The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Captain W W Mead, Loudoun Cavalry

Captain W W Mead, Loudoun Cavalry

Independent Companies Cavalry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19 July, 1861. Stationed near Lewis House, Portici, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL R C W RADFORD, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry

Loudoun Cavalry: CAPT. W W MEAD
The company was accepted in state service at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, under the command of Captain D T Shreve, on 17 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service by Colonel E Hunton, Provisionla Army of Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. Captain D T Shreve, Loudoun Cavalry, resigned on 16 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant W W Mead, Loudoun Cavalry, was appointed captain the same day. The company was assigned to the 6th Virginia Cavalry, Company K, by Special Orders No.276, Paragraph XVI, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 12 September, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 5 December, 1861.
Madison Cavalry or Invincibles: CAPT. W THOMAS
The company was accepted in state service at Madison Courthouse, Madison County, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861, and was ordered to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, the same day. The company was mustered in state service at Camp Henry, near Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 28 April, 1861, and was assigned to the 4th Virginia Cavalry, Company C, by Special Orders No.248, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 4 September 1861. The company was ordered to rendezvous at Sangster's or Elzey's Crossroads, Prince William County, Virginia, on 19 September, 1861.

Paxson's Troop

Captain T Paxson

Paxson's Troop was accepted in state service at Waterford, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to guard the Berlin Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Berlin, Frederick County, Maryland, on 24 April, 1861 (See the Virginia State Militia Battalion Infantry). The company arrived at the Berlin Bridge, on the Potomac River, via Lovettsville, Loudoun County, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to Waterford, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861. The company was disbanded and the men assigned to the Loudoun Cavalry and the Fauquier Mountain Rangers on 27 April, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

Note: Captain T Paxson was assigned as private, Loudoun Cavalry, on 27 April, 1861.

Sources

"In support of the 5th Brigade were five companies of cavalry, the battery of Capt. H Gray Latham, and Capt. A L Rogers' Loudoun Artillery, in positions selected by David B Harris, now assigned to Beauregard's staff, while retaining his commission in the Virginia Corps of Engineers."

"Hunton's regiment was quickly ordered back to Leesburg, however, along with the three companies of cavalry that had accompanied it to Manassas. Departing on July 24, they took two full days to reach Camp Berkeley at Ball's Mill in southern Loudoun County."

Confederate engineer: Training and campaigning with John Morris Wampler, by George G Kundahl

"Besides my own regiment I had in my command at Leesburg the Loudoun Cavalry, commanded first by Captain Shreve, and afterward by Captain Meade; and a Loudoun battery commanded by Captain Rogers."

"I was stationed near the Lewis House, where I at once lost my cavalry and arillery, which were placed in other portions of Beauregard's army."

Autobiography of Eppa Hunton

"On Saturday, July 20th, I had occasion to ride over into Prince William, and met the 8th Virginia, commanded by Colonel Eppa Hunton, who had been ordered to the next day’s battlefield. We were then old friends, and are such still. He had the Loudoun Cavalry with him."

Southern Historical Society Papers Volume 32: General Eppa Hunton at the battle of Bull Run, 21 July, 1861, statement that he saved the Confederate army from defeat

Letters from Lee's Army, by Susan Leigh Blackford

Virginia valley records: Genealogical and historical materials of Rockingham County, Virginia, and related regions, with map, by John Walter Wayland and David A Heatwole

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Fourth Virginia Cavalry, Second Edition, by K L Stiles

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Sixth Virginia Cavalry, Second Edition, by M Musick

A guide to Virginia military organisations, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

Loudoun Cavalry

The Loudoun Cavalry was accepted in state service at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 22 April, 1861: The Loudoun Cavalry was mustered in state service for one year at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861.

Leesburg, Loudoun County, to Alexandria, Virginia, 8 May, 1861: The Loudoun Cavalry was ordered to proceed by the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad to Alexandria, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the Loudoun Guards (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).

Alexandria, Virginia to Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, 23-24 May, 1861: The Loudoun Cavalry was ordered to Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 23 May, 1861, and was assigned to Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mountain Rangers, on 24 May, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry).

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The Loudoun Cavalry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, 9 June, 1861: The Loudoun Cavalry was assigned to guard and picket duty at Point of Rocks, Frederick County, Maryland, on 9 June, 1861.

Note: Captain T Ashby, Fauquier Mountain Rangers, destroyed the covered bridges at Point of Rocks and Berlin, Frederick County, Maryland, in the morning on 9 June, 1861, and proceeded to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, the same day. Captain D T Shreve was wounded during a skirmish at Edward's Ferry, on the Potomac River, on 15 June, 1861, and resigned on 16 June, 1861.

Heaters Island, on the Potomac River, 14 July, 1861: The Loudoun Cavalry captured a detachment of five men of the 1st New Hampshire Infantry near Heaters Island, on the Potomac River, on 14 July, 1861 (See the Three Months' Volunteers, Department of Washington).

Leesburg, Loudoun County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The Loudoun Cavalry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, under the command of Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry, on 18 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery. The company arrived at Buckner's Farm, near Gum Spring, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 19 July, 1861. The company arrived near the Lewis House, Portici, on 19 July, 1861.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, near Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, the 19th Virginia Infantry, and the 28th Virginia Infantry were assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861; the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, on 22 June, 1861 (See the Hale's Squadron Cavalry); a section of the Lynchburg Artillery by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery); the 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, and Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry on 18 July, 1861; and the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, the Loudoun Cavalry, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery on 19 July, 1861.

Note: The Loudoun Cavalry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, on 19 July, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service near Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 31 August, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry).

The Loudoun Cavalry was assigned to the 6th Virginia Cavalry, under the command of Colonel C W Field, by Special Orders No.276, Paragraph XVI, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 12 September, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 5 December, 1861.

Madison Cavalry or Invincibles

The Madison Cavalry or Invincibles was accepted in state service at Madison County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 24 April, 1861. The company was stationed at Camp Henry, near Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, 28 April, 1861: The Madison Cavalry or Invincibles was mustered in state for one year at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, by Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 28 April, 1861.

Return of troops stationed at Camp Henry, near Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, 20 May, 1861: The Madison Cavalry or Invincibles was stationed at Camp Henry, near Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, 20 May, 1861.

Note: The Madison Cavalry, Powhatan Troop, and Albemarle Light Horse were stationed at Freeman's House, near Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The Madison Cavalry or Invincibles was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Note: The Madison Cavalry or Invincibles was stationed near Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Leesburg, Loudoun County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The Madison Cavalry or Invincibles was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, under the command of Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry, on 18 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Loudoun Cavalry, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery. The company arrived at Buckner's Farm, near Gum Spring, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 19 July, 1861. The company arrived near the Lewis House, Portici, on 19 July, 1861.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, near Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, the 19th Virginia Infantry, and the 28th Virginia Infantry were assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861; the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, on 22 June, 1861 (See the Hale's Squadron Cavalry); a section of the Lynchburg Artillery by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery); the 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, and Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry on 18 July, 1861; and the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, the Loudoun Cavalry, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery on 19 July, 1861.

Note: The Madison Cavalry or Invincibles was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, on 19 July, 1861, and was assigned as scouts and couriers on 21 July, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry).

The Madison Cavalry or Invincibles was assigned to the 4th Virginia Cavalry, under the command of Colonel B H Robertson, by Special Orders No.248, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 4 September, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Sangsters Crossroads, Prince William County, Virginia, on 19 September, 1861.

Independent Companies Cavalry

After the first battle of Manassas the Loudoun Cavalry and the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles were ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.154 1/2, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861, dated 23 July, 1861, and were accompanied by the 8th Virginia Infantry, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery. The Loudoun Cavalry and the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles arrived at Camp Berkeley, on Goose Creek, near Ball's Mill, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening on 25 July, 1861.

Note: The Loudoun Cavalry and the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles were assigned to the Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 11 August, 1861.

Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain P St G Cocke, Powhatan Troop, was appointed brigadier general, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Richmond, Virginia, and assigned to command the military operations of the State of Virginia bounding the Potomac River on 21 April, 1861 (See Headquarters, Army of the Potomac). Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Alexandria, Virginia, the same day and was stationed at the Mansion House Hotel, on Fairfax Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 28 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Washington Volunteers, Companies A and B (See the Garrison at Alexandria). Brigadier General P St G Cocke arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day and was appointed colonel, 19th Virginia Infantry, on 2 May, 1861, dated 21 April, 1861. Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.49, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, and committed suicide at Belmead, on the James River, near Powhatan, Powhatan County, Virginia, on 26 December, 1861.

Note: Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was assigned to command the troops from the counties of Rappahannock, Culpeper, Madison, Green, Orange, Albemarle, Nelson, Amherst, Campbell, Bedford, Roanoke, Botetourt, and Craig by Special Orders No.39, Paragraph III, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT: Series I, Volume 51, Part I (Serial No.107), pp24-32
Colonel P St. G Cocke, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Suspension Bridge, near the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, 1 August, 1861