The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Mapping the Civil War, featuring rare maps from the Library of Congress, including the position of Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry

Mapping the Civil War, featuring rare maps from the Library of Congress, including the position of Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry

Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry

Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, between 24 May and 5 July, 1861, and stationed near Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 21 July, 1861

ACTING MAJOR F B SCHAEFFER
Captain F B Schaeffer was appointed acting major, Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry, by Special Orders No.94, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861.

Unlettered Company Beauregard Rifles: First Lt. E H Cummins
The company was mustered in state service at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Major G W Brent, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 1 May, 1861, and was assigned to Schaffer's Battalion Infantry, under the command of Actin Major F B Schaeffer, by Special Orders No.94, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry). First Lieutenant E H Cummins was assigned to command the company during the first battle of Manassas.

Note: Second Lieutenant F B Schaeffer, 3rd United States Artillery, was assigned to command the National Rifles, District of Columbia Militia, in January 1861 and Colonel C P Stone, inspector general, District of Columbia, declined Captain F B Schaeffer's appointment as major and terminated his captaincy in February 1861 (See the District of Columbia Militia, Department of Washington).

Unlettered Company Crescent Blues, Company B: CAPT. Mcg C Goodwyn
The company was mustered in Confederate service at New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, on 8 June, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad to Lynchburg, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861. The company arrived by the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad via Grand Junction, Hardeman and Fayette Counties; Knoxville, Knox County; and Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, at 1 PM on 22 June, 1861. The company was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861, and was assigned to Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry by Special Orders No.94, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861.
Unlettered Company New Market Volunteers: CAPT. H N B WOOD
The company was accepted in state service at New Market, Nelson County, Virginia, on 7 June, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861. The company was assigned to Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry by Special Orders No.94, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861 (See the 49th Virginia Infantry).

Sources

"This splendid company, which we have before referred, leaves today for Virginia."

New Orleans Daily Crescent., 17 June, 1861 - Company B, Crescent Blues

"On the morning of the 21st, they were associated with the Beauregard Rifles, a Washington City company, and the New Market Guards, a Virginia company, all under the command of Captain Schaeffer, of the Beauregard Rifles, and ordered to support Latham's Battery a company of Lynchburg Artillery."

"A second and third time the acting Major of the Battalion directed a retreat, stating (so it is said) that the day was lost, and that to remain was to court swift and certain destruction. Captain Goodwyn then remarked that he and his company had come there to fight, and not to retreat, and begged to be permitted to remain. The permission was given, and Captain Goodwyn then called for volunteers. His call responded to by about fifty members of his own company; including Lieutenants Saunders and De Lisle, and a portion of the Beauregard Rifles. The rest of the battalion retired under orders of the commander. Captain Goodwyn and his followers continued to support Latham's Battery until they charged and captured Griffin's Battery (three piece) and turned its guns on the enemy."

"Goodwyn fell in with Col. Kershaw's, South Carolina Regiment, just as it was making the final charge on the enemy, and participated in the pursuit of the flying federalists as far as Centerville."

The Daily Delta, 13 August, 1861 - Jackson Barracks, Historical Military Data on Louisiana Militia, Volume 113, pp. 10–15

"II. Capt M Goodwin's Company Crescent Blues, Louisiana Volunteers, and Capt H N B Wood's Company Virginia Volunteers, will be temporarily detached and take position at the Stone Bridge across Bull Run, on Centreville Turnpike, and will be reported to Capt F B Schaeffer, who will command the Battalion and give special attention to their military drill, instruction, and discipline."

A Life in letters: Lieutenant Colonel Robert A Hardaway in the Civil War and the New South, 6 July, 1861, Columbus State University

"He inspected the division, thus increased, consisting of the 2nd and 8th South Carolina regiments, the shattered remnants of Hampton's Legion, about 150 strong, whom we had received, (what with the killed, wounded, and those attending them, few were left in the field,) ans one company – partly of Marylanders, and partly of Crescent Blues of New Orleans."

The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry etc., Volume 2: Charleston Mercury, 29 July, edited by Frank Moore

"We remained long enough to inquire after the Crescent Blues, the fine independent corps commanded by that gallant and accomplished young officer, McGavock Goodwyn. The Blues are now attached to the 49th Virginia regiment, commanded by ex-Governor Smith, of whose gallant conduct in the battle of the 21st General Beauregard speaks in the most glowing terms."

The Daily Delta, 25 August, 1861: Jackson Barracks, Historical Military Data on Louisiana Militia, Volume 113, pp. 159–160

"The Crescent Blues, we believe, acted as an artillery company, and had charge of a battery".

The Daily Delta, 24 July, 1861 - Jackson Barracks, Historical Military Data on Louisiana Militia, Volume 111, pp. 130–134

"This company was composed of members of the Pelican Hook and Ladder Fire Company of New Orleans. It went to Virginia unattached and fought at Manassas with two other independent companies. In September, 1861, it was attached for one month to the 49th Virginia Infantry."

Lee's Tigers: The Louisiana Infantry in the Army of Northern Virginia, by Terry L Jones

"The National Rifles of Washington was a District of Columbia Militia Company. Captain Francis B Schaeffer led the majority of his hundred-man company across the river into Virginia service. They became Company F, 1st Virginia Infantry, called the Beauregard Rifles."

Marylanders in the Confederacy, by Daniel D Hartzler

"The Beaureguard Rifles were mustered into the service of Virginia at Camp Pickens on 22 June, and at First Manassas the company was part of a provisional battalion under Captain F B Schaeffer's command. E H Cummins, First Lieutenant, was in command of the Rifles at the time of the battle and their transfer to the 1st Virginia Infantry."

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, First Virginia Infantry, Third Edition, byL A Wallace, Jr.

"This ink and watercolour manuscript map shows the position of Captain Schaeffer's command at First Bull Run, and brings home the knowledge that the height of the corn, the depth of the river, and the landmark poplar tree all had some effect on the battle."

Captain F B Schaeffer's battalion is illustrated on a hand-wrought copy of a lithogragh based on sketches by Captain S P Mitchell of the 1st Virginia Infantry.

Mapping the Civil War, featuring rare maps from the Library of Congress, by Christopher Nelson

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Forty-ninth Virginia Infantry, First Edition, No.547 of 1000, by L Reidenbaugh

Miscellaneous Disbanded Virginia Light Artillery, First Edition, No.372 of 1000, by R H Moore II

A Guide to Louisiana Confederate Military Units 1861-1865, by Arthur W Bergeron, Jr.

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition, by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

Beauregard Rifles

The Beauregard Rifles was accepted in state service at Pheonix Hall, Alexandria, Virginia, on 1 May, 1861.

Alexandria to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: The Beauregard Rifles was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 24 May, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 11 AM the same day (See the Garrison at Alexandria).

Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 22 June, 1861: The Beauregard Rifles was ordered to the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.61, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861.

Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 6 July, 1861: The Beauregard Rifles was assigned to Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry at the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.94, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the Beauregard Rifles was assigned to the 1st Virginia Infantry, Company F (2nd), at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.150, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and was redesignated the 1st Virginia Artillery, Company C, on 7 September, 1861 (See the 1st Virginia Infantry).

Mustered out, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 13 November, 1861: The 1st Virginia Artillery, Company C, was mustered out at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 13 November, 1861.

Crescent Blues, Company B

The Crescent Blues, Company B, was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, near Lynchburg, Virginia, under the command of Captain R A Hardaway, Independent Alabama Volunteers or Light Infantry, on 4 July, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).

Lynchburg to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 4-5 July, 1861: The Crescent Blues, Company B, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the Independent Alabama Volunteers or Light Infantry, the Madison Artillery or Tips, and the North Sumter Rifles, under the command of Captain R A Hardaway. The company arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Charlottesville, Albemarle County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861.

Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 6 July, 1861: The Crescent Blues, Company B, was assigned to Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry at the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River by Special Orders No.94, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861.

Note: The Crescent Blues, Company B, was assigned to the 49th Virginia Infantry at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.124, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861 (See the 49th Virginia Infantry).

After the first battle of Manassas the Crescent Blues, Company B, was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 5 August, 1861, and was assigned to the Washington Battalion Infantry, Company C, on 1 October, 1861 (See the Washington Battalion Artillery).

New Market Volunteers

Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 6 July, 1861: The New Market Volunteers was assigned to Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry at the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.94, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861 (See the 49th Virginia Infantry).

Note: The New Market Volunteers was assigned to the 49th Virginia Infantry by Special Orders No.124, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the New Market Volunteers was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry

Distribution, 21 July, 1861: Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on 18 July, 1861, and assigned as support to a section of the Lynchburg Artillery, under the command of Captain H G Latham, at Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 21 July, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery).

Organisation, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, 20 June, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, the 19th Virginia Infantry, the 28th Virginia Infantry, the Lynchburg Artillery, and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A and B, were assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, on the 20 June, 1861; Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry on 18 July, 1861; the 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, on 19 July, 1861; and the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Loudoun Artillery, the Madison Invincibles, the Loudoun Cavalry, and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, on 19 July, 1861.

Colonel P St G Cocke: P St G Cocke organised the Powhatan Troop after John Brown's Raid at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, on 16 October, 1859, and was appointed brigadier general, Provisional Army of Virginia, by Governor J Letcher, on 21 April, 1861 (See the Lay's Squadron Cavalry). Brigadier General P St G Cocke was assigned to command the Department of Alexandria at Alexandria, Virginia, on 14 April, 1861, and was stationed at the Mansion House Hotel, Alexandria, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 29 April, 1861, and was appointed colonel, Confederate States Army, on 8 June, 1861. Colonel P St G Cocke was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.49, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.