis Volunteers: CAPT. D EDMUNDSON
The company was accepted in state service at Big Spring, Montgomery County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 25 April, 1861.
Company C Pulaski Guards: CAPT. R D Gardner
The company was accepted in state service at Newbern, Pulaski County, Virginia, under the command of Captain J A Walker, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861. The company arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad at Christiansburg Depot, near Christiansburg, Montgomery County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 23 April, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, at 9.30 PM on 24 April, 1861. The company arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond via Lynchburg, Virginia, at 2 PM on 25 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at the old City Hall, Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day. Captain J A Walker was appointed lieutenant colonel, 13th Virginia Infantry, on 1 May, 1861 (See the 13th Virginia Infantry).
Company D Smyth Blues: CAPT. A G PENDLETON
The company was accepted in state service at Marion, Smyth County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861. The company arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad at Christiansburg Depot, near Christiansburg, Montgomery County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 23 April, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond via Lynchburg, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year by Colonel J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day.
Company E Montgomery Highlanders: CAPT. C A RONALD
The company was accepted in state service at Blacksburg, Montgomery County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. The company arrived at Christiansburg, Montgomery County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, the at 9.30 PM on 24 April, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.
Company F Virginia or Grayson Dare Devils: CAPT. P N HALE
The company was accepted in state service at Elk Creek, Grayson County, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond via Wytheville, Wythe County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 2 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 4 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861. The company arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861. Captain P N Hale was killed at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.
Company G Montgomery Invincibles or Wise Fencibles: CAPT. R C Trigg
The company was accepted in state service at Christiansburg, Montgomery County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, at 9.30 PM on 24 April, 1861. The company arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond via Lynchburg, Virginia, at 2 PM on 25 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year by Colonel J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day. The company was stationed at Maryland Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and Captain R C Trigg was appointed colonel, 54th Virginia Infantry after the first battle of Manassas.
Company H Rockbridge Greys: CAPT. J G UPDIKE
The company was accepted in state service at Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 20 April, 1861, and was ordered to the Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by stagecoaches to Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 14 May 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year by Major & Quartermaster W H Harman, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 15 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 16 May, 1861, and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad on 17 May, 1861. Drillmaster J S Moffett, Virginia Military Institute, was appointed acting captain on 21 July, 1861 (See the 1st Rockbridge Artillery).
Company I Liberty Hall Volunteers: CAPT. J J WHITE
The company was accepted in state service with seventy-three students from Washington College, Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861, and was ordered by stagecoaches to Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861. The company arrived at the Virginia Central Railroad Depot, near Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 9 June, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year by Major & Quartermaster W H Harman, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 10 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 12 June, 1861, and arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 14 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the 4th Virginia Infantry at Camp Johnston, on the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861.
Company K (1st) Rockbridge Rifles: CAPT. S H LETCHER
The company was accepted in state service at Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was assigned to the 5th Virginia Infantry, Company B, on 8 May, 1861 (See the 5th Virginia Infantry). The company was assigned to the 4th Virginia Infantry, Company K, at Camp Johnston, on the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and to the 27th Virginia Infantry, Company H (2nd), on 24 July, 1861 (See the 27th Virginia Infantry).
Company K (2nd) or L Newlee's Company: CAPT. R G NEWLEE
The company was accepted in state service at Blacksburg, Montgomery County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived Christiansburg, Montgomery County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861. The company arrived at Lynchburg, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861. The company arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.229, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861. The company proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 28 July, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Harman, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861.

Sources

"By order of Gen. Harman, the Rockbridge Rifles (Capt. Letcher) left today at 1 o'clock for Staunton. They number near 100 able-bodied men. This evening the Rockbridge Troop, (Capt. White,) 80 strong, leave for Staunton, and the Troop in the lower end of our county, (Capt. McNutt,) goes with them."

The Staunton Spectator, 20 April, 1861 - Troops in motion

"The following military companies from Southwestern Virginia arrived in Richmond yesterday, by the Danville cars viz: Smythe Blues, Albert G. Pendleton, Esq., Captain - 72 strong. Wyth. Grays, Jos. F. Kent, Captain - 76 strong; and Charlotte Rifles, Thos. J. Spencer, Captain - 73 strong."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 25 April, 1861 - Troops from the Southwest

"The following volunteer companies arrived in Richmond yesterday, about 2 o'clock, via the Danville Railroad: Wise Fencibles, Montgomery county, Capt. R. C. Trigg, 83 men; Company A, Pittsylvania county, 101st Regiment, Capt. Wm. H. Werth, 84 men; Pulaski Guard, Capt. Jas. A. Walker, 83 men; Prospect Grays, Prince Edward county, 63 men, Capt. E. G. Wall, and Farmville Guards, Capt. R. A. Booker, 96 men."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 26 April, 1861 - Troops from the Southwest

"Yesterday and to day our camp has been abundantly excited. Two thousand troops have arrived, the majority of them from Alabama, with a detachment of Cherokee Indian warriors from North Carolina, and a body of Virginia riflemen, who glory in the name of Grayson Dare Devils."

The Louisville Daily Courier, 25 May, 1861 - From Harper Ferry

"The following volunteer companies arrived in Richmond yesterday, about 2 o'clock, via the Danville Railroad: Wise Fencibles, Montgomery county, Capt. R. C. Trigg, 83 men; Company "A," Pittsylvania county, 101st Regiment, Capt. Wm. H. Werth, 84 men; Pulaski Guard, Capt. Jas. A. Walker, 83 men; Prospect Grays, Prince Edward county, 63 men, Capt. E. G. Wall, and Farmville Guards, Capt. R. A. Booker, 96 men."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 26 April, 1861 - Arrival of military

"This fine looking company, under command of Capt. T. N. Hale, arrived here by the Danville train at 1 o'clock yesterday afternoon. They number eighty-five; but their ranks will be filled in the course of a day or two, the remainder being now on their way. They will doubtless be mustered into service to-day, when they will receive their arms."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 3 May, 1861 - The Grayson Dare Devils

"We are encamped about six miles from Williams Port in a piece of woods; all well and able to eat their share."

Ted Barclay, Liberty Hall Volunteers: Letters from the Stonewall brigade, 1861-1864, by Charles W Turner

"Some of the camp Lee cadets also came to Harper's Ferry to help out; among them was John Stuart Moffett, who was assigned to train the 4th Virginia Infantry."

"In its ranks as acting volunteer captains were Cadets Norris, Hempstead, Wight, and Moffett."

The young lions: Confederate cadets at war, by James Lee Conrad

"David H Scantlon, who was an enlisted member of Company C, 4th Virginia Infantry (Pulaski Guards), had seen service in the Mexican war and was an expert drummer."

"In the army he was chief drummer for the regiment, and always seemed filled with enthusiasm when, with two other drums and the shrill notes of a couple of fifes playing 'Highland Mary,' or 'The Girl I Left Behind Me,' he marched at the head of the regiment at dress parade or in review."

Southern Historical Society Papers Volume 32: The Pulaski Guards, Company C, 4th Virginia Infantry, at the first battle of Manassas, 18 July, 1861

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 70, Serial No.82: Record of events for Fourth Virginia Infantry, April 1861-December 1864, edited by James B Hewett

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Fourth Virginia Infantry, by James I Robertson

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 4th Virginia Infantry was organised at Richmond, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Richmond; Staunton, Augusta County; and Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 24, 25, & 26 April; 4 & 15, May; & 10 June, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry, Companies A and D, were mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 24 April, 1861; Companies B, C, and G for one year on 25 April, 1861; Company E for one year on 26 April, 1861; Company F for one year on 4 May, 1861; and Company H for one year at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, by Major & Quartermaster W H Harman, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 15 May, 1861; Company K (1st) for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 15 May, 1861; and Company I for one year at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, by Major & Quartermaster W H Harman, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 10 June, 1861.

Christiansburg Depot, near Christiansburg, Mountgomery County, Virginia, Companies A, C, & D, 21-23 April, 1861: The Smyth Blues, the Wythe Greys, and the Pulaski Guards were ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861, and arrived at Christiansburg Depot, near Christiansburg, Mountgomery County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 23 April, 1861.

Note: The Montgomery Highlanders was stationed at Christiansburg Depot, near Christiansburg, Mountgomery County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and the Pulaski Guards and the Montgomery Highlanders were ordered to Christiansburg, Mountgomery County, Virginia, in the evening on 23 April, 1861.

Christiansburg Depot, near Christiansburg, Mountgomery County, to Richmond, Virginia, Companies A & D, 23-24 April, 1861: The Smyth Blues and the Wythe Greys were ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad via Lynchburg, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861.

Big Spring, Mountgomery County, to Richmond, Virginia, Company B, 24-25 April, 1861: The Fort Lewis Volunteers arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad via Lynchburg, Virginia, between 24 and 25 April, 1861.

Christiansburg Depot, near Christiansburg, Mountgomery County, to Richmond, Virginia, Companies C, E, & G, 24–25 April, 1861: The Montgomery Highlanders, the Pulaski Guards, and the Wise Fencibles or Montgomery Invincibles were ordered to proceed by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, under the command of Colonel J F Preston, 75th Virginia Militia Infantry (Montgomery County), at 9.30 PM on 24 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad via Lynchburg, Virginia, at 2 PM on 25 April, 1861.

Elk Creek, Grayson County, to Richmond, Virginia, Company F, 2 & 8 May, 1861: The Virginia or Grayson Dare Devils arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond via Wytheville, Wythe County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 2 May, 1861, and was ordered to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.26, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861.

Richmond to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, D, E, & G, 10-12 May, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, and G, under the command of Colonel J F Preston, were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.32, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861, dated 9 May, 1861, and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, via Gordansville, Orange County; Manassas Junction; Strasburg, Shenandoah County; and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 12 May, 1861.

Note: The 4th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, were stationed at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, under the command of Colonel W Gilham, Virginia Military Institute, on 8 May, 1861, and were assigned to Colonel J F Preston, 4th Virginia Infantry, by Special Orders No.32, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861.

Richmond to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company F, 13-15 May, 1861: The Grayson Dare Devils was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861, and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad via Gordansville, Orange County; Manassas Junction; Strasburg, Shenandoah County; and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861.

Lexington, Rockbridge County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company H, 14-17 May, 1861: The Rockbridge Greys was ordered to Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861, and arrived the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 16 May, 1861, and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad via Gordansville, Orange County; Manassas Junction; Strasburg, Shenandoah County, and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.

Note: The 4th Virginia Infantry, Companies B and D were assigned to detached service at Little Georgetown, Berkeley County, Virginia, on the Potomac River, between 27 May and 3 June, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861: The 2nd Virginia Infantry, the 4th Virginia Infantry, the 5th Virginia Infantry, the 27th Virginia Infantry, and the 1st Rockbridge Artillery were assigned to Colonel T J Jackson at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Evacuation Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15 June, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 15 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Charlestown Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day. The regiment arrived at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 15 June, 1861, and encamped at Camp Johnston, Bull Skin Run, on the Shenandoah River, near Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Bull Skin Run, on the Shenandoah River, to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 16 June, 1861, and arrived via Smithfield, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. The regiment encamped on Mill Creek, near Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 16 June, 1861.

Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Note: The 4th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Stephenson's Depot to Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 18 June, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Note: The Liberty Hall Volunteers arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 14 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 4th Virginia Infantry, Company I, at Camp Johnston, on the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861.

Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 19-21 June, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 11 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 June, 1861, and destroyed the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad rolling stock at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day. The 4th Virginia Infantry encamped near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861.

Martinsburg to Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 21 June, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Williamsport Turnpike to Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 21 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Stephens, near Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day.

Skirmish at Falling Waters or Hoke's Run, on the Potomac River, near Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2 July, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to support the 5th Virginia Infantry and the 1st Rockbridge Artillery on the Williamsport Turnpike, near Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, during the skirmish at Porterfield's Farm, between Falling Waters and Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 2 July, 1861. The regiment was assigned as a support to one 6 pounder smoothbore and two 6 pounder light Cadet smoothbores between Hainesville and Porterfield's Farm, near Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to withdraw to Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861.

Hainesville to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-3 July, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to withdraw to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, and arrived at Snodgrass or Big Spring, on the Valley Turnpike, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 3 July, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Company B, was assigned to the 4th Virginia Infantry, Company K (1st), at Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 3 July, 1861, and to the 27th Virginia Infantry, Company H (2nd), near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861.

Darkesville, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, 7-8 July, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day. The regiment was stationed five miles from Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Carter, near the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 8 July, 1861.

Stephenson's Depot to Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 10 July, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 10 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 12 AM the same day.

The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day. The regiment arrived at Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, via Ashby's Gap at 1 AM on 19 July, 1861, and was ordered to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 AM same day. The 4th Virginia Infantry arrived at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19 July, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 9 AM on 19 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day.

Blackburn's & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, 20 July, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered near the Bull Run River in the evening on 19 July, 1861, and to the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 20 July, 1861.

Note: The 4th Virginia Infantry was stationed at the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, as support to the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Blackburn's & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, to three miles east of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 27 July, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered three miles east of Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861.

Note: The 4th Virginia Infantry, Company K (2nd), arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 28 July, 1861, and was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861.

Three miles east of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 2 August, 1861: The 4th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Harman, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Reorganised at Elk Run Creek, near Conrad's Store, Rockingham County, Virginia, 14, 15, 16, 20, 22, & 24 April, 1862: The 4th Virginia Infantry was reorganised at Elk Run Creek, near Conrad's Store, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 14, 15, 16, 20, 22, & 24 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 4th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Captain H D Wade, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Major T J Jackson, Virginia Military Institute, was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, at 1 PM on 21 April, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 22 April, 1861. He proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 9 AM the same day and arrived via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 23 April, 1861. Major T J Jackson was appointed colonel, Provisional Army Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army Virginia, was accompanied by Adjutant General J Preston and Inspector General J Massie, Confederate States Army, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 2..30 PM on 27 April, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army Virginia, was assigned to command the troops stationed in and around Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 30 April and 23 May, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Provisional Army of Virginia, 23 April, 1861: The Provisional Army of Virginia was organised on 23 April, 1861, under a Virginia Ordnance dated 27 April, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 4th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, on 25 September, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT No.11: Series I, Volume 2, (Serial No.2), pp185-186
Colonel T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 3 July, 1861

Official REPORT No.82: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp481-482
Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated near manassas Junction, Virginia, 23 July, 1861