The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel W Smith, 49th Virginia Infantry

Colonel W Smith, 49th Virginia Infantry

Forty-ninth Virginia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, and H, arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, between 6 and 21 July, 1861. Stationed near Young's Branch, on the Bull Run River, Lewis House, Portici, and Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL W SMITH
W Smith was appointed colonel, 49th Virginia Infantry, on 1 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL E MURRAY
Captain E Murray, Company H, was appointed acting lieutenant colonel, 49th Virginia Infantry, by Special Orders No.124, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and lieutenant colonel, 49th Virginia Infantry, on 19 July, 1861.

MAJOR C SMITH
First Lieutenant C Smith, 2nd United States Infantry, Company A, resigned on 3 May, 1861, and was appointed captain, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 26 June, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861. Captain C Smith, infantry, Confederate States Army, was appointed, major, 49th Virginia Infantry, by Special Orders No.124, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Company A Flint Hill Rifles: CAPT. W J WILLIAMS
The company was accepted in state service at Flint Hill, Rappahannock County, Virginia, on 20 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Henry, near Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861. The company was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.
Company B Amherst or Piedmont Rough & Readies: CAPT. C B CHRISTIAN
The company was accepted in state service at Amherst Courthouse, Amherst County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Jefferson, near Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861.
Company C New Market Volunteers: CAPT. H N B WOOD
The company was accepted in state service at New Market, Nelson County, Virginia, by Colonel A A Witt, 28th Virginia Militia Infantry (Nelson County), on 7 June, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at Camp Jefferson, near Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861. The company was stationed at Camp Jefferson, near Charlottesville, Albmarle County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry, under the command of Acting Major & Captain F B Schaeffer, at the Stone Bridge, on the Potomac River, by Special Orders No.94, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861 (See Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry).
Company D Sperryville Sharpshooters: CAPT. J C GIBSON
The company was accepted in state service at Sperryville, Rappahannock County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 18 June, 1861. The company was ordered to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service at Camp Henry, near Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 10 AM on 21 July, 1861. The company was temporarily assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry during the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861, and was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, as part of the 7th Virginia Infantry, on 28 July, 1861 (See the 7th Virginia Infantry). The company was assigned to the 49th Virginia Infantry at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 7 August, 1861, and Captain J C Gibson, 49th Virginia Infantry, Company D, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 49th Virginia Infantry, on 1 May, 1862.
Company E Warren Blues: CAPT. M T WHEATLEY
The company was accepted in state service at Front Royal, Warren County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year on 7 July, 1861. The company arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 2 PM on 16 July, 1861, and Captain M T Wheatley died at Front Royal, Warren County, Virginia, on 1 December, 1861. The company was assigned to the Battalion Heavy Artillery, under the command of Captain T Triplett, Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery, on 20 February, 1862 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).
Company F Ewell Guards: CAPT. J B NorviLL
The company was mustered in state service at Brentsville Courthouse, Prince William County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year on 12 July, 1861. The company was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, the same day.
Company G (1st) Markham Guards (Fauquier Artillery): CAPT. R M STRIBLING
The company was accepted in state service at Markham, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year by Major G W Brent, 17th Virginia Infantry, on 1 July, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry). The company was stationed at Goose Creek Baptist Church, near Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 1 August, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, the same day and appeared on a muster roll as Stribling's Light Artillery or Fauquier Artillery dated 31 October, 1861.
Company G (2nd) Quantico Guards: CAPT. C A NELSON
The company was accepted in state service at Dumfries, Prince William County, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year on 16 July, 1861. The company was assigned as Provost Guard, under the command of Captain C A Nelson, Provost Marshall, on 21 September, 1861, and was ordered to Clark's Mountain, near Rapidan Station, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 8 March, 1862. The company was assigned to the 49th Virginia Infantry at Clark's Mountain, near Rapidan Station, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 28 March, 1862.
Company H Fauquier Guards: Acting CApt. & First Lt. H C Ward
The company was accepted in state service at Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, under the command of Captain E Murray, on 26 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 28 May, 1861. The company arrived by the Warrenton Branch, Orange & Alexandria Railroad, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, between 12 and 16 July, 1861, and Captain E Murray, 49th Virginia Infantry, Company H, was appointed acting lieutenant colonel, 49th Virginia Infantry, by Special Orders No.124, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and lieutenant colonel on 19 July, 1861. First Lieutenant H C Ward, 49th Virginia Infantry, Company H, was appointed acting captain, 49th Virginia Infantry, Company H, on 17 July, 1861, and died from a wound to the abdomen at 12 AM on 22 July, 1861. Second Lieutenant B M Randolph, 49th Virginia Infantry, Company H, was appointed captain on 31 July, 1861.
Company I Rappahannock Rifles: CAPT. G C VANDERSLICE
The company was stationed at Amissville, Rappahannock County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Davis Barracks, near Amissville, Rappahannock County, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861. The company was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 1 August, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, the same day.
Company K Crowder's Company: CAPT. W H CROWDER
The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Mitchell, near Lovingston, Nelson County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel R P Lyon, 28th Virginia Militia Infantry (Nelson County), on 1 September, 1861, and was assigned to the 49th Virginia Infantry, Company K, by Special Orders No.1, Paragragh IV, Headquarters, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 January, 1862.
Unlettered Company Crescent Blues, Company B: CAPT. Mcg Goodwyn
The company was assigned to the 49th Virginia Infantry by Special Orders No.124, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Washington Battalion Infantry, Company C, on 1 October, 1861 (See the Washington Battalion Infantry).

Fauquier Artillery

Captain R M Stribling

The Markham Guards was accepted in state service at Markham, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service by Major G W Brent, 17th Virginia Infantry, on 1 July, 1861. The company was ordered to the Baptist Church at Goose Creek, Fauquier County, Virginia, the same day and was assigned to guard the Manassas Gap Railroad between Front Royal, Warren County, and Manassas Junction, Virginia, in July 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad at Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 1 August, 1861, and was redesignated the Fauquier Artillery in September or October 1861. The Fauquier Artillery was assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, in October 1861 and was reorganised near Williamsburg, Virginia, on 12 May, 1862 (See the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac). The company was assigned to the 38th Battalion Virginia Light Artillery, Company A, in June 1863.

Disbanded at Lynchburg, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The Fauquier Artillery, under the command of Captain W C Marshall, was disbanded at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Major General L L Lomax on 9 April, 1865.

Sources

"At Flint Hill, the Rev. Mr. Vanderslice, (a Methodist preacher, I believe,) is making up a company."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 13 May, 1861

"We have, also, three other companies organized, but not in barracks, viz: one commanded by Captain Gibson, numbering 60 men; one by Capt. Vanderslice, numbering 50 men; one by Col. Deatharage, 45 men, forming Cavalry for the Wise Legion."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 25 June, 1861 - Rappahannock county doing her duty, Rappahannock Co., Va. 22 June, 1861

"Receiving it, I returned with it to General Lee, that he might make the proper record – who, having done so, returned it to me, with an order to General Beauregard to form my regiment out of companies as they severally reported for duty."

"And so, with three companies only assigned to my regiment, I found myself regularly enrolled in the Confederate army, only three days before the first battle of Manassas."

"Early in the morning a Virginia company under Captain Gibson, unattached, had been permitted, at the request of the Captain, to join Kemper's regiment and remained with it throughout the day."

"We were placed on the edge of the run, under a bluff, on which a section of Roger's battery, under Lieutenant Heaton, was posted, and temporarily attached to my command."

"As I passed the woods near the Lewis House, Lieut. Col. Tebbs of Hunton’s regiment, who was posted with three companies in the edge of woods, begged that I would let Col. Hunton, who was posted on the opposite side of the woods, know the order."

"So that when I reported to General Beauregard, some hundred yards from the Robinson House, I had three companies of my own regiment, one South Carolina company and two Mississippi companies – not exceeding 450 men."

Memoirs of Governor William Smith, of Virginia, his political, military, and personal history, by John W Bell

"Ninety-three strong at enlistment – they marched south 20 miles to Culpeper, and boarded the trains for Manassas Junction – arriving too late to participate in the first important Confederate victory of the war." Rappahannock Rifles

"The New Market Volunteers of Nelson County, Virginia, also participated in the fight in support of Captain H Grey Latham's Virginia battery of field artillery in their advance toward Cub Run east of the Henry House." New Market Volunteers

"A sixth company, the Flint Hill Rifles, joined the Confederate forces on the field just at the close of the active engagement." Flint Hill Rifles

"Arriving there at 10.00 am on 21 July, 1861, they attached themselves to Colonel J S Kempers 7th Virginia Regiment and became engaged in the fight at Bull Run, Virginia." Sperryville Sharpshooters

"They were issued their arms on 18 July, but were without cartridge boxes until sometime after their first battle. Consequently, their trousers pockets bulged with ammunition as they were marched into the battle at Bull run." Warren Blues

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Forty-ninth Virginia Infantry, First Edition, No.547 of 1000, by L Reidenbaugh

"On the morning of the 21st of July 1861, we were bivouacked near the Lewis House, and within four hundred yards of the Henry House, which was destined to become the key to the great strategic move of that day, although I think it was a suprise to our generals, for they expected the conflict to take place about five or six miles to the right."

"We went into the fight with only two other companies of what afterwards became the 49th Virginia Regiment, to-wit: Captain Ward's, afterward Randolph's, from Warrenton, Va., and Captain Charles B. Christian's, from Amherst County, Va., and temporarily brigaded with Brigadier General Philip St. George Cooke."

Southern Historical Society Papers Volume 35: From Manassas to Frazier's farm, recollections of a soldier in many battles, General Lee to the rear, by R D Funkhouser

"We went into the fight with only two other companies of what afterwards became the 49th Virginia Regiment, to-wit: Captain Ward's, afterward Randolph's, from Warrenton, Va., and Captain Charles B Christian's, from Amherst County, Va., and temporarily brigaded with Brigadier-General Philip St. George Cooke."

"That call, however, did not come to the Markham Guards - despite their proximity to the Manassas Gap Railroad; While thousands of young Southerners battled around Widow Henry's farmhouse on 21 July, 1861, Stribling's company remained in Fauquier County." Markham Guards

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, The Brooke, Fauquier, Loudoun & Alexandria Artillery, First Edition, No.630 of 1000, by M J Andrus

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 72, Serial No.84: Record of events for the Forty-ninth Virginia Infantry, July 1861-October 1864, edited by James B Hewett

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition, by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 49th Virginia Infantry was organised at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.124, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Mustered in one year, 28 May; 11, 13, & 18 June; 1, 7, & 22 July; 1 September, 1861: The 49th Virginia Infantry, Company H, was mustered in state service for one year on 28 May, 1861; Company C for one year at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, on 11 June, 1861; Company A for one year at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 13 June, 1861; Company B for one year at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861; Company D for one year on 18 June, 1861; Company G (1st) in Confederate service for one year on 1 July, 1861; Company E in Confederate service for one year on 7 July, 1861; Company F for one year on 12 July, 1861; Company I for one year on 22 July, 1861; and Company K for one year on 1 September, 1861.

Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 June 1861: W Smith arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861, and was assigned to command of the Warrenton Rifles during the skirmish on 1 June, 1861 (See the Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse). He was appointed colonel, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 1 July, 1861, and was authorised to organise the 49th Virginia Infantry the same day.

Note: The Flint Hill Rifles was stationed at Camp Henry, near Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, between 18 and 21 June, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to the Stone Bridge, on the Potomac River, Company C, 6 July, 1861: The New Market Volunteers was ordered to the Stone Bridge, on the Potomac River, by Special Orders No.94, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861 (See Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry).

Note: The New Market Volunteers was assigned to Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry, under the command of Acting Major & Captain F B Schaeffer, Beauregard Rifles, by Special Orders No.94, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 6 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies B, E, & H, 12-16 July, 1861: The Amherst Rough and Readies was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 12 July, 1861. The Warren Blues arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 2 PM on 16 July, 1861, and the Fauquier Guards by the Warrenton Branch, Orange & Alexandria Railroad, between 12 and 16 July, 1861.

Note: The Amherst Rough and Readies was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and the Madison Artillery or Tips was temporarily assigned to the 49th Virginia Infantry by Special Orders No.122, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861 (See the Battalion Heavy Artillery).

Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies A, B, C, E, F, G (1st) & H, 17 July, 1861: The New Market Volunteers, under the command of Captian H N B Wood, stationed at the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River; the Amherst Rough and Readies, under the command of Captian C B Christian, stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia; the Ewell Guards, under the command of Captian J B Norvill, stationed at Brentsville Courthouse, Prince William County, Virginia; the Warren Blues, under the command of Captian M T Wheatley, stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia; the Fauquier Guards, under the command of Captian E Murray, stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia; the Flint Hill Rifles, under the command of Captian W J Willimas, stationed at Flint Hill, Rappahannock County, Virginia; the Crescent Blues, Company B, under the command of Captian McG Goodwyn, stationed at the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River; and the the Markham Guards, under the command of Captian R M Stribling, stationed at Markham, Fauquier County, Virginia; were assigned to the Colonel W Smith, 49th Virginia Infantry, by Special Orders No.124, Paraggraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction to Sudley Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, Companies B, E, & H, 17 July, 1861: The 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, were ordered to Sudley Mills, Prince William Couty, Virginia, by Special Orders No.124, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the afternoon on 17 July, 1861, dated the same day and were stationed at Sudley Church, near Sudley Mills, Prince William Couty, Virginia, in the evening on 17 July, 1861.

Sudley Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, to Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, Companies B, E, & H, 18 July, 1861: The 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, were ordered to Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived at 5 AM the same day.

Note: The 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, were assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, on 18 July, 1861 (See the 19th Virginia Infantry).

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, near Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, the 19th Virginia Infantry, and the 28th Virginia Infantry were assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861; the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, on 22 June, 1861 (See the Hale's Squadron Cavalry); a section of the Lynchburg Artillery by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery); the 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, and Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry on 18 July, 1861; and the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, the Loudoun Cavalry, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery on 19 July, 1861.

Brentsville, Prince William County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Company F, 19-21 July, 1861: The 49th Virginia Infantry, Company F, was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 49th Virginia Infantry, Company F, was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 July, 1861 (See the Garrison at Camp Pickens).

Sperryville, Rappahannock County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Company D, 21 July, 1861 The Sperryville Sharpshooters arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 10 AM on 21 July, 1861, and was temporarily assigned to the 7th Virginia Infantry near McLean's Farm the same day (See the 7th Virginia Infantry).

Flint Hill, Rappahannock County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Company A, 21 July, 1861: The 49th Virginia Infantry, Company A, arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and was assigned to guard the wounded in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, were stationed near the Lewis House, Portici, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Company C, 21 July, 1861: The 49th Virginia Infantry, Company C, was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the evening on 21 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, the same day.

Centreville, Fairfax County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, Company D, 21 July, 1861: The Sperryville Sharpshooters was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, as part of the 7th Virginia Infantry, on 28 July, 1861, and proceeded to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 7 August, 1861. The compay was assigned to the 49th Virginia Infantry, Company D, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 49th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 18th Virginia Infantry, 19th Virginia Infantry, 28th Virginia Infantry, 49th Virginia Infantry, Lynchburg Artillery

Note: The 49th Virginia Infantry was assigned to garrison duty at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, under the command of Colonel G H Terrett, Provisional Army of Virginia, by Special Orders No.179, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 28 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, Companies G (1st) & I, 1 August, 1861: The Markham Guards and the Rappahannock Rifles were ordered to proceed by the Manassas Gap Railroad and the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, respectively, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 1 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, the same day. The companies were assigned to the 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies G (1st) and I, on 1 August, 1861.

Note: The 49th Virginia Infantry, the 27th Georgia Infantry, the 28th Georgia Infantry, the 4th North Carolina State Troops and the Battalion Heavy Artillery were assigned to garrison duty at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, under the command of Colonel G B Anderson, 4th North Carolina State Troops, on 14 October, 1861 (See the Camp Pickens Garrison).

Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 21 August, 1861: The 49th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.257, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 August, 1861.

Note: The 49th Virginia Infantry, Company I, was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 August, 1861, and Company C on 23 August, 1861.

Reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 30 April, 1862: The 49th Virginia Infantry was reorganised near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 30 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 49th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Captain W D Moffett, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain P St G Cocke, Powhatan Troop, was appointed brigadier general, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Richmond, Virginia, and assigned to command the military operations of the State of Virginia bounding the Potomac River on 21 April, 1861 (See Headquarters, Army of the Potomac). Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Alexandria, Virginia, the same day and was stationed at the Mansion House Hotel, on Fairfax Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 28 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Washington Volunteers, Companies A and B (See the Garrison at Alexandria). Brigadier General P St G Cocke arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day and was appointed colonel, 19th Virginia Infantry, on 2 May, 1861, dated 21 April, 1861. Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.49, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, and committed suicide at Belmead, on the James River, near Powhatan, Powhatan County, Virginia, on 26 December, 1861.

Note: Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was assigned to command the troops from the counties of Rappahannock, Culpeper, Madison, Green, Orange, Albemarle, Nelson, Amherst, Campbell, Bedford, Roanoke, Botetourt, and Craig by Special Orders No.39, Paragraph III, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

The 49th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

The 27th Georgia Infantry, the 28th Georgia Infantry, the 4th North Carolina State Troops, the 49th Virginia Infantry, and the Heavy Battalion Artillery, under the command of Colonel G B Anderson, were stationed at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 14 January, 1862 (See the Garrison at Camp Pickens).

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.104: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp551-552
Colonel W Smith, Forty-ninth Virginia Infantry, 31 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT: Series I, Volume 51, Part I (Serial No.107), pp24-32
Colonel P St. G Cocke, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Suspension Bridge, near the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, 1 August, 1861