The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Colonel A P Hill

Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry

Thirteenth Virginia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL A P HILL
First Lieutenant A P Hill, 1st United States Artillery, Company D, resigned on 1 March, 1861, and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 17 March, 1861 (See the United States Army, Department of Washington). Major A P Hill was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 13th Virginia Infantry, on 9 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J A WALKER
Captain J A Walker, Company C, 4th Virginia Infantry, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 13th Virginia Infantry, on 17 May, 1861 (See the 4th Virginia Infantry).

MAJOR J B TERRILL
J B Terrill was appointed major, 13th Virginia Infantry, on 23 May, 1861.

Company A Montpelier Guard: CAPT. B F Nalle
The company was accepted in state service at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, under the command of Captain L B Williams, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and Captain L B Williams was appointed lieutenant colonel, 7th Virginia Infantry, at on 9 May, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Infantry). Colonel B F Nalle, 3rd Virginia Militia Infantry (Orange County), was appointed captain, 13th Virginia Infantry, Company A, on 15 May, 1861, and the company was mustered in state service at Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861 (See the Virginia Militia Battalion Infantry).
Company B (1st) Culpeper Minutemen: CAPT. C T CRITTENDEN
The company was accepted in state service at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861. The company was mustered out at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 17 January, 1862.
Company B (2nd) Crittenden's Company: CAPT. C T CRITTENDEN
The 13th Virginia Infantry, Company B (1st), was was reorganised on 4 March, 1862, and was mustered in Confederate service on 15 March, 1862.
Company C Gordonsville Greys: CAPT. W C SCOTT
The company was accepted in state service at Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861.
Company D Louisa Blues: CAPT. H W MURRAY
The company was accepted in state service at Louisa Courthouse, Louisa County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived by the Virginia Central Railroad at Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 10 PM the same day. The company arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, at 11 AM on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 8 PM on 18 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The company arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861.
Company E (1st) Culpeper Riflemen: CAPT. S HETH
The company was accepted in state service at Brandy Station, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jeferson County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General W H Harman, Thirteenth Brigade, Fifth Division, Virginia State Militia, in the morning on 18 April, 1861 (See the Staunton Artillery). The company arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day and was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Charlestown, Jeferson County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 June, 1861. The company arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jeferson County, Virginia, at 3 AM on 19 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, on 30 June, 1861. The company was mustered out by Special Orders No.496, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 November, 1861.
Company E (2nd) Brandy Rifles: CAPT. D FIELD
The 13th Virginia Infantry, Company E (1st), was reorganised on 4 March, 1862, and was mustered in Confederate service at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, for the war on 15 March, 1862.
Company F Barboursville Guards: CAPT. W S PARRAN
The company was accepted in state service at Barboursville, Orange County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 19 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861.
Company G Lanier Guards: CAPT. A G TALIAFERRO
The company was organised at Baltimore City, Maryland, in April 1861 and was equipped by G Lanier, Lanier Brothers, a wholesale dry goods merchants. The company arrived at Hapers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and was accepted and mustered in Virginia service by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 28 May, 1861. The company was not subject to conscription and was mustered out on 28 May, 1862.
Company H Fort Loudoun Guards: CAPT. W H SHERER
The company accepted in state service at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 19 June, 1861.
Company I Frontier Rifles: CAPT. R WHITE
The company was accepted in state service at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 18 May, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. The company was mustered in state service at Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Hampshire County, by Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 25 May, 1861.
Company K Hampshire Guards: CAPT. J B SHERRARD
The company was accepted in state service at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 18 May, 1861, and was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, same day. The company was mustered in state service at Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, byby Captain M McDonald, Confederate States Army, on 25 May, 1861.

Sources

"In Hampshire county, before the commencement of the war, there were two organized and uniformed companies of infantry; one known as the Frontier Riflemen, of which Robert White, afterward colonel of the Twenty-third Virginia cavalry, was captain, Elias L. Irvin first lieutenant, Job N. Cookus second lieutenant, and Daniel T. Kellar third lieutenant; and the other the Hampshire Guards, John B. Sherrard captain, D. W. Entler first lieutenant, and Felix D. Heiskell second lieutenant. The first-named company had about 96 men, and the last about 80. In May, 1861, both of these companies were ordered by the governor of Virginia to report to Col. T. J. Jackson, then commanding at Harper's Ferry. Soon afterward the Thirteenth Virginia regiment of infantry was organized, with A. P. Hill as colonel, and these companies were mustered into that regiment as Companies I and K."

Col. Robert White: Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History, Volume 2 Part II, West Virginia, by Clement Anselm Evans

"I saw Gen. Robert E. Lee, when he passed through Orange, 22 April, 1861, and I ran off the next day and the Montpelier Guard, then at Harpers Ferry."

A history of Orange County, Virginia, from its formation in 1734 to the end of reconstruction in 1870, by E. Waddey co. in Richmond, Virginia

"In entraining at Piedmont Station the regiment became divided, ony half of it reaching Manassas with the rest of the brigade in time to assist in the battle."

The Confederate Veteran, Volume 25: Joseph Mason Kern, p85

"Sometime in the wet darkness of July 19–20, Hill and his soldiers arrived at Piedmont. Everything was bustle and confusion at the station as eager troops waited to board the one train running shuttlelike between Piedmont and Manassas. Disappointment then blunted enthusiasm: Elzey's brigade was ordered to remain at Piedmont as depot guard until all other troops had departed."

"At twelve-thirty, the cars ground to a halt at Manassas Junction."

"The 13th Virginia, the smallest of Elzey's regiments with only 550 men present, was ordered to leave the brigade and proceed to the right so as to guard Manassas and the lower fords of Bull Run from possible Federal flank attack."

General A. P. Hill: The story of a Confederate warrior, by James I Robertson, Jr.

"At once Colonel Elzey assumed command, and quickly placed into position Colonel Gibbson's Tenth Virgnia and Colonel Vaughn's Third Tennessee, A P Hill's Thirteenth Virginia, having been detached to Blackburn's Ford."

The Maryland Line in the Confederate Army, 1861-1861, by W W Goldsborough

"It will be clearly seen that there were none but Virginians at Harper's Ferry for three weeks or more, save the Baltimoreans and Col. Duncan's Kentuckians, about three hundred strong."

The Confederate Veteran, Volume 1: Harpers Ferry in 1861, first events of the war in Virginia and Maryland, pp103-104, by Private F M Burrows, 13th Virginia Infantry, Company B

Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia: Louisa Blues No. 7, 19 June, 1861, by John William Jones

Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia: Harpers Ferry, Va., 19 April, 1861, by Philip Edloe Jones

Shenandoah Herald: Diary of a soldier of the Stonewall Brigade, first year of the war, by John H Grabill

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 71, Serial No.83: Record of events for the Thirteenth Virginia Infantry, April 1861-February 1865, edited by James B Hewett

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Thirteenth Virginia Infantry, First Edition, No. 831 of 1000, by D F Riggs

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 13th Virginia Infantry was accepted in state service at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861, and Companies A and C, were mustered in state service at Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861; Companies I and K on 25 May, 1861; Companies B, D, and F at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861; Company G on 28 May, 1861; Company H at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861; and Company E at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861.

Harpers, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, D, E (1st), & F, 17-19 April, 1861: The Montpelier Guards, the Culpeper Minutemen, the Gordonsville Greys, the Louisa Blues, the Culpeper Riflemen, and the Barbouesville Guards wrere ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and arrived in the morning on 19 April, 1861.

Harpers, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, D, E (1st), F, & G, H, 23 April, 1861: The Montpelier Guard, the Culpeper Minutemen, the Gordonsville Greys, the Louisa Blues, the Culpeper Riflemen, the Barboursville Guards, the Lanier Guards, and the Fort Loudoun Guards were stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia State Militia, on 23 April, 1861.

Romney, Hampshire County, to Harpers, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies I & K, 18 May, 1861: The Hampshire Guards and the Frontier Rifles were ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 18 May, 1861, and proceeded to Green Spring, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad via Springfield, Hampshire County, Virginia, the same day.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 13th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Harpers, Jefferson County, to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 13 June, 1861: The 13th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, in the morning on 13 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 10th Virginia Infantry (See the 10th Virginia Infantry). The regiment arrived at the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society Fairgrounds, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day.

Note: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry arrived by the Valley Turnpike at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861 (See the 3rd Tennessee Infantry).

Winchester, Frederick County, to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, 17-18 June, 1861: The 13th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, at 4 AM on 17 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 10th Virginia Infantry and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry. The regiment arrived at Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 June, 1861. The 13th Virginia Infantry arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day and was stationed at the Courthouse, near Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861.

Skirmish at Twenty-first Bridge, on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, near New Creek Depot, Mineral County, Virginia, 18-19 June, 1861: The 13th Virginia infantry, Companies B, I, and a detachment of Company K, and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Companies I and K, under the command of Colonel J C Vaughn, were ordered to destroy the Twenty-first Bridge, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, near New Creek Depot, Mineral County, Virginia, at 8 PM on 18 June, 1861, and were engaged in a skirmish with twenty-six members of the Cumberland Continentals, 50th Maryland State Militia, under the command of First Lieutenant J C Lynn and Second Lieutenant T Luma, at 5 AM on 19 June, 1861 (See the Unassigned, Army of Pennsylvaania). Colonel J C Vaughn captured two 4 pounder pieces of the Eckhart Light Artillery, 50th Maryland State Militia, during the skirmish and arrived at Camp Davis, near Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 19 June, 1861.

Romney, Hampshire County, to Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 21-24 June, 1861: The 13th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and arrived the same day. The regiment was ordered to Capon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 22 June, 1861, and arrived the same day. The 13th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Hogue Creek, near Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 23 June, 1861, and arrived at 7 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 24 June, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: The 13th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel A Elzey, 1st Maryland Infantry, at Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.

Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, to Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, 28 June, 1861: The 13th Virginia Infantry was ordered to the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, 28 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, the same day.

Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-7 July, 1861: The 13th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, and arrived via Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to the Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, at 5 PM the same day.

Note: The 13th Virginia Infantry was ordered to the tollgate on the Martinsburg Turnpike, three-quarters of a mile north of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861.

The 13th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 13th Virginia Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 19 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, Clarke County, Virginia, at 9 AM the same day and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap, Paris, and Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies E, F, G, H, I, & K, 20 July, 1861: The 13th Virginia Infantry, Companies E, F, G, H, I, and K, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, were ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 5 AM on 21 July, 1861, and were accompanied by the 1st Maryland Infantry, the 10th Virginia Infantry, and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah). Companies E, F, G, H, I, and K arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day and were assigned to guard Yates' and Woodyard's Fords, on Bull Run River, near Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 21 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, & D, 20 July, 1861: The 13th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and D, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J A Walker, arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day and were assigned to garrison duty on 21 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 13th Virginia Infantry was ordered near McLean's Ford, on Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, the same day.

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 13th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 23 July, 1861, and was accompanied by 10th Virginia Infantry and the Newtown Artillery. The regiment arrived at Camp Blair, near Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Reorganised near Liberty Mills, Orange County, Virginia, 23 April, 1862: The 13th Virginia Infantry was reorganised for the war near Liberty Mills, Orange County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1862.

Note: The 13th Virginia Infantry, Companies B and E, were reorganised as Companies B (2nd) and E (2nd) on 15 March, 1862, and, as Company G was organised at Baltimore City, Maryland, the company was mustered out on 28 May, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 13th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Captain G Cullen, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel A Elzey, 1st Maryland Infantry, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain A Elzey, 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company E, resigned on 3 March, 1861, and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 18 May, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861 (See the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company E). Major A Elzey, Confederate States Army, was assigned to mustering duty at Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 1st Maryland Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861. Colonel A Elzey, 1st Maryland Infantry, was assigned to command the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Winchester, on 24 June, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 26 August, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 13th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel A Elzey, on 25 September, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.2: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp130-131
Colonel A P Hill, Thirteenth Virginia Infantry, dated Camp Davis, near Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, 19 June, 1861

THE REBELLION RECORD: A Diary of American Events, Volume II, Documents, pp42-43
Colonel A Elzey, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861