The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry

Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry

Eighth Virginia Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Eight companies arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 19 July, 1861. Stationed near Lewis House, Portici, on 21 July, 1861

COLONEL E HUNTON
Brigadier General E Hunton, Fifth Brigade, Second Division, Virginia Militia, was appointed colonel, 8th Virginia Infantry, on 8 May, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL C B TEBBS
Captain C B Tebbs, Loudoun Guards, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 8th Virginia Infantry, by Special Orders No.205, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 28 June, 1861, and was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Special Orders No. 73, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861 (See the 17th Virginia Infantry).

MAJOR W N BERKELEY

Company A Hillsboro Border Guards: CAPT. N R HEATON
The company was mustered in state service for one year at Hillsboro, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 19 April, 1861, and was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861 (See the Virginia Militia Battalion Infantry).
Company B Piedmont Rifles: CAPT. R H CARTER
The company was accepted in state service at Rectortown, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861.
Company C Evergreen Guards (originally known as Bull Run Rangers): CAPT. E BERKELEY
The company was accepted in state service at Haymarket, Prince William County, Virginia, on 8 May, 1861.
Company D Champe Rifles: CAPT. W N BERKELEY
The company was accepted in state service at Middleburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 13 May, 1861, and was stationed at Middleburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 18 May, 1861.
Company E Hampton's Company: CAPT. M HAMPTON
The company was accepted in state service at Philomont, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 29 May, 1861.
Company F Blue Mountain Boys: CAPT. A GRAYSON
The company was accepted in state service at Bloomfield, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.
Company G Thrift's Company: CAPT. J THRIFT
The company was accepted in state service at Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 22 June, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861. The company was assigned to the 8th Virginia Infantry, Company G, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.
Company H Potomac Greys: CAPT. J M WAMPLER
The company was accepted in state service at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.
Company I Simpson's Company: CAPT. J R SIMPSON
The company was accepted in state service at Mount Gilead and North Fork, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861.
Company K Beauregard Rifles or Scott's Company: CAPT. R T SCOTT
The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 30 July, 1861, and was assigned to the 8th Virginia Infantry at Camp Berkeley, near Ball's Mill, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861.

Sources

"Upon hearing that the enemy had advanced as far as Edward's Ferry, on the Maryland side of the river, Col. Hunton, stationed at Leesburg, 4 miles distant, ordered one company of infantry thither, to take their position on the Virginia side, to act as guard and to harrass the enemy as much as possible in case of an attemt to cross."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 28 June, 1861 - The brush at Edward's Ferry: the enemy frightened off with stove-pipes, 21 June, 1861

"Early the next morning, a mere five days after swearing in many of its soldiers, Colonel Hunton led eight of the ten companies under his command out of Leesburg. Company G from Dransville and Company K from Fauquier, not yet fully formed, were left behind."

"In support of the 5th Brigade were five companies of cavalry, the battery of Capt. H Gray Latham, and Capt. A L Rogers' Loudoun Artillery, in positions selected by David B Harris, now assigned to Beauregard's staff, while retaining his commission in the Virginia Corps of Engineers."

"Hunton's regiment was quickly ordered back to Leesburg, however, along with the three companies of cavalry that had accompanied it to Manassas. Departing on July 24, they took two full days to reach Camp Berkeley at Ball's Mill in southern Loudoun County."

"The men enlisted in early July had insufficient time to be issued Confederate gray before being dispatched to Bull Run."

Confederate engineer: Training and campaigning with John Morris Wampler, by George G Kundahl

"On Saturday, July 20th, I had occasion to ride over into Prince William, and met the 8th Virginia, commanded by Colonel Eppa Hunton, who had been ordered to the next day’s battlefield. We were then old friends, and are such still. He had the Loudoun Cavalry with him."

Southern Historical Society Papers Volume 32: General Eppa Hunton at the battle of Bull Run, 21 July, 1861, statement that he saved the Confederate army from defeat

"Captain Thrift did not join my regiment with his company until the 23rd July, and Captain Scott about ten days afterwards, so that at the Battle of manassas I had only eight companies in my regiment."

"Besides my own regiment I had in my command at Leesburg the Loudoun Cavalry, commanded first by Captain Shreve, and afterward by Captain Meade; and a Loudoun battery commanded by Captain Rogers."

"A little later a Maryland company commanded by Captain George Gaither, reported to me at Leesburg, and became temporarily a part of my command." Howard Dragoons, Company M, 1st Virginia Cavalry

"I was stationed near the Lewis House, where I at once lost my cavalry and arillery, which were placed in other portions of Beauregard's army."

Autobiography of Eppa Hunton

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 71, Serial No.83: Record of events for the Eighth Virginia Infantry, December 1861-December 1864, edited by James B Hewett

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Eighth Virginia Infantry, Second Edition, by J E Divine

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The 8th Virginia Infantry was accepted in state service on 8 May, 1861, and Companies A, B, C, D, and E were stationed at Camp Mason, the Fairgrounds, near Leesburg, Loundon County, Virginia, on 29 May, 1861. Company F arrived at Camp Mason, the Fairgrounds, near Leesburg, Loundon County, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and Companies H and I on 13 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General E Hunton, Fifth Brigade, Second Division, Virginia Militia, resigned after the Ordinance of Secession at Richmond, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was appointed colonel, 8th Virginia Infantry, on 8 May, 1861. Captain J M Wampler, 8th Virginia Infantry, Company H, was appointed special aide to Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry, between 15 May and 23 June, 1861, and topographical engineer between 23 June and 13 July, 1861.

Howard Dragoons, 1st Virginia Cavalry, Company M, 14 May-15 June, 1861: The Howard Dragoons, under the command of Captain G Gaither, was accepted in Virginia state service at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861, and was assigned to Colonel E Hunton, 8th Virginia Infantry, between 14 May on 15 June, 1861 (See the 1st Virginia Cavalry).

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The 8th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Conrad's Ferry, on the Potomac River, Company C, 17 June, 1861: The 8th Virginia Infantry, Company C, was ordered to Conrad's Ferry, on the Potomac River, in the morning on 17 June, 1861, and was engaged in a skirmish the same day (See the Rockville Expedition).

Note: A section of the Loudoun Artillery, under the command of First Lieutenant H Heaton, was ordered to Conrad's Ferry, on the Potomac River, in the morning on 17 June, 1861 (See the Loudoun Artillery).

Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 4th South Carolina Infantry, 21-23 June, 1861: The 4th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, under the command of Major N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, by Special Orders No.55, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Caroline, near Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 23 June, 1861 (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry).

Major N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 23 June-10 July, 1861: Major N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command Loudoun County and the Potomac River between Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, and Drainesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 23 June and 10 July, 1861 (See the Evans' Demi Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Centreville, Fairfax County, & Manassas Junction, Virginia, Company G, 16 & 22 July, 1861: Thrift's Company, under the command of Captain J Thrift, was mustered in Confederate service at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 16 July, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861.

Leesburg, Loudoun County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 18-19 July, 1861: The 8th Virginia infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 18 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the Loudoun Cavalry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery. The regiment arrived at Buckner's Farm, near Gum Spring, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 19 July, 1861. The 8th Virginia infantry arrived near the Lewis House, Portici, in the afternoon the same day.

Note: The 8th Virginia infantry was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, on 19 July, 1861, and was stationed near Holkum's Branch, on the Bull Run River, on 20 July, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Organisation of Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, near Lewis' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 18th Virginia Infantry, the 19th Virginia Infantry, and the 28th Virginia Infantry were assigned to the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861; the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, on 22 June, 1861 (See the Hale's Squadron Cavalry); a section of the Lynchburg Artillery by Special Orders No.64, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery); the 49th Virginia Infantry, Companies B, E, and H, and Schaeffer's Battalion Infantry on 18 July, 1861; and the 8th Virginia Infantry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, the Loudoun Cavalry, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery on 19 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 8th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction & Ball's Mill, Loudoun County, Virginia, Companies G & K, 23 July & 2 August, 1861: Captains J Thrift's Company was assigned to the 8th Virginia Infantry, Company G, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and Captain R T Scott's Company as Company K at Camp Berkeley, near Ball's Mill, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 2 August, 1861.

Manassas Junction to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 24-25 July, 1861: The 8th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.154 1/2, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861, dated 23 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the Loudoun Cavalry, the Madison Invincibles, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, and the Loudoun Artillery. The regiment arrived at Camp Berkeley, on Goose Creek, near Ball's Mill, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening on 25 July, 1861.

Reorganised at Lebanon Church, near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 26 April, 1862: The 8th Virginia Infantry was reorganised at Lebanon Church, near Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 8th Virginia Infantry, under the command of Major General M P Sheperd, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Captain P St G Cocke, Powhatan Troop, was appointed brigadier general, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Richmond, Virginia, and assigned to command the military operations of the State of Virginia bounding the Potomac River on 21 April, 1861 (See Headquarters, Army of the Potomac). Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Alexandria, Virginia, the same day and was stationed at the Mansion House Hotel, on Fairfax Street, Alexandria, Virginia, on 22 April, 1861. He was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 28 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Washington Volunteers, Companies A and B (See the Garrison at Alexandria). Brigadier General P St G Cocke arrived at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day and was appointed colonel, 19th Virginia Infantry, on 2 May, 1861, dated 21 April, 1861. Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.49, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and was assigned to command the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861. He was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, and committed suicide at Belmead, on the James River, near Powhatan, Powhatan County, Virginia, on 26 December, 1861.

Note: Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, was assigned to command the troops from the counties of Rappahannock, Culpeper, Madison, Green, Orange, Albemarle, Nelson, Amherst, Campbell, Bedford, Roanoke, Botetourt, and Craig by Special Orders No.39, Paragraph III, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

The 8th Virginia Infantry was assigned to the First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.169, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861, and was assigned to the Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel N G Evans, on 11 August, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.102: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp545-546
Colonel E Hunton, Eighth Virginia Infantry, Camp Berkeley, near near Ball's Mill, Loudoun County, Virginia, 26 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT: Series I, Volume 51, Part I (Serial No.107), pp24-32
Colonel P St. G Cocke, Confederate States Army, Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Suspension Bridge, near the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, 1 August, 1861