The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Hale's Squadron Cavalry

Wise Troop arrived at Milford Mills, on Broad Run, four and a half miles west of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 10 June, 1861, and the Franklin Rangers arrived 19 July, 1861. Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Stationed in the vicinity of the Henry House, on Henry Hill, half a mile east of Groveton, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861

CAPTAIN G W B HALE
Captain G W B Hale, 30th Virginia Cavalry, was assigned to command Hale's Squadron Cavalry on 19 July, 1861.

Company B Wise Troop, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry: CAPT. J S LANGHORNE
The company was accepted in state service at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, Provisional Army of Virginia, the same day. The company was assigned to Hale's Squadron Cavalry on 20 July, 1861, and Captain J S Langhorne, 30th Virginia Cavalry, was appointed major, 30th Virginia Cavalry, on 1 August, 1861 (See the 30th Virginia Cavalry). First Lieutenant C M Blackford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, was appointed captain, 30th Virginia Cavalry, on 27 August, 1861.
Company D Franklin Rangers, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry: CAPT. G W B Hale
The company was accepted in state service at Halesford, Franklin County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 22 May, 1861. The company was assigned to Hale's Squadron Cavalry on 20 July, 1861 (See the 30th Virginia Cavalry).

Sources

"The bivouac of our squadron was on the extreme left near the Henry house as it was called."

"On the other side the bluff rose quite steeply, but on the top of it there was an open field. We were placed in that position to support a battery of artillery, whose I did not find out for it was moved very soon after the battle began to rage on our extreme left above the stone bridge."

Letters from Lee's army: Memoirs of life in and out of the army in Virginia during the War between the States, by Susan Leigh Blackford and Charles Minor Blackford, III

"Company D was stationed at Leesburg, guarding the Potomac river crossings."

"Captain Hale’s company arrived at Manassas from the upper Potomac on the morning of July 20 and reported to General Cocke. We encamped near the Lewis House, remembered Hale. The Wise Troop from Lynchburg was also encamped at the same place. Being senior officer, I was placed in charge of the squadron."

"Sergeant James Chalmers of the Wise Troop wrote: "About five we were aroused from our mossy beds by the cry 'Wise Troop!' 'Turn out!' No time for breakfast but horses saddled in hot haste. We formed in battle array – and ordered to protect a battery – 4 to 8 pieces I believe…"

"Captain Hale recalled that, at daylight on the 21st we were ordered to form on the left of the Lewis house. The first shot fired on 21st by the "On-to-Richmonders" was fired from the celebrated "Long Tom," which was aimed at a group composed of General Cocke and staff, Capt. Langhorne, of the Wise Troop, and myself, who were on an eminence about three hundred feet in front of my squadron."

"The Bedford troop was placed in support of a section of guns from Latham's Virginia battery."

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Second Virginia Cavalry, First Edition, No.990 of 1000, by R J Driver, Jr. & H E Howard

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition, by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

Wise Troop

The Wise Troop was accepted in state service at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861 and was stationed at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, 13 May, 1861: The Wise Troop was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 13 May, 1861.

Lynchburg to Milford Mills, on Broad Run, four & a half miles west of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 3-10 June, 1861: The Wise Troop, under the command of Captain W R Terry, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 10 AM on 3 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A (See Terry's Squadron Cavalry). The company arrived at Amherst Courthouse, Amherst County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to Rockfish, Nelson County, Virginia, in the morning on 4 June, 1861. The Wise Troop arrived near Rockfish River in the evening the same day and at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, on 5 June, 1861. The company arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 7 June, 1861, and was ordered to Fauquier White Sulphur Springs, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the morning on 9 June, 1861. The Wise Troop arrived at Fauquier White Sulphur Springs, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 10 June, 1861. The company arrived at Milford Mills, four and a half miles west of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, via Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, the same day.

Milford Mills, on Broad Run, four & a half miles west of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 11 June, 1861: The Wise Troop was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Captain W R Terry, 30th Virginia Infantry, Company A, by Special Orders No.22, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A. The company arrived at Camp Bonham, Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The Wise Troop and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, were assigned to Colonel P St G Cocke, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Centreville to Frying Pan Church, on the old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: A detachment of the Wise Troop was ordered to Frying Pan Church, on the old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Captain W R Terry, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, in the morning on 16 June, 1861, and was accompanied by a section of the Alexandria Artillery and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A (See the Terry's Squadron Cavalry).

Note: The 1st South Carolina Infantry, the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, and a detachment of the Hanover Light Dragoons, under the command of Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry, arrived at Frying Pan Church, on the old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 16 June, 1861.

Frying Pan Church, on the old Ox Road, to Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The Wise Troop arrived at Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry, in the evening on 16 June, 1861.

Skirmish on the Hampshire, Loudoun & Alexandria Railroad, in the vicinity of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: A detachment of the Wise Troop was ordered to Hunter's Mills, on Difficult Run, three miles northwest of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day. The detachment was engaged in a skirmish on the Hampshire, Loudoun & Alexandria Railroad, in the vicinity of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 6 and 8 PM on 17 June, 1861 (See the Vienna Expedition).

Note: Ay(e)rs Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, was designated Vienna by Dr W Hendrick in 1855 and Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry, was ordered on a reconnaissance to Seneca Creek, on the Potomac River, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the morning on 17 June, 1861.

Vienna to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17-18 June, 1861: A detachment of the Wise Troop was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 17 June, 1861, and arrived via Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 June, 1861.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, 20-24 June, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, the 19th Virginia Infantry, and the 28th Virginia Infantry were assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861; the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A and B, on 22 June, 1861 (See the 30th Virginia Cavalry); the 1st Louisiana Special Battalion Infantry by Special Orders No.61, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861 (See the 1st Louisiana Special Battalion Infantry); the Lynchburg Artillery by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery).

Note: The Wise Troop was stationed at Camp Blackford, Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant C M Blackford, between 16 and 20 June, 1861.

Centreville to the road between Centreville & Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 5 July, 1861: The Wise Troop was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 5 July, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Mason, on the road between Centreville and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 5 and 9 July, 1861.

Road between Centreville & Fairfax Courthouse to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 5 July, 1861: The Wise Troop was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 9 July, 1861.

Note: The Wise Troop was stationed at Camp Blackford, Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.

Withdrawal to Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17 July, 1861: The Wise Troop was ordered to withdraw to Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and arrived the same day.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, 21 July, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, the 19th Virginia Infantry, and the 28th Virginia Infantry were assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861; the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, on 22 June, 1861; a section of the Lynchburg Artillery by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery); the 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, and Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry on 18 July, 1861; and the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, the Loudoun Cavalry, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery on 19 July, 1861.

Note: The Wise Troop was assigned to Hale's Squadron Cavalry, under the command of Captain G W B Hale, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, on 20 July, 1861, and was stationed in the vicinity of the Henry House, on Henry Hill, half a mile east of Groveton, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the Wise Troop arrived at Union Mills (Station), Fairfax County, William County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 23 July, 1861.

Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The Wise Troop was ordered to the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special orders No.146, Headquarters, Paragraph I, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, dated 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Suspension Bridge, in the vicinity of the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 27 July, 1861: The Wise Troop was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 27 July, 1861, dated 25 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Blackford, Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The Wise Troop was assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 1st Virginia Infantry, 7th Virginia Infantry, 11th Virginia Infantry, 17th Virginia Infantry, Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company; 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies B, E, F, and I

Note: The Wise Troop was stationed at Camp Blackford, Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 28 July, 1861.

Centreville to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 11 August, 1861: The Wise Troop was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 11 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Harrison, Headquarters, Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Franklin Rangers

The Franklin Rangers was accepted in state service at Franklin County, Virginia, on 20 May, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Davis, Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Camp Davis, Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, 22 May, 1861: The Franklin Rangers was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Davis, Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 22 May, 1861.

Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg to Milford Mills, on Broad Run, four & a half miles west of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 17-21 June, 1861: The Franklin Rangers was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company C (See Radford's Squadron Cavalry). The company arrived at Rockfish Station, Nelson County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was stationed at Glasgow, Rockbridge County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 June, 1861. The Franklin Rangers arrived at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 19 June, 1861, and was stationed at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, in the evening the same day. The company arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 20 June, 1861, and was stationed at Warrenton Springs, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The Franklin Rangers arrived at Milford Mills, on Broad Run, four and a half miles west of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the evening on 21 June, 1861.

Milford Mills, on Broad Run, four & a half miles west of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 24 June, 1861: The Franklin Rangers was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, by Special Orders No.62, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861, dated 23 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company C.

Centreville to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 29 June, 1861: The Franklin Rangers arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 29 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company C.

Note: A detachment of the Franklin Rangers and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company C, were ordered on a reconnaissance on the Little River Turnpike in the morning on 30 June, 1861.

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 1-2 July, 1861: The Franklin Rangers was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861, and arrived on 2 July, 1861.

Note: The Franklin Rangers was assigned to guard and picket duty on the Potomac River between 2 and 17 July, 1861.

Leesburg, Loudoun County, to F Lewis' Farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 18-19 July, 1861: The Franklin Rangers was ordered to proceed by the old Carolina Road to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry, in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Loudoun Artillery, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, and the Loudoun Cavalry (See the 8th Virginia Infantry). The company arrived at O Buckner's Farm, two and a half miles south of Gum Spring, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 19 July, 1861. The Franklin Rangers arrived at F Lewis' Farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull run River, at 12 PM the same day.

Note: The Franklin Rangers was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, at F Lewis' Farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 19 July, 1861, and was assigned to Hale's Squadron Cavalry, under the command of Captain G W B Hale, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, in the morning on 20 July, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry). The company stationed was in the vicinity of the Henry House, on Henry Hill, half a mile east of Groveton, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, 21 July, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, the 19th Virginia Infantry, and the 28th Virginia Infantry were assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861; the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, on 22 June, 1861; a section of the Lynchburg Artillery by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery); the 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, and Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry on 18 July, 1861; and the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, the Loudoun Cavalry, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery on 19 July, 1861.

Note: The Franklin Rangers and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, were stationed at F Lewis' Farm, a quarter of a mile southwest of Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the Franklin Rangers was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.154 1/2, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861, dated 23 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Loudoun Cavalry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, and the Loudoun Artillery. The company arrived at Camp Berkeley, on the south bank of Goose Creek, Ball's Mill, five miles north of Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening on 25 July, 1861.

Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain P St G Cocke, Powhatan Troop, was appointed brigadier general, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Richmond, Virginia, and assigned to command the military operations of the State of Virginia bounding the Potomac River on 21 April, 1861 (See Headquarters, Army of the Potomac). Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Alexandria, Virginia, the same day and was stationed at the Mansion House Hotel, on Fairfax Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 28 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Washington Volunteers, Companies A and B (See the Garrison at Alexandria). Brigadier General P St G Cocke arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day and was appointed colonel, 19th Virginia Infantry, on 2 May, 1861, dated 21 April, 1861. Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.49, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, and committed suicide at Belmead, on the James River, nine miles northwest of Powhatan Courthouse, Powhatan County, Virginia, on 26 December, 1861.

Note: Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was assigned to command the troops from the counties of Rappahannock, Culpeper, Madison, Green, Orange, Albemarle, Nelson, Amherst, Campbell, Bedford, Roanoke, Botetourt, and Craig by Special Orders No.39, Paragraph III, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies B, E, F, and I, were assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.106: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp552-553
Captain J S Langhorne, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry, dated near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT: Series I, Volume 51, Part I (Serial No.107), pp24-32
Colonel P St. G Cocke, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Suspension Bridge, near the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, 1 August, 1861