The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, First Division

Colonel G S Burnham, 1st Connecticut Infantry

Colonel G S Burnham, 1st Connecticut Infantry

First Connecticut Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three months 23 April, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 13 May, 1861

COLONEL G S BURNHAM
Colonel D Tyler was appointed brigadier general on 10 May, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel G S Burnham was appointed colonel, 1st Connecticut Infantry, the same day.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J SPEIDEL
Lieutenant Colonel G S Burnham was appointed colonel, 1st Connecticut Infantry, on 10 May, 1861, and Major J L Chatfield was appointed lieutenant colonel the same day. Lieutenant Colonel J L Chatfield was appointed colonel, 3rd Connecticut Infantry, on 31 May, 1861, and Captain J Speidel, Rifle Company B, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 1st Connecticut Infantry, on 28 May, 1861.

MAJOR T BYXBEE
Captain J L Chatfield, Infantry Company D, was appointed major, 1st Connecticut Infantry, on 23 April, 1861, and lieutenant colonel on 10 May, 1861. Captain T Byxbee, Infantry Company F, was appointed major, 1st Connecticut Infantry, on 28 May, 1861.

Infantry Company A Hartford Light Guard: CAPT. J S COMSTOCK
The company was accepted in state service at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 8 AM on 20 April, 1861. The company arrived at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, the same day.
Infantry Company B: CAPT. J H CHAPMAN
The company was accepted in state service at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, under the command of Captain I Wright, on 19 April, 1861, and Captain I Wright resigned at Camp Buckingham, near Park Hotel, Glenwood Cemetery, D. C., and First Lieutenant J H Chapman was appointed captain on 21 May, 1861.
Infantry Company C: CAPT. L N HILLMAN
The company was accepted in state service at Windsor Lock, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 20 April, 1861.
Infantry Company D Waterbury City Guards: CAPT. M COON
The company was accepted in state service at Waterbury, New Haven County, Connecticut, under the command of Captain J L Chatfield, on 20 April, 1861, and was ordered to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 3 PM the same day. Captain J L Chatfield was appointed major, 1st Connecticut Infantry, at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, and Captain M Coon was assigned to command the company on 23 April, 1861.
Infantry Company E Wooster Guards: CAPT. E E WILDMAN
The company was accepted in state service at Danbury, Fairfield County, Connecticut, on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, the same day. The company arrived at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 6 PM on 19 April, 1861.
Infantry Company F: CAPT. G W WILSON
The company was accepted in state service at West Meriden, New Haven County, Connecticut, under the command of Captain T Byxbee, on 20 April, 1861, and Captain T Byxbee was appointed major, 1st Connecticut Infantry, and First Lieutenant G W Wilson captain on 28 May, 1861.
Infantry Company G: CAPT. W F HART
The company was accepted in state service at New Britain, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 20 April, 1861.
Infantry Company H: CAPT. R FITZGIBBON
The company was accepted in state service at Bridgeport, Fairfield County, Connecticut, on 20 April, 1861, and arrived at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 22 April, 1861.
Rifle Company A Hartford Rifles: CAPT. J R HAWLEY
The company was accepted in state service at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 17 April, 1861.
Rifle Company B Bridgeport Rifles: CAPT. J HOLZER
The company was accepted in state service at Bridgeport, Fairfield County, Connecticut, under the command of Captain J Spiedel, on 20 April, 1861, and arrived at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 22 April, 1861. Captain J Spiedel, 1st Connecticut Infantry, Rifle Company B, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 1st Connecticut Infantry, at Camp Buckingham, near Park Hotel, Glenwood Cemetery, D. C., First Lieutenant J Holzer was appointed captain on 28 May, 1861.
Band: Band Leader J P King
The band was organised with thirteen musicians at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 23 April, 1861.

Sources

"The first of Connecticut regiment, Colonel Alfred H. Terry, arrived at the Arsenal about 5 o'clock on Sunday afternnon, and, yesterday morning, they formed into line and marched to their quarters prepared for them at Seventh street Park."

The National Republican, 14 May, 1861 - Arrival of the first Connecticut regiment

"The first of Connecticut volunteers, Colonel Daniel Tyler, 780 men, with ten baggage wagons and thirty or forty horses, embarked on the Bienville, at New Haven, Thursday evening, for the seat of war."

The National Republican, 13 May, 1861 - Departure of Connecticut troops for Washington

"About 1 o'clock on Sunday morning the First Connecticut Regiment broke up camp near Park Hotel and marched over into Virginia to Roach's Mills, on Four Mile Run, about 9 miles distant from Washington, for the purpose of relieving the New York Twelfth, which returned to Camp Anderson yesterday at 2 p.m."

The Evening Star, 3 June, 1861 - Departure of Connecticut troops for Washington

"At Taylor's Tavern there are two Connecticut regiments encamped, under the immediate command of Brigadier General Tyler; while the two Ohio regiments rested last night on Riley's Hill, about half a mile nearer (than Taylor's Tavern) to General McDowell's headquarters - the Arlington House. These changes of position of these four regiments involve an advance of Gen. McDowell's line some four miles. The position they occupy are very strong ones, being much more easily defended than the camps fron which they came yesterday and last night."

The Evening Star, 19 June, 1861 - The loss of the disnuionists on the day before yesterday at Vienna, Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, 19 June, 1861

"We are right in the midst of the enemy. The second Connecticut regiment, under command of Lieutenant Colonel David S, Young, (Colonel Terry being sick and in hospital at Washington,) is the advance guard; next is the first Connecticut regiment, Colonel Burnham; next is the first and second Ohio regiments, Colonels McCook and Wislon. Generals Tyler of Connecticut and Schenck of Ohio, are also in command."

The National Republican, 21 June, 1861 - From over the river

"The day of their arrival, May 13, they pitched their camp about two miles north of the capital, on the pleasant grounds of the wealthy banker Corcoran, called Glenwood."

"They occupied their old camping-grounds the day after the battle, and, being ordered to Fort Corcoran, made their appearance there with six prisoners (many more had escaped), two pieces of abandoned artillery, one caisson, the implements of the sappers and miners, twenty horses, all their own baggage and camp equipage, and the tents and equipage of two Ohio regiments, the 2d New-York, and a company of cavalry, with their baggage-wagons and property, which had been deserted."

The military and civil history of Connecticut during the war of 1861-65: Comprising a detailed account of the various regiments and batteries, through march, encampment, bivouac, and battle, also instances of distinguished personal gallantry, and biographical sketches of many heroic soldiers, together with a record of the patriotic action of citizens at home, and of the liberal support furnished by the state in its executive and legislative departments, by W A Croffut and John M Morris

History of Danbury, Conn., 1684-1896, from notes and manuscript left by James Montgomery Bailey, compiled with additions by Susan Benedict Hill

Catalogue of Connecticut volunteer organizations, infantry, cavalry, and artillery, in the service of the United States, 1861-1865, with additional enlistments, casualties, &c., &c., and brief summaries, showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries, by C M Ingersoll

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 1, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Delaware

Notes

The 1st Connecticut Infantry was accepted in state service on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, by General Orders No. 237, General Headquarters State of Connecticut, Adjutant General's Office, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 18 April, 1861.

Note: The 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861.

New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, Infantry Companies A, B, D, & E, & Rifle Company A, 22 & 25 April, 1861: The Wooster Guards, the Hartford Rifles, the Waterbury City Guards, Captain I Wrights' Company, and the Hartford Light Guards arrived at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 22 April, 1861, and the Wooster Guards and the Waterbury City Guards were stationed at the New Haven Hotel, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut; the Hartford Rifles at the Alumni Building Hall, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut; Captain I Wrights' Company at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut; and the Hartford Light Guards at the State House, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 25 April, 1861.

Mustered in three months, New Haven Green, opposite State House, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, 19, 20, 22, & 23 April, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry, Infantry Companies B and E, was mustered in United States service for three months at New Haven Green, opposite State House, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, by Colonel G Loomis, 5th United States Infantry, on 19 April, 1861; Infantry Company A on 20 April, 1861; Infantry Companies C, D, F, G, and Rifle Company A on 22 April, 1861; and Infantry Company H and Rifle Company B on 23 April, 1861.

Brewster's Park, near the edge of Long Island Sound, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, 23 April, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry arrived at Camp Buckingham, near Brewster's Park, near the edge of Long Island Sound, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 23 April, 1861.

New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, to Washington, D. C., 9-12 May, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered to Long Wharf, New Haven Harbour, near New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 4.30 AM on 9 May, 1861, and proceeded by the steamer Bienville to Washington, D. C., at 10.30 AM the same day. The regiment arrived by Chesapeake Bay and the Potomac River near the Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington D. C, on 11 May, 1861, and arrived at the Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington D. C, at 5 PM on 12 May, 1861.

East of Seventh Street Park, near Glenwood Cemetery, D. C., 13 May, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry disembarked at the Arsenal, Greenleaf Point, Washington D. C, in the morning on 13 May, 1861, and was ordered east of Seventh Street Park, near Glenwood Cemetery, D. C., the same day.

Special Orders No.107, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 27 May, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry was assigned to Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, by Special Orders No.107, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 27 May, 1861.

East of Seventh Street Park, near Glenwood Cemetery, D. C., to Roach's Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, 2 June, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered across the Potomac River at the Lond Bridge, Washington, D. C., at 1 AM on 2 June, 1861, and arrived at Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), Alexandria County, Virginia, at 3 AM the same day.

Note: The 12th New York State Militia Infantry was stationed at Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), Alexandria County, Virginia, on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, on 2 June, 1861, and was ordered to Washington, D. C., at 2 PM the same day (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Special Orders No.5, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 3 June, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry, the 8th New York State Militia Infantry, and 25th New York State Militia Infantry were temporarily assigned to Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, by Special Orders No.5, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861.

Reconnaissance on Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: A detachment of four hundred men of the 1st Connecticut Infantry, under the command of Colonel G S Burnham and Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, were ordered to proceed by the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad on a reconnaissance to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861, and arrived near Hunter's Mills, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day. The detachment was ordered to Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), Alexandria County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 16 June, 1861.

Roach's Mills, Alexandria County, to Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, near Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, 18 June, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered to support the 1st Ohio Infantry and 2nd Ohio Infantry at Riley's Hill, near Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, in the morning on 18 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd Connecticut Infantry. The 1st Connecticut Infantry arrived at Camp Mansfield, Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, near Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Special Orders No.26, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 6 July, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Connecticut Infantry, the 3rd Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Maine Infantry, and Varian's Light Artillery were assigned to Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.26, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived via Old Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived via Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. The 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived by the Warrenton Turnpike via Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day. The regiment was stationed near the Warrenton Turnpike, one mile south of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861.

Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 2.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 6 AM the same day.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and proceeded to Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 21 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Camp McDowell, near Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 22 July, 1861, and was ordered to Riley's Hill, near Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, in the evening the same day. The 1st Connecticut Infantry arrived at Camp Upton, Riley's Hill, near Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, at 11 PM on 22 July, 1861.

Fort Corcoran, Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered to Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 5.30 PM on 23 July, 1861, and arrived at Fort Corcoran, Arlington Heights, via Balls Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 7 PM the same day.

Mustered out, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, 31 July, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, in the afternoon on 25 July, 1861, and arrived by the New Jersey Railroad at Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, via Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 9 AM on 27 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the steamer Elm City to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 12 AM the on 28 July, 1861, and arrived at 10 AM the same day. The 1st Connecticut Infantry was mustered out at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 31 July, 1861.

Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army: Major E D Keyes, 1st United States Artillery, was ordered to New York City, New York, on 3 April, 1861, and was accompanied by Captain M C Meigs, United States Corps Engineers, and First Lieutenant D D Porter, United States Navy. He was ordered to proceed by the steamer Baltic on the North Atlantic Ocean to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 5.30 AM on 21 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the steamers R R Cuyler, Columbia, Coatzacoalcos, and Harriet Lane. The steamer Baltic arrived by Chesapeake Bay at Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, at 10 PM on 22 April, 1861, and the steamers Baltic, R R Cuyler, Columbia, and Coatzacoalcos were ordered to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 23 April, 1861. Major E D Keyes arrived by the steamer Baltic at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, between 8 and 9 PM the same day and was accompanied by the and the 12th New York State Militia Infantry (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington). The 71st New York State Militia Infantry, on board the steamer R R Cuyler, and the first detachmment of the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry, on board the steamer Coatzacoalcos, were ordered to disembark at the Naval Academy, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the morning on 24 April, 1861, and were ordered to to Annapolis Junction, Howard County, Maryland, on 25 April, 1861. The 12th New York State Militia Infantry and the 6th New York State Militia Infantry, on board the steamers Baltic and Columbia, respectively, were ordered to disembark at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, the same day and Major E D Keyes was was assigned to Governor E D Morgan at Albany, Albany County, New York, on 2 May, 1861 (See the Department of Annapolis). He was appointed colonel, 11th United States Infantry, at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861, and brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Steamer Baltic: 12th New York State Militia and First Lieutenant G W Synder, United States Corps Engineers, and Major E D Keyes; Steamer Columbia: 6th New York State Militia Infantry; Steamer R R Cuyler: 71st New York State Militia Infantry; Steamer Coatzacoalcos: 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry (First detachment).

Report

UNPUBLISHED REPORT
Colonel G S Burnham, First Connecticut Infantry, dated Fort Corcoran, Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 24 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.17: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp353-356
Colonel E D Keyes, Eleventh United States Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Meridian Hill, D. C., 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.16: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp348-352
Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 27 July, 1861