The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Third Brigade, First Division

Colonel M Corcoran, 69th New York State Militia

Colonel M Corcoran, 69th New York State Militia

Sixty-ninth New York State Militia

Arrived at Washington, D. C., 4 May, 1861. Mustered in United States service for three months 9 May, 1861

COLONEL M CORCORAN
M Corcoran was appointed colonel, 69th New York State Militia, on 26 August, 1859, and was slightly wounded and captured during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL R NUGENT
Lieutenant Colonel R Nugent, 69th New York State Militia, broke his shoulder by falling from his horse in the vicinity of Camp Corcoran, north of the wagon road and in the vicinity of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 28 June, 1861, and Captian J Haggerty, 69th New York State Militia, Company A, was appointed acting lieutenant colonel and captain, 69th New York State Militia, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

MAJOR A J BAGLEY
A J Bagley was appointed major, 69th New York State Militia, on 26 August, 1859, and was stationed at New York City, New York County, New York, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861. Captain T F Meagher, 69th New York State Militia, Company K, was appointed acting major and captain, 69th New York State Militia, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

Company A Irish Fusiliers or National Cadets: CAPT. J HAGGERTY
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 20 April, 1861, and J Haggerty was appointed captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company A, on 3 October, 1860. Captain J Haggerty, 69th New York State Militia, Company A, was appointed acting lieutenant colonel, 69th New York State Militia, and First Lieutenant T Kelly, 69th New York State Militia, Company A, was appointed acting captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company A, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861. Acting Lieutenant Colonel & Captain J Haggerty, 69th New York State Militia, was killed during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.
Company B: Capt. T Lynch
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 20 April, 1861, and T Lynch was appointed captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company B, on 19 January, 1860. First Lieutenant W M Giles, 69th New York State Militia, Company B, was appointed acting captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company B, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. J KAVANAGH
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 20 April, 1861, and J Cavanagh was appointed captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company C, on 13 January, 1859.
Company D: CAPT. T CLARKE
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 20 April, 1861, and T Clarke was appointed captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company D, on 14 May, 1860.
Company E: CAPT. P KELLY
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 20 April, 1861, and P Kelly was appointed captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company E, on 19 October, 1859.
Company F: CAPT. J BRESLIN
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 20 April, 1861, and J Breslin was appointed captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company F, on 9 March, 1858. Captain J Breslin, 69th New York State Militia, Company F, was accidentlaly severely wounded in the right shoulder on 17 July, 1861, and First Lieutenant P Duffy, 69th New York State Militia, Company F, was appointed acting captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company F, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.
Company G Mechanics Guards: Capt. F Duffy
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 20 April, 1861, and F Duffy was appointed captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company G, on 17 October, 1855. Captain F Duffy, 69th New York State Militia, Company G, resigned at Georgetown, D. C., on 17 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant W Butler, 69th New York State Militia, Company H, was appointed acting captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company G, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861. First Lieutenant W Butler, 69th New York State Militia, Company H, was appointed captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company H, on 14 November, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. CAPT. J KELLY
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 20 April, 1861.
Company I: CAPT. J P McIvor
The company was accepted in state service at New York City, New York County, New York, on 20 April, 1861, and J P McIvor was appointed captain, 69th New York State Militia, Company I, on 22 April, 1861. The company arrived at Washington, D. C., under the command of First Lieutenant J Coonan, 69th New York State Militia, Company I, on 3 May, 1861, and Capatin J P McIvor, 69th New York State Militia, Company I, was captured at the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.
Company K Irish Zouaves: CAPT. T F MEAGHER
The company was organised at New York City, New York County, New York, on 22 April, 1861, and was accepted in state service on 12 May, 1861. Captain T F Meagher, 69th New York State Militia, Company K, was appointed acting major and captain, 69th New York State Militia, and First Lieutenant E K Butler, 69th New York State Militia, Company K, acting captain and first lieutenant, 69th New York State Militia, Company K, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.
Corps Engineers: CAPT. J QUINLAN or Capt. J B Kirker
J Quinlan was appointed captain, 69th New York State Militia, Corps Engineers, on 20 April, 1861.

Sources

"New York 24 April - The eighth, thirteenth, twenty-eighth, and the sixty-ninth regiments, nearly 3,000 strong, embarked yesterday afternoon fron Annapolis, on the steamers Marion, Alabama, and James Adger."

The National Republican, 24 April, 1861 - Departure of troops from New York

"New York 23 April - The Eighth, Thirteenth, Sixty-ninth Regiments, sailed today - the latter accompanied to the pier by about 1,000 recruits forwhom there is yet no means of transportation."

"The steamer Marion sailed at 6 o'clock with the 13th Brooklyn Regiment, and the U.S. brig Perry in tow. The James Adger, with the 69th Regiment, and the Alabama, with the 8th Regiment, sailed at the same time."

The Evening Star, 26 April, 1861

"One company of their regiment arrived here last night from Annapolis, in charge of the regimental baggage. The regiment is expected in today. "

The Evening Star, 1 May, 1861 - Sixty-ninth

"The Sixty-ninth New York regiment, Col. Corcoran, arrived in Washington on Tuesday afternoon, from Annapolis Junction and the road between the Junction and Annapoils, which they have been guarding for the past day or two. This regiment, twelve hundred and fifty strong, came to Annapolis by sea in the steamship James Adgar. "

The Alexandria Gazette, 2 May, 1861 - Washington news

"About two o'clock yesterday morning, three companies of this regiment arrived from Annapolis Junction, and in the afternoon the balance of the men, numbering about seven hundred, came in. "

The National Republican, 4 May, 1861 - Arrival of the Sixty-ninth Regiment

"This famous regiment composed entirely of Irishmen, and numbering fourteen hundred and fifty men, arrived in this city last night at 7 1/2 o'clock. "

The Evening Star, 4 May, 1861 - Sixty-ninth

"The following positions, as nearly as we can learn, are occupied by the northern troops in and around Washington: The 5th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Schwarzwealder, 1,100 men, is quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pinckney, 850 men, is quartered in the City of Washington and at Annapolis. The 7th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lefferts, 1,300 men, is encamped on Prospect Hill, a mile from the White House. The 8th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Lyons, 960 men, occupy the Relay House, and a detachment is also stationed at Annapolis. The 12th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Butterfield, 950 men, is quartered in the City. The 13th Regiment N.Y.S.M. (Brooklyn), Colonel Smith, 1,100 men, is stationed at Annapolis. The 20th Regiment (Ulster) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Pratt, 800 men, is stationed in Washington. The 25th Regiment (Albany) N.Y.S.M., Colonel Bryan, 800 men, is quartered in Washington. The 28th Regiment (Brooklyn) N.Y.S.M., Colonel M. Bennett, 550 men, is quartered in Washington. The 69th Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Corcoran, 1,100 men, is quartered on Georgetown Heights, near the college. The 71st Regiment N.Y.S.M., Colonel Vosburgh, 1,100 men, occupy the Navy yard. They also have control of three boats on the river, manned with 75 men each. The Alexandria bridge is also in charge of the 71st, 150 men stationed on the bridge with three pieces of ordnance. The 1st Regiment Firemen Zouaves (Volunteers), Colonel E. E. Ellsworth, 1,015 men, will soon be encamped on Georgetown Heights. They have been quartered in the Capital. Governor Sprague's Rhode Islanders, Colonel Burnside, 1,100 men, are quartered in the City of Washington. The 6th Regiment Massachusetts occupies the Relay House, nine miles from Baltimore. The 8th Massachusetts Regiment is quartered in Washington. A Regiment of pennsylvania troops is stationed at the Relay House with the Massachusetts 6th and New York 8th, while the remainder is stationed in Washington. The 4th New jersey Regiment has gone into encampment on Meridian Hill, near the camp of the New York 7th. About 2,700 New Jersey soldiers are quartered in Washington."

The Belmont Chronicle (St Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio), 16 May, 1861 - Positions of Northern troops in the South

"The Ohio troops have fallen back to a point on the railroad, about two miles this side of the scene of conflict. At a very early hour this morning, they were joined by the first and second Connecticut regiments, and at nine o'clock this morning the New York sixty-ninth regiment, Col. Corcoran, also marched to the same point. "

The National Republican, 19 June, 1861

"Yesterday, Gen. McDowell ordered the New York Fifth, Twenty-eighth, and Sixty-ninth regiments, to hold themselves in readiness to march at a moment's warning, and at 11 a. m. the Sixty-ninth - 1,100 strond - moved to Ball's Cross Roads, where they found Captain Brackett's company of Second (regular) cavalry, and the battery of the New York Eighth regiment. Col. Corcoran commands his own (the Sixty-ninth) regiment at that point, and the whole force here is commanded by Col. Hunter, of the regular service."

The Evening Star, 21 June, 1861 - Camp Tyler, (Taylor's Tavern,) Fairfax County, Va, 21 June, 1861

"The following regiments compose Col. Sherman's command - Sixty-ninth New York militia, Col. Corcoran; Thirteenth New York volunteers, Col. Quinby; Twenty-eighth New York militia, Col. Bennett; Company B, Second United States cavalry, Lieut. Tompkins; Second Wisconsin volunteers (just attached), Col. Coon."

The New York Herald, 10 July, 1861 - Camp Licoln, N.E. Va., 4 July, 1861

"The New York Sixty-ninth, the Irish regiment, under command of the gallanet Colonel Corcoran, closes its three months' service on the 23 of July."

The Evening Star, 16 July, 1861

"This splendid body of men – presented a very striking appearence, indeed each man being uniformed in a reddisg grey flannel blouse, and having a large forest axe slung over his back. Lieutenants D' Hommergue and McQuade accompanied the Engineers, both being officers of the Corps."

The last days of the 69th in Virginia: A narrative in three parts with a portrait, by Thomas Francis Meagher, Captain Company K (Irish Zouaves)

"When, in May, 1861, the government determined to occupy Arlington Heights and Alexandria, a force of about eight thousand men crossed the river for that purpose, and each command immediately commenced the erection of strong earthworks on their several positions. To the Sixty-ninth was assigned the hill nearest the Aqueduct-Bridge, and commanding the road leading westward to Fairfax Court House."

"In his consultation with Colonel Corcoran – on the day before the Sixty-ninth left New York – Meagher ascertained that, as the 'Brigade Lancers,' (which command was attached to the sixty-ninth,) could not go with the Regiment, there was a vacancy of one company, 'F', to be filled. This was the opportunity Meagher wished for, and he took immediate steps to organise the required company. It had been arranged between himself and Colonel Corcoran that the new company should be designated the 'Irish Zouaves,' and wear the Zouave uniform."

Memoirs of Gen. Thomas Francis Meagher: Comprising the leading events of his career, chronologically arranged, with selections from speeches, lectures and miscellaneous writing, including personal reminiscences, by Michael Cavanagh

"In passing the Sixty-ninth New York regiment, I came up with captain Thomas Francis Meagher, whose Zouave company formed part of it. He was mounted, but wore a plain undress uniform instead of the gorgeous one already described."

Memoirs of Henry Villard, journalist and financier, 1835-1900, in two volumes, Vol. I 1835–1862

"Led by a company of engineers, then drummers and fifers, followed by Corcoran, with the chaplin, doctors, and Meagher, who had been detailed as a special aide, the 69th was finally going to war."

"Sherman's immediate concern, however, was that he might be fired on by the Union soldiers who would be advancing on his right, especially as two of the companies in the 69th were wearing gray uniforms."

Thomas Francis Meagher and the Irish Brigade in the Civil War, by Daniel M Callaghan

"Meagher's men were attired 'most picturesquely' in blue jackets and vests, those of the officers being heavily braided with gold, the non-commissioned officers' and privates' with crimson, the braids being worked into trefoils at the corners and intersections.Meagher's men wore pants of regulation grey, with crimson and gold stripes and their kepis were adorned with the number of the regiment in a wreath of shamrocks."

The Irish Brigade in the Civil War: The 69th New York and other Irish of the Army of the Potomac, by Joseph G Bilby

"In this rough and dangerous pioneering, the Engineers of the 69th, under the command of their high-spirited young Captain, did quick and clear work, splendidly maintaining their character with the regiment for usefulness, promptitude and boldness."

"The line of march was taken up about noon. The corps of engineers led the van, under the command of Captain Quinlan, Lieutenants D'Hommergue and M'Quade, followed by an improvised drum-corps, playing the old familiar inspiriting airs. After these came Colonel Corcoran and staff-officers, including Capatoan T F Meagher, actin as major in place of Major Bagley, who had remained in New York; Captain Haggerty, acting as lieutenant-colonel in place of Colonel Nugent, who had been injured some days previously by a fall form his horse; and Captain J H Nugent, acting as adjutant."

The Irish Brigade and its campaigns: With some account of the Corcoran Legion, and sketches of the principle officers, by David Power Conyngham

"This fort was named in honor of Lieutenant Colonel James Haggerty of the 69th New York State Militia, who died of wounds received at the First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)."

"This fort was named for Colonel Micheal Corcoran of the 69th New York State Militia, whose soldiers constructed the fort in May 1861. Fort Corcoran, with its auxillary works Forts Bennett and Haggerty, was established to secure the Virginia emnd of the Aqueduct Bridge and to provide points of support for the Union Army."

Mr Lincoln's forts: A guide to the Civil War defenses of Washington D. C., New Edition, by Benjamin F Cooling II and Walton H Owen II

New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, Volume 1, by Frederick Phisterer

James Haggerty of Tìr Conaill, Irish patriot, American hero, by James H McLaughlin (Historian, County Donegal Association of New, Inc.)

Notes

The 69th New York State Militia, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, and I, were accepted in state service for three months at New York City, New York County, New York, on 20 April, 1861.

Note: The 69th New York State Militia was ordered to rendezvous at New York City, New York County, New York, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861.

Recruiting offices, New York City, New York County, New York, 20 April, 1861: Company A, Captain J Haggerty, 42 Prince Street, New York City, New York County, New York; Company B, Captain T Lynch, Cedar Street, New York City, New York County, New York; Company C, Captain J Kavanagh, 108 Cedar Street, New York City, New York County, New York; Company D, Captain T Clarke, 98 Chatham Street, New York City, New York County, New York; Company E, Captain P Kelly, 84 Seventh Street, New York City, New York County, New York; Company F, Captain J Breslin, corner of Ninth Street and Avenue B, New York City, New York County, New York; Company G, Captain F Duffy, 28 Albany Street, New York City, New York County, New York; Company H, Captain J Kelly, 193 Avenue B and 165 Delancey Street, New York City, New York County, New York; Company I, First Lieutenant J Coonan, Mercer House, on the corner of Mercer and Broome Streets, New York City, New York County, New York

Special Orders, Headquarters, 69th New York State Militia, New York City, New York County, New York, 22 April, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia, Company K, acting as cavalry, under the command of Captain E Reilly, was not ordered to Washington, D. C., on 23 April, 1861, and was assigned to the Lexington Armory, on Lexington Avenue, between East Twenty-fifth and East Twenty-sixth Streets, New York City, New York County, New York, and other duties, under the command of Major J Bagley, 69th New York State Militia, by Special Orders, Headquarters, 69th New York State Militia, New York City, New York County, New York, on 22 April, 1861.

Note: Colonel & Judge J H McCunn, 75th New York State Militia, was appointed engineer, 69th New York State Militia, between 23 April and 6 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer James Adger to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 6 PM on 23 April, 1861. He was acting as master of transportation at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, on 2 May, 1861, and arrived at Washington, D. C., at 7.30 PM on 3 May, 1861. Colonel & Judge J H McCunn, 75th New York State Militia, arrived at New York City, New York County, New York, on 6 May, 1861 (See the 37th New York Infantry).

New York City, New York County, New York, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 23-26 April, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia (1,050) was ordered to proceed by the steamer James Adger on the North or Hudson River, at Pier No.4, on West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 6 PM on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at 8 PM on 26 April, 1861.

Note: The 69th New York State Militia was ordered to rendezvous at Great Jones Street, New York City, New York County, New York, at 9 AM on 23 April, 1861, and Major J Bagley, 69th New York State Militia, and Captain J B Kirker, 69th New York State Militia, Corps Engineers, were stationed at New York City, New York County, New York, between 23 April and 11 May, 1861.

Naval Academy, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 27 April, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia disembarked at the Naval Academy, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the morning on 27 April, 1861.

Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, 28-29 April, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia was ordered to proceed by the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 10.30 AM on 28 April, 1861, and arrived at Crownsville, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, at 1 PM on 29 April, 1861, and arrived at 9 PM the same day.

Note: Colonel M Corcoran, 69th New York State Militia, set up headquarters at Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, in the evening on 29 April, 1861, and the 69th New York State Militia was assigned to guard the Annapolis & Elkridge Railroad between Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, and Annapolis Junction, Howard County, and Piney Branch Bridge, on Little Patuxent River, two miles southwest of Annapolis Junction, Howard County, between 29 April and 3 May, 1861.

Piney Branch Bridge, on Little Patuxent River, two miles southwest of Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, detachment of Company G, 29 April & 1 May, 1861: A detachment of sixteen men of the 69th New York State Militia, Company G, under the command of Captain F Duffy, arrived at Piney Branch Bridge, on Little Patuxent River, two miles southwest of Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, in the evening on 29 April, 1861, and set up Fort Duffy, at Piney Branch Bridge, on Little Patuxent River, two miles southwest of Annapolis Junction, Howard County, on 1 May, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the 69th New York State Militia (12), Company E, under the command of Acting Second Lieutenant W J Hart, was stationed at Camp Hart, Piney Woods, on the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, three miles southwest of Laurel, Prince George's County, Maryland, and a detachment of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry (27), Company H, under the command of First Lieutenant K Stark, was stationed at Patuxent Iron Works or Forge, on Little Patuxent River, five miles southeast of Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, on 29 April, 1861 (See the 5th Massachusetts Infantry).

Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, to Washington, D. C., 2-3 May, 1861: Three companies of the 69th New York State Militia were ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Washington, D. C., in the evening on 2 May, 1861, and arrived at 3 AM on 3 May, 1861. Seven companies of the 69th New York State Militia were ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Washington, D. C., in the afternoon the same day and arrived at 7.30 PM on 3 May, 1861.

Note: The 5th New York State Militia was stationed at Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, in the evening on 3 May, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Annapolis).

Columbia Market, on the corner of Pennsylvania Avenue, & the Constitution Office, on E Street, between Eleventh & Twelfth Streets, Washington, D. C., 3 May, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia was stationed at Columbia Market, on the corner of Pennsylvania Avenue, and the Constitution Office, on E Street, between Eleventh and Twelfth Streets, Washington, D. C., on 3 May, 1861.

Note: Seven companies of the 69th New York State Militia were stationed at a building on the corner of Thirteenth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, and Hall's old coachmakers and three companies at Coyle's Iron building, opposite the Washington building, on the corner of Pennsylvania Avenue and Seventh Street, Washington, D. C., on 4 May, 1861.

Building on the corner of Thirteenth Street & Pennsylvania Avenue; Hall's old coachmakers; & Coyle's iron building, opposite the Washington building, Washington, to Georgetown College, on Warren Street, Georgetown, D. C., 4 May, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia was ordered to Georgetown College, on Warren Street, Georgetown, D. C., in the afternoon on 4 May, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Washington, D. C., 9 May, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia was mustered in United States service for three months at Washington, D. C., by Brevet Major, First Lieutenant, & Assistant Adjutant General I McDowell, United States Army, on 9 May, 1861.

New York City, New York County, New York, to Washington D. C., Company K, 22-23 May, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia (100), Company K, under the command of Captain T Lynch, Company B, was ordered to Washington, D. C., on 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by a detachment of the 69th New York State Militia (300), under the command of Major A J Bagley. The company arrived by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railraod, at Washington, D. C., at 12 PM on 23 May, 1861.

Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., 22 May, 1861: Major General C W Sandford, New York State Militia, was ordered to assume immediate command of all the regiments of his State within the District of Columbia, and to report directly to general headquarters by Special Orders No.89 1/2, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C., on 22 May, 1861.

Occupation of Arlington Heights, ALexandria County, & Alexandria, 24 May, 1861

The 69th New York State Militia was ordered across the Potomac River at the Aqueduct Bridge, Georgetwon, D. C., at 2 AM on 24 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Corcoran, between the wagon road and Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria).

Note: A detachment of the 69th New York State Militia (300), under the command of Major A J Bagley, was stationed at Georgetown College, on Warren Street, Georgetown, D. C., on 24 May, 1861.

Right Column, Aqueduct Bridge, Georgetown, D. C., to Arlington Heights & Alexandria County, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: Captain W H Wood, 3rd United States Infantry, Company C; 5th New York State Militia, Lieutenant Colonel L Burger; 14th New York State Militia, Corps Engineers, Captain R Burt; 28th New York State Militia, Colonel M Bennett; 69th New York State Militia, Captain M Corcoran; 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, First Lieutenant C H Tompkins; detachment of President's Mounted Guards, Second Lieutenant M S Smith

Note: The 69th New York State Militia was assigned to build Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 24 May, 1861, and was originally known as Fort Seward in honor of Secretary of State W H Seaward (See the United States Corps Engineers).

Headquarters, Department of Fairfax, Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25-27 May, 1861: Major General C W Sandford, New York State Militia, was assigned to command the New York State Militia stationed at Alexandria County, Virginia, and set up headquarters at Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 25 and 27 May, 1861.

Distribution of New York State Militia, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25-27 May, 1861: The 5th New York State Militia and the 28th New York State Militia were stationed at Camp Union, north of the wagon road, one mile east of Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 7th New York State Militia, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H, at Columbia Springs, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 8th New York State Militia and Varian's Light Artillery, 8th New York State Militia, Company I, at the rear of Arlington House or Lee-Custis Mansion, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 12th New York State Militia in the vicinity of Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), on Four Miles Run, Alexandria County, Virginia; the 25th New York State Militia on Prospect Hill, two hundred yards south of the toll gate on the Columbia Turnpike, Alexandria County, Virginia, and the 69th New York State Militia at Camp Corcoran, between the wagon road and Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, between 25 and 27 May, 1861.

General Orders No.1, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, 28 May, 1861: The 5th New York State Militia, the 28th New York State Militia, the 69th New York State Militia, and other troops or detachments in his vicinity were assigned to Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, by General Orders No.1, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Washington, D. C., Company K, 31 May, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia, Company K, was mustered in United States service for three months at Camp Corcoran, between the wagon road and Ross' House, Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861.

Order No.1, Headquarters, Brigade of the Aqueduct, Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 30 May, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia was assigned to the Aqueduct Brigade, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, by Order No.1, Headquarters, Brigade of the Aqueduct, Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861.

Note: The 5th New York State Militia, the 28th New York State Militia, and the 69th New York State Militia and other troops or detachments in the vicinity not otherwise assigned were assigned to the Aqueduct Brigade, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, by Order No.1, Headquarters, Brigade of the Aqueduct, Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861 (See the 28th New York State Militia).

North of the wagon road & in the vicinity of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, & the junction of the wagon road & the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, one mile west of Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, 16 & 17 June, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia was stationed at the junction of the wagon road and the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, one mile west of Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, on 16 June, 1861, and at Camp Corcoran, between the wagon road and Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861.

Falls Church, Fairfax County, & Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, 18 & 20 June, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia was ordered to Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 18 June, 1861, and to Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 11 AM on 20 June, 1861.

Note: The 1st Ohio Infantry was stationed at the junction of the wagon road and the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, one mile east of Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 17 June, 1861, and Varian's Light Artillery and the 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, were stationed at Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel D Hunter, 3rd United States Cavalry, on 20 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.16, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 30 June, 1861: Colonel W T Sherman, 13th United States Infantry, was assigned to command the 69th New York State Militia by Special Orders No.16, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861 (See the Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army).

Note: Lieutenant Colonel R Nugent, 69th New York State Militia, broke his shoulder by falling from his horse in the vicinity of Camp Corcoran, between the wagon road and Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 28 June, 1861.

Organisation of the Brigade of the Aqueduct, 4 July, 1861: Colonel W T Sherman, 13th United States Infantry; 2nd Wisconsin Infantry, Colonel S P Coon; 13th New York Infantry, Colonel I F Quinby; 28th New York State Militia, Colonel M P Bennett; 69th New York State Militia, Colonel M Corocran; 2nd United States Cavalry, Company B, First Lieutenant C H Tompkins

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel W T Sherman, 13th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Disposition of the Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, 15 July, 1861: Headquarters, Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, Colonel W T Sherman, 13th United States Infantry; 2nd Wisconsin Infantry, Colonel S P Coon, Pearl's Farm, north of the wagon road, two miles southwest of Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; 13th New York Infantry, Colonel I F Quinby, north of the road to Ball's Crossroads, two miles southwest of Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; 69th New York State Militia, Colonel M Corocran, between the wagon road and Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia; 79th New York State Militia, Colonel J Cameron, one mile east of Ball's Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia; 3rd United States Artillery, Light Company E, Captain R B Ayres, 5th United States Artillery, vicinity of Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia was ordered to proceed by the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived via Falls Church and Old Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 8 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived via Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day. The 69th New York State Militia was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 17 July, 1861, and arrived three miles west of Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived north of the Warrenton Turnpike, one and half miles west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning the same day.

Note: Brigadier General I McDowell, United States Army, arrived at Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1.30 PM on 17 July, 1861.

Skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 18 July, 1861: The 69th New State Militia was stationed on the road between Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, and Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, as a reserve during the skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 4 PM on 18 July, 1861, and was ordered north of the Warrenton Turnpike, one and half miles west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day.

Note: The 69th New York State Militia was stationed north of the Warrenton Turnpike, one and half miles west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 July, 1861.

North of the Warrenton Turnpike, one & half miles west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to the Stone Bridge on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia was ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 2.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived north of the Warrenton Turnpike, three quarters of a mile east of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, between 5 and 6 AM the same day.

Note: Major A J Bagley, 69th New York State Militia, and Captain J B Kirker, 69th New York State Militia, Corps Engineers, were stationed at New York City, New York County, New York, during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.

Retreat to Washington D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 22 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Camp Corcoran, between the wagon road and Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, via Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day.

Note: Colonel W T Sherman, 13th United States Infantry, arrived in the vicinity of Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 22 July, 1861, and was stationed at Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, under the command of Acting Colonel & Captain J Kelly, on 25 July, 1861. A detachment of the 69th New York State Militia arrived at the west side of the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., and at Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861. The 69th New York State Militia, under the command of Acting Colonel & Captain J Kelly, was stationed at Camp Corcoran, between the wagon road and Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, via Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861.

Georgetown College, on Warren Street, Georgetown, D. C., 25 July, 1861: The 69th New State Militia was stationed at Georgetown College, on Warren Street, Georgetown, D. C., at 12 AM on 25 July, 1861.

Note: The 69th New State Militia was stationed at Camp Corcoran, between the wagon road and Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861.

Washington, D. C., to New York City, New York County, New York, 25-27 July, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R Nugent, was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to New York City, New York County, New York, at 1 PM on 25 July, 1861, and arrived by the steamer John Potter on the Hudson River at Pier No.2, on West Street, New York City, New York County, New York, at 7.30 AM on 27 July, 1861.

Mustered out, New York City, New York County, New York, 3 August, 1861: The 69th New York State Militia, was mustered out at New York City, New York County, New York, on 3 August, 1861.

Colonel W T Sherman, 13th United States Infantry, Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army: W T Sherman proceeded to St Louis, St. Louis County, Missouri, on 27 March, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 13th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Colonel W T Sherman, 13th United States Infantry, was assigned to inspection duty at Washington, D. C., between 20 and 29 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, by Special Orders No.16, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 22 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.26: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp371-372
Captain J Kelly, Sixty-ninth New York State Militia, dated Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 24 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.25: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp368-371
Colonel W T Sherman, Thirteenth United States Infantry, Third Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Fort Corcoran, a quarter of a mile southwest of Ross' House, on Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.16: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp348-352
Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 27 July, 1861