The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Captain W C Wickham, Hanover Light Dragoons

Captain W C Wickham, Hanover Light Dragoons

Wickham's Squadron Cavalry

Fairfax Cavalry arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 24 May, 1861, and Hanover Light Dragoons 28 May, 1861. Mustered in Confederate service dated 1 July, 1861. Stationed in the rear between Island and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

CAPTAIN W C WICKHAM
Captain W C Wickham, Hanover Light Dragoons, was assigned to command Wicham's Squadron Cavalry on 20 July, 1861, and was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th Virginia Cavalry, on 11 September, 1861.

Unlettered Company Hanover Light Dragoons: CAPT. W C WICKHAM
The company was accepted in state service at Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, Confederate States Army, on 17 May, 1861. The company was assigned to Wickham's Squadron Cavalry on 20 July, 1861. The company was asssigned to the 4th Virginia Cavalry, Company G, by Special Orders No.248, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 4 September, 1861, and Captain W C Wickham was appointed lieutenant colonel, 4th Virginia Cavalry, on 11 September, 1861.
Unlettered Company Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards: CAPT. E B POWELL
The company was mustered in state service at Alexandria, Virginia, Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 20 April, 1861, and was assigned to Wickham's Squadron Cavalry on 20 July, 1861. The company was assigned to the 6th Virginia Cavalry, Company F, by Special Orders No.276, Paragraph XVI, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 12 September, 1861.

Sources

"The Fairfax Cavalry, under command of Capt. M. B. Ball, arrived in this city last evening, making a fine show and attracting general attention."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 27 April, 1861 - From Alexandria

"Among the troops encamped here are the following companies: Cavalry - Governor's Guard; Chesterfield, Company B; Hanover Troop; Henrico Troop; Amelia Light Dragoons."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 14 May, 1861 - Camp Ashland, Hanover co., Va., 12 May, 1861

"Tuesday evening two companies were transported with their horses and provisions, on the Central Railroad. This evening the Governor's Guard and the Chesterfield Troop will leave in the evening the same way, and to the same destination."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 31 May, 1861 - Camp Ashland, Hanover County, 30 May, 1861

"Four companies of the First Regiment of Virginia Volunteers were at Fairfax Court-House on Monday evening, besides the Warrenton Rifles and five Cavalry Companies, viz.; Ball's, Chesterfield corps; Wickham's, (Hanover,) Prince William, Rappahannock and Black Horse Cavalry, of Fauquier. It was thought probable that Col. Maxcy Gregg's South Carolinians would take the place of the Richmond companies, and permit them to rejoin their Regiment at Manassas Junction."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 19 June, 1861 - Military

"At 8 AM we proceeded to take position as picket guard and videttes in a little clump of timber, about three quarters of a mile, directly in front of the Confederate earth-works at Mitchell's Ford. The picket consisted of twelve infantry and three cavalry."

"In crossing an open field, I was, with Lieutenant Timberlake, riding at the head of a detachment, consisting of Captain Wickham's light-horse troop, and Captain E. B. Powell's company of Fairfax cavalry, when a shell was thrown at the head of the column from a rifle piece stationed at the distance not less than two miles, and as, hurrying onward we leaned down upon our horses, the hurtling missle passed a few inches above us, burying itself harmlessly in the soft earth on our left."

"Our regiment had divided in the charge, and our detachment now consisted of Capt. Wickham's cavalry, Capt. E. B. Powell's troop of Fairfax cavalry, the Radford Rangers, Capt. Radford, the whole led by Col. Radford."

Southern history of the great Civil War in the United States, by Edward Alfred Pollard

"On the 20th of this month Captain E. B. Powell organised a company of cavalry, which left this city with the other companies on the morning of our evacuation. This company was composed mainly of recruits from the adjoining county of Fairfax. It was known during the war as the Fairfax Cavalry."

Manassas to Appomattox: The Civil War memoirs of Pvt. Edgar Warfield, 17th Virginia Infantry

"The force was divided into different detachments. Colonel Radford, with six companies, was ordered to cross a short distance below the enemy's extreme right and intercept his column. Our company was in front, and I was riding in front of my platoon, when, after crossing the swamp, we came suddenly on a detachment of the enemy concealed in the bushes, with their pieces levelled."

The University memorial: Biographical sketches of alumni of the University of Virginia who fell in the Confederate War, five Volumes in one, by Rev John Lipscomb Johnson, B A

"In advancing the cavalry was divided as follows: Under my own command I had at first but one squadron, composed of the companies of Captains Radford and Pitzer, the latter in charge of Lieutenant (Cary) Breckinridge. I was joined by Captains Terry, Alexander, (Willaims C) Wickham, and (E B) Powell, with their companies, while moving towards stone bridge."

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Second Virginia Cavalry, First Edition, No.990 of 1000, by R J Driver, Jr. & H E Howard

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Fourth Virginia Cavalry, Second Edition, by K L Stiles

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Sixth Virginia Cavalry, Second Edition, by M Musick

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

Hanover Light Dragoons

The Hanover Light Dragoons was accepted in state service at Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861.

Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, 10 May, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons arrived at Camp Ashland, near Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, on 10 May, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, 17 May, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons was mustered in state service for one year at Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel R S Ewell, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 17 May, 1861.

Note: The Hanover Light Dragoons was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, on 19 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the Goochland Light Dragoons. The company arrived at Richmond, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Ashland, Hanover County, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 28-29 May, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.127, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 27 May, 1861, and proceeded by the Virginia Central Railroad in the evening on 28 May, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Goochland Light Dragoons and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 29 May, 1861 (See Jenifer's Battalion Cavalry).

Manassas Junction to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 31 May, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Major J Harrison, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 31 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the Governor's Mounted Guard, the Goochland Light Dragoons, and the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B (See Harrison's Battalion Cavalry). The company arrived at Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, via Union Mills, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day.

Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 June, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 AM the on 1 June, 1861, and was accompanied by Goochland Light Dragoons. The Hanover Light Dragoons was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 6 & 16 June, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons was stationed near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 6 and 16 June, 1861.

Note: The Prince William Cavalry, the Hanover Light Dragoons, the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B; the Rappahannock Cavalry, and the Black Horse Troop were stationed at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861.

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: A detachment of the Hanover Light Dragoons, under the command of Captain W B Ball, Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was ordered to Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry, in the morning on 16 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry and Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B.

Note: A section of the Alexandria Artillery, under the command of Captain D Kemper, and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, and a detachment of the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, under the command of Captain W R Terry, arrived at Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 16 June, 1861.

Frying Pan Church, on the Old Ox Road, to Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: A detachment of the Hanover Light Dragoons arrived at Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 16 June, 1861.

Skirmish on the Hampshire, Loudoun & Alexandria Railroad, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: A detachment of the Hanover Light Dragoons was ordered to Hunter's Mills, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Vienna via Hunter's Mills, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day. The detachment was engaged in a skirmish on the Hampshire, Loudoun & Alexandria Railroad, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 6 and 8 PM on 17 June, 1861 (See the Vienna Expedition).

Note: Ayer Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, was renamed Vienna by Dr W Hendrick in 1855 and Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry, was ordered on a reconnaissance to Seneca Creek, on the Potomac River, in the morning on 17 June, 1861.

Vienna to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17-18 June, 1861: A detachment of the Hanover Light Dragoons was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 17 June, 1861, and arrived via Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 June, 1861.

Withdrawal to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17-18 July, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons was ordered to withraw to Mitchell's Ford, Virginia, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company H, and the Alexandria Artillery. The company arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day and was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 12 AM on 18 July, 1861. The Hanover Light Dragoons arrived at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning the same day.

Note: The Hanover Light Dragoons was assigned as escort to the Alexandria Artillery in the morning on 17 July, 1861.

Island & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons was stationed in the rear between Island and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Captain W C Wickham, Hanover Light Dragoons, on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the Hanover Light Dragoons was stationed near Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Follow & observe the enemy near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 22 July, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons was ordered to follow and observe the enemy, to pick up stragglers, and secure relinquished property near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 3rd South Carolina Infantry, the 7th South Carolina Infantry, and a section of the Richmond Battalion Howitzers, 1st Company. The company arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 AM the same day.

Centreville to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons was ordered to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.149, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 8 PM on 23 July, 1861, dated the same day and arrived at Vienna, via Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 July, 1861.

Note: The Hanover Light Dragoons was stationed at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 22 July, 1861, and at Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 26 July, 1861.

Camp Suspension Bridge, near the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, 3 August, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons was assigned to the Fifth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel P St G Cocke, 19th Virginia Infantry, at Camp Suspension Bridge, near the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, by Special Orders No. 203, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 3 August, 1861 (See the Fifth Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Note: The Hanover Light Dragoons was stationed at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 19 August, 1861.

The Hanover Light Dragoons was assigned to the 4th Virginia Cavalry, Company G, under the command of Colonel B H Robertson, by Special Orders No.248, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 4 September, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Sangster's or Elzey's Crossroads, Prince William County, Virginia, on 19 September 1861.

Fairfax Cavalry or washington Home Guards

The Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards was stationed at Alexandria, Virginia, on 20 April, 1861 (See the Garrison at Alexandria).

Mustered in one year, Alexandria, Virginia, 20 April, 1861: The Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards was mustered in state service for one year at Alexandria, Virginia, by order of Brigadier General P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 20 April, 1861.

Note: The Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards was assigned to guard duty between Alexandria, Virginia, and Little Falls, on the Potomac River, between 20 April and 23 May, 1861.

Alexandria to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 24 May, 1861: The Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards was ordered to withdraw to Manassas Junction, Virginia, under the command of Colonel G H Terrett, Provisional Army of Virginia, in the morning on 24 May, 1861, and destroyed bridges on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad the same day (See the Occupation of Arlington Heights and Alexandria). The company was accompanied by the 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers, under the command of Major M D Corse, the Warren Rifles, the Loudoun Guards, the Mount Vernon Guards, the Old Dominion Rifles, and the O'Connell Guards and arrived at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 1 PM on 24 May, 1861.

Note: The Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards was assigned to Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry, and Brigadier General M L Bonham, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, between 24 May and 21 July, 1861, and was stationed at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 13 and 15 June, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Withdrawal to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17-18 July, 1861: The Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards were ordered to withdraw to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, under the comamnd of Colonel R C W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the Black Horse Troop, the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, and the 8th South Carolina Infantry. The company was assigned to guard duty at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 12 AM, on 18 July, 1861.

Island & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards was stationed in the rear between Island and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Captain W C Wickham, Hanover Light Dragoons, on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards was stationed near Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards was stationed at Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel RC W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, between 28 and 30 July, 1861, and near Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 1 and 7 September, 1861.

The Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards was assigned to the 6th Virginia Cavalry, Company F, under the command of Colonel C W Field, by Special Orders No.276, Paragraph XVI, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, on 12 September, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in October 1861.

Wickham's Squadron Cavalry

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons and the Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards were ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 July, 1861, and proceeded at 12 PM on 23 July, 1861. The Hanover Light Dragoons and the Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day.

Centreville to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23-24 July, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons and the Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards were ordered to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.149, paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and proceeded at 8 PM the same day. The Hanover Light Dragoons and the Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards arrived at Camp Gregg, near Vienna, via Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 July, 1861.

Note: The Hanover Light Dragoons and the Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards were assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 2nd South Carolina Infantry, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, 7th South Carolina Infantry, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Alexandria Artillery, Hanover Light Dragoons, Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, C, G, and H

Camp Vienna, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861: The Hanover Light Dragoons and the Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards were stationed at Camp Vienna, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 1 August, 1861.

Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Major General M L Bonham, South Carolina Militia, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 6 PM on 24 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, H, I, K, and L, and was assigned to command the Department of Alexandria and establish headquarters at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.95, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry. He arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the the troops stationed at Fairfax County, Virginia, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry by Special Orders No. 1 and General Orders No.9, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 4 and 9 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the Black Horse Troop (See Munford's Squadron Cavalry). He was assigned to command the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and reappointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, dated 14 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier general P G T Beauregard assumed command of the Department of Alexandria at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861.

Disbanded at Lynchburg, Virginia, 11 April, 1865: The 4th Virginia Cavalry and the 6th Virginia Cavalry were disbanded at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 11 April, 1865.

The Hanover Light Dragoons and the Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards were assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT No.86: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp518-521
Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Gregg, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861