The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel R E Withers, 18th Virginia Infantry

Colonel R E Withers, 18th Virginia Infantry

Eighteenth Virginia Infantry

Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 26 May, 1861. Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Stationed at Ball's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL R E WITHERS
Major R E Withers, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 4 May, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 18th Virginia Infantry, on 23 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL H A CARRINGTON
H A Carrington was appointed lieutenant colonel, 18th Virginia Infantry, on 25 May, 1861, and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.142, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861.

MAJOR G C CABELL
G C Cabell was appointed major, 18th Virginia Infantry, on 25 May, 1861, and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.141, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 30 May, 1861.

Company A Danville Blues: CAPT. W P GRAVES
The company was accepted in state service at Danville, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, the same day. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 24 April, 1861.
Company B Danville Greys: CAPT. T D CLAIBORNE
The company was accepted in state service at Danville, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, the same day. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 24 April, 1861.
Company C Nottoway Rifle Guards CAPT. H T OWEN
The company was accepted in state service at Burkeville, Nottoway County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 24 April, 1861. Captain H T Owen, 18th Virginia Infantry, Company C, was arrested on 5 June, 1861, and was restored to command by order of a court martial on 1 July, 1861.
Company D Prospect Rifle Greys: CAPT. E G WALL
The company was accepted in state service at Prospect, Prince Edward County, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 2 PM on 25 April, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day.
Company E Black Eagle Rifles: CAPT. R HARRISON
The company was accepted in state service at Walton's Mill, near Cartersville, Cumberland County, Virginia, under the command of Captain C H Harrison, on 23 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by cannal boat on the James River to Richmond, Virginia, at 3 PM the same day. The company arrived at Richmond, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day. The company was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 27 May, 1861, and Captain C H Harrison, 18th Virginia Infantry, Company E, was appointed major, 11th Virginia Infantry, on 28 May, 1861 (See the 11th Virginia Infantry). First Lieutenant R Harrison, 18th Virginia Infantry, Company E, was appointed captain, 18th Virginia Infantry, Company E, on 8 June, 1861.
Company F Farmville Guards: CAPT. R A BOOKER
The company was accepted in state service at Farmville, Prince Edward County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at 2 PM on 25 April, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day.
Company G Nottoway Greys: CAPT. R CONNALLEY
The company was accepted in state service at Blacks and Whites, near Nottoway Courthouse, Nottoway County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day.
Company H Appomattox Greys: CAPT. T P MATTHEWS
The company was accepted in state service at Pamplins Depot, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 7 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day.
Company I Spring Garden Blues: CAPT. J C LUCK
The company was accepted in state service at Spring Garden, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 26 April, 1861.
Company K Charlotte Rifles: CAPT. T J SPENCER
The company was accepted in state service at Charlotte Courthouse, Charlotte County, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day. The company was stationed at Camp Lee, the Hermitage Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 3 May, 1861, and at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 7 June, 1861.

First Virginia Battalion Infantry

Major R E Withers

Virginia Military Institute Corps Cadets: Maj. R E Colston
The Virginia Military Institute Corps Cadets were assigned as drill instructors at Richmond, Virginia, on 23 April 1861 (See the 1st Rockbridge Artillery).
Henrico Greys: Capt. J W Atkinson
The company was assigned to the 15th Virginia Infantry, Company A.
Hanover Greys: Capt. B W Talley
The company was assigned to the 15th Virginia Infantry, Company I.
Painesville Rifles: Capt. W M Miller
The company was assigned to the 14th Virginia Infantry, Company A.
Ashland Greys: Capt. H St G Tucker
The company was assigned to the 15th Virginia Infantry, Company E.
Henrico Southern Guards: Capt. J F Childrey
The company was assigned to the 15th Virginia Infantry, Company G.
Patrick Henry Rifles: Capt. C W Dabney
The company was assigned to the 15th Virginia Infantry, Company C.
Danville Battalion Infantry, Company A: Capt. T D Claiborne
The company was assigned to the 18th Virginia Infantry, Company B.

Second Virginia Battalion Infantry

Major S Garland, Jr.
Major S Garland, Jr., Provisional army of Virginia, was appointed colonel, 11th Virginia Infantry, on 8 May, 1861 (See the 11th Virginia Infantry).

Lynchburg Home Guards: CAPT. K OTEY
The company was assigned to the 11th Virginia Infantry, Company G (See the 11th Virginia Infantry).
Lynchburg Rifle Greys: CAPT. M S Langhorne
The company was assigned to the 11th Virginia Infantry, Company A (See the 11th Virginia Infantry).
Farmville Guards: Capt. R A Booker
The company was assigned to the 18th Virginia Infantry, Company F.
Black Eagle Rifles: Capt. C H Harrison
The company was assigned to the 18th Virginia Infantry, Company E.
Spring Garden Blues: Capt. J C Luck
The company was assigned to the 18th Virginia Infantry, Company I.
Prospect Rifle Guards or Greys: Capt. E G Wall
The company was assigned to the 18th Virginia Infantry, Company D.
Charlotte Rifles: Capt. T J Spencer
The company was assigned to the 18th Virginia Infantry, Company K.
Nottoway Rifle Guards: Capt. H T Owen
The company was assigned to the 18th Virginia Infantry, Company C.
Nottoway Greys: Capt. R Connally
The company was assigned to the 18th Virginia Infantry, Company G.

The Lynchburg Home Guards, the Lynchburg Rifle Greys, and the Lynchburg Artillery were ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day (See the Lynchburg Artillery).

Sources

"Four or five Companies of Volunteers arrived from Danville yesterday - among them the Grays, 77 men, Thos. S. Claiborne, Captain, (of the 5th Battalion, 11th Brigade,) and Blues, Wm. P. Graves, Captain, 66 men; the whole under command of Major R. E. Withers. They were mustered into service at the State Court-House shortly after their arrival."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 24 April, 1861

"The following volunteer companies arrived in Richmond yesterday, about 2 o'clock, via the Danville Railroad: Wise Fencibles, Montgomery county, Capt. R. C. Trigg, 83 men; Company A, Pittsylvania county, 101st Regiment, Capt. Wm. H. Werth, 84 men; Pulaski Guard, Capt. Jas. A. Walker, 83 men; Prospect Grays, Prince Edward county, 63 men, Capt. E. G. Wall, and Farmville Guards, Capt. R. A. Booker, 96 men."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 26 April, 1861 - Arrival of military

"It seems it has been many days since we left our homes to be formed into a Regiment at the Hermitage Fair Grounds, near Richmond."

"The march from Centreville to this point was an easy one of only six miles."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 13 July, 1861 - Fairfax Courthouse, 9 July, 1861

"In the ranks of the 18th Virginia of the Army of the Potomac, also serving as an acting volunteer captain, was their classmate Robert D McCulloch."

The young lions: Confederate cadets at war, by James Lee Conrad

"Company G (first called Nottoway Rifle Guard and afterwards Nottoway Greys) was organised on 12th of January, 1861."

Historical sketches of the Nottoway Greys afterwards Company G, Eighteenth Virginia Regiment, Army of Northern Virginia, prepared at the request of the surviving members of the company at their first reunion at Bellefont Church, 21 July, 1877, by Richard Irby

The Confederate Veteran, Volume 27: Samuel T. Saunder, p227

The war of Confederate Captain Henry T. Owen: Henry T. Owen, 1831-1921, captain, Company C, 18th Virginia, Confederate States of America, by Kimberly Ayn Owen, Graham C Owen, and Michael M Owen

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: 18th Virginia Infantry, by I Roberston

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 18th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, and G, was arrived at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861; Companies E and K on 24 April, 1861; Company I between 24 and 25 April, 1861; Companies D and F on 25 April, 1861; and Company H on 7 May, 1861

Mustered in one year, Richmond, Virginia, 23, 24, 25, & 26 April & 7 May, 1861The 18th Virginia Infantry, Company G, was mustered in state service for one year at Richmond, Virginia, by Colonel & Adjutant General J B Baldwin, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 23 April, 1861; Companies A, B, C, E, and K for one year on 24 April, 1861; Companies D and F on 25 April, 1861; Company I on 26 April, 1861; and Company H for one year on 7 May, 1861.

Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, 23 April 1861: Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, was established near Broad Street Station on the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad, under the command of Colonel W Gilham, Virginia Military Institute, on 23 April, 1861, and the Virginia Military Institute Corps Cadets were assigned as drillmasters on 24 April, 1861 (See the 1st Rockbridge Artillery). Brigadier General J H Winder, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and Colonel C Dimmock, Ordnance, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 18 July, 1861.

Danville to Richmond, Virginia, Companies A & B, 23 April, 1861: The Danville Greys and the Danville Blues, under the command of Major R E Withers, Provisional Army of Virginia, were ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Danville Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: Major R E Withers, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to command the 1st Virginia Battalion Infantry and Major S Garland, Jr., Provisional Army of Virginia, the 2nd Virginia Battalion Infantry on 7 May, 1861 (See the 11th Virginia Infantry).

Richmond, Virginia, Companies C & G, 23 April, 1861: The Nottaway Rifles and the Nottaway Greys was ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Danville Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and were accompanied by the Alstadt Greys, under the command of Captain E H Flournoy. The companies arrived at Richmond, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The Alstadt Greys was mustered in state service as the 6th Virginia Infantry, Company K, at Richmond, Virginia, on 24 May, 1861.

Cartersville, Cumberland County, to Richmond, Virginia, Company E, 23-24 April, 1861: The Black Eagle Rifles was ordered to proceed by canal boat on the James River to Richmond, Virginia, at 3 PM on 23 April, 1861, and arrived on 24 April, 1861.

Charlotte Courthouse, Charlotte County, to Richmond, Virginia, Company K, 24 April, 1861: The Charlotte Rifles was ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Danville Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Note: The Charlotte Rifles was stationed at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 3 May, 1861.

Spring Garden, Pittsylvania County, to Richmond, Virginia, Company I, 24-26 April, 1861: The Spring Garden Blues arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, between 24 and 26 April, 1861.

Note: The Spring Garden Blues was stationed at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861.

Richmond, Virginia, Companies D & F, 25 April, 1861: The Prospect Rifle Greys and the Farmville Guards arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 2 PM on 25 April, 1861, and were accompanied by the Wise Fencibles, under the command of Captain R C Trigg; the 101st Virginia Militia Infantry (Pittsylvania County), Company A, under the command of Captain W H Werth; and the Pulaski Guards, under the command of Captain J A Walker (See the 4th Virginia Infantry). The Prospect Rifle Greys and the Farmville Guards were mustered in state service at Richmond, Virginia, the same day.

Pamplins Depot, Appomattox County, to Richmond, Virginia, Company H, 7 May, 1861: The Appomattox Greys was ordered to proceed by the Southside Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 7 May, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Danville Railroad via Burkeville Junction, Nottoway County, Virginia, the same day.

2nd Virginia Battalion Infantry, Companies C, D, E, F, G, I, & K, 7 May, 1861: The Nottaway Rifles, the Prospect Rifle Greys, the Black Eagle Rifles, the Farmville Guards, the Nottaway Greys, the Spring Garden Blues, and the Charlotte Rifles were assigned to the 2nd Virginia Battalion Infantry, under the command of Major S Garland, Jr., at Camp Lee, the Hermitage or New Fairgrounds, Fush Hill, near Richmond, Virginia, on 7 May, 1861 (See the 11th Virginia Infantry).

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Company F, 10-12 May, 1861: The Farmville Guards, under the command of Major S Garland, Jr., was ordered to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.32, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861, and proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Lynchburg Home Guards, the Lynchburg Rifle Greys, the Southern Guards and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 12 May, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Company I, 21-22 May, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, Company I, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, D, E, G, H, & K, 27-28 May, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, G, H, and K, were ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.119, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 27 May, 1861, dated 26 May, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861.

Note: Major C H Harrison, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to the 18th Virginia Infantry by Special Orders No.159, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861, and to the 11th Virginia Infantry by General Orders No.19, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861 (See the 11th Virginia Infantry).

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Note: The 18th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Manassas Junction, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 22 June, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 51, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 9 AM on 22 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Gregg, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon the same day.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 24 June, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, the 19th Virginia Infantry, and the 28th Virginia Infantry were assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861; the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A and B, on 22 June, 1861 (See the 30th Virginia Cavalry); the 1st Louisiana Special Battalion Infantry by Special Orders No.61, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 22 June, 1861 (See the 1st Louisiana Special Battalion Infantry); the Lynchburg Artillery by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery).

Centreville to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 & 3 July, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special orders No.71, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861, dated 29 June, 1861, and was stationed at Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 3 July, 1861.

Note: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 28 June, 1861, and was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special orders No.71, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 29 June, 1861 (See the 8th South Carolina Infantry). The 18th Virginia Infantry, Company C, was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861.

Germantown to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 11 July, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861, and arrived within one and a half miles of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Withdrawal to Ball's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17 July, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry was ordered to withdraw to Ball's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by 3rd South Carolina Infantry (See the 3rd South Carolina Infantry). The regiment arrived at Ball's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening the same day.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, near Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, the 19th Virginia Infantry, and the 28th Virginia Infantry were assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861; the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, on 22 June, 1861 (See the Hale's Squadron Cavalry); a section of the Lynchburg Artillery by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery); the 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, and Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry on 18 July, 1861; and the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, the Loudoun Cavalry, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery on 19 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 18th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Ball's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Ball's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, 23 July, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry was ordered to the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, by Special orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, dated 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Suspension Bridge, near the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, the same day.

Note: The 18th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 18th Virginia Infantry, 19th Virginia Infantry, 28th Virginia Infantry, 49th Virginia Infantry, Lynchburg Artillery

Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 11 August, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Cenreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 11 August, 1861.

Centreville to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 29 August, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 29 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Harrison, near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 18th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Camp Harrison, near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 31 August, 1861.

Reorganised near Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, 29 March & 23 & 26 April, 1862: The 18th Virginia Infantry was reorganised near Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, on 29 March, 23 and 26 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 18th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Major General M P Sheperd, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain P St G Cocke, Powhatan Troop, was appointed brigadier general, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Richmond, Virginia, and assigned to command the military operations of the State of Virginia bounding the Potomac River on 21 April, 1861 (See Headquarters, Army of the Potomac). Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Alexandria, Virginia, the same day and was stationed at the Mansion House Hotel, on Fairfax Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 28 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Washington Volunteers, Companies A and B (See the Garrison at Alexandria). Brigadier General P St G Cocke arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day and was appointed colonel, 19th Virginia Infantry, on 2 May, 1861, dated 21 April, 1861. Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.49, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, and committed suicide at Belmead, on the James River, near Powhatan, Powhatan County, Virginia, on 26 December, 1861.

Note: Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was assigned to command the troops from the counties of Rappahannock, Culpeper, Madison, Green, Orange, Albemarle, Nelson, Amherst, Campbell, Bedford, Roanoke, Botetourt, and Craig by Special Orders No.39, Paragraph III, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

The 18th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.103: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp546-548
Colonel R E Withers, Eighteenth Virginia Infantry

OFFICIAL REPORT: Series I, Volume 51, Part I (Serial No.107), pp24-32
Colonel P St. G Cocke, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Suspension Bridge, near the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, 1 August, 1861