The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, First Division

Colonel A H Terry, 2nd Connecticut Infantry

Colonel A H Terry, 2nd Connecticut Infantry

Second Connecticut Infantry

Mustered in United States service for three months 7 May, 1861. Arrived at Washington, D. C., 14 May, 1861

COLONEL A H TERRY
Colonel A H Terry, 2nd Connecticut Infantry, was sick at hospital, Washington, D. C., on 20 June, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL D YOUNG

MAJOR L COLBURN

Rifle Company A Buckingham Rifles: CAPT. F S CHESTER
The company was accepted in state servive at Norwich, New London County, Connecticut, on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 4.30 PM the same day. First Lieutenant T Scott, 2nd Connecticut Infantry, Rifle Company A, was assigned to command the company during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.
Rifle Company B: CAPT. H PEALE
The company was accepted in state service at Norwich, New London County, Connecticut, on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 24 April, 1861.
Rifle Company C New London (Volunteers) Rifles: CAPT. E C CHAPMAN
The company was accepted in state service at New London, New London County, Connecticut, on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 25 April, 1861.
Rifle Company D Clinton Guards or Clark Rifles: CAPT. J W GORE
The company was accepted in state service at Hartford, Harford County, Connecticut, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 24 April, 1861.
Rifle Company E: CAPT. S T COOKE
The company was accepted in state service at Winchester, Litchfield County, Connecticut, on 23 April, 1861.
Rifle Company F: CAPT. J E DURIVAGE
The company was accepted in state service at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 23 April, 1861, and Captain A B Downs, 2nd Connecticut Infantry, Rifle Company F, resigned at Camp Mansfield, Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, near Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861. Second Lieutenant J E Durivage, 2nd Connecticut Infantry, Rifle Company F, was assigned to command the company during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.
Infantry Company A Mansfield Guards: CAPT. D DICKINSON
The company was accepted in state service at Middletown, Middlesex County, Connecticut, on 20 April, 1861, and arrived at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 24 April, 1861.
Infantry Company B: CAPT. A G KELLOGg
The company was accepted in state service at Winchester, Canton, and New Hartford, Litchfield and Hartford Counties, Connecticut, on 21 April, 1861, and arrived at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 6 PM on 22 April, 1861. Captain A G Kellogg, 2nd Connecticut Infantry, Infantry Company B, was captured on picket duty near Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant C W Morse, 2nd Connecticut Infantry, Infantry Company B, was assigned to command the company during the first battle of Bull Run on 21 July, 1861.
Infantry Company C New Haven Greys: CAPT. E W OSBORN
The company was accepted in state service at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 22 April, 1861.
Infantry Company D (Birmingham) National Guards, Company C: CAPT. G D RUSSELL
The company was accepted in state service at Birmingham (Derby), New Haven County, Connecticut, on 23 April, 1861.

Sources

"The New Haven Greys, Company A, Infantry, 2d Regiment, Capt. E. Walter Osborne, voted unanimously last evening to tender their services to the Adjutant General, under the regquisition of the Governor for a Regiment to protect the Constitution and the laws. They took in last evening eighteen recruits, and only require eight or ten men to make up their complement of 77 officers and men."

The Columbian Register, 20 April, 1861 - The Greys offer their services

"Frank S. Chester, bookkeeper in the Thames Bank, son of Rev. A. T. Chester of Buffalo, and we are pround to say, of Norwich blood and descent, set himself to work on Friday to raise a company of volunteers. He succeeded in enrolling 65 good men and true, before night. The company was named the 'Buckingham Rifles,' and the following officers were chosen: Captain, Frank S. Chester; 1st Lieut., Thos. Scott; 2d Lieut., James Fuller."

The Norwich Morning Bulletin, 20 April, 1861 - Buckingham Rifles

"The Meridian corps, Capt. Theodore Byxbee, and a Windsor company, Capt. Abraham Kellogg, were expected to reach New Haven last night."

The Hartford Daily Courant, 23 April, 1861 - The Connecticut troops at the rendezvous

"Capt. Pseale's Company of volunteer Rifles, will meet at 7 1/2 o'clock this morning. They have 101 names enrolled; teir place is assigned in the 2d Regiment, and they start for New Haven tomorrow (Wednesday,) at 1.25 PM."

The Norwich Morning Bulletin, 23 April, 1861

"The first Norwich volunteer company numbering about 100 under command of Frank S. Chester passed through this city yesterday on their way to New haven. They came down by the half past two p. m. train on the Northern railroad and left in the 2.40 express train over the Shore line At the depot in this city they were received by the New London Volunteers numbering 80, and an assemblage of spectators which filled up all the lower part of State street."

The New London Chronicle, 23 April, 1861 - The Buckingham Rifles

"They will leave this city for New Haven on Wednesday, tomorrow, peobably at 11 o'clock."

The Constitution (Middletown), 24 April, 1861 - The volunteer Company from Middletown

"On the departure of Capt. Gore's company, 'The Clinton Guard,' which left on the 3 o'clock train for the rendezvous at New Haven, a salute of thirteen guns was fired by a detachment from the new Howitzer Battery now forming. The gun belonged to the Seymour Kight Artillery, and the firing was done under direction of Cat. Ensworth of that corps."

The Hartford Daily Courant, 25 April, 1861 - The Hartford boys at the rendezvous

"The company organised by Capt. Gore, of the Clinton House, is to be known as the 'Clark Guards,' in compliment to David Clark of this city, who presented the colours, a sword and a sah, to the company and captain."

The Hartford Daily Courant, 26 April, 1861 - Speeches to the Clark Rifles

"Company C, National Guards, of this place, commanded by Capt. G. D. Russell, having volunteered their services to the goverment, the meeting was more especially called to raise a 'Relief Fund' for the families of the gallent sodiers of this company."

The Columbian Register, 27 April, 1861 - National Guards of Birmingham

"Winsted responds - Company B, of the 2nd Connecticut Regiment, Capt. A. G. Kellogg, and numbering 112 men, arrived here at six o'clock last evening. The Buckingham Rifle Co., Captain F. S. Chester, numbering 96 men, arrived here yesterday."

The Columbian Register (New Haven), 27 April, 1861 - More troops

"The steamer Cahawba arrived at the arsenal about noon yesterday, direct from New York, having on board the Connecticut second regiment, numbering over eight hundred men. They are uniformed in dark blue frock coats, pants, and fatigue caps, and are all provided with almost indispensable Havelocks. Two companies from New Haven, however, are uniformed in grey, with black stripes."

The National Republican, 15 May, 1861 - Arrival of the Connecticut Second Regiment

"At Taylor's Tavern there are two Connecticut regiments encamped, under the immediate command of Brigadier General Tyler; while the two Ohio regiments rested last night on Riley's Hill, about half a mile nearer (than Taylor's Tavern) to General McDowell's headquarters - the Arlington House. These changes of position of these four regiments involve an advance of Gen. McDowell's line some four miles. The position they occupy are very strong ones, being much more easily defended than the camps fron which they came yesterday and last night."

The Evening Star, 19 June, 1861 - The loss of the disnuionists on the day before yesterday at Vienna, Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, 19 June, 1861

"Our reporter visited Camp Mansfield, near Falls Church, Va., yesterday, and reports everything quiet in the vicinity. Captain A. G. Kellogg, of Company K, of Winstead, Connecticut, second regiment Connecticut volunteers, was yesterday detailed with his company as a scouting party, and while performing this duty was decoyed into a secession house by two women, and then captured, and carried off."

The National Republican, 24 June, 1861 - The Connectict Regiment

"We are right in the midst of the enemy. The second Connecticut regiment, under command of Lieutenant Colonel David S, Young, (Colonel Terry being sick and in hospital at Washington,) is the advance guard; next is the first Connecticut regiment, Colonel Burnham; next is the first and second Ohio regiments, Colonels McCook and Wislon. Generals Tyler of Connecticut and Schenk of Ohio, are also in command."

The National Republican, 21 June, 1861 - From over the river

"Late in the afternoon it retreated in good order under orders, and halted for two days at Oak Hill, where it was engaged in striking the tents, loading and packing the arms, ammunition, equipage, miscellaneous stores and property of the standing camp at this point, thus preventing the capture of valuable property by the enemy, and with the other Connecticut troops it escorted these supplies across the Potomac."

The military and civil history of Connecticut during the war of 1861-65: Comprising a detailed account of the various regiments and batteries, through march, encampment, bivouac, and battle, also instances of distinguished personal gallantry, and biographical sketches of many heroic soldiers, together with a record of the patriotic action of citizens at home, and of the liberal support furnished by the state in its executive and legislative departments, by W A Croffut and John M Morris

Catalogue of Connecticut volunteer organizations, infantry, cavalry, and artillery, in the service of the United States, 1861-1865, with additional elistments, casualties, &c., &c., and brief summaries, showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries, by C M Ingersoll.

The Union Army: A history of military affairs in the loyal states 1861-65, records of the regiments in the Union Army, cyclopedia of battles, memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume 1, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Delaware

Notes

The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was accepted in state service and ordered to rendezvous at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 18 April, 1861.

General Orders No.236, General Headquarters State of Connecticut, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, 18 April, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was accepted in state service and ordered to rendezvous at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, by General Orders No.236, General Headquarters State of Connecticut, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 18 April, 1861.

General Orders No.237, General Headquarters State of Connecticut, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, 18 April, 1861: General Orders No.232, General Headquarters State of Connecticut, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, dated 16 April, 1861, was countermanded and the 1st Connecticut Infantry and 2nd Connecticut Infantry were ordered to rendezvous at Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, by General Orders No.237, General Headquarters State of Connecticut, Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, on 18 April, 1861 (See the 1st Connecticut Infantry).

Norwich, New London County, to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, Rifle Company A, 22 April, 1861: The Buckingham Rifles was ordered to proceed by the New London & Northern Railroad to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, in the afternoon on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at New London, New London County, Connecticut, at 2.30 PM the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the New Haven, New London & Stonnington Railroad to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 2.40 PM on 22 April, 1861, and arrived at 4.30 PM the same day.

Hartford, Hartford County, to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, Infantry Company B, 22 April, 1861: Captain A G Kellogg's Company arrived by the New Haven, New London & Stonnington Railroad at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 6 PM on 22 April, 1861.

Middletown, Middlesex County, to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, Infantry Company A, 24 April, 1861: The Mansfield Guards was ordered to proceed by the Middletwon Branch, New Haven, Hartford & Springfield Railroad to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 11 AM on 24 April, 1861.

Hartford, Hartford County, to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, Rifle Company D, 24 April, 1861: The Clinton Guards or Clark Rifles was ordered to proceed by the New Haven, Hartford, & Springfield Railroad to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 3 PM on 24 April, 1861.

Norwich, New London County, to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, Rifle Company B, 24 April, 1861: Captain H Peale's Company (101) was ordered to proceed by the New London & Northern Railroad to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, at 1.25 PM on 24 April, 1861.

New London, New London County, to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, Rifle Company C, 25 April, 1861: The New London (Volunteers) Rifles was ordered to proceed by the New London & Northern Railroad to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, in the afternoon on 25 April, 1861.

Brewster's Park, near the edge of Long Island Sound, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, 6 May, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to Brewster's Park, near the edge of Long Island Sound, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, on 6 May, 1861.

Mustered in three months, Long Island Sound, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, 7 May, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was mustered in United States service for three months at Long Island Sound, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, by Colonel G Loomis, 5th United States Infantry, on 7 May, 1861.

Note: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, under the call for 75,000 troops to serve three months by President A Lincoln on 15 April, 1861.

New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, to Washington, D. C., 10-14 May, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry (850) was ordered to proceed by the steamer Cahawba to Washington, D. C., at 11 PM on 10 May, 1861, and arrived at Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, in the evening on 12 May, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed on Chesapeake Bay to Washington, D. C., in the morning on 13 May, 1861, and arrived by the Potomac River at the Arsenal, Greenleaf's Point, Washington, D. C., in the morning on 14 May, 1861.

East of Seventh Street Park, near Glenwood Cemetery, D. C., 14 May, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry disembarked in the morning on 14 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Welles or Terry, east of Seventh Street Park, near Glenwood Cemetery, D. C., the same day.

Special Orders No.107, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., 27 May, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was assigned to Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, by Special Orders No.107, Headquarters, Department of Washington, Washington, D. C., on 27 May, 1861.

East of Seventh Street Park, near Glenwood Cemetery, D. C., to Roach's Mills, Alexandria County, Virginia, 17-18 June, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel D Young, was ordered across the Potomac River at the Long Bridge, Washington, D. C., in the evening on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Roach's Mills (old cotton factory), Alexandria County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 June, 1861.

Roach's Mills, Alexandria County, to Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, near Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, 18 June, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to support the 1st Ohio Infantry and the 2nd Ohio Infantry at Riley's Hill, near Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, in the morning on 18 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Connecticut Infantry (See the 1st Connecticut Infantry). The regiment arrived at Camp Mansfield, Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, near Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Colonel A H Terry, 2nd Connecticut Infantry, arrived at Camp Mansfield, Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, near Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, after an illness, on 24 June, 1861.

Special Orders No.26, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 6 July, 1861: The 1st Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Connecticut Infantry, the 3rd Connecticut Infantry, the 2nd Maine Infantry, and Varian's Light Artillery were assigned to Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, by Special Orders No.26, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861.

General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, 8 July, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, under the command of Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, by General Orders No.13, Headquarters, Department of Northeastern Virginia, Arlington, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 8 July, 1861.

Advance to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16-18 July, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 16 July, 1861, and arrived via Old Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The regiment was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and arrived via Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived by the Warrenton Turnpike via Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning the same day. The regiment stationed near the Warrenton Turnpike, one mile south of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861.

Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Warrenton Turnpike to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 2.30 AM on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at 6 AM the same day.

Retreat to Washington, D. C., 21-22 July, 1861: After the first battle of Bull Run the 2nd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM on 21 July, 1861, and proceeded to Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 21 July, 1861. The regiment arrived at Camp McDowell, near Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 AM on 22 July, 1861, and was ordered to Riley's Hill, near Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, in the evening the same day. The 2nd Connecticut Infantry arrived at Camp Upton, Riley's Hill, near Taylor's Tavern, on the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, at 11 PM on 22 July, 1861.

Fort Corcoran, Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to Arlington Heights, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 5.30 PM on 23 July, 1861, and arrived at Fort Corcoran, Arlington Heights, via Balls Crossroads, Alexandria County, Virginia, at 7 PM the same day.

Mustered out, New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, 7 August, 1861: The 2nd Connecticut Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, in the morning on 3 August, 1861, and was mustered out on 7 August, 1861.

Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army: Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes, Military Secretary to Brevet Lieutenant General & Major General W Scott, United States Army, was stationed at Washington, D. C., on 4 March, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Washington Branch, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, to Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, in the evening on 3 April, 1861. He was accompanied by Captain M C Meigs, United States Corps Engineers, and First Lieutenant D D Porter, United States Navy and arrived by the Camden & Amboy Railroad at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, via Perth Amboy, Middlesex County, New Jersey, in the morning on 4 April, 1861. Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes was assigned to assist in the organisation of an expedition to relieve Fort Pickens, Santa Rosa Island, Florida, between 6 and 9 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the steamer Baltic to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 5.30 AM on 21 April, 1861 (See the 1st United States Artillery, Light Company G). Lieutenant Colonel E D Keyes was accompanied by the 12th New York State Militia Infantry, under the command of Colonel D Butterfield, and arrived at Fort Monroe, Old Comfort Point, Hampton, Virginia, at 10 PM on 22 April, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington). The steamer Baltic was ordered to Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, at 2 PM on 23 April, 1861, and arrived at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, between 8 and 9 PM the same day. He was assigned to the staff of Governor E D Morgan at Albany, Albany County, New York, between 2 and 22 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 11th United States Infantry, at Manhattan (New York County), New York City, New York, by General Orders No.33, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 18 June, 1861, dated 14 May, 1861. Colonel E D Keyes, 11th United States Infantry, was appointed brigadier general, United States Volunteers, by General Orders No.62, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., on 20 August, 1861, dated 17 May, 1861.

Steamer Baltic: 12th New York State Militia and First Lieutenant G W Synder, United States Corps Engineers, and Major E D Keyes; Steamer Columbia: 6th New York State Militia Infantry; Steamer R R Cuyler: 71st New York State Militia Infantry; Steamer Coatzacoalcos: 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia Infantry (First detachment).

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.17: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp353-356
Colonel E D Keyes, Eleventh United States Infantry, First Brigade, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Meridian Hill, D. C., 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.16: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp348-352
Brigadier General D Tyler, Connecticut Volunteers, First Division, McDowell's Army, dated Washington, D. C., 27 July, 1861