The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, First Division

The 8th New York State Militia at camp near Arlington House, Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, circa June 1861

The 8th New York State Militia at camp near Arlington House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, circa June 1861

Varian's Light Artillery, Eighth New York State Militia Infantry, Company I

Mustered in United States service for three months 25 April, 1861, dated 20 April, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 27 May, 1861. Not present at the first battle of Bull Run

CAPTAIN J M VARIAN
J M Varian was mustered in United States service as captain, Varian's Light Artilley, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company I, on 20 April, 1861.

Section: FIRST LT. S H CORNELL
S H Cornell was mustered in United States service as first lieutenant, Varian's Light Artilley, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company I, on 20 April, 1861.

Two 6 pounder Smoothbores, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. E C BYRNES
E C Byrnes
was mustered in United States service as second lieutenant, Varian's Light Artilley, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company I, on 20 April, 1861.

Two 6 pounder Smoothbores, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. J T CARPENTER
J T Carpenter was mustered in United States service as captain, Varian's Light Artilley, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company I, on 20 April, 1861.

Two 6 pounder Smoothbores, M1841

Sources

"New York 24 April - The steamer Montgomery sailed this morning with the artillery of the eighth regiment."

The National Republican, 24 April, 1861 - Departure of troops from New York

"Annapolis, 12 May - P.M. - General Butler, with 50 men and two pieces of Captain Varian's battery, left this afternoon on the propeller J. S.Shriver for important and secret service in the direction of Baltimore. A false alarm occurred at the Relay House last night. "

The Daily Exchange (Baltimore), 13 May, 1861 - A secret expedition

"The propeller Wm. Woodward returned here yesterday, having in tow the Smith Point Lightship, which she was sent to capture. The ship was found up Mill Creek, a branch of the Wycomico. The two pieces of artillery could not be brought to bear on the enemy, who were concealed by bushes. Lieut. Flusser, who was in command of the expedition, says that capt, Thorne's men conducted themselves with the greatest bravery. "

The Alexandria Gazette, 21 May, 1861 - Movements in Chesapeake Bay and vicinity - Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, P.M. 19 May, 1861

"The Cataline, which brought General Butler and staff, had on board, as a guard, a detachment of the Thirteenth New York regiment (Companies D and E) and a portion of Captain Varian's troop, of the New York Eighth regiment, with two six pounders, the entire force under the command of Captain David S Jones, of the Thirteenth regiment. The steamer returns to Annapolis tonight. "

The New York Herald, 25 May, 1861 - Fortress Monroe, Va., 22 May, 1861

"The battery of the Eighth New York Regiment, Captain Varian, numbering 155 men and six splendid field pieces, arrived here during last night. They have been in Annapolis since the arrival of the Eighth Regiment here, which they now join. The battery marched through Pennsylvania avenue today at 11 1/2 o'clock, on their way to the camp of the Regiment near Kalamora. They are uniformed in grey jackets and pants with black trimmings, similat to the Eighth, and are provided with a number of extra horses and considerable baggage and train waggons."

The Evening Star, 27 May, 1861 - Arrival of Varian's battery

"At Arlington House, we found the New York eighth regiment, Col. Lyons, snugly encamped. Their battery, which arrived here early yesterday morning, is with them, and they have placed it so that it would fall fearfully upon any attacking party."

The National Republican, 28 May, 1861 - Over the river

"General McDowell has caused the following order to be issued: The captains of Varian's battery of light artillery, attached to the Eighth Regiment of the New York Volunteer State Militia, having completed the period of its enlistment, is honorably discharged from the service of the United States, and will march to Alexandria and report to Gen. Runyon to be mustered out of service."

The Evening Star, 22 July, 1861 - Varian's battery

"It appears that an order had been received to the effect that the Grey troop should leave the howitzers and take six 6 pounders."

"In Hudson street, the Grey troop, numbering 100 men, with a battery of six 6-pounders and thirty-six horses, turned down and proceeded to Pier No. 13, where they embarked on board the steamship Montgomery."

Rebellion Record: Document 93, Departure of the 8th, 13th, and 69th N.Y. Regiments, New York Tribune, 24 April, 1861

"Varian's Battery consisted of six smooth-bore six pounder brass pieces, with carriages, obtained from the 7th Regiment, and thirty-six horses, all that could be collected in the brief period allowed for that purpose. We were provided with 200 rounds of ammunition per gun."

A famous battery and its campaigns, 1861-'64: The career of Corporal James Tanner in war and in peace; early days in the Black Hills with some account of Capt. Jack Crawford the poet scout, by Captain James E. Smith, 4th N.Y. Independent battery

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 1, by Frederick Phisterer

Notes

The Washington Grey Troop was accepted in state service at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, as Varian's Light Artillery, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company I, on 19 April, 1861 (See the 8th New York State Militia Infantry).

Note: The Varian's Light Artillery, 8th New York State Militia Infantry, Company I, was ordered to rendezvous at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861.

Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, to Annapolis, Howard County, Maryland, 24-25 April, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the steamer Montgomery at Pier No.13, on the Hudson or North River, to Annapolis, Howard County, Maryland, at 10 AM on 24 April, 1861, and arrived on 25 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 25 April, 1861, dated 20 April, 1861: The Varian's Light Artillery, was mustered in United States service for three months at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, on 25 April, 1861, dated 20 April, 1861.

Fort Morgan, Mount Misery, near Elkton, Cecil County, & Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 30 April, 1861: A detachment of the 8th New York State Militia Infantry, seven engineers, and a section of Varian's Light Artillery were stationed at Fort Morgan, at Mount Misery, near Elkton, Cecil County, Maryland, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C G Waterbury, 8th New York State Militia Infantry on 30 April, 1861.

Note: The 8th New York State Militia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch and Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, at 7 AM on 5 May, 1861, and Varian's Light Artillery was temporarily assigned to the 13th New York State Militia Infantry at Annapolis, Howard County, Maryland, between 5 and 26 May, 1861 (See the Three Months Volunteers, Department of Annapolis).

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, to Baltimore City, Maryland, 12 May, 1861: A section of Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the propeller J S Shriver to Baltimore City, Maryland, under the command of Brigadier General B F Butler, Massachusetts Volunteers, in the afternoon on 12 May, 1861, and was accompanied by a detachment of fifty men of the 13th New York State Militia Infantry.

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Wicomico River, 16-18 May, 1861: A section of Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the propeller William Woodward on Chesapeake Bay to capture the Smith Point lightship, under the command of Lieutenent C W Flusser, United States Navy, at 5 PM on 16 May, 1861, and was accompanied by a detachment of fifty men of the 13th New York State Militia Infantry, Company G, under the command of Second Lieutenant J B Woodward, and forty United States Marine Corps. The propeller William Woodward arrived at the Wicomico River at 5 AM on 17 May, 1861, and was engaged in a skirmish with the Lancaster Greys the same day. The Smith Point lightship was captured at Mill Creek, on the Wicomico River, on 17 May, 1861, and the propeller William Woodward arrived at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 11 AM on 18 May, 1861.

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, 21-22 May, 1861: A section of Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the steamer Cataline to Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, under the command of Captain D S Jones, 13th New York State Militia Infantry, Company E, in the morning on 21 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 13th New York State Militia Infantry, Companies D and E, and Brigadier B F Butler, Massachusetts Volunteers. The section of Varian's Light Artillery arrived at Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, in the morning on 22 May, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General B F Butler, Massachusetts Volunteers, was stationed at Washington, D. C., between 16 and 19 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 2.30 PM on 20 May, 1861.

Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 22-23 May, 1861: A section of Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the steamer Cataline to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the evening on 22 May, 1861, and arrived on 23 May, 1861.

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 26-27 May, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Washington, D. C., on 26 May, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, in the morning on 27 May, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to the rear of Arlington House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 27 May, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 11.30 AM on 27 May, 1861, and arrived at the rear of Arlington House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day.

Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, 20 June, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, were stationed at Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, in the morning on 20 June, 1861.

Note: A section of Varian's Light Artillery, under the command of Third Lieutenant J E Smith, was assigned to Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, at Fall's Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, prior to 20 June, 1861.

Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike & Arlington House, near Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 24 June, 1861: A section of Varian's Light Artillery was stationed at Arlington House, near Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; a section was assigned to guard the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike towards Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; and a section to guard the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike towards Taylor's Tavern, near Riley's Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.26, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 6 July, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Connecticut Infantry, the 3rd Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Maine Infantry, and Varian's Light Artillery were assigned to Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.26, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The Varian's Light Artillery was assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived via Old Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The company was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived via Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day. Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived by the Warrenton Turnpike via Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning the same day. The company encamped near the Warrenton Turnpike, one mile south of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861.

Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Washington, D. C., 21 July, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery's term of service expired on 17 July, 1861, and voted to be discharged on 20 July, 1861. Captain J M Varian was ordered to assign the six 6 pounder smoothbores to the United States Ordnance Department by First Lieutenant F E Prime, United States Corps Engineers, at 10 PM on 20 July, 1861, and Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 1 AM on 21 July, 1861 (See the United States Corps Engineers). The company was arrived at Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 21 July, 1861, and proceeded to Alexandria, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861. Varian's Light Artillery arrived at 3 PM the same day and was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the evening on 22 July, 1861. The company encamped at Maryland Avenue, Washington, D. C., the same day.

Note: The six 6 pounder smoothbores of the Varian's Light Artillery remained at the camp of the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, Little Rocky Run, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861 (See the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry).

Note: Detachments of the 8th New York Infantry and 29th New York Infantry, under the command of Captain C Bookwood, 29th New York Infantry, Company H, were assigned to the six 6 pounder smoothbores in the morning on 21 July, 1861 , and were designated Bookwood's Independent Light Artillery the same day (See Bookwood's Independent Light Artillery).

Mustered out, Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, 2 August, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 23 July, 1861, and arrived by Camden & Amboy Railroad and the steamer Richard Stockton at 6.30 PM the same day. The company was mustered out at Brooklyn (Kings County), New York City, New York, on 2 August, 1861.

4th New York Independent Light Artillery, 7 December, 1861: Forty men of Varian's Light Artillery were organised as the 1st New York Engineers, Company L, under the command of Captain J E Smith, on 4 September 1861, but the War Department refused to sanction the assignment and the company was mustered in United States service for three years at Staten Island (Richmond County), New York City, New York, on 24 October, 1861. The company was designated the 4th New York Independent Light Artillery on 7 December, 1861, and was disbanded on 12 December, 1863.

Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army: Major E D Keyes, 1st United States Artillery, was ordered to New York City, New York, on 3 April, 1861, and was accompanied by Captain M C Meigs, United States Corps Engineers, and First Lieutenant D D Porter, United States Navy. He was ordered to proceed by the steamer Baltic on the North Atlantic Ocean to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 5.30 AM on 21 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the steamers R R Cuyler, Columbia, Coatzacoalcos, and Harriet Lane. The steamer Baltic arrived by Chesapeake Bay at Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, at 10 PM on 22 April, 1861, and the steamers Baltic, R R Cuyler, Columbia, and Coatzacoalcos were ordered to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 23 April, 1861. Major E D Keyes arrived by the steamer Baltic at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, between 8 and 9 PM the same day and was accompanied by the and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington). The 71st New York State Militia Infantry, on board the steamer R R Cuyler, and the first detachmment of the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, on board the steamer Coatzacoalcos, were ordered to disembark at the Naval Academy, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the morning on 24 April, 1861, and were ordered to to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, on 25 April, 1861. The 12th New York State Militia Infantry and the 6th New York State Militia Infantry, on board the steamers Baltic and Columbia, respectively, were ordered to disembark at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, the same day and Major E D Keyes was was assigned to Governor E D Morgan at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 2 May, 1861 (See the Department of Annapolis). He was appointed colonel, 11th United States Infantry, at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861, and brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Steamer Baltic: 12th New York State Militia and First Lieutenant G W Synder, United States Corps Engineers, and Major E D Keyes; Steamer Columbia: 6th New York State Militia Infantry; Steamer R R Cuyler: 71st New York State Militia Infantry; Steamer Coatzacoalcos: 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry (First detachment).

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.17: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp353-356
Colonel E D Keyes, Eleventh United States Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Meridian Hill, D. C., 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.16: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp348-352
Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 27 July, 1861