The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Second Lieutenant R F Beckham

First Lieutenant R F Beckham, artillery, Confederate States Army

Newtown Artillery

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 20 July, 1861

CAPTAIN G A GROVES
G A Groves was appointed captain, Newtown Artillery, at Newtown, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861, and was on recruiting duty on 11 July, 1861. First Lieutenant R F Beckham, artillery, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.36, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the Newtown Artillery at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861.

Section: FIRST LT. J A Marks
J A Marks was appointed first lieutenant, Newtown Artillery, at Newtown, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861.

Two 6 pounder smoothbores, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. S T Wright
S T Wright was appointed second lieutenant, Newtown Artillery, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861.

Two 6 pounder smoothbores, M1841

Sources

"There are from Winchester four volunteer companies in the service - a troop of horse and an Artillery company, from Newtown, eight miles from Winchester, with another company organized of seventy stalwart mountain boys, now drilling for immediate service, under the command of F. W. M. Holliday, Common wealth's Attorney, a gentleman who was the secession candidate for a seat in the Convention, and, strange to say, to a man they all voted against him, with one or two exceptions, and two weeks ago marched into town (after having previously volunteered at their mountain home,) and elected him as their Captain, because he told them the truth during the Convention canvass."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 1 June, 1861 - Winchester, Va., 29 May, 1861

"Capt. Freeman's company of artillery from Culpeper county, was below the minimum, (fifty men rank and file,) and was consequently disbanded. The arms and equipment were handed over to the Newtown company from Frederick."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 10 June, 1861 - Harper's Ferry, 6 June, 1861

"The Artillery fought this battle as did many others, after a wearisome journey from Winchester, and with but two or three hours sleep since the Wednesday night proceedeing, having arrived at the Junction about midnight on Saturday night."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 5 August, 1861 - The Newtown Artillery in the Battle of Manassas, Frederick County, Virginia, 30 July, 1861

"In order to assist in the training of the company, First Lieutenant Robert F. Beckham, a West Point graduate and proven officer, had been assigned to the unit. He would take charge in Captain Montgomery's absence."

From Selma to Appomattox: The history of the Jeff Davis Artillery, by Lawrence R Laboda

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 70, Serial No.82: Record of events for Pendleton's First Regiment, Virginia Light Artillery, July 1861-February 1862, edited by James B Hewett

Chew's Ashby, Shoemaker's Lynchburg & the Newtown Artillery, First Edition, No.549 of 1000, by R H Moore II

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The Newtown Artillery was accepted in state service at Newtown, Frederick County, Virgina, on 19 April, 1861, and was stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 3 May, 1861: The Newtown Artillery was mustered in state service for one year as the 1st Virginia Light Artillery, Company C, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Captain J D Imboden, Staunton Artillery, on 3 May, 1861 (See the Staunton Artillery).

Organisation of 1st Virginia Light Artillery, 3 May, 1861: Captain W N Pendleton, 1st Rockbridge Artillery; Company B, Wise Artillery, Captain E G Alburtis; Company C, Newtown Artillery, Captain G A Groves

Note: The 1st Virginia Light Artillery was not recognised by the Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, and was disbanded prior to 26 April, 1862 (See the 1st Rockbridge Artillery).

Troops stationed at & in the vicinity of Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 23 May, 1861: 2nd Virginia Infantry, Colonel J W Allen; 4th Virginia Infantry, Colonel J F Preston; 5th Virginia Infantry, Colonel K Harper; 10th Virginia Infantry, Colonel S B Gibbons; 13th Virginia Infantry, Colonel A P Hill; 2nd Mississippi Infantry, Colonel W C Falkner; 11th Mississippi Infantry, Colonel W H Moore; 4th Alabama Infantry, Colonel E J Jones; 1st Maryland Infantry, Companies A, B, C (1st), D, D, F (1st), G, and H (1st), Captain G H Steuart, cavalry, Confederate States Army; 1st Kentucky Battalion Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and D, Major H B Duncan; 2nd Kentucky Battalion Sharpshooters, Companies A and B, Acting Major & Captain J D Pope, Bustard Guards; 1st Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G (1st), and H, Lieutenant Colonel J E B Stuart; 1st Rockbridge Artillery, Captain W N Pendelton; Wise Arillery, Captain E G Alburtis; Newtown Artillery, Captain G A Groves; Staunton Artillery, Captain J D Imboden

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 29 May, 1861: The Newtown Artillery was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 29 May, 1861.

Note: The Letcher Artillery, under the command of Captain R Freeman, was stationed at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 April, 1861. The company was below the minimum strength (50), and was disbanded and the arms and equipment assigned to the Newtown Artillery at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861 (See the 13th Virginia Infantry).

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The Newtown Artillery was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Evacuation Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15 June 1861: The Newtown Artillery evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the morning on 15 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Smithfield, Charlestown & Harpers Ferry Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day. The regiment arrived at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 15 June, 1861.

Note: The Newtown Artillery was stationed at Camp Johnston, on the Berryville & Charleston Turnpike, on the North or South Fork of Bull Skin Run, three or four miles west of Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening on 15 June, 1861.

Berryville & Charleston Turnpike, on the North or South Fork of Bull Skin Run, three or four miles west of Charlestown, Jefferson County, to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The Newtown Artillery was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 16 June, 1861, and arrived at Mill Creek, a quarter of a mile north of Bunker Hill, via Smithfield or Middleway, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Mill Creek, a quarter of a mile north of Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Frederick County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The Newtown Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Defiance, Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Stephenson's Station, on the Winchester & Potomac Railroad, four miles northeast of Winchester, to Apple Pie Ridge, half a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 19 June, 1861: The Newtown Artillery arrived at Camp Bee, on Apple Pie Ridge, half a mile northwest of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Note: First Lieutenant R F Beckham, artillery, Confederate States Army, was stationed at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 31 May and 23 June, 1861.

Apple Pie Ridge, half a mile northwest of Winchester, to Northwestern Turnpike, in the vicinity of J M Mason's House or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 24 June, 1861: The Newtown Artillery arrived at Camp Johnston, in the vicinity of J M Mason's House or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861.

Note: The Newtown Artillery was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel A Elzey, Jr., 1st Maryland Infantry, at Camp Johnston, in the vicinity of J M Mason's House or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the 1st Maryland Infantry).

Vicinity of J M Mason's House or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-3 July, 1861: The Newtown Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Martinsburg Turnpike to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, and arrived via Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 July, 1861.

Darkesville, Berkeley County, to the vicinity of J M Mason's House or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 7 July, 1861: The Newtown Artillery was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, in the vicinity of J M Mason's House or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day.

Note: Captain G A Groves, Newtown Artillery, was assigned to recruiting duty in June and July 1861 and First Lieutenant R F Beckham, artillery, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the Newtown Artillery at Camp Johnston, in the vicinity of J M Mason's House or Selma, half a mile west of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861.

The Newtown Artillery was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861, dated 17 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The Newtown Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, three and a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 19 July, 1861. The company was ordered across the Shenandoah River, at Berry's Ferry, three and a half miles southeast of Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 9 AM the same day and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap, Paris, and Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 18-20 July, 1861: The Newtown Artillery was ordered to proceed by road to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on the 20 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, via Salem and White Plains, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 21 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

After the first battle of Manassas the Newtown Artillery arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one and a half miles southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Orange & Alexandria Railroad, one & a half miles southwest of McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The Newtown Artillery was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 23 July, 1861, and was accompanied by 10th Virginia Infantry and 13th Virginia Infantry. The company arrived at Camp Blair, Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

First Lieutenant R F Beckham, artillery, Confederate States Army: Brevet Second Lieutenant R F Beckham, United States Topographical Engineers, resigned on 3 May, 1861, and was appointed first lieutenant, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 5 July, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861. First Lieutenant R F Beckham, artillery, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command the Newtown Artillery at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861, and was assigned to the staff of Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, on 1 October, 1861. He was assigned to command the Jeff Davis Artillery by Special Orders No.423, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 14 October, 1861.

Disbanded at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 4 October, 1862: The Newtown Artillery was disbanded and the men and horses assigned to the Stuart Horse Artillery, under the command of Captain J Pelham, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.209, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 4 October, 1862.

Colonel A Elzey, Jr., 1st Maryland Infantry, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain A Elzey, Jr., 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company E, resigned on 3 March, 1861, and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 18 May, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861 (See the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company E). Major A Elzey, Jr., Confederate States Army, was assigned to mustering duty at Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 1st Maryland Infantry, at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861. Colonel A Elzey, Jr., 1st Maryland Infantry, was assigned to command the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Winchester, on 24 June, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 26 August, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 September, 1861.

The Newtown Artillery was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Brigadier General A Elzey, Jr., Confederate States Army, on 25 September, 1861.

Reports

THE REBELLION RECORD: A Diary of American Events, Volume II, Documents, pp42-43
Colonel A Elzey, Jr., Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861