The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Second Brigade, First Division

Colonel A McD McCook, 1st Ohio Infantry

Colonel A McD McCook, 1st Ohio Infantry

First Ohio Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three months 29 April, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 29 May, 1861. Reorganised for three years United States service 30 October, 1861

COLONEL A MCD MCCOOK
First Lieutenant A Mcd. McCook, 3rd United States Infantry, was appointed colonel, 1st Ohio Infantry, on 16 April, 1861, and was appointed brevet major, United States Army, for gallant and meritorious services at the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL E A PARROTT
Major E A Parrott was assigned to command the 1st Ohio Infantry at Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, on 19 April, 1861.

MAJOR J G HUGHES

Company A Lancaster Guards: CAPT. J A STAFFORD
The company was accepted in state service at Lancaster, Fairfield County, Ohio, on 16 April, 1861.
Company B Lafayette Guards: CAPT. P DISTER
The company was accepted in state service at Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio, on 16 April, 1861.
Company C Dayton Light Guards: CAPT. G D McKinney
The company was accepted in state service at Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio, under the command of Captain W B Pease, on 16 April, 1861, and Captain W B Pease was appointed captain, 17th United States Infantry, on 14 May, 1861. Sergeant Major G D McKinney was appointed captain on 8 July, 1861.
Company D Montgomery Guards: CAPT. J Crowe
The company was accepted in state service at Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio, on 16 April, 1861.
Company E Cleveland Greys: CAPT. J Ensworth
The company was accepted in state service at Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, under the command of Captain T S Paddock, on 14 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Cleveland, Columbus & Cincinnati Railroad to Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, by Brigadier General J Fitch, Ohio State Militia, at 3 PM on 18 April, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Jackson, Goodale Park, near Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, the same day and Captain T S Paddock resigned on 28 June, 1861. First Lieutenant J Ensworth was appointed captain on 8 July, 1861.
Company F Hibernian Guards or Franklin Greys: CAPT. J Kell
The company was accepted in state service at Franklin, Warren County, Ohio, on 17 April, 1861.
Company G Portsmouth Guards: CAPT. G B Bailey
The company was accepted in state service at Portsmouth, Scioto County, Ohio, on 16 April, 1861.
Company H Zanesville Guards: CAPT. J C Hazlett
The company was accepted in state service at Zanesville, Muskingum County, Ohio, on 18 April, 1861.
Company I Mansfield Guards: CAPT. W McLaughlin
The company was accepted in state service at Mansfield, Richland County, Ohio, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, on 18 April, 1861.
Company K Jackson Guards: CAPT. J Bruck
The company was accepted in state service at Jackson, Jackson County, Ohio, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived at Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, on 17 April, 1861.

Sources

"The 1st and 2nd Ohio Volunteers ledt Columbus this morning for Washington. Part went by the Central Ohio, part by the Columbus and Steubenville, and part by the Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati road - the latter installment (five companies) passing up on the 4.30 a.m. train. They will concentrate at Pittsburgh, and thence proceed in a body to the point of destination by the Pennsylvania Central and Northern Central roads, via Harrisburg, York, &c. to Baltimore, at which point they take the Washington Branch of the Baltimore and Ohio road."

The Delaware Gazette, 19 April, 1861 - Latest!

"Last evening, about nine o'clock, the first and second Ohio regiments arrived, and marched to their quarters, the first to a house on Ninth street, between D and E steets, and the second on the corner of Tenth street and Louisiana avenue. The regiment is accompanied by the Cleveland brass band."

The National Republican, 24 May, 1861 - The Ohio boys in the field

"Yesterday afternoon at 2 1/2 o'clock the Firts Regiment of Ohio Volunteers, Col. McCook commanding, formed on the avenue between Sixth and Seventh streets, completely equipped for a march, with knapsacks and haversacks packed, and after a dress parade, marched off, and gave place to the Second Regiment Col. Wilson, similarly equipped, which also after similar formalities moved away."

The National Republican, 25 May, 1861 - Encamped

"About eight o'clock last evening, the first and second Ohio regiments broke up their encampment at Rock Creek, back of Willard's farm, and went over the Long Bridge into Virginia."

The National Republican, 15 June, 1861 - Movement of troops into Virginia

"The First and Second Ohio regiments are in excellent spirits at their encampment, near Glenwood."

The Cadiz Democratic Sentinel, 12 June, 1861 - Temperance and health

"At Taylor's Tavern there are two Connecticut regiments encamped, under the immediate command of Brigadier General Tyler; while the two Ohio regiments rested last night on Riley's Hill, about half a mile nearer (than Taylor's Tavern) to General McDowell's headquarters - the Arlington House. These changes of position of these four regiments involve an advance of Gen. McDowell's line some four miles. The position they occupy are very strong ones, being much more easily defended than the camps fron which they came yesterday and last night."

The Evening Star, 19 June, 1861 - The loss of the disnuionists on the day before yesterday at Vienna, Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, 19 June, 1861

"When the volunteers began to arrive no provision had been made eithet to feed or shelter them. Many came in civilian dress, some even wearing high silk hats, and found no uniforms ready. Those who uniformed themselves had adopted such styles as suited their fancy, which manifested itself in many whimsical notions as to military propriety. A red shirt with blue trousers and a felt hat constituted the dress most common."

"Its nucleus was found in some of the old militia companies, and its ranks were largely filled by young men of the best social and pecuniary advantages from South-Western Ohio."

Ohio in the war: Her statesmen, her generals, and soldiers, Volume 2, by Whitelaw Reid

"Soon after his appointment, General Schenck was put in command of the First and Second Ohio Regiments of Infantry, to which subsequently was added the Second New York State Militia, then encamped near Alexandria, in Virginia."

Robert C. Schenck, U.S.A., Major General of Volunteers, published by order of Union Central Committee, 3rd Congressiona District, Ohio

Major General Alexander M. McCook, U.S.A: A Civil War biography, by Wayne Fanebust

Official roster of the soldiers of the state of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion 1861-1866, Volume 1, complied under the direction of the roster commission, Wm McKinley, Jr., Governor; Samuel M Taylor, Secretary of State; and James C Howe, Adjutant General

The Cleveland Greys: An urban military company, 1837-1919, by George N Vourlojianis

History of the city of Columbus, capital of Ohio, by Alfred E Lee

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 2, New York, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio

Notes

The 1st Ohio Infantry was accepted in state service on 16 April, 1861, and was ordered to Camp Jackson, Goodale Park, near Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, by Special Orders No.50, General Headquarters, Adjutant & General's Office, Columbus, Ohio, Franklin County, at 3 PM on 18 April, 1861.

Note: The 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel H Z Mills was assigned to command Camp Jackson, Goodale Park, near Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, on 17 April, 1861. Colonel A McD McCook's father, D McCook, Sr., was assigned to the Frontier Guards on 18 April, 1861 (See the Independent Companies, Department of Washington).

Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio to Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 19-20 April, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry, under the command of Major E A Parrott, was ordered to proceed by the Pittsburgh, Columbus & Cinncinnati Railroad to Washington, D. C., between 3 AM and 4.30 AM on 19 April, 1861, and was accompanied by Mr G W McCook and the 2nd Ohio Infantry (See the 2nd Ohio Infantry). The regiment arrived by the Pennsylvania Railroad at Harrisburg, Dauphin County, via Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 20 April, 1861.

Note: A detachment of five hundred men of the 1st Ohio Infantry and the 2nd Ohio Infantry were stationed at Brant's Hall, on Market Street, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 20 April, 1861, and two thousand at the Capital, Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, at 12 PM the same day.

Harrisburg, Dauphin County, to Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 22 April, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Harrisburg & Lancaster Railroad to Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, in the morning on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at Camp Dennison, Lancaster County Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, at 4 AM the same day.

Mustered in three months, Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 14, 16, 17, 18, & 29 April, 1861, dated 29 April, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry, Company E, was mustered in United States service for three months at Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, by First Lieutenant A McD McCook, 3rd United States Infantry, on 29 April, 1861, dated 14 April, 1861; Companies C, D, and G, on 29 April, 1861, dated 16 April, 1861; Company I, on 29 April, 1861, dated 17 April, 1861; Company H on 29 April, 1861, dated 18 April, 1861; and Companies A, B, F, and K, on 29 April, 1861.

Note: First Lieutenant A McD McCook, 3rd United States Infantry, was assigned as mustering and distribution officer at Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, between 22 and 27 April, 1861, and was assigned to command the 1st Ohio Infantry at Camp Dennison, near Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, on 29 April, 1861.

Lancaster, Lancaster County, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 8-9 May, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Pennsylvania Railroad to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 9 AM on 8 May, 1861, and arrived at Suffolk Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the evening on 9 May 1861.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D. C., 23 May 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad to Washington, D. C., at 5 AM on 23 May, 1861, and arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, via Baltimore City and Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 9 PM the same day.

Ninth Street, between D & E Street, Washington, D. C., 23 May, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry was stationed at Ninth Street, between D and E Street, Washington, D. C., on 23 May, 1861.

Ninth Street, between D & E Street, Washington, to the rear of Douglas Hill, near Glenwood Cemetery, D. C., 24 May, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered to the rear of Douglas Hill, near Glenwood Cemetery, D. C., at 2 PM on 24 May, 1861, and was stationed at the rear of Douglas Hill, near Glenwood Cemetery, D. C., between 24 May and 13 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.140, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 12 June, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry and the 2nd Ohio Infantry were assigned to Brigadier General R C Schenck, United States Army, by Special Orders No.140, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 12 June, 1861.

Rear of Douglas Hill, near Glenwood Cemetery, to woods near Rock Creek, north of F Willard's Farm, D. C., 13 June, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered to woods near Rock Creek, north of F Willard's Farm, D. C., at 11 AM on 13 June, 1861, and was stationed at woods near Rock Creek, north of F Willard's Farm, D. C., between 13 and 14 June, 1861.

Woods near Rock Creek, north of F Willard's Farm, D. C., to Roach's Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, 14 June, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River by the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 8 PM on 14 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Lincoln, near Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), Alexandria County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Vienna Expedition, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry, under the command of Brigadier General R C Schenck, was ordered to proceed by the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Brigadier General I McDowell at 1.30 PM on 17 June, 1861, and Companies I and K were assigned to picket duty at the e Georgetown & Falls Church Road on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad; Companies D and F to guard duty on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad and bridge between the Georgetown & Falls Church Road and Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia; and Companies A and B, under Lieutenant Colonel E A Parrott, to picket duty at Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day (See the Vienna Expedition). The 1st Ohio Infantry, Companies E, C, G, and H, under the command of Colonel A McD McCook and Major J G Hughes, were ordered to proceed by the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 17 June, 1861, and were engaged in a skirmish on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 6 PM the same day. The 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered to withdraw to Camp Lincoln, near Roach's Mill, Alexandria County, Virginia, on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, at 7 PM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at 10 PM the same day. Brigadier General R C Schenck was stationed at a farmhouse near Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, in the evening on 17 June, 1861.

Note: The 69th New York State Militia was stationed at the crossroads on the Georgetown Wagon Road, near the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, on 17 June, 1861, and Ayr Hill Post Office, Fairfax County, Virginia, was renamed Vienna by Dr W Hendrick in 1855 (See the 69th New York State Militia).

Riley's Hill, near Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, 18 June, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered to Riley's Hill, near Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, in the evening on 18 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd Ohio Infantry. The regiment arrived at Camp Upton, Riley's Hill, near Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, in the evening the same day.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Brigadier General R C Schenck, United States Army, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived via Falls Church, and Old Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived via Flint Hill and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. The 1st Ohio Infantry encamped near Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 17 July, 1861, and was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861. The regiment was stationed near the Warrenton Turnpike, one mile south of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 2.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 5 AM the same day.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and proceeded to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General R C Schenck, at 5 PM the same day. The regiment arrived at Vienna via Fairfax Courthouse and Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 3.30 AM on 22 July, 1861, and was ordered to the Chain Bridge, above Georgetown, D. C., under the command of Colonel A McD McCook, at 5.30 AM the same day. The 1st Ohio Infantry arrived at the Chain Bridge, above Georgetown, D. C., via Lewinsville and Langley, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861, and was ordered across the Potomac River to Washington, D. C., in the evening the same day.

Mustered out, Columbus, Franklin County, & Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio, 1, 2, 3, & 16 August, 1861: The 1st Ohio Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, in the afternoon on 25 July, 1861, and Companies E, G, and H were mustered out at Camp Chase, Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, by Captain H Hanshaw, United States Topographical Engineers, on 1 August, 1861; Companies I and K on 2 August, 1861; and Company A, on 3 August, 1861; Companies B, C, D, and F at Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio, by First Lieutenant A B Denton, 18th United States Infantry, on 16 August, 1861.

Brigadier General R C Schenck, United States Volunteers, Second Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army: R C Schenck, Ohio, was appointed brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.2: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp124-128
Brigadier General R S Schenck, United States Volunteers, Ohio Brigade, dated Arlington, alexandria County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.19: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp373-377
Brigadier General R S Schenck, United States Volunteers, Second Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated 23 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.16: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp348-352
Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 27 July, 1861