The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Private J Denton, Company B, 3rd Tennessee Infantry, circa 1890

Private J Denton, 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Company B, circa 1890

Third Tennessee Infantry, Provisional Army of the Confederate States

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 6 June, 1861, dated 29 May, 1861. Arrived near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL J C VAUGHN
Captain J C Vaughn, 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Company F, was appointed colonel, 3rd Tennessee Infantry, at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 29 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J J REESE
Captain J J Reese, 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutennat colonel, 3rd Tennessee Infantry, at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 29 May, 1861.

MAJOR G W MORGAN
G W Morgan was appointed major, 3rd Tennessee Infantry, at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 29 May, 1861.

Company A: CAPT. L C MAY
The company was accepted in state service at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, under the command of Captain J J Reese, on 6 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 26 May, 1861. Captain J J Reese, 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 3rd Tennesse Infantry, at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 29 May, 1861.
Company B: CAPT. W PARKER
The company was accepted in state service at Knoxville, Knox County, County, Tennessee, 16 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 23 May, 1861.
Company C: CAPT. E P DOUGLASS
The company was accepted in state service at Benton, Polk County, Tennessee, on 16 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 27 May, 1861.
Company D: CAPT. J F HANNAH
The company was accepted in state service at Benton, Polk County, Tennessee, on 6 May, 1861, and was ordered to Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 13 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 16 May, 1861.
Company E: CAPT. J A MCKAnnY
The company was accepted in state service at Blount County, Tennessee, on 2 May, 1861, and was stationed at the Fairgrounds, near Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 8 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 24 May, 1861.
Company F: CAPT. W C MORELOCK
The company was accepted in state service at Sweetwater, Monroe and McMinn Counties, Tennessee, under the command of Captain J C Vaughn, on 26 April, 1861, and was stationed at the Fairgrounds, near Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 8 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 17 May, 1861, and Captain J C Vaughn, 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Company F, was appointed colonel, 3rd Tennessee Infantry, on 29 May, 1861.
Company G: CAPT. H DILL
The company was accepted in state service at McMinn County, Tennessee, in May 1861 and was mustered in state service for one year at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 26 May, 1861.
Company H: CAPT. J C BOYD
The company was accepted in state service at Mount Vernon, Monroe County, Tennessee, on 25 April, 1861, and was stationed at the Fairgrounds, near Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 8 May, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 16 May, 1861, and was reorganised as Companies H and K (2nd), under the command of Captains J Marr and J C Boyd, respectively, on 14 May, 1862.
Company I Decatur Guards: CAPT. N J LILLARD
The company was accepted in state service at Decatur, Meigs County, Tennessee, on 3 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad to Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, the same day. The company arrived at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 3 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at the Fairgrounds, near Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 14 May, 1861.
Company K (1st) Shelby Greys: CAPT. G M MATHeS
The company was accepted in state service at Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, on 8 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 12 May, 1861, and was assigned to the 63rd Tennessee Infantry, Company E, under the command of Captain C R Millard, on 14 May, 1862.
Company K (2nd): CAPT. J C Boyd
The company was organised with men of the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Company H, on 14 May, 1862.

Sources

"The First Regiment of East Tennessee Volunteers left this place at 10 o'clock, A. M., on yesterday. The superior officers are Colonel John C. Vaughn, Lieutenant Colonel John J. Reese, and Major George W. Morgan."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 7 June , 1861 - From Knoxville, Tennessee, 3 June, 1861

"Vaughn wore a uniform of sorts - one with a wide dark stripe down the trouser leg, but with no rank displayed on the ill-fitting grey caot, perhaps because his colonelcy had not yet been confirmed."

The Last Confederate General: John C. Vaughn and his East Tennessee Cavalry, by Larry Gordon

The Nashville Union & American, 10 May, 1861 - The East Tennessee Regiment

Shenandoah Herald: Diary of a soldier of the Stonewall Brigade, first year of the war, by John H Grabill

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 25 June, 1861 - Skirmish at New Creek, Caught them napping

The military annals of Tennessee, Confederate: First series embracing a review of military operations, with regimental histories and memorial rolls compiled from original and official sources, edited by John Berrien Lindsley, M. D., D. D.

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events: Record of events for Third (Lillard's) Tennessee Mounted Infantry (Provisional Army), June 1861-August 1864, edited by James B Hewett

The Confederate Veteran, Volume 18: Events of 1861-65, p18, by J W Lillard, Esq, Decatur, Tennessee

The Confederate Veteran, Volume 26: Service with the Shelby Greys, pp69-71, by the late N D Bachman, Bristol, Tennessee

History of Cumberland, Maryland, from the time of the Indain Town, Caiuctucuc, in 1728, up to the present day, embracing an account of Washington's first campaign, and battle of Fort Necessity, together with a story of Braddock's expedition, &c., &c., &c, with maps and illustrations, by Will H. Lowdermilk

Tennesseans in the Civil War Part I: A military history of Confederate and Union units with available rosters of personnel, in two parts, published by the Civil War Centennial Commission, Nashville, Tennessee, 1864

Notes

The 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Provisional Army of the Confederate States, was accepted in Confederate service on 29 May, 1861, and Company I was mustered in state service for one year at Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 14 May; Companies D and H for one year on 16 May, 1861; Company F for one year on 17 May, 1861; Company B for one year on 23 May, 1861; Company E for one year on 24 May, 1861; Companies A and G for one year on 26 May, 1861; and Company A for one year on 27 May, 1861.

Note: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Companies A, E, F, H, and I, were stationed at the Fairgrounds, near Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, on 8 May, 1861.

Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee, to Lynchburg, Virginia, 2-5 June, 1861: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the East Tennessee & Virginia Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, at 10 AM on 2 June, 1861, and arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad via Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, on 5 June, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Lynchburg, Virginia, 6 June, 1861, dated 29 May, 1861: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major & Assistant Adjutant General J H Clay, Confederate States Army, on 6 June, 1861, dated 29 May, 1861.

Lynchburg to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 11-13 June, 1861: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861, and arrived by the Valley Turnpike via Gordonsville, Orange County; Manassas Junction; and Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, 17-18 June, 1861: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel A P Hill, 13th Virginia Infantry, at 4 AM on 17 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 10th Virginia Infantry and the 13th Virginia Infantry. The regiment arrived at Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 June, 1861. The 3rd Tennessee Infantry arrived at Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day and was stationed at the Courthouse, near Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861.

Skirmish at Twenty-first Bridge, on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, near New Creek Depot, Mineral County, Virginia, 18-19 June, 1861: The 13th Virginia infantry, Companies B, I, and a detachment of Company K, and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, Companies I and K, under the command of Colonel J C Vaughn, were ordered to destroy the Twenty-first Bridge, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, near New Creek Depot, Mineral County, Virginia, at 8 PM on 18 June, 1861, and were engaged in a skirmish with twenty-six members of the Cumberland Continentals, 50th Maryland State Militia, under the command of First Lieutenant J C Lynn and Second Lieutenant T Luma, at 5.30 AM on 19 June, 1861 (See the 11th Indiana Infantry). Colonel J C Vaughn captured two 4 pounder pieces of the Eckhart Light Artillery, 50th Maryland State Militia, during the skirmish and arrived at Camp Davis, near Romney, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 19 June, 1861.

Romney, Hampshire County, to Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 21-24 June, 1861: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northwestern Turnpike to Hanging Rock, Hampshire County, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and arrived the same day. The regiment was ordered to Capon Bridge, Hampshire County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 22 June, 1861, and arrived the same day. The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was ordered to Hogue Creek, near Lockhart's Gap, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 23 June, 1861, and arrived at 7 PM the same day. The regiment was ordered to Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 24 June, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel A Elzey, at Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.

Neal's Dam, on Opequon Creek, three miles south of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, to Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, 27 June, 1861: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was ordered to the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, on 27 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, the same day.

Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-7 July, 1861: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, and arrived via Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, at 5 PM the same day.

Note: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was ordered to the tollgate on the Martinsburg Turnpike, three-quarters of a mile north of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861.

The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, toPiedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 19 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered across the Shenandoah River, at Berry's Ferry, Clarke County, Virginia, at 9 AM the same day and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap, Paris, and Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 2 AM on 21 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Maryland Infantry, the 10th Virginia Infantry, and the 13th Virginia Infantry, Companies E, F, G, H, I, and K, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah). The regiment arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 3rd Tennessee Infantry arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 1st Tennessee Infantry and the 3rd Tennessee Infantry were temporarily assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, at the Lewis House, Portici, by Special Orders No.142, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861 (See the 1st Tennessee Infantry).

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 23 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Maryland Infantry, the Loudoun Artillery, and 1st Virginia Cavalry. The regiment arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day.

Surrendered at Washington, Wilkes County, Georgia, 6 May, 1865: The 3rd Tennessee Infantry surrendered at Washington, Wilkes County, Georgia, on 6 May, 1865.

Colonel A Elzey, 1st Maryland Infantry, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain A Elzey, 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company E, resigned on 3 March, 1861, and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 18 May, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861 (See the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company E). Major A Elzey, Confederate States Army, was assigned to mustering duty at Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 1st Maryland Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861. Colonel A Elzey, 1st Maryland Infantry, was assigned to command the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Winchester, on 24 June, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 26 August, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 3rd Tennessee Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel A Elzey, on 25 September, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.3: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp131-132
Colonel J C Vaughn, Third Tennessee Infantry, dated 19 June, 1861

THE REBELLION RECORD: A Diary of American Events, Volume II, Documents, pp42-43
Colonel A Elzey, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861