The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Loudoun Artillery

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19 July, 1861. Stationed at Young's Branch, on the Bull Run River, and near the Lewis House, Portici, 21 July, 1861

CAPTAIN A L ROGERS

Section: FIRST LT. H HEATON

Two 6 pounder smoothbores, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. W B CLAGETT

Two 6 pounder smoothbores, M1841

Sources

"There is a considerable force below us at the Point of Rocks, prepared to resist the passage of troops over the bridge or up the railroad. Among the Virginia forces there, we hear of Capt. Ashby's Mountain Rangers, Capt. Rogers' Loudoun Artillery, a part of Captain Imboden's command from this post, Captain Carter's Company of Cavalry. and Captain Winfield's Company of Rifles."

The Staunton Spectator, 25 May, 1861 - Affairs at Harpers Ferry, 21 May, 1861

"To frustrate their purpose, Col. Hunton, on Sunday night ordered Captain Rogers, to place two pieces of cannon at Conrad's Ferry, so as to prevent their landing on this side, which order was promptly executed and Lieutenant Henry Heaton placed in command with some twenty-five men."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 27 June, 1861 - Fight near Leesburg, Va.

"Upon hearing that the enemy had advanced as far as Edward's Ferry, on the Maryland side of the river, Col. Hunton, stationed at Leesburg, 4 miles distant, ordered one company of infantry thither, to take their position on the Virginia side, to act as guard and to harrass the enemy as much as possible in case of an attemt to cross."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 28 June, 1861 - The brush at Edward's Ferry: the enemy frightened off with stove-pipes, 21 June, 1861

"A Confederate battery, under the command of Capt. A. L. Rogers of the Loudoun Artillery, was set up near the plantation orchard and the Ball family cemetery. They proceeded to fire shells at the Federal troops within range during a portion of the day."

Portici: Portrait of a middling plantation in Piedmont, Virginia, Manassas National Battlefield Park, by Kathleen A Parker and Jacqueline L Hernigle

"The company's armament was no more impressive than its men; four small six-pounder brass guns. The city had borrowed the guns from the U S Navy Yard and regularly fired them on Washington's birthday and other notable dates."

The Brooke, Fauquier, Loudoun & Alexandria Artillery, First Edition, No.785 of 1000, by M J Andrus

"In support of the 5th Brigade were five companies of cavalry, the battery of Capt. H Gray Latham, and Capt. A L Rogers' Loudoun Artillery, in positions selected by David B Harris, now assigned to Beauregard's staff, while retaining his commission in the Virginia Corps of Engineers."

Confederate engineer: Training and campaigning with John Morris Wampler, by George G Kundahl

"Besides my own regiment I had in my command at Leesburg the Loudoun Cavalry, commanded first by Captain Shreve, and afterward by Captain Meade; and a Loudoun battery commanded by Captain Rogers."

"I was stationed near the Lewis House, where I at once lost my cavalry and arillery, which were placed in other portions of Beauregard's army."

Autobiography of Eppa Hunton

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The Loudoun Artillery was accepted in state service at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 21 April, 1861, and was assigned to the 8th Virginia Infantry between 21 April and 30 June, 1861.

Note: Four brass 6 pounder smoothbores arrived at Alexandria, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861, and was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, the same day (See the Garrison at Alexandria).

Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, to Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, 8 May, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was ordered to guard the Covered or Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 8 May, 1861.

Note: Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mounted Rangers, was assigned to command the troops stationed at Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 19 April, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 9 June, 1861: The Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles destroyed the Covered or Leesburg Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, in the morning on 9 June, 1861, and the Loudoun Artillery was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, the same day (See the 10th Virginia Infantry).

Mustered in one year, Loudoun, Loudoun County, Virginia, 12 June, 1861: : The Loudoun Artillery was mustered in state service for one year as Captain A L Rogers' Company Mounted Artillery, 8th Virginia Infantry, at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry, on 12 June, 1861.

Goose Creek to Edward's Ferry, on the Potomac River, 15 June, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was ordered to destroy the bridge on Goose Creek, near Edward's Ferry, on the Potomac River, on 15 June, 1861, and proceeded to Edward's Ferry, on the Potomac River, the same day.

Note: The Howard Dragoons was stationed at Edward's Ferry, on the Potomac River, on 14 June, 1861, and was ordered to Winchester, Frederick County, on 15 June, 1861.

Skirmish at Conrad's & Edward's Ferries, on the Potomac River, 16-17 June, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was stationed at Edward's Ferry, on the Potomac River, on 16 June, 1861, and a section, under the command of First Lieutenant H Heaton, was ordered to Conrad's Ferry, on the Potomac River, in the morning on 17 June, 1861. The section arrived at Conrad's Ferry, on the Potomac River, the same day and the Loudoun Artillery was engaged in a skirmish at Edward's and Conrad's Ferries, on the Potomac River, between 16 and 17 June, 1861 (See the Rockville Expedition).

Note: The 8th Virginia Infantry, Company C, under the command of Captain E Berkeley, was ordered to Conrad's Ferry, on the Potomac River, in the morning on 17 June, 1861 (See the 8th Virginia Infantry).

Leesburg, Loudoun County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, under the command of Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry, on 18 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Loudoun Cavalry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D. The company arrived at Buckner's Farm, near Gum Spring, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 19 July, 1861. The Loudoun Artillery arrived near the Lewis House, Portici, in the afternoon the same day.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, near Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, the 19th Virginia Infantry, and the 28th Virginia Infantry were assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861; the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, on 22 June, 1861 (See the Hale's Squadron Cavalry); a section of the Lynchburg Artillery by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery); the 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, and Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry on 18 July, 1861; and the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, the Loudoun Cavalry, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery on 19 July, 1861.

Note: The Loudoun Artillery was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, near the Lewis House, Portici, on 19 July, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry).

After the first battle of Manassas the Loudoun Artillery was arrived at Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, under the command of Colonel A Elzey, 1st Maryland Infantry (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah).

Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 23 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Maryland Infantry, the 3rd Tennessee Infantry, and 1st Virginia Cavalry. The company arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day.

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 24-25 July, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.154 1/2, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861, dated 23 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Loudoun Cavalry and the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D. The company arrived at Camp Berkeley, on Goose Creek, near Ball's Mill, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening on 25 July, 1861.

Note: The Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company, was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General J Longstreet, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph II, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861, and to the Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.216, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 9 August, 1861 (See the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company).

Leesburg, Loudoun County, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 9 August, 1861: The Loudoun Artillery was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.216, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 9 August, 1861.

Note: The Loudoun Artillery was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General J Longstreet, by Special Orders No.216, Paragraph II, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 9 August, 1861 (See the Fourth Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Disbanded near Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia, 4 October, 1862: The Loudoun Artillery was disbanded near Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia, and the men and horses assigned to the Fauquier Artillery, 38th Virginia Battalion Artillery, Company A, by Special Order No.209, Headquarters, Army of Northern Virginia, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 October, 1862 (See the 49th Virginia Infantry).

Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain P St G Cocke, Powhatan Troop, was appointed brigadier general, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Richmond, Virginia, and assigned to command the military operations of the State of Virginia bounding the Potomac River on 21 April, 1861 (See Headquarters, Army of the Potomac). Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Alexandria, Virginia, the same day and was stationed at the Mansion House Hotel, on Fairfax Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 28 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Washington Volunteers, Companies A and B (See the Garrison at Alexandria). Brigadier General P St G Cocke arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day and was appointed colonel, 19th Virginia Infantry, on 2 May, 1861, dated 21 April, 1861. Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.49, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, and committed suicide at Belmead, on the James River, near Powhatan, Powhatan County, Virginia, on 26 December, 1861.

Note: Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was assigned to command the troops from the counties of Rappahannock, Culpeper, Madison, Green, Orange, Albemarle, Nelson, Amherst, Campbell, Bedford, Roanoke, Botetourt, and Craig by Special Orders No.39, Paragraph III, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

The Loudoun Artillery was assigned to the First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General P G T Beauregard, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.108: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp554-555
Captain A L Rogers, Loudoun Artillery

OFFICIAL REPORT: Series I, Volume 51, Part I (Serial No.107), pp24-32
Colonel P St. G Cocke, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Suspension Bridge, near the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, 1 August, 1861