The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Private Peter Lauck Kurtz, 5th Virginia Infantry, Company A

Private P L Kurtz, 5th Virginia Infantry, Company A

Fifth Virginia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19 July, 1861. Stationed at the rear of Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, on 21 July, 1861

COLONEL K HARPER
Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, was appointed brigadier general, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 1 May, 1861, and colonel, 5th Virginia Infantry, on 7 May, 1861. Colonel K Harper's resignation was accepted by Special Orders No.270, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, on 5 September, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL W H HARMAN
Brigadier General W H Harman, Thirteenth Brigade, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 5th Virginia Infantry, on 7 May, 1861, and colonel on 11 September, 1861.

MAJOR W S H BAYLOR
Captain W S H Baylor, West Augusta Guards, was appointed colonel, 5th Virginia State Troops, on 12 April, 1861, and major, 5th Virginia Infantry, on 7 May, 1861.

Company A Marion Rifles: CAPT. J H S FUNK
The company was accepted in state service at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year three miles east of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel W H Harman, 5th Virginia Infantry, on 29 July, 1861.
Company B Rockbridge Rifles: CAPT. S H LETCHER
The company was accepted in state service at Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day. The company arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to Mount Sidney, Augusta County, Virginia, at 3 PM the same day. The company arrived at Mount Sidney, Augusta County, Virginia, in the evening on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 April, 1861. The company arrived at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 20 April, 1861, and was ordered to Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 April, 1861. The company arrived at Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, at 6 PM on the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, at 7.30 AM on 22 April, 1861. The company arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, in the morning on 23 April, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 15 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 4th Virginia Infantry, Company K, at Camp Johnston, on the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861 (See the 4th Virginia Infantry ). The company was assigned to the 27th Virginia Infantry, Company K (2nd), near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861 (See the 27th Virginia Infantry).
Company C Mountain Guard: CAPT. R L DOYLE
The company was accepted in state service at Spring Hill, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861. The company arrived at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, the same day and was ordered to Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 April, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain H J Williams, 5th Virginia Infantry, Company D, on 1 May, 1861.
Company D Southern Guard: CAPT. H J WILLIAMS
The company was accepted in state service at Middlebrook, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, the same day. The company was ordered to Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 25 May, 1861.
Company E Augusta Greys: CAPT. J W NEWTON
The company was accepted in state service at Greenville, Augusta County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, the same day. The company was ordered to Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 19 May, 1861.
Company F West View Infantry: CAPT. ST F C ROBERTS
The company was accepted in state service at West View, Augusta County, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 14 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 17 May, 1861.
Company G Staunton Rifles: CAPT. A W HARMAN
The company was accepted in state service at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 28 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 13 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 14 May, 1861, and Captain A W Harman, 5th Virginia Infantry, Company G, was appointed colonel, 12th Virginia Cavalry, on 21 June, 1863 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).
Company H Augusta Rifles: CAPT. A KOINER
The company was accepted in state service, under the command of Captain A Koiner, at Fisherville, Augusta County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861. First Lieutenant G T Antrim, 5th Virginia Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain, 5th Virginia Infantry, Company H, on 23 April, 1861, and the company was mustered in state service for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 19 May, 1861. Captain A Koiner, 5th Virginia Infantry, Company H, was appointed major, 5th Virginia Infantry, on 11 September, 1861.
Company I Ready Rifles: CAPT. O F GRINNAN
The company was accepted in state service at Sangerville, Augusta County, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861.
Company K Continental Morgan Guards: CAPT. J AVIS
The company was accepted in state service at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Stephens, near Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, by Major W S H Baylor, 5th Virginia Infantry, on 30 June, 1861.
Company L West Augusta Guard: CAPT. J H WATERS
The company was accepted in state service at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant J H Waters, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 17 April, 1861 (See the Staunton Artillery). The company was mustered in state service for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 17 May, 1861, and was redesignated the West Augusta Artillery, under the command of Captain J H Waters, on 31 October, 1861. The company was assigned as infantry on 17 April, 1862.
Company M Union Greys: CAPT. S M CRAWFORD
The company was accepted in state service at Mount Sidney, Augusta County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant W P Johnson, as Captain S M Crawford was not fit for duty due to illness, in the morning the same day. The company arrived at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to Mount Jackson, Rockingham County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The company was disbanded at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861.

Sources

"The Charlottesville companies were full, and these, joined by the West Augusta Guard, who arrived about 10 ½ P. M., swelled the number of soldiers to near five hundred men, sent on a service both of danger and honor."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 19 April, 1861 - Troops off for the Border, a thrilling scene

"The Mt. Sidney Union Guards arrived here about an hour ago."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 22 April, 1861 - Movement of soldiers - Home Guard, Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, 19 April, 1861

"To-night the Rockbridge Rifles, Capt. Saml. Letcher, (John's brother,) - a large company - are quartered in the Court-House."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 25 April, 1861 - From the Valley of Virginia, Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, 19 April, 1861

"By order of Gen. Harman, the Rockbridge Rifles (Capt. Letcher) left today at 1 o'clock for Staunton. They number near 100 able-bodied men. This evening the Rockbridge Troop, (Capt. White,) 80 strong, leave for Staunton, and the Troop in the lower end of our county, (Capt. McNutt,) goes with them."

The Staunton Spectator, 20 April, 1861 - Troops in motion

"The 'Union Greys' (Mt. Sidney) Capt. Stuart M. Crawford, marched down the Valley on Friday morning, under the command of Lieut. W. P. Johnson, Captain Crawford being too unwell to go. This gallent Company supped in Harrisonburg and marched on the same night to take the cars at Mt. Jackson on Saturday morning. On the same morning the Augusta Rifles, Capt. Absalom Coiner."

The Staunton Spectator, 23 April, 1861 - More companies gone

"On Monday morning (yesterday,) the 'Staunton Rifles,' Capt. Asher W. Harman, left in the Eastern train, making the welkin ring with their cheers. The West View Company, Capt. Roberts, arrived on Monday, and left here on Tuesday morning."

The Staunton Spectator, 14 May, 1861 - Military movements

"The following companies left this place during the past week:- On Saturday the 12th, Rockbridge Artillery, Capt. W. N. Pendleton; on Monday, the 13th, Staunton Rifles, Capt. Asher W. Harman, and West View Infantry, Capt. St. Francis C. Roberts; on Tuesday, Churchville Cavalry, Capt. Sterrett; on Wednesday, Alleghany Light Infantry, Capt. Thompsin McAllister, and Ready Rifles of Augusta, Capt. O. F. Grinnan; on Thursday, Rockbridge Greys, Capt. James G. Updike, and, on Saturday, about one hundred soldiers enlisted in the regular army. On Monday of this week, Greenbrier Rifles, Capt. Robert F. Dennis, and Hibernians, Capt. H. H. Robertson; on Tuesday, Monroe Guard, Capt. Tiffany, and Alleghany Rifles, Capt. Holloway. Other companies will leave in a few days."

The Staunton Spectator, 21 May, 1861 - Departure of troops

"Cadet Junius L Hempstead was assigned to drill the 5th Virginia Infantry."

"In its ranks as acting volunteer captains were Cadets Norris, Hempstead, Wight, and Moffett."

The young lions: Confederate cadets at war, by James Lee Conrad

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Fifth Virginia Infantry, by I A Wallace, Jr.

My Dear Emma, War letters of Col. James K. Edmondson, 1861-1865, by Charles W. Turner

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 70, Serial No.82: Record of events for Fifth Virginia Infantry, April 1861-October 1864, edited by James B Hewett

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 5th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 25 May, 1861.

Note: The West Augusta Guards, the Union Greys, the Augusta Greys, the Southern Guards, the Augusta Rifles, the Valley Rangers, and the Staunton Artillery were assigned to the 5th Virginia State Troops, under the command of Colonel W S H Baylor, Lieutenant Colonel A Coiner, First Major F F Sterrett, and Second Major R Turk, at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 12 April, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, & three miles east of Manassas Junction, Virginia, 1, 14, 15, 17, 19, 22, & 25 May; 30 June; & 29 July, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Company C, was mustered in state service for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain H J Williams, 5th Virginia Infantry, Company D, on 1 May, 1861; Company G for one year at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 14 May, 1861; Company B for one year on 15 May, 1861; Companies F and L for one year on 17 May, 1861; Companies E and H for one year on 19 May, 1861; Company I for one year on 22 May, 1861; Company D for one year on 25 May, 1861; Company K for one year at Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, by Major W S H Baylor, 5th Virginia Infantry, on 30 June, 1861; and Company A in Confederate service for one year three miles east of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel W H Harman, 5th Virginia Infantry, on 29 July, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company L, 17-19 April, 1861: The West Augusta Guards was ordered to rendezvous at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General W H Harman, Thirteenth Brigade, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, at 6 PM the same day. The company was accompanied by the Staunton Artillery and arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 18 April, 1861 (See the Staunton Artillery). The West Augusta Guards was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 11 PM on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Harpers Ferry via Halltown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 19 April, 1861.

Note: The West Augusta Guards was accompanied by the Charlottesville & University Battalion Infantry and the Culpeper Minutemen, under the command of Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, on 17 April, 1861, and was assigned as support to a section of the Staunton Artillery at Maryland Heights, opposite Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies A & K, 18-19 April, 1861: The Marion Rifles and the Continental Morgan Guards were accepted in state service at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 18 April, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. The Marion Rifles and the Continental Morgan Guards arrived at Harpers Ferry via Charlestown and Hallstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861.

Mount Sidney, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company M, 19-21 April, 1861: The Union Guards was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and arrived in the morning on 20 April, 1861. The Union Guards was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, the same day and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, via Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861.

Note: Captain S M Crawford was too ill for duty on 19 April, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies C, D, & E, 19-22 April, 1861: The Mountian Guard, the Southern Guard, and the Augusta Greys, under the command of Captain R L Doyle, ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, the same day. The companies were ordered to Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 April, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. The Mountian Guard, the Southern Guard, and the Augusta Greys were ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861, and arrived by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, via Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861.

Fisherville, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company H, 19-21, 1861: The Augusta Rifles was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and arrived via Charlottesville, Albemarle County; Manassas Junction; and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company B, 19-23 April, 1861: The Rockbridge Rifles was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 18 April, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 19 April, 1861. The company was ordered to Mount Sidney, Augusta County, Virginia, at 3 PM the same day and arrived in the evening on 19 April, 1861. The Rockbridge Rifles was ordered to Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 April, 1861, and arrived at Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 20 April, 1861. The company was ordered to Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 April, 1861, and arrived at 6 PM on the same day. The Rockbridge Rifles was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, at 7.30 AM on 22 April, 1861, and encamped at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, in the morning on 23 April, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, D, E, H, K, L, & M, 23 April, 1861: The West Augusta Guards, the Mountian Guards, the Southern Guards, the Augusta Greys, the Marion Rifles, the Continental Morgan Guards, the Rockbridge Rifles, the Augusta Rifles, and the Union Greys were stationed at Camp Hill, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, on 23 April, 1861.

Note: The 5th Virginia Infantry was stationed at the Armory Building, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, and the West Augusta Guards and a section of the Staunton Artillery at Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. The 5th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Camp Bolivar, Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in May 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Maryland Heights, Company B, 26-28 April, 1861: The Rockbridge Rifles was ordered to Maryland Heights, opposite Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and proceeded to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 28 April, 1861.

Note: The Rockbridge Rifles was stationed at Loudoun Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861, and the Augusta Greys at Maryland Heights, opposite Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 4 May, 1861.

Harpers Ferry to Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, 13 May, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Company C, was ordered to the Potomac River, near Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 13 May, 1861, and was stationed Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 13 May and 13 June, 1861.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies F & G, 13-16 May, 1861: The Staunton Rifles and the West View Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 13 and 14 May, 1861, respectively, and arrived via Charlottesville, Albemarle County; Manassas Junction; and Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 and 16 May, 1861, respectively.

Staunton, Augusta County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Company I, 15-18 May, 1861: The Ready Rifles was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 15 May, 1861, and arrived on 18 May, 1861.

Note: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Company B, was assigned to picket duty at Maryland Heights, opposite Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 1 May, 1861, and was assigned to duty building block houses at Loudoun Heights, Loudoun County, Virginia, between 9 and 19 May, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861: The 2nd Virginia Infantry, the 4th Virginia Infantry, the 5th Virginia Infantry, the 27th Virginia Infantry, and the 1st Rockbridge Artillery were assigned to Colonel T J Jackson at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 1 June, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, Company B, 21-31 May, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Company B, was ordered to proceed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861, and arrived at 8 PM the same day. The company was assigned to maintain order during the ratification of the Ordinance of Secession on 23 May, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, and destroy the bridge on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Opequon Creek, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 31 May, 1861. The 5th Virginia Infantry, Company B, did not destroy the bridge on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Opequon Creek, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, and arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Harpers Ferry to Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies C & L, 30 May, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Companies C and L, under the command of Captain R L Doyle, were ordered to Sherphedstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861, and were accompanied a section of the Staunton Artillery, under the command of First Lieutenant T L Harman (See the Staunton Artillery).

Note: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Companies C and L, and a section of the Staunton Artillery, under the command of Captain R L Doyle, were stationed at Sherphedstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861.

Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Opequon Creek, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, Company B, 1-2 June, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Company B, was ordered to Opequon Creek, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, and destroy the bridge on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in the evening on 1 June, 1861, and destroyed the bridge on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Opequon Creek, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 2 June, 1861. Company B was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Note: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Company B, was stationed at Dam No.4, on the Potomac River, between Williamsport and Sharpsburg, Washington County, Maryland, in the evening on 9 June, 1861.

Harpers Ferry to Sherphedstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, 10 June, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Sherphedstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 10 June, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day.

Note: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Company B, was assigned to guard duty at Shepherd's Ferry, on the Potomac River, near Sherphedstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 12 June, 1861, and Company C, under the command of Captain R L Doyle, destroyed the covered bridge over the Potomac River between Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia, and Sharpsburg, Washington County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 14 June, 1861.

Sherphedstown, Jefferson County, to Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 14-15 June, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 14 June, 1861, and arrived at the Fairgrounds, near Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 11 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 15 June, 1861, and arrived at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day.

Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 16-17 June, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 16 June, 1861, and arrived at Dinkel's Farm, between Winchester, Frederick County, and Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day. The regiment arrived at Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 June, 1861.

Note: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Company A, was assigned to detached duty at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861.

Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Note: The 5th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, 19-21 June, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 11 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 June, 1861, and destroyed the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad rolling stock at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day. The 5th Virginia Infantry encamped near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861.

Martinsburg to Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 21 June, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Williamsport Turnpike to Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 21 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Stephens, near Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day.

Skirmish at Falling Waters or Hoke's Run, on the Potomac River, near Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2 July, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Williamsport Turnpike to Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 7.30 AM on 2 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Rockbridge Artillery (See the 1st Rockbridge Artillery). The regiment was engaged in a skirmish at Porterfield's Farm, between Falling Waters and Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 2 July, 1861, and was ordered to withdraw to Hainesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Companies B and L, were assigned to Major W S H Baylor, and Companies A, C, D, E, F, H, I, and K to Colonel K Harper and Lieutenant Colonel W H Harman, in the morning on 2 July, 1861. The 5th Virginia Infantry, Company G, was on picket duty in the morning the same day and did not participate in the skirmish at Porterfield's Farm, near Falling Waters, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861.

Hainesville to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-3 July, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to withdraw to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, and arrived at Big Spring, on the Valley Turnpike, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the morning on 3 July, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Darkesville, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, 7-8 July, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day. The regiment was stationed five miles from Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Carter, near the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 8 July, 1861.

Stephenson's Depot to Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 10 July, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 10 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 12 AM the same day.

Note: The 5th Virginia Infantry, Company B, was assigned to the 4th Virginia Infantry, Company K, at Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 3 July, 1861.

The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, 18-19 July, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, near Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 9 PM the same day. The regiment arrived at Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, via Ashby's Gap at 1 AM on 19 July, 1861, and was ordered to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 3 AM same day. The 5th Virginia Infantry arrived at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 6 AM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19 July, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 9 AM on 19 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day.

Blackburn's & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, 20 July, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered near the Bull Run River in the evening on 19 July, 1861, and to the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 20 July, 1861.

Note: The 5th Virginia Infantry was stationed at the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, as support to the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to the rear between Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Blackburn's & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, to three miles east of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 27 July, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered three miles east of Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 27 July, 1861.

Three miles east of Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 2 August, 1861: The 5th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Harman, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 5th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Captain P E Wilson, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Major T J Jackson, Virginia Military Institute, was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, at 1 PM on 21 April, 1861, and arrived at Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 22 April, 1861. He proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 9 AM the same day and arrived via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 23 April, 1861. Major T J Jackson was appointed colonel, Provisional Army Virginia, on 26 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army Virginia, was accompanied by Adjutant General J Preston and Inspector General J Massie, Confederate States Army, and arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 2..30 PM on 27 April, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day. Colonel T J Jackson, Provisional Army Virginia, was assigned to command the troops stationed in and around Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 30 April and 23 May, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 17 June, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Provisional Army of Virginia, 23 April, 1861: The Provisional Army of Virginia was organised on 23 April, 1861, under a Virginia Ordnance dated 27 April, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 5th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General T J Jackson, on 25 September, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT No.11: Series I, Volume 2, (Serial No.2), pp185-186
Colonel T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 3 July, 1861

Supplement to the Official Recors, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, p191
Captain J H Waters, Fifth Virginia Infantry

Official REPORT No.82: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp481-482
Brigadier General T J Jackson, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated near manassas Junction, Virginia, 23 July, 1861