The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, First Division

The 8th New York State Militia at camp near Arlington House, Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, circa June 1861

The 8th New York State Militia at the rear of Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, circa June 1861

Varian's Light Artillery, Eighth New York State Militia, Company I

Mustered in United States service for three months 25 April, 1861, dated 20 April, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 27 May, 1861. Not present at the first battle of Bull Run

CAPTAIN J M VARIAN
J M Varian was mustered in United States service as captain, Varian's Light Artilley, 8th New York State Militia, Company I, on 20 April, 1861.

Section: FIRST LT. S H CORNELL
S H Cornell was mustered in United States service as first lieutenant, Varian's Light Artilley, 8th New York State Militia, Company I, on 20 April, 1861.

Two 6 pounder Smoothbores, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. E C BYRNE(S)
E C Byrnes
was mustered in United States service as second lieutenant, Varian's Light Artilley, 8th New York State Militia, Company I, on 20 April, 1861.

Two 6 pounder Smoothbores, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. J V CARPENTER
J T Carpenter was mustered in United States service as captain, Varian's Light Artilley, 8th New York State Militia, Company I, on 20 April, 1861.

Two 6 pounder Smoothbores, M1841

Sources

"In addition to the formidable weapons, the howitzers, Captain Varian received this morning an order to take six, six pounders from the city armory, which are fully eqipped with cartridge wagons and accoutrements. Twenty-four horses are attached to this battery and will be taken on board the Alabama."

The Commercial Advertiser, 23 April, 1861 - The Eighth Regiment

"New York 24 April - The steamer Montgomery sailed this morning with the artillery of the eighth regiment."

The National Republican, 24 April, 1861 - Departure of troops from New York

"Annapolis, 12 May - P.M. - General Butler, with 50 men and two pieces of Captain Varian's battery, left this afternoon on the propeller J. S.Shriver for important and secret service in the direction of Baltimore. A false alarm occurred at the Relay House last night. "

The Daily Exchange (Baltimore), 13 May, 1861 - A secret expedition

"The propeller Wm. Woodward returned here yesterday, having in tow the Smith Point Lightship, which she was sent to capture. The ship was found up Mill Creek, a branch of the Wycomico. The two pieces of artillery could not be brought to bear on the enemy, who were concealed by bushes. Lieut. Flusser, who was in command of the expedition, says that capt, Thorne's men conducted themselves with the greatest bravery. "

The Alexandria Gazette, 21 May, 1861 - Movements in Chesapeake Bay and vicinity - Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, P.M. 19 May, 1861

"The Cataline, which brought General Butler and staff, had on board, as a guard, a detachment of the Thirteenth New York regiment (Companies D and E) and a portion of Captain Varian's troop, of the New York Eighth regiment, with two six pounders, the entire force under the command of Captain David S Jones, of the Thirteenth regiment. The steamer returns to Annapolis tonight. "

The New York Herald, 25 May, 1861 - Fortress Monroe, Va., 22 May, 1861

"Capt. Varian's Battery, attached to the New York Thirteenth, are ordered to this city from Annapolis."

The New York Herald, 27 May, 1861 - Washington, 26 May, 1861

"The battery of the Eighth New York Regiment, Captain Varian, numbering 155 men and six splendid field pieces, arrived here during last night. They have been in Annapolis since the arrival of the Eighth Regiment here, which they now join. The battery marched through Pennsylvania avenue today at 11 1/2 o'clock, on their way to the camp of the Regiment near Kalamora. They are uniformed in grey jackets and pants with black trimmings, similat to the Eighth, and are provided with a number of extra horses and considerable baggage and train waggons."

The Evening Star, 27 May, 1861 - Arrival of Varian's battery

"At Arlington House, we found the New York eighth regiment, Col. Lyons, snugly encamped. Their battery, which arrived here early yesterday morning, is with them, and they have placed it so that it would fall fearfully upon any attacking party."

The National Republican, 28 May, 1861 - Over the river

"General McDowell has caused the following order to be issued: The captains of Varian's battery of light artillery, attached to the Eighth Regiment of the New York Volunteer State Militia, having completed the period of its enlistment, is honorably discharged from the service of the United States, and will march to Alexandria and report to Gen. Runyon to be mustered out of service."

The Evening Star, 22 July, 1861 - Varian's battery

"It appears that an order had been received to the effect that the Grey troop should leave the howitzers and take six 6 pounders."

"In Hudson street, the Grey troop, numbering 100 men, with a battery of six 6-pounders and thirty-six horses, turned down and proceeded to Pier No. 13, where they embarked on board the steamship Montgomery."

Rebellion Record: Document 93, Departure of the 8th, 13th, and 69th N.Y. Regiments, New York Tribune, 24 April, 1861

"Varian's Battery consisted of six smooth-bore six pounder brass pieces, with carriages, obtained from the 7th Regiment, and thirty-six horses, all that could be collected in the brief period allowed for that purpose. We were provided with 200 rounds of ammunition per gun."

A famous battery and its campaigns, 1861-'64: The career of Corporal James Tanner in war and in peace; early days in the Black Hills with some account of Capt. Jack Crawford the poet scout, by Captain James E. Smith, 4th N.Y. Independent battery

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 1, by Frederick Phisterer

Notes

The Washington Grey Troop or Varian's Light Artillery, 8th New York State Militia, Company I, was accepted in state service for three months at New York City, New York County, New York, on 19 April, 1861, and and was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the call for 75,000 militia to serve three months on 24 April, 1861, dated 15 April, 1861 (See the 8th New York State Militia Infantry).

Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, to Annapolis, Howard County, Maryland, 24-25 April, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the steamer Montgomery on the Hudson or North River, at Pier No.13, on West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, to Annapolis, Howard County, Maryland, at 10 AM on 24 April, 1861, and arrived on 25 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 25 April, 1861, dated 20 April, 1861: The Varian's Light Artillery was mustered in United States service for three months at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, on 25 April, 1861, dated 20 April, 1861.

Fort Morgan, Mount Misery, in the vicinity of Elkton, Cecil County, & Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 30 April, 1861: A detachment of the 8th New York State Militia and a section of Varian's Light Artillery were stationed at Fort Morgan, at Mount Misery, in the vicinity of Elkton, Cecil County, Maryland, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel C G Waterbury, 8th New York State Militia on 30 April, 1861.

Note: The 8th New York State Militia was ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Relay House, on the junction of the Washington Branch and Baltimore & Ohio Railroads, Howard County, Maryland, at 7 AM on 5 May, 1861, and Varian's Light Artillery was temporarily assigned to the 13th New York State Militia at Annapolis, Howard County, Maryland, between 5 and 26 May, 1861 (See the Three Months Volunteers, Department of Annapolis).

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, to Baltimore City, Maryland, 12 May, 1861: A section of Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the propeller J S Shriver to Baltimore City, Maryland, under the command of Brigadier General B F Butler, Third Brigade, Second Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, in the afternoon on 12 May, 1861, and was accompanied by a detachment of the 13th New York State Militia (50).

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Wicomico River, 16-18 May, 1861: A section of Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the propeller William Woodward on Chesapeake Bay to capture the Smith Point lightship, under the command of Lieutenent C W Flusser, United States Navy, at 5 PM on 16 May, 1861, and was accompanied by a detachment of fifty men of the 13th New York State Militia, Company G, under the command of Second Lieutenant J B Woodward, and forty United States Marine Corps. The propeller William Woodward arrived at the Wicomico River at 5 AM on 17 May, 1861, and was engaged in a skirmish with the Lancaster Greys the same day. The Smith Point lightship was captured at Mill Creek, on the Wicomico River, on 17 May, 1861, and the propeller William Woodward arrived at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 11 AM on 18 May, 1861.

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, 21-22 May, 1861: A section of Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the steamer Cataline to Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, under the command of Captain D S Jones, 13th New York State Militia, Company E, in the morning on 21 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 13th New York State Militia, Companies D and E, and Brigadier B F Butler, Third Brigade, Second Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia. The section of Varian's Light Artillery arrived at Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, in the morning on 22 May, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General B F Butler, Third Brigade, Second Division, Massachusetts (Volunteer) Militia, was stationed at Washington, D. C., between 16 and 19 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 2.30 PM on 20 May, 1861.

Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 22-23 May, 1861: A section of Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the steamer Cataline to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the evening on 22 May, 1861, and arrived on 23 May, 1861.

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 26-27 May, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Washington, D. C., on 26 May, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, in the morning on 27 May, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to the rear of Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 27 May, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 11.30 AM on 27 May, 1861, and arrived at the rear of Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day.

Headquarters, Department of Fairfax, Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25-27 May, 1861: Major General C W Sandford, First Division, New York State Militia, was assigned to command the New York State Militia stationed at Alexandria County, Virginia, and set up headquarters at Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 25 and 27 May, 1861.

Distribution of New York State Militia, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25-27 May, 1861: The 5th New York State Militia and the 28th New York State Militia were stationed at Camp Union, north of the wagon road, one mile east of Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 7th New York State Militia, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H, at Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 8th New York State Militia and Varian's Light Artillery, 8th New York State Militia, Company I, at the rear of Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 12th New York State Militia in the vicinity of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Miles Run, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 25th New York State Militia on Prospect Hill, two hundred yards south of the toll gate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, and the 69th New York State Militia at Camp Corcoran, between the wagon road and Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 25 and 27 May, 1861.

Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, 20 June, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, were stationed at Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, in the morning on 20 June, 1861.

Note: A section of Varian's Light Artillery, under the command of Third Lieutenant J E Smith, was assigned to Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, at Fall's Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, prior to 20 June, 1861.

Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 24 June, 1861: A section of Varian's Light Artillery was stationed at the rear of Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861.

Note: A section was stationed on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike in the vicinity of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, and a section in the vicinity of Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southeast of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.26, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 6 July, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Connecticut Infantry, the 3rd Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Maine Infantry, and Varian's Light Artillery were assigned to Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.26, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The Varian's Light Artillery was assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Disposition of First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, 15 July, 1861: Headquarters, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, Brigadier General E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southeast of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; 1st Connecticut Infantry, Colonel G S Burnham, W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southeast of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; 2nd Connecticut Infantry, Colonel A H Terry, W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southeast of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; 3rd Connecticut Infantry, Colonel J L Chatfield, W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southeast of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; 2nd Maine Infantry, Colonel C D Jameson, Clover's Farm, in the vicinity of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, Captain J E Harrison, W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southeast of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; Varian's Light Artillery, 8th New York State Militia, Company I, rear of Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived via Old Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The company was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived via Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day. Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 17 July, 1861, and arrived three miles west of Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The company was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Little Rocky Run, north of the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning the same day.

Note: Brigadier General I McDowell, United States Army, arrived at Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1.30 PM on 17 July, 1861.

Discharged at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 20 July, 1861: The three months' term of service of the Varian's Light Artillery, 8th New York State Militia, Company I, expired on 17 July, 1861, and voted to be discharged on 20 July, 1861. Captain J M Varian, Varian's Light Artillery, was ordered to assign the six 6 pounder smoothbores to the United States Ordnance Department at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 20 July, 1861.

Note: Six 6 pounder smoothbores of the Varian's Light Artillery were assigned to the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry at Little Rocky Run, north of the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861 (See the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry).

Little Rocky Run, north of the road between Centreville & Fairfax Courthouse, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 1 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The company was ordered to Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861, and arrived at 3 PM the same day. Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to Washington, D. C., in the evening on 22 July, 1861.

Note: Detachments of the 8th New York Infantry and 29th New York Infantry, under the command of Captain C Bookwood, 29th New York Infantry, Company H, were assigned to Bookwood's Independent Light Artillery in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See Bookwood's Independent Light Artillery).

Washington, D. C., to New York City, New York County, New York, 23-24 July, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to New York City, New York County, New York, in the morning on 23 July, 1861, and arrived by the steamer Richard Stockton on the North or Hudson River at 6.30 PM on 24 July, 1861.

Mustered out, New York City, New York County, New York, 2 August, 1861: Varian's Light Artillery was mustered out at New York City, New York County, New York, on 2 August, 1861.

4th New York Independent Light Artillery, 7 December, 1861: Forty men of Varian's Light Artillery were organised as the 1st New York Engineers, Company L, under the command of Captain J E Smith, on 4 September 1861, but the War Department refused to sanction the assignment and the company was mustered in United States service for three years at Staten Island, Richmond County, New York, on 24 October, 1861. The company was designated the 4th New York Independent Light Artillery on 7 December, 1861, and was disbanded on 12 December, 1863.

Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army: Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes, Military Secretary to Brevet Lieutenant General & Major General W Scott, United States Army, was stationed at Washington, D. C., on 4 March, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to New York City, New York County, New York, in the evening on 3 April, 1861. He was accompanied by Captain M C Meigs, United States Corps Engineers, and First Lieutenant D D Porter, United States Navy and arrived by the Camden & Amboy Railroad at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, via Perth Amboy, Middlesex County, New Jersey, in the morning on 4 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes was assigned to assist in the organisation of an expedition to relieve Fort Pickens, Santa Rosa Island, Florida, between 6 and 9 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Baltic to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 5.30 AM on 21 April, 1861 (See the 1st United States Artillery, Light Company G). Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes was accompanied by the 12th New York State Militia, under the command of Colonel D Butterfield, and arrived at Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, at 10 PM on 22 April, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington). The steamer Baltic was ordered to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, between 8 and 9 PM the same day. He was assigned to the staff of Governor E D Morgan at Albany, Albany County, New York, between 2 and 22 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 11th United States Infantry, at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, was appointed brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.17: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp353-356
Colonel E D Keyes, Eleventh United States Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Meridian Hill, D. C., 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.16: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp348-352
Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 27 July, 1861