The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, First Division

Colonel J L Chatfield, 3rd Connecticut Infantry

Colonel J L Chatfield, 3rd Connecticut Infantry

Third Connecticut Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three months 14 May, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 23 May, 1861

COLONEL J L CHATFIELD
J Arnold was appointed colonel, 3rd Connecticut Infantry, on 9 May, 1861, and resigned due to ill health on 29 May, 1861. Major J L Chatfield, 1st Connecticut infantry, was appointed colonel, 3rd Connecticut Infantry, on 31 May, 1861 (See the 1st Connecticut Infantry).

LIEUTENANT COLONEL A G BRADY
Lieutenant Colonel A G Brady, 3rd Connecticut Infantry, refused to recognise the authority of Colonel J L Chatfield, 3rd Connecticut Infantry, and was arrested for mutiny. He was held, without trial, until final muster out on 12 August, 1861.

MAJOR A WARNER
A Warner was appointed major, 3rd Connecticut Infantry, on 7 May, 1861, and was appointed acting lieutenant colonel, 3rd Connecticut Infantry, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

Infantry Company A: CAPT. D FOWLER
The company was accepted in state service at South Norwalk, Huron County, Connecticut, in April 1861.
Infantry Company B New Haven City Guards: CAPT. D KLEIN
The company was accepted in state service at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 25 April, 1861.
Infantry Company C Union Reserved Guards: CAPT. J E MOORE
The company was accepted in state service at Danbury, Fairfield County, Connecticut, on 23 April, 1861.
Infantry Company D: CAPT. F FRYE
The company was accepted in state service at Bridgeport, Fairfield County, Connecticut, in April 1861.
Rifle Company A American Mechanic Rifles: CAPT. G N LEWIS
The company was accepted in state service at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 23 April, 1861, and was stationed at the United States Arsenal, on the corner of Main and Pavilion Streets, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 27 April, 1861. The company was assigned to duty guarding the baggage during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Mansfield, Taylor's Tavern, one mile southeast of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 22 July, 1861.
Rifle Company B Meriden Rifles: CAPT. J R COOK
The company was accepted in state service at Meriden, New Haven County, Connecticut, in April 1861.
Rifle Company C New Haven Rifles: CAPT. S J ROOT
The company was accepted in state service at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, in April 1861.
Rifle Company D Norwich City Rifles: CAPT. E HARLAND
The company was accepted in state service at Norwich, New London County, Connecticut, on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 29 April, 1861.
Rifle Company E Hartford Invincibles: CAPT. J A NELSON
The company was accepted in state service at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 24 April, 1861, and was stationed at the State Arsenal, on the corner of Main and Pavilion Streets, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 27 April, 1861.
Rifle Company F Stamford Rifles: CAPT. A STEVENS
The company was accepted in state service at Stamford, Fairfield County, Connecticut, on 18 April, 1861, and was stationed at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 26 April, 1861.
Drum Corps: Drum Maj. L B Fanin
Fife Corps: Fife Maj. W R Miller

Sources

"The Mechanic Rifles, Rifle Co. A. of the Third Regiment, numbering 90 men, elected their officers yesterday."

The Hartford Daily Courant, 24 April, 1861

"The Mechanic Rifles, Capt. George N. Lewis, and the Hartford Invincibles, Capt. John Nelson, have gone into quarters at the Arsenal."

The Hartford Daily Courant, 27 April, 1861

"Rifle Company D., Capt. Harland, left Norwich yesterday afternoon for the rendezvous at Hartford. The company has its full compliment of men, seventy seven men, and is said to be quite proficient in drill."

The New London Daily Chronicle, 30 April, 1861

"Yesterday the Third Regiment of Connecticut Volunteers arrived in this city, and proceeded to their camping ground near the First and Second Connecticut Regiments, just east of Seventh Street Park. This regiment arrived Thursday evening, on the steamship Cahawba, but getting aground off the Arsenal wharf, did not suceed in landing until Friday morning. The regiment numbers about 800, and are armed with muskets altered to percussion locks, but are to have the Minie rifle in a few days."

The National Republican, 25 May, 1861 - Arrival of another Connecticut regiment

"The steamer Cahawba , with the third Connecticut regiment on board, arrived off the arsenal on Thursday afternoon. Yesterday morning they marched out to the Seventh Street Park, where the other two Connecticut regiments are encamped and pitched their tents."

The Evening Star, 25 May, 1861 - The Third Connecticut Regiment

"Falls Church, Va., 3-6 July a.m. - The Second Regiment of Maine Volunteers having crossed the river, have taken post here. They encamped in Mt. Clover's hay field. Their commander is Colonel C. D. Jameson, and they numder (here) 700 men, though today they expect to be joined by 300 more. This regiment is thus a mile in the most advanced poistion, their camp being one mile nearer Fairfax Courthouse - from which it is but eight and a half miles distant - than the camp of the First and Second Connecticut regiments at Taylor's Tavern, and the Third Connecticut and Third Maine in the immediate vicinity of the same point."

The National Republican, 3 July, 1861 - Movement of troops into Virginia

"We just informed them that we were not going to carry them guns - we preferred Sharp's rifles. We were a rifle company hadn't we got green stripes sewed on our pants?"

"The public property that we saved on that retreat, and the day suceeding, consisted of two pieces of artillery, one caisson, the implements of the sappers and miners, the baggage wagons, camp and garrison equipage of three regiments of infantry and one company of cavalry, twenty horses, and our own camp equipage, amounting in value to upwards of two hundred thousand dollars."

Wooden nutmegs at Bull Run: a humorous account of some of the exploits and experiences of the three months Connecticut brigade, and the part they bore in the national stampede, by Elnathan B Tyler

The Norwich Memorial: The annals of Norwich, New London County, Connecticut, in the Great Rebellion of 1861-65, by Malcolm McG. Dana, pastor of the Second Congregational Church, Norwich, Conn.

History of Danbury, Conn., 1684-1896 from notes and manuscript left by James Montgomery Bailey, compiled with additions by Susan Benedict Hill

Catalogue of Connecticut volunteer organizations, infantry, cavalry, and artillery, in the service of the United States, 1861-1865, with additional enlistments, casualties, &c., &c., and brief summaries, showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries, prepared from records in the Adjutant General's Office, published by order of the legislative, C M Ingersoll, Adjutant General

Record of service of Connecticut men in the army and navy of the United States during the War of the Rebellion, compiled by authority of the General Assembly under direction of the adjutants general, Brig. Gen. Stephen R. Smith, Adjutant General, 1885-1886; Brig. Gen. Frederick E. Camp, Adjutant General, 1887-1888; Brig. Gen. Lucius A. Barbour, Adjutant General, 1889; Col. George M. White, Adjutant General, from 1885, Hartford, Connecticut

The military and civil history of Connecticut during the war of 1861-65: Comprising a detailed account of the various regiments and batteries, through march, encampment, bivouac, and battle, also instances of distinguished personal gallantry, and biographical sketches of many heroic soldiers, together with a record of the patriotic action of citizens at home, and of the liberal support furnished by the state in its executive and legislative departments, by W A Croffut and John M Morris

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 1, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Delaware

Notes

The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was accepted in state service for three months at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 22 April, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., under the call for 75,000 volunteer militia to serve three months on 20 May, 1861, dated 15 April, 1861.

General Orders No.254, General Headquarters, State of Connecticut, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, 22 April, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was accepted in state service by General Orders No.254, General Headquarters, State of Connecticut, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 22 April, 1861.

General Orders No.261, General Headquarters, State of Connecticut, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, 26 April, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, by General Orders No.261, General Headquarters, State of Connecticut, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 29 April, 1861, dated 26 April, 1861.

State Arsenal, on the corner of Main & Pavilion Streets, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, Rifle Companies A & E, 27 April, 1861: The American Mechanic Rifles and the Hartford Invincibles were stationed at the State Arsenal, on the corner of Main and Pavilion Streets, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 27 April, 1861.

Norwich, New London County, to Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, Rifle Company D, 29 April, 1861: The Norwich City Rifles was ordered to proceed by the New London & Northern Railroad to Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, in the afternoon on 29 April, 1861.

Note: Frye's Company was stationed at Bridgeport, Fairfield County, Connecticut, on 30 April, 1861.

State Arsenal, on the corner of Main & Pavilion Streets, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, 2 May, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to the State Arsenal, on the corner of Main and Pavilion Streets, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 2 May, 1861.

Note: Colonel L Woodhouse, Connecticut (Militia) Volunteers, was temporarily assigned to command the 3rd Connecticut Infantry at the State Arsenal, on the corner of Main and Pavilion Streets, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 2 May, 1861 (See the Sixth Brigade, Army of Pennsylvania).

State Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, on the Albany Avenue, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, 8 May, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry arrived at Camp Williams, State Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, on Albany Avenue, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 8 May, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, 11 & 14 May, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry, Infantry Companies B and D and Rifle Companies A, D, and E, were mustered in United States service for three months at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, by Colonel G Loomis, 5th United States Infantry, on 11 May, 1861, and Infantry Companies A and C and Rifle Companies B, C, and F on 14 May, 1861.

State Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, on Albany Avenue, Hartford, to New Haven, Hartford County, Connecticut, 20 May, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Hartford & New Haven Railroad to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 3 PM on 20 May, 1861, and arrived at Long Wharf, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 6 PM the same day.

New Haven, Hartford County, Connecticut, to Washington, D. C., 20-23 May, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry (780) was ordered to proceed by the steamer Cahawba to Washington, D. C., at 8 PM on 20 May, 1861, and arrived at the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C, in the afternoon on 23 May, 1861.

Vicinity of Glenwood Cemetery, east of Seventh Street Turnpike, D. C., 24 May, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry dismebarked at the Washington Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington, D. C, in the morning on 24 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Douglass or Welles, in the vicinity of Glenwood Cemetery, east of Seventh Street Turnpike, D. C., the same day.

Special Orders No.107, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 27 May, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was assigned to Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut (Militia) Volunteers, by Special Orders No.107, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 27 May, 1861.

Note: Colonel J Arnold, 3rd Connecticut Infantry, resigned due to ill health on 29 May, 1861, and Major J L Chatfield, 1st Connecticut infantry, was appointed colonel, 3rd Connecticut Infantry, on 31 May, 1861.

Vicinity of Glenwood Cemetery, east of Seventh Street Turnpike, D. C., to Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia, 24-25 June, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 24 June, 1861, and arrived at Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, Virginia, in the morning on 25 June, 1861.

Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Mile Run, Alexandria County, to W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, Fairfax County, Virginia, 26 June, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry arrived at Camp Mansfield, W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.26, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 6 July, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Connecticut Infantry, the 3rd Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Maine Infantry, and Varian's Light Artillery were assigned to Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.26, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Disposition of First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, 15 July, 1861: Headquarters, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, Brigadier General E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southeast of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; 1st Connecticut Infantry, Colonel G S Burnham, W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southeast of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; 2nd Connecticut Infantry, Colonel A H Terry, W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southeast of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; 3rd Connecticut Infantry, Colonel J L Chatfield, W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southeast of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; 2nd Maine Infantry, Colonel C D Jameson, Clover's Farm, in the vicinity of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, Captain J E Harrison, W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southeast of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia; Varian's Light Artillery, 8th New York State Militia, Company I, rear of Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived via Old Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived via Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day. The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 17 July, 1861, and arrived three miles west of Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Little Rocky Run, north of the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning the same day.

Note: Brigadier General I McDowell, United States Army, arrived at Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1.30 PM on 17 July, 1861.

Little Rocky Run, north of the road between Centreville & Fairfax Courthouse, one mile east of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to half a mile east of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 2 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived half a mile east of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 6 AM the same day.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and to Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 PM the same day. The regiment arrived at Camp McDowell or Mansfield, W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southwest of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 22 July, 1861, and was ordered to Riley's or Upton's Hill, one mile east of W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southwest of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The 3rd Connecticut Infantry arrived at Camp Upton, on Riley's or Upton's Hill, half a mile east of W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southwest of Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 11 PM on 22 July, 1861 (See the 1st Ohio Infantry and the 2nd Ohio Infantry).

Riley's or Upton's Hill, half a mile east of W Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one mile southwest of Falls Church, Fairfax County, to Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 5.30 PM on 23 July, 1861, and arrived at Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, via Balls Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 7 PM the same day.

Note: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was stationed at Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861.

Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, to Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C., 29 July, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C., at 5 PM on 29 July, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Van Valkenburgh, on Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C., between 29 July and 5 August, 1861.

Rendezvous at Union Hall building, on the corner of Sixth Street & Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., 24 July, 1861: The 2nd Maine Infantry, the 12th New York Infantry, the 2nd Michigan Infantry, the 3rd Michigan Infantry, the 1st Massachusetts Infantry, the 1st Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Connecticut Infantry, and the 3rd Connecticut Infantry were ordered to rendezvous at Union Hall building, on the corner of Sixth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C., at 12 PM on 24 July, 1861.

Headquarters, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C., 25 July, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Connecticut Infantry , and the 3rd Connecticut Infantry, under the command of Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, were stationed at Headquarters, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C., on 25 July, 1861.

Note: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was stationed on Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C., between 25 July and 5 August, 1861, and was ordered west of Georgetown, D. C., on 6 August, 1861.

Meridian Hill, west of Fourteenth Street Road, D. C., to Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, 6-9 August, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, in the evening on 6 August, 1861, and arrived by the steamer John Potter on the North or Hudson River at New York City, New York County, New York, at 9 PM on 8 August, 1861. The regiment embarked on the steamer Elm City on the North or Hudson River in the evening the same day and arrived at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, in the afternoon on 9 August, 1861.

Mustered out, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, 12 August, 1861: The 3rd Connecticut Infantry was mustered out at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 12 August, 1861.

Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army: Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes, Military Secretary to Brevet Lieutenant General & Major General W Scott, United States Army, was stationed at Washington, D. C., on 4 March, 1861, and was was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to New York City, New York County, New York, in the evening on 3 April, 1861. He was accompanied by Captain M C Meigs, United States Corps Engineers, and First Lieutenant D D Porter, United States Navy and arrived by the Camden & Amboy Railroad at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, via Perth Amboy, Middlesex County, New Jersey, in the morning on 4 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes was assigned to assist in the organisation of an expedition to relieve Fort Pickens, Santa Rosa Island, Florida, between 6 and 9 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Baltic to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 5.30 AM on 21 April, 1861 (See the 1st United States Artillery, Light Company G). Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes was accompanied by the 12th New York State Militia, under the command of Colonel D Butterfield, and arrived at Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, at 10 PM on 22 April, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington). The steamer Baltic was ordered to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, between 8 and 9 PM the same day. He was assigned to the staff of Governor E D Morgan at Albany, Albany County, New York, between 2 and 22 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 11th United States Infantry, at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, was appointed brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Report

Supplement to the Official Records, Volume 1, REPORTS TO ADDENDUM: Series I, Volume 2, pp170-171
Colonel J L Chatfield, Third Connecticut Infantry

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.17: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp353-356
Colonel E D Keyes, Eleventh United States Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Meridian Hill, D. C., 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.16: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp348-352
Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 27 July, 1861