The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah

Lieutenant Colonel G H Steuart

Lieutenant Colonel G H Steuart, 1st Maryland Infantry

First Maryland Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year between 21 May and 15 June, 1861. Eight companies arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL A ELZEY (JONES), JR.
Major A Elzey, Jr., artillery, Confederate States Army, was appointed colonel, 1st Maryland Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861. Colonel A Elzey, Jr., was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 28 August, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL G H STEWART
Captain G H Steuart, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 1st Maryland Infantry, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and colonel on 4 September, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.

MAJOR B T JOHNSON
Captain B T Johnson, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company A, was appointed major, 1st Maryland Infantry, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and lieutenant colonel on 4 September, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.

Company A Frederick Volunteers: CAPT. W W GOLDSBOROUGH
The company was organised at Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland, under the command of Captain B T Johnson, on 19 April, 1861, and arrived at Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 8 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General G Deas, Confederate States Army, on 21 May, 1861, and Captain B T Johnson, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company A, was appointed major, 1st Maryland Infantry, on 17 June, 1861. Private W W Goldsborough, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company C (2nd), was appointed captain, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company A, on 25 June, 1861.
Company B Baltimore Rifles: CAPT. C C EDELIN
The company arrived at Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 9 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General G Deas, Confederate States Army, on 21 May, 1861.
Company C (1st): CAPT. F S PRICE
The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General G Deas, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861, and was disbanded at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861. Captain F S Price, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company C (1st), was appointed sergeant, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company C (2nd), at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861.
Company C (2nd) Weston Guards: CAPT. E R DORSEY
The company was accepted in state (Virginia) service at Weston & Williams Store, on Pearl Street, Richmond, Virginia, on 16 May, 1861, and was mustered in state (Virginia) service for one year by Colonel J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, as Weston's Battalion Infantry, Company A, at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861 (See Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry). The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Winchester, Virginia, in the morning on 23 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 1st Maryland Infantry, Company C (2nd), at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861. Captain E R Dorsey, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company C (2nd), was appointed major, 1st Maryland Infantry, on 4 September, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861, and was mustered out on 19 June, 1862.
Company D: CAPT. J R HERBERT
The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General G Deas, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861, and First Lieutenant G W Booth, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company D, was assigned to command the 1st Maryland Infantry, Company F, as Captain T L Smith, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company F, was disabled with sickness in the morning on 19 July, 1861.
Company E: CAPT. H McCoy
The company was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for the war by Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General G Deas, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861. Captain H McCoy, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company E, resigned on 18 August, 1861, and First Lieutenant E O'Brien, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company E, was appointed captain, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company E, the same day.
Company F (1st): CAPT. T H HOLBROOK
The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General G Deas, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, and was disbanded at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861. Captain T H Holbrook, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company F (1st), was appointed first lieutenant, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company F (2nd), at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861.
Company F (2nd): CAPT. J L SMITH
The 1st Maryland Infantry, Companies C (1st), F (1st), and H (1st), were disbanded and reorganised as the 1st Maryland Infantry, Company F (2nd), under the command of Second Lieutenant T L Smith, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company G, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant G W Booth, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company D, was assigned to command the company as Second Lieutenant T L Smith, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company F (2nd), was disabled with sickness in the morning on 19 July, 1861. Second Lieutenant T L Smith, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company F (2nd), was appointed captain, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company F (2nd), on 18 August, 1861.
Company G Garrison Forest Rangers: CAPT. W C NICHOLAS
The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General G Deas, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861. Second Lieutenant T L Smith, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company G, was assigned to command the 1st Maryland Infantry, Company F (2nd), at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861, and was appointed captain, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company F (2nd), on 18 August, 1861.
Company H (1st): CAPT. H WELLMORE
The company was mustered in Confederate service for the war at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General G Deas, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861, and was disbanded at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861. Captain H Wellmore, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company H (1st), was appointed private, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company E, on 25 June, 1861.
Company H (2nd): CAPT. W H MURRAY
The company was accepted in state (Virginia) service at Weston & Williams Store, on Pearl Street, Richmond, Virginia, in the morning on 12 June, 1861, and was mustered in state (Virginia) service for one year as Weston's Battalion Infantry, Company D, at Richmond, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861 (See Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry). The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 23 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 1st Maryland Infantry, Company H (2nd), at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861. The company was mustered out on 19 June, 1862.
Company I: CAPT. M S ROBERTSON
The company was accepted in state (Virginia) service at Weston & Williams Store, on Pearl Street, Richmond, Virginia, on 12 June, 1861, and was mustered in state (Virginia) service for one year as Weston's Battalion Infantry, Company C, at Richmond, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861 (See Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry). The company was was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.238, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 31 July, 1861, and arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 21 August, 1861.

Fifty-third Maryland Militia Infantry

COLONEL C W BRUSH
Colonel C W Brush
, 53rd Maryland Militia Infantry, was disabled by a wound to the hand after an accidental discharge of his pistol on 20 April, 1861, and Brevet Colonel & Lieutenant Colonel B Huger, United States Army, was assigned to command the 51st Maryland Militia Infantry and resigned on 22 April, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL L ERVING
Lieutenant Colonel L Erving, 53rd Maryland Militia Infantry, died of consumption.

MAJOR C E PHELPS
Major C E Phelps, 53rd Maryland Militia Infantry, resigned on 19 April, 1861.

Company A Independent Greys: Capt. J L Clarke
Captain J L Clarke organised the 21st Virginia Infantry, Company B, at Richmond, Virginia, in May 1861.
Company B Lafayette Guards: Capt. T P Chifelle
Company C Maryland Guard: Capt. M D G Carroll
Company D Maryland Guard: Capt. W H Murray
Captain W H Murray organised the 1st Maryland Infantry, Company H (2nd), at Richmond, Virginia, in May 1861.
Company E Maryland Guard: Capt. R H Conway
Company F Maryland Guard: Capt. WWoodville
Company G Maryland Guard: Capt. W C Pennington
The company was assigned on 11 June, 1860.

The Maryland Guard Battalion Infantry was disbanded on 16 May, 1861, and some members proceeded to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, and Richmond, Virginia, in May 1861.

Sources

"About 400 troops are supposed to be at the Point of Rocks, and are strongly posted on the Virginia side. They comprise two companies of artillery from Leesburg and Staunton, two companies of cavalry from Fauquier and Leesburg, together with Captain Bradley T Johnson's Frederick company and a company of Baltimore 'Southern volunteers,' which reached there this morning."

The National Republican, 13 May, 1861 - From the Point of Rocks, Frederick County, 10 May, 1861

"Within a week Dorsey's company and our own received orders to proceed to Winchester to join the six Maryland companies which had been formed at Harper's Ferry. Lyle Clarke's company preferred to remain and attach itself elsewhere. We left a new company forming under Captain Michael Stone Robertson, of Charles County."

"We arrived at the railroad junction, a few hundred yards west of the station, about 1 p.m. and immediately disembarking, thre off our knapsacks into a pile and formed in line. Colonel Elzey galloped down the front, his eyes sparkling, followed by General Kirby Smith who with the back of his hand raised to the front of his cap, exclaimed, 'This is the signal, men, the watchword is Sumpter;' this was to distinguish friend from foe."

Recollections of a Maryland Confederate soldier and staff officer under Johnston, Jackson and Lee, by McHenry Howard

"Once more this noble woman was equal to the emergency, and very soon, and that entirely through her own exertions, the men were clad in neatly fitting grey uniforms."

"The First Maryland, Thirteenth Virginia, Tenth Virginia and Third Tennessee were formed into a brigade , known as the Fourth, to be attached to another brigade to form a division, and to be commanded by General E. Kriby Smith. In the absence of a brigadier-general, Colonel Armold Elzey, of the First Maryland, and the senior Colonel, assumed command, and it was known as Elzey's brigade."

"Company I, Captain Robertson, which we had left organising in Richmond, was added to the regiment, which now presented a vert handsome appearence on dress parade, numbering about 700, more than any time before ib afterwards."

The Maryland Line in the Confederate Army, 1861-1861, by W W Goldsborough

"The First Maryland Regiment was organised in June, 1861. On the 16th day of that month, commissions were issued to Elzey as Colonel, to George H Steuart, late Captain of cavalry, U S A, as Lieutenant-Colonel, and to Bradley T Johnson as Major. Colonel Elzey joined his regiment at Winchester, about June 20th. He was immediately assigned to a Brigade, consisting of the First Maryland, under Lieutenant-Colonel Steuart; 13th Infantry, Colonel A P Hill, (afterwards Brevet-General Hill); 10th Virginia, Colonel Gibbons, and the 3d Tennessee, Colonel Vaughan."

"General Elzey and his officers were mounted, having taken their horses with them. The field officers of the Brigade were, however, afoot."

Biographical sketches of distinguished Marylanders, by Esmeralda Boyle

"The first Maryland Battalion, infantry, was formed at Harper's Ferry in May, 1861, and became a regiment in June following, by the addition of more companies."

Southern Historical Society Papers Volume 34: First battle of Manassas, dash and heroism of the Maryland Line, Stonewall Jackson's flank saved, recollections revived by the 45th anniversary, by Colonel Winfield Peters

"The regular uniform finally adopted by the Guards was that known as Zouave, or French Zouave. It was blue in colour, light in weight, loose fitting, and bright, perhaps rather brilliant, and while it might have been detracted from solidity in appearance, yet it admitted of great freedom and quickness in movement and action, features that commended themselves very highly to most men."

Maryland Historical Magazine Volume VI, June 1911, No.2: The Maryland Guard Battalion, by Isaac F Nicholson, first corporal, Maryland Guard Battalion, Company G

"By 10 P.M. Saturday, 20 July, when the train returned to Piedmont, Smith's Fifth Brigade had not yet reached the station, but Elzey's had, partys of it arriving on the morning of that day. Thanks to some delays, Smith did not get Elzey's command, along with the Sixth Norh Carolina, aboard until nearly 3 A.M., 21 July. Obviously fearing that any further wait would make him miss the battle, Smith acompanied Elzey's brigade and, being senior to the Marylander in rank, he effectively took command of the brigade."

Battle at Bull Run: A history of the first major campaign of the Civil War by W C Davis

"The Richmond Enquirer reported the arrival of the Baltimore Battalion. We learn from the Richmond Whig, that the first company of the first battalion of Maryland Volunteers was organised in this city on Thursday (15 May) by the election of E. R. Dorsey, late Lieutenant of the Baltimore City Guard, as Captain, S. H. Stewart of the same corps, as first Lieutenant, and R. Carter Smith, of the Maryland Guard, as second Lieutenant. The company comprises about one hundred athletic young men, of each of whom it might be siad, 'he's every inch a soldier'."

First and Second Maryland Infantry, C.S.A, by R J Driver, Jr.

"On June the 14th, F Company was ordered to Richmond to join a regiment that was being formed there. The men were told it was a crack regiment; our own and a Maryland company commanded by Capt. J. Lyle Clarke, then in camp Lee, were to be the nucleus, the other companies to be of the same standing."

One of Jackson's foot cavalry: His experience and what he saw during the war 1861-1865, including a history of 'F Company', Richmond, Va., 21st Regiment Virginia Infantry, Second Brigade, Jackson's Division, Second Corps, A. N. Va., by John H Worsham

Shenandoah Herald - Diary of a soldier of the Stonewall Brigade, first year of the war, by John H Grabill

History of western Maryland, by J Thomas Scharf

Marylanders in the Confederacy, by Daniel D Hartzler

Maryland's Blue & Grey: A border state's Union and Confederate junior officer corps, by Kevin C Ruffner

Southern Historical Society Papers Volume 9: Memoirs of the First Maryland regiment, by General B T Johnson

Southern Historical Society Papers Volume 29: Memoir of Jane Claudia Johnson, by Bradley T Johnson

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 27, Serial No.39: Record of events for First Maryland Infantry, June 1861-April 1862, edited by James B Hewett

The Confederate Army, 1861-65 (6) Missouri, Kentucky and Maryland, by R Field and illustrated by R Hook.

Notes

The 1st Maryland Infantry rendezvoused at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, and Richmond, Virginia, in May 1861 and was organised at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861.

Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry

Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry was stationed at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, near Richmond, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861.

Weston & Williams Store, Pearl Street, Richmond, Virginia, Companies C (2nd), H (2nd), & I, 16 & 23 May & 12 June, 1861: The Weston Guards, under the command of Captain E R Dorsey, was accepted in state (Virginia) service for one year at Weston & Williams Store, Pearl Street, Richmond, Virginia, on 16 May, 1861; Captain J L Clarke's company for one year on 23 May, 1861; and Captains M S Robertson's and W H Murray's companies for one year on 12 June, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Richmond, Virginia, 17 & 23 May & 15 & 18 June, 1861: Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry, Company A, was mustered in state (Virginia) service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861; Company B for one year on 24 May, 1861; Company C for one year on 15 June, 1861; and Company D on 18 June, 1861.

Note: Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry, Companies A and D, were assigned to Confederate service by Special Orders No.71, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 14 June, 1861.

Organisation of Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry, 18 June, 1861: Major J A Weston; Weston Guards, Company A, Captain E R Dorsey; Company B, Captain J L Clarke; Company C, Captain M S Robertson; Company D, Captain W H Murray (See Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry)

Note: J A Weston was ordered to be appointed major, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 29 May, 1861.

Richmond to Suffolk, Virginia, Companies C (2nd) & H (2nd), 29 May-6 June, 1861: The Weston Guards and Captain W H Murray's company were ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad to Suffolk, Virginia, under the command of Colonel F J Thomas, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 29 May, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad ro Richmond, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861.

Note: Colonel F J Thomas was assigned to command the Maryland volunteers accepted in state (Virginia) service on 17 May, 1861, and was ordered to be appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 29 May, 1861. Major A Elzey, Jr., artillery, Confederate States Army, was appointed colonel, 1st Maryland Infantry, on 17 June, 1861, and Colonel F J Thomas, Provisional Army of Virginia, was acting chief of ordnance to General J E Johnston, Confederate States Army, on 1 July, 1861. Colonel & Acting Chief of Ordnance F J Thomas was killed at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.

Special Orders No.164, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 3 June, 1861: The Weston Guards and Captain W H Murray's company were ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.164, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 3 June, 1861.

Note: Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry, Company C, was stationed at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairground, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, under the command of Major J A Weston, Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry, on 9 July, 1861.

First Maryland Infantry

Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, Companies A & B, 8-9 May, 1861: The Frederick Volunteers, under the command of Captain B T Johnson, and the Baltimore Rifles, under the command of Captain C C Edelin, arrived at Point of Rocks via Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland, on 8 and 9 May, 1861, respectively, and were temporarily assigned to Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mounted Rangers (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

Note: First Lieutenant G W Booth, 1st Maryland Battalion Infantry, Company D, arrived by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 18 May, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 18 & 23 May, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry was organised at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the temporary command of Captain B T Johnson, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company A, on 18 May, 1861, and Captain G H Steuart, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the 1st Maryland Infantry on 23 May, 1861.

Mustered in duration war, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 21, 22, & 23 May, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry, Companies A and B, were mustered in Confederate service for the war at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General G Deas, Confederate States Army, on 21 May, 1861; Companies C (1st), D, E, G, and H (1st), for the war on 22 May, 1861; and Company F (1st) for the war on 23 May, 1861.

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, Companies A & B, 27 May, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry, Companies A and B, were stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 27 May, 1861.

Maryland Heights, opposite Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 4 June, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry, Company A, and detachments of Companies C, E, and F, under the command of Captain B T Johnson, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company A, were ordered to Maryland Heights, opposite Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters Provisional Army of Virginia, 8 June, 1861: General Orders No.25, Headquarters Provisional Army of Virginia, 8 June, 1861, assigned the 1st Maryland Infantry to the Confederate States Army on 1 July, 1861.

Evacuation Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 15 June 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry evacuated Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, between 6.30 and 9 AM on 15 June, 1861, and arrived by the Charlestown Turnpike at Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 3 PM the same day. The regiment was stationed at Camp Johnston, Bull Skin Run, near Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening on 15 June, 1861.

Note: The sick of the 1st Maryland Infantry were ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 2 PM on 13 June, 1861.

Charlestown, Jefferson County, to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry was ordered to Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 16 June, 1861, and arrived via Smithfield, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day. The regiment arrived at Mill Creek, near Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, in the evening on 16 June, 1861.

Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, to Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 1st Maryland Infantry, was assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Senior Colonel W C Falkner, 2nd Mississippi Infantry, near Stephenson's Depot, Frederick County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861 (See the 2nd Mississippi Infantry).

Stephenson's Depot to heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, 19 June, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: Brigadier General B E Bee, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, on 19 June, 1861.

Heights near Winchester, Frederick County, to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 19 June, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel G H Steuart and Major B T Johnson, was ordered to proceed by the Winchester & Potomac Railroad to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and destroyed the rifle factory and other United States property and the bridge on the Shenandoah River the same day. The regiment was ordered to the heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Note: The 1st Maryland Infantry, Companies C (1st), F (1st), and H (1st), were disbanded and reorganised as the 1st Maryland Infantry, Company F (2nd), under the command of Second Lieutenant T L Smith, 1st Maryland Infantry, Company G, at Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861.

Richmond to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, Companies C (2nd) & H (2nd), 23-25 June, 1861: Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry, Companies A and D, were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 23 June, 1861, and were accompanied by Colonel A Elzey, 1st Maryland Infantry. Companies A and D arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad at Strasburg, Shenandoah County, via Gordonsville, Orange County, and Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the evening the same day and were stationed at the Methodist Church, Strasburg, Shenandoah County, on 23 June, 1861. Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry, Companies A and D, were ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 June, 1861, and arrived at 2 PM the same day. Companies A and D were ordered to the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, in the afternoon on 24 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, the same day.

Heights near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, to Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, 25 June, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry, Companies A, B, D, E, F (2nd), and G, were ordered to the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, on 25 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, the same day.

Note: Weston's (Maryland Line) Battalion Infantry, Companies A and D, were assigned to the 1st Maryland Infantry, Companies C (2nd) and H (2nd), respectively, at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, on 25 June, 1861, and the 1st Maryland Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel A Elzey, at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, on 26 June, 1861.

Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, 2-7 July, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Valley Turnpike to Darkesville, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 2 July, 1861, and arrived via Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, in the morning on 7 July, 1861, and arrived at at Camp Johnston, on the Northwestern Turnpike, near Mason's House, Selma, 5 PM the same day.

Note: The 1st Maryland Infantry was ordered to the tollgate on the Martinsburg Turnpike, three-quarters of a mile north of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861.

The 1st Maryland Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.1, Headquarters, Army of the Shenandoah, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Winchester, Frederick County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Millwood Turnpike to Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Berry's Ferry, on the Shenandoah River, via Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 19 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to across the Shenandoah River at Berry's Ferry, Clarke County, Virginia, at 9 AM the same day and arrived at Piedmont Station via Ashby's Gap, Paris and Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 19 July, 1861.

Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 5 AM on 21 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, the 10th Virginia Infantry, and the 13th Virginia Infantry, Companies E, F, G, H, I, and K, under the command of Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah). The regiment arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 1 PM the same day.

Note: Brigadier General E K Smith, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah assumed command of the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Piedmont Station, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 1st Maryland Infantry arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 23 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, the Loudoun Artillery, and the 1st Virginia Cavalry. The regiment arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day.

Note: The 1st Maryland Infantry was stationed at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Fairfax Courthouse to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 2 August, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861.

Richmond to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, Company I, 31 July & 21 August, 1861: The 1st Maryland Infantry, Company I, was ordered to proceed by Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 31 July, 1861, and was arrived at Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 21 August, 1861.

Note: The 1st Maryland Infantry, Company I, was assigned to guard Federal prisoners captured at the first battle of Manassas at Richmond, Virginia, between 23 and 31 July, 1861.

Mustered out, Richmond, Virginia, 17 August, 1862: The 1st Maryland Infantry was ordered to be disbanded by Secretary of War G W Randolph on 11 August, 1862, and was mustered out at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 August, 1862.

Colonel A Elzey, 1st Maryland Infantry, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah: Captain A Elzey, 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company E, resigned on 3 March, 1861, and was appointed major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 18 May, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861 (See the 2nd United States Artillery, Light Company E). Major A Elzey, artillery, Confederate States Army, was assigned to mustering duty at Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, by Special Orders No.57, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, on 23 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 1st Maryland Infantry, at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861. Colonel A Elzey, 1st Maryland Infantry, was assigned to command the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, at Winchester, on 24 June, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 26 August, 1861, dated 21 July, 1861.

Lieutenant Colonel G H Steuart, 1st Maryland Infantry: Captain G H Steuart, 1st United States Cavalry, Company K, resigned on 22 April, 1861, and was appointed captain, cavalry, Confederate States Army, at Richmond, Virginia, on 24 May, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861. Captain G H Steuart, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was temporarily assigned to command the 1st Maryland Battalion Infantry, at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 September, 1861: Major General G W Smith, Confederate States Army, was assigned to the command of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.31, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 25 September, 1861.

The 1st Maryland Infantry was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, Second Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel A Elzey, on 25 September, 1861.

Reports

THE REBELLION RECORD: A Diary of American Events, Volume II, Documents, pp42-43
Colonel A Elzey, Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, dated Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861