The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry

Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry

Second South Carolina Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 22 and 23 May, 1861. Arrived at Manassas, Virginia, 25 May, 1861. Stationed at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL J B KERSHAW
J B Kershaw was appointed colonel, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 2 February, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL E P JONES
J D Blanding was appointed lieutenant colonel, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 2 February, 1861, but was assigned to command the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies B, F, G, H, I, and K, at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 19 April, 1861, and Private E P Jones, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company B, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 16 May, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

MAJOR A D GOODWYN
Captain D Barnes, Lancaster Greys, was appointed major, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 2 February, 1861, but declined Confederate service on 19 April, 1861, and Adjutant A D Goodwyn, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, was appointed major, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 16 May, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

Company A Governor's Guards: CAPT. W H CASSON
The company was accepted in state service at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 5 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 8 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 2 PM on 9 April, 1861, and arrived at 3 AM on 10 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 11 PM on 25 April, 1861, and arrived in the morning on 27 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service at Camp Davis, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861.
Company B Butler Guards or Hoke's Rifle Company: CAPT. A D HOKE
The company was accepted in state service at Greenville District, South Carolina, on 5 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service as the 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, on 15 April, 1861 (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry). The company was ordered to proceed by the Greenville & Columbia Railroad to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 16 April, 1861, and arrived on 17 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Charlotte & South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 3 PM on 6 May, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad in the evening on 7 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service at Camp Davis, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861.
Company C Columbia or Richland Greys: CAPT. W H WALLACE
The company was accepted in state service at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 7 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 8 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 2 PM on 9 April, 1861, and arrived at 3 AM on 10 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 11 PM on 25 April, 1861, and arrived in the morning on 27 April, 1861. The company mustered in Confederate service at Camp Davis, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861.
Company D Sumter Guards or Volunteers: CAPT. J S RICHARDSON, JR.
The company was accepted in state service at Sumter, Sumter District, South Carolina, on 7 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 8 April, 1861. The company arrived at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding, at 3 AM on 10 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Sumter, Sumter District, South Carolina, in the evening on 26 April, 1861. The company was accompanied by Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 5.30 PM on 30 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service at Camp Davis, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, and a detachment of twenty-one men was assigned to the Palmetto Light Artillery, under the command of Captain H R Garden, on 28 April, 1862.
Company E Camden Volunteers or Light Infantry: CAPT. J D KENNEDY
The company was accepted in state service at Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, on 8 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 9 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 11 PM on 25 April, 1861, and arrived in the morning on 27 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service at Camp Davis, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861.
Company F Abbeville or Secession Guards: CAPT. W W PERRYMAN
The company was accepted in state service at Chalk Level, near Abbeville, Abbeville District, South Carolina, on 10 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at New Market, near Greenwood, Abbeville District, South Carolina, as the 7th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, on 17 April, 1861 (See the 7th South Carolina Infantry). The company was ordered to proceed by the Greenville & Columbia Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning the same day and arrived by the South Carolina Railroad at Camp Charleston or Bacon, Schutzenplatz, (German Shooting Ground), near the Ri(c)kersville, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 11 PM on 17 April, 1861. The company was assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 28 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 30 April, 1861. The company arrived by the Weldon Railroad at Petersburg, Virginia, at 9 AM on 2 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the morning the same day. The company arrived at Richmond, Virginia, at 1 PM on 2 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service at Camp Davis, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861.
Company G Flat Rock Guards: CAPT. C C HAILE
The company was accepted in state service at Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, on 16 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 24 April, 1861. The company arrived at Hobkirk Hill, near Camden, Kershaw County, South Carolina, in the afternoon on 28 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Camden Branch Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 1 AM on 29 April, 1861. The company was accompanied by Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 5.30 PM on 30 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service at Camp Davis, the Reservoir, near Trotting Park, Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861.
Company H Lancaster Invincibles: CAPT. A MCMANUS
The company was accepted in state service at Lancaster, Lancaster County, South Carolina, on 8 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 28 April, 1861. The company arrived at Hobkirk Hill, near Camden, Kershaw County, South Carolina, in the afternoon on 28 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Camden Branch Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 1 AM on 29 April, 1861. The company was accompanied by Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 5.30 PM on 30 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service at Camp Davis, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861.
Company I Palmetto Guards: CAPT. G B CUTHBERT
The company was accepted in state service at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain T W Middleton, on 27 December, 1860, and was stationed at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, between 9 January and 30 April, 1861. G B Cuthbert was appointed captain, Palmetto Guards, on 12 March, 1861, and the company was mustered in state service for one year at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 1 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 9 AM on 9 May, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad in the morning on 11 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service at Camp Davis, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861.
Company K Brooks Guards Volunteers: CAPT. A B RHETT
The company was accepted in state service at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 8 May, 1861, and Lieutenant Colonel A B Rhett, South carolina Militia, was appointed captain, Brooks Guards Volunteers, on 12 May, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 12 May, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Petersburg, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service at Camp Davis, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, and a detachment of sixty-one men were mustered in Confederate service for two years and three months as the Brooks Light Artillery, under the command of Captain A B Rhett, at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 28 January, 1862.

Columbia Artillery

Captain A J Green

The Columbia Artillery was accepted and mustered in state service at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 2 January, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3.30 AM the same day. The company arrived at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 1 PM on 1 January, 1861.

Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, & Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 2-3 January, 1861: The Columbia Artillery was ordered to proceed by the steamer Excel to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, at 4 PM on 2 January, 1861, but did not disembark, and was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 3 January, 1861.

Charleston to Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 3-4 January, 1861: The Columbia Artillery was ordered to proceed by the steamer Excel to Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 3 January, 1861, and disembarked on 4 January, 1861.

Note: The was stationed at Fort Moultrie, Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 10.30 PM on 5 January and 19 January, 1861, and at the Fun Gun or Beauregard Battery, east of the Curlew ground, Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 22 February, 1861.

Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Morris Island, Chraleston Harbour, 23 February, 1861: The Columbia Artillery was ordered to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 23 February, 1861, and relieved a detachment of twenty-three men of the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Company F, under the command of Captain J G Pressley, stationed at the Star of the West Battery at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, between 22 and 23 Febraury, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

General Orders No.8, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 27 March, 1861: The Columbia Artillery was assigned to the Star of the West Battery (two 24 pounders) and Batteries B and C (two 24 pounders each), at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, under the command of Captain A J Green, by General Orders No.8, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 27 March, 1861.

Star of the West Battery & Batteries B & C, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 12-13 April, 1861: The Columbia Artillery was stationed at the Star of the West Battery and Batteries B and C at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, on 12 and 13 April, 1861.

Order No.(?), Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 21 April, 1861: Captain A J Green, Columbia Artillery, was assigned to command the Dahlgren Battery (two 10 inch swivel guns) at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by Order No.(?), Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 21 April, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, 25-26 April, 1861: The Columbia Artillery was relieved from the Star of the West Battery and Batteries B and C at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by Special Orders No.89, Headquarters, Provisional Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 9 AM on 25 April, dated 22 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, in the evening on 26 April, 1861.

Note: The Palmetto Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry, was assigned to the Star of the West Battery at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by Special Orders No.89, Headquarters, Provisional Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 22 April, 1861, and A J Green was assigned as an aide to Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, and unattached volunteer to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company I, during the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.

Sources

"This splendid Company, commanded by Capt. John Wylie, arrived in town on Thursday afternoon last, en route for the seat of war."

The Camden Weekly Journal, 16 April, 1861 - Lancaster Greys

"Three volunteer companies of citizen soldiery, under the command of Lieut. Col. J. D. Blanding, arrived here last night, by the night train of the South Carolina Railroad."

Anderson Intelligencer, 17 April, 1861 - Arrival of troops

"The greater part of the gallant Second Regiment of South Carolina volunteers left Charleston on Thursday last, under the command of Col. J. B. Kershaw, on the Northeastern Railroad, bound for the Old Dominion. A detachment of the Regiment, numbering about 300 men, arrived in Richmond on Saturday morning via Petersburg Railroad, and were provided with quarters in the Northeastern part of the city. The staff officers of the Regiment left Charleston on Friday."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 29 April, 1861 - Second Regiment of South Carolina volunteers

"Another detachment left on Saturday, in charge of Lieuts. Leitner and De Pass, of the Camden Volunteers, which will join their comrades in Richmond."

The Camden Weekly Journal, 30 April, 1861 - Volunteers

"The Flat Rock Guards, of this District, under command of Capt. C. C. Haile, and Lancaster Invincibles, Capt. A. McManus, having nobly and promtly responded to the call of Col. Kershaw, arrived in town Sunday afternoon, en route for Virginia. They were met at Hobkirk hill by Col. Kershaw, attended by Capt. J. I. Villepigue, of his Staff, and Messers. Doby and hardy, Special Aides. At onr o'clock they left by special train in order to connect with the morning cars for Wilmington."

The Camden Weekly Journal, 30 April, 1861 - More volunteers

"A detachment of the Second Regiment of South Carolina volunteers, 283 in number, under Col. J. B. Kershaw, arrived in Richmond at half-past 5 o'clock yesterday evening per Petersburg Railroad. The companies composing the detachment are commanded by Captains McManus, Hale and Richardson."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 1 May, 1861 - Arrival of South Carolina troops

"Our streets were again enlivened today by the presence of Palmetto troops, who arrived from Weldon by special train at 12½ o'clock."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 2 May, 1861 - From Petersburg, 30 April, 1861

"We learned last evening from Travers Daniel, Esq.; the gentlemanly and obliging agent of the Petersburg Road, that 189 Southern soldiers would leave Wilmington, N. C., yesterday evening, at 4 o'clock, for Richmond - the Confederate Light Guard, Capt. E. J. Walker, 88 men, from Augusta, Ga; Capt. Perryman's company, from Haverhill District, S. C., 101 men will arrive in Petersburg to day at 9 A. M., and get into Richmond about 11 ¼ o'clock."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 2 May, 1861 - Movements of the military

"The Abbeville, (S.C.) Guards, Captain Perryman, arrived by an extra train from the South, at one o'clock yesterday afternoon. They were greeted by the Sumter and Camden Volunteers, and by them escorted to the encampment in the Northwestern part of the city."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 3 May, 1861 - Abbeville Guards

"This company, whose arrival from Greenville, S. C., has been noticed, afforded our citizens an opportunity yesterday of seeing as fine a body of citizen-soldiery as eye need light upon. They were accompanied by their own Brass Band."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 9 May, 1861 - Butler Guards

"This fine company having been accepted as a part of Col. Kershaw's Regiment, now in servive in Virginia, left yesterday for Richmond, on a special train furnished free of expense by the authorities of the Charlotte Railroad. This train left at 3 o'clock, and will run through to Charlotte in five hours, reaching Richmond before 12 o'clock today. The Guards were escorted to the depot by the Fourth Regiment, under the command of Col. Sloan, and by the Richland Rifles, of Columbia."

The Anderson Intelligencer, 9 May, 1861 - The Departure of the Butler Guards

"The Brooks Guards, Capt. Burnett Rhett, 85 strong, left tonight for Richmond. They will join Colonel Kershaw's Regiment now encamped near that city."

The Richmond Enquirer, 12 May, 1861 - From Charleston

"The expected arrival on Saturday of that gallant corps of true and brave South Carolina gentlemen, the Palmetto Guard, of Charleston, South Carolina, was mentioned in the Dispatch of that date."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 13 May, 1861 - The Palmetto Guard

"The Brooks Guards, a very fine body of men from glorious little South Carolina, made their appearance in our midst yesterday, and were warmly welcomed, as they deserved to be. The Guards, who are fully armed and ready for instant service, number 78 men, and are commanded by Capt. A. Barnwell Rhett. They were received at the Petersburg depot by the Palmetto Guard, with their band, and escorted (after passing through various streets, where both companies received much admiration for their soldierly appearance) to the camp near the Trotting Course."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 15 May, 1861 - South Carolina Volunteers

"On Tuesday the Brooks Guards, Captain Rhett, 79 men, of South Carolina, arrived in Richmond."

The Evening Star, 16 May, 1861

"The Lynchburg Artillery Company, 7 cannon and other warlike appurtenances, and 130 men, left for the interior yesterday evening, via the Central Railroad. Col. Kershaw's command 2nd Regiment South Carolina volunteers, 1100 men, went on the same train, to the same place."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 25 May, 1861

"Ewell reached Culpeper around 24 May, the day Federal forces occupied Alexandria, Virginia. The troops at Culpeper were immediately ordered north to reinforce Brig. Gen. Milledge L. Bonham at Manassas Junction. The South Carolinian had two regiments of infantry. Heplaced one at Centreville and the other at Mitchell's Ford on Bull Run."

Richard S. Ewell: A soldiers life, and by Donald C Pfanz

"A South Carolina company belonging to Kershaw's or Cash's regiment, which was on picket at the time their regiments moved from Mitchell's Ford, not being able to find its proper command, had joined me just as we were advancing against the enemy near Chinn's house, and had been attached to Hay's regiment, with which it went into action."

Lieutenant General Jubal Anderson Early C.S.A., autobiographical sketch and narrative of the War Between the States, with notes by Jubal Anderson Early

"He inspected the division, thus increased, consisting of the 2nd and 8th South Carolina regiments, the shattered remnants of Hampton's Legion, about 150 strong, whom we had received, (what with the killed, wounded, and those attending them, few were left in the field,) and one company – partly of Marylanders, and partly of Crescent Blues of New Orleans."

The Rebellion Record: A diary of American events with documents, narratives, illustrative incidents, poetry etc, with twelve portraits of steel, and various maps and diagrams, Second Volume, edited by Frank Moore, author of "Diary of American Revolution"

"He pointed out to me, some distance ahead of us, in the winding column of advancing reinforcements, the company of Secession Guards (Capt. [W. W.] Perryman,) belonging to our regiment. This company (as I afterwards learned,) had been, in the morning, on detached service, and therefore received orders late, and after the other companies had marched. This company was made conspicuous by its spectacular uniform, of blue flannel shirts, worn outside."

Diary of Edmund Ruffin, Volume II, The years of hope, April 1861-June 1863, by edited William Scarborough

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 64, Serial No.76: Record of events for the Second South Carolina (Palmetto) Infantry, April 1861-June 1864, edited by James B Hewett

A history of the Second South Carolina Infantry, 1861-1865, by Mac Wyckoff

South Carolina troops in Confederate service, Volume II, complied by A S Salley, Jr.

Order Book of Lieutenant Colonel Wilmot Gibbes DeSaussure, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, containing copies of orders received and sent at the Charleston Harbour, during the secession crisis, 27 December, 1860-2 January, 1861, and 1 March-30 April, 1861

The Civil War letters of Alexander McNeill, 2nd South Carolina Infantry Regiment, edited by Mac Wyckoff and transcribed by Cora Lee Godsey Starling

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Midlands, by R S Seigler

Notes

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was accepted in state service on 2 February, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 1 PM on 9 April, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was mustered in state service for one year on 8 April, 1861, and Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, was stationed at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 26 March, 1861, and 9 April, 1861.

Organisation, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, 2 February-19 April, 1861: Colonel J B Kershaw, Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding, Major D Barnes; Governor's Guards, Captain W H Casson; Columbia or Richland Greys, Captain W H Wallace; Sumter Volunteers, Captain J S Richardson, Jr.; Camden Volunteers or Light Infantry, Captain J D Kennedy; Chicora Guards or Salem Company, Captain S D M Lacoste; Lancaster Greys, Captain J D Wylie; Richland Guards, Captain J C Bookter; States Rights Guards, Captain D W Ray; Claremont Rifles, Captain J G Spann; Clarendon Volunteers or Rifles, Captain W E Keels

State Service

Brigadier General R G M Dunovant, South Carolina Militia, was assigned to command Fort Moultrie, Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, and other military posts in Charleston Harbour, by Orders No.39, Brigade Headquarters, South Carolina Militia, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 2 January, 1861.

Palmetto Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry

The Palmetto Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry, was accepted in state service at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain T W Middleton, on 27 December, 1860, and was stationed at Morris Island and Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, between 9 and 30 April, 1861.

Note: The Palmetto Guards (68) and the Cadet Riflemen (54) were assigned to guard duty at the Charleston Arsenal, on Ashley Avenue and Mill Street, Charlestion, Charlestion District, South Carolina, in the evening on 26 December, 1860, and were relieved by the Irish Volunteers at 4 PM on 27 December, 1860. The Irish Volunteers was relieved by the German Fusiliers at the Charlestion Arsenal, on Ashley Avenue and Mill Street, Charlestion, Charlestion District, South Carolina, at 8 AM on 28 December, 1860.

Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 9 January, 1861: The Palmetto Guards, under the command of Captain T W Middleton, was ordered to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, in the evening on 9 January, 1861, and was accompanied by the Irish Volunteers, under the command of Captain E McGrath. The Palmetto Guards arrived at the Lighthouse, southern end of Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, in the morning on 11 January, 1861.

Note: The Palmetto Guards and Irish Volunteers were assigned to the 17th South Carolina State Militia Infantry, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, under the command of Colonel J Cunningham, on 20 December, 1860, and the Palmetto Guards (109) was stationed at Morris Island Lighthouse, Charleston Harbour, and the Irish Volunteers (92) at Camp Emmet, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, under the command of Captain E McGrath, Irish Volunteers, on 16 January, 1861.

Skirmish with the steamer Star of the West, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 9 January, 1861: A detachment of the Citadel Military Academy Corps Cadets (40), under the command of Major P F Stevens, arrived by the steamer Planter at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, in the morning on 31 December, 1860, and the German Riflemen and the Charleston Zouave Cadets, 1st South Carolina Rifles, were ordered to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, at 12 PM on 1 January, 1861. The German Riflemen and the Charleston Zouave Cadets were assigned as support to the Citadel Military Academy Corps Cadets stationed at the Star of the West Battery at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, during the skirmish with the steamer Star of the West in the morning on 9 January, 1861. The detachment of the Citadel Military Academy Corps Cadets stationed at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, arrived at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 5 PM on 11 February, 1861, and the detachment at Sullivan's Island and Mount Pleasant, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 14 February, 1861.

Note: The Vigilant Rifles (85), 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, under the command of Captain S Y Tupper; the German Riflemen (90), 1st South Carolina Militia Rifles, under the command of Captain J Small; and the Charleston Zouave Cadets (45), 1st South Carolina Militia Rifles, under the command of First Lieutenant C E Chichester, were stationed at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, during the skirmish with the steamer Star of the West, under the command of Colonel J J Pettigrew, 1st South Carolina Militia Rifles, in the morning on 9 January, 1861. The Vigilant Rifles was relieved by the Montgomery Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry, on 19 January, 1861, and arrived at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening the same day. The Vigilant Rifles was assigned to the Beauregard or Five Gun Battery (three 24 pounders, one 32 pounder, and one 42 pounder Seacoast howitzer), east of the Curlew ground, Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 23 February, 1861, and was assigned to the 1st South Carolina Militia Rifles during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, between 12 and 13 April, 1861. The Vigilant Rifles was relieved and ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 22 April, 1861. A detachment of the German Artillery, Company B, under the command of Second Lieutenant B Meyerhoff, was stationed at Lighthouse Point, southern end of Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 9 January, 1861, and was relieved by the Washington Light Infantry on 13 February, 1861.

Organisation of 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, 27 December, 1860: Colonel E H Locke, Lieutenant Colonel W G DeSaussure, Major J A Wagener; Marion Artillery, Captain J G King; Lafayette Artillery, Captain J J Pope, Jr.; German Artillery, Company A, Captain C Nohrden; German Artillery, Company B, Captain H Harms; Washington Artillery, Captain G H Walter

Note: The Washington Artillery, 1st South C.arolina Militia Artillery, was stationed at Fort Moultrie, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 27 December, 1860, and 24 January, 1861, and was relieved by the 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company B, under the command of Captain J H Hallonquist, on 25 January, 1861. A detachment of thirty men of the Washington Artillery was stationed at the Beauregard or Five Gun Battery, east of the Curlew ground, Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 26 January and 23 February, 1861.

Garrison at Lighthouse, southern end of Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 15 January, 1861: Palmetto Guards (109), Captain T W Middleton; Irish Volunteers (92), Captain E McGrath; detachment German Artillery, Company B, Second Lieutenant B Meyerhoff

Note: The Palmetto Guards, the Irish Volunteers, and a detachment of the German Artillery, Company B, under the command of Second Lieutenant B Meyerhoff, arrived at the Lighthouse, southern end of Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, in the morning on 11 January, 1861.

Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 12 February, 1861: The Palmetto Guards, under the command of Captain T W Middleton, was stationed at the Lighthouse, southern end of Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, between 11 January and 11 February, 1861, and was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 12 February, 1861.

Note: The Palmetto Guards was relieved by the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Companies B, F, and I, at the Lighthouse, southern end of Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, in the morning on 12 February, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 12 March, 1861: The Palmetto Guards, under the command of Captain G B Cuthbert, was ordered to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 12 March, 1861.

Note: G B Cuthbert, Palmetto Guards, was appointed captain, Palmetto Guards, at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 12 March, 1861.

Orders Nos.1 & 2, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 3 & 12 March, 1861: Major P F Stevens, Citadel Military Academy, was assigned to command the Iron or Stevens' Battery (No.1) and First Lieutenant W W Armstrong, Citadel Military Academy, to command the Mortar Battery (No.2) at Cummings Point Battery, Cummings Point, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by Orders No.1, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 3 March, 1861, and the Palmetto Guards was assigned to Major P F Stevens, Citadel Military Academy, by Orders No.2, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 12 March, 1861.

Note: Major P F Stevens, Citadel Military Academy, was appointed commandant of batteries by Special Orders No.8, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 12 March, 1861, and was assigned to command the Iron or Stevens' Battery (No.1) and the Mortar Battery (No.2) at Cummings Point Battery, Cummings Point, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by Special Orders No.8, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 12 March, 1861.

Iron or Stevens' Battery, at Cummings Point, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 12 March, 1861: The Palmetto Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry, was assigned to the Iron or Stevens' Battery, at Cummings Point, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by Orders No.108, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Forces on Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 12 March, 1861.

Note: The 1st South Carolina Infantry, Company I, was stationed at the Iron or Stevens' Battery, at Cummings Point, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, under the command of Major P F Stevens, Citadel Military Academy, on 11 March, 1861, and was relieved by Orders No.108, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Forces on Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 12 March, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

General Orders No.8, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, Company D, 27 March, 1861: The Palmetto Guards was assigned to the Iron or Stevens' Battery (three 8 inch Columbiads) and the Cummings Point Battery (three 10 inch mortars and two 42 pounders), under the command of Captain G B Cuthbert, at Cummings Point, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by General Orders No.8, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 27 March, 1861.

Cummings Point Battery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 12 & 13 April, 1861: A detachment of the Palmetto Guards, under the command of First Lieutenant C R Holmes, was assigned to three 10 inch mortars; a detachment, under the command of Second Lieutenant T S Brownfield, was assigned to two 42 pounders; and a detachment, under the command of Captain J P James, Citadel Military Academy, was assigned one Blakely rifle at Cummings Point Battery, Cummings Point, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, between 12 and 13 April, 1861.

Iron or Stevens' Battery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 12 & 13 April, 1861: A detachment of the Palmetto Guards, under the command of Captain G B Cuthbert and Third Lieutenant G L Buist, was assigned to three 8 inch Columbiads at the Iron or Stevens' Battery Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, between 12 and 13 April, 1861.

Note: Lieutenant Colonel W G DeSaussure, 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, was ordered to Sullivan's Island and appointed commandant at Fort Moultrie, Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Orders No.27, 1st Regiment of Artillery, South Carolina Militia, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 20 December, 1860, and was relieved by Special Orders No.9, Fort Moultrie, Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 2 January, 1861. He was assigned to command the artillery at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by Headquarters, South Carolina Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 2 March, 1861, and appointed commandant of the batteries and assigned to command all the troops serving the batteries at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by Special Orders No.8, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 12 March, 1861. Brigadier General J W Simons, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, was assigned to command Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 11 April, 1861.

Morris Island to Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, 14-15 April, 1861: The Palmetto Guards was ordered to Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, on 14 April, 1861, and to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 15 April, 1861.

Note: The 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company B, under the command of Captain J W Hallonquist, was assigned to garrison duty at Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R S Ripley, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, by Special Orders No.12, Headquarters, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 14 April, 1861.

Special Orders No.89, Headquarters, Provisional Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 25 April, 1861, dated 22 April, 1861.: The Palmetto Guards was assigned to the Star of the West Battery at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by Special Orders No.89, Headquarters, Provisional Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 9 AM on 25 April, 1861, dated 22 April, 1861.

Note: The Columbia Artillery was relieved from the Star of the West Battery and Batteries C and D at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by Special Orders No.89, Headquarters, Provisional Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 9 AM on 25 April, dated 22 April, 1861.

Orders No.(?), Paragraph I, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 29 April, 1861: The Palmetto Guards was relieved from the Star of the West Battery at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, and ordered to proceed by the steamer Chesterfield to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Orders No.(?), Paragraph I, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 30 April, 1861, dated 29 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Marion Artillery, 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, under the command of Captain J G King, and the German Artillery, Company A, 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, under the command of Captain C Nohrden. The company arrived at Adgar's Wharf, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 10 PM the same day.

Note: The Palmetto Guards was assigned to the 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry, at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, under the command of Colonel J Cunningham, between 9 January and 30 April, 1861, and was organised as the Palmetto Guards, under the command of Captain G B Cuthbert, and the Palmetto Guard Artillery, under the command of Captain G L Buist, at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 1 May, 1861.

Second South Carolina Infantry

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Legaré's Landing, on the Stono River, James Island; Morris Island, Charleston Harbour; and Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 10 and 24 April, 1861.

Note: A detachment of thirty-one men, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, was stationed at Castle Pinckney, Shutes Folly Island, Charleston Harbour, on 3 March, 1861, and the Clarendon Volunteers or Rifles was mustered in state service as the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company I, at Clarendon District, South Carolina, on 8 April, 1861.

Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, Company K, 9 April, 1861: The Brooks Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, under the command of Captain J E Carew, was ordered to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, in the morning on 9 April, 1861, and A B Rhett was appointed captain, Brooks Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry, on 30 April, 1861. Captain A B Rhett, Brooks Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry, was appointed captain, Brooks Guards Volunteers, on 8 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company C, was stationed three miles above Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 20 February, 1861.

Columbia, Richland District, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, Companies A & C, 9-10 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A and C, were ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 2 PM on 9 April, 1861, and arrived at 3 AM on 10 April, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, and D, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding, arrived by the South Carolina Railroad at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3 AM on 10 April, 1861, and Company A embarked on a steamer at Southern Wharf, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Fort Johnson, Windmill Point, James Island, and Company C to Wappoo Cut, on Wappoo Creek, between Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, and James Island, Charleston Harbour, the same day.

Camden, Kershaw District, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, Company E, 9-10 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company E, was ordered to proceed by the Camden Branch, South Carolina Railroad, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 5 PM on 9 April, 1861, and at King(s)ville, Richland District, South Carolina, the same day. Company E was ordered to proceed by the Columbia Branch, South Carolina Railroad, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 10 April, 1861, and arrived by the South Carolina Railroad the same day.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company E, was ordered to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 10 April, 1861, and a detachment, under the command of Corporal H G McKagen, and a detachment, under the command of Second Lieutenant E E Sill, were ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 12 PM on 13 April and 15 April, 1861.

Lancaster Courthouse, Lancaster District to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, Lancaster Greys, 9-12 April, 1861: The Lancaster Greys, under the command of Captain J D Wylie, was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 11 April, 1861, dated 9 April, 1861, and arrived at Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, in the afternoon the same day. The company was ordered to proceed by the Camden Branch, South Carolina Railroad, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3 AM on 12 April, 1861, and arrived by the South Carolina Railroad at 2 PM the same day (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

Note: The Lancaster Greys was stationed at the DeKalb and Mansion Houses, Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, in the evening on 11 April, 1861, and at the old American Hotel, on King Street, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 12 and 15 April, 1861.

Sumter, Sumter District to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, Company D, 10 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company D, arrived by the South Carolina Railroad at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3 AM on 10 April, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, and D, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding, arrived by the South Carolina Railroad at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3 AM on 10 April, 1861.

Gadsden, Richland District, & Claremont District, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, Richland Guards, States Rights Guards, & Claremont Rifles, 10 April, 1861: The Richland Guards, under the command of Captain J C Bookter; the States Rights Guards, under the command of Captain D W Ray; and the Claremont Rifles, under the command of Captain J G Spann, arrived at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 10 April, 1861.

Note: Seven companies of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, were ordered to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, at 10 AM on 12 April, 1861.

Memorandum of instructions for the troops tonight, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 12 April, 1861: The 1st South Carolina Infantry, Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant J F Gist, was assigned to Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, by by Memorandum of instructions for the troops tonight, Paragarph V, Headquarters, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, in the evening on 12 April, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Distribution of 2nd South Carolina Infantry, 12 & 13 April, 1861: The Governor's Guards was stationed at Legaré's Landing, on the Stono River, James Island, Charleston Harbour; the Lancaster Greys at the old American Hotel, on Kings Street, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina; the Columbia or Richland Greys at Wappoo Cut, on Wappoo Creek, between Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, and James Island, Charleston Harbour; and the Sumter Volunteers, the Camden Volunteers or Light Infantry, the Chicora Guards or Salem Company, the Richland Guards, the States Rights Guards, the Claremont Rifles, and the Clarendon Volunteers or Rifles, at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, on 12 and 13 April, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General J W Simons, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, was assigned to command Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 11 April, 1861, and a detachment of twelve men of the German Hussars, 4th South Carolina Militia Cavalry, was assigned to Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry; a detachment of six men to Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry; a detachment of six men to Colonel J Cunningham, 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry; and the remainder to Headquarters as couriers by Memorandum of instructions for the troops tonight, Paragarph VII, Headquarters, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, in the evening on 12 April, 1861. The German Hussars, 4th South Carolina Militia Cavalry, under the command of Captain T Cordes, was assigned to the 1st South Carolina Militia Rifles, First Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, on 27 December, 1860.

Legaré's Landing, on the Stono River, James Island, Charleston Harbour, 13 & 15 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company A, was stationed at Legaré's Landing, on the Stono River, James Island, Charleston Harbour, on 13 and 15 April, 1861.

Charleston to Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, & Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 15 & 20 April, 1861: The Lancaster Greys was ordered to proceed by the steamer Nina at the Southern Wharf, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3 PM on 15 April, 1861, and arrived at Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening the same day. The company was ordered to Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, in the morning on 20 April, 1861.

Note: The Lancaster Greys was ordered across the Ashley River by the Long Bridge to James Island, Charleston Harbour, at 11 PM on 14 April, 1861, and to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3 AM on 15 April, 1861, and was stationed at Fort Moultrie, Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 15 and 20 April, 1861.

Special Orders No.21, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Northern Portion, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 16 April, 1861: One company of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to the right of the Star of the West Battery and one company to the rear and right of the Sunken or Dahlgren Battery at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by Special Orders No.21, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Northern Portion, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 16 April, 1861.

General Orders No.24, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 17 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw; the 17th South Carolina Militia Infantry, under the command of Colonel J Cunningham; and the 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W G DeSaussure, were assigned to the First Brigade, under the command of Brigadier General J W , Fourth Brigade (Charleston), South Carolina Militia, by General Orders No.24, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 17 April, 1861.

Entrance to Wappoo Cut, Company C, 19 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company C, was stationed at the entrance to Wappoo Cut and detachments of the Rutledge Mounted Riflemen, 4th South Carolina Militia Cavalry, near Wappoo Cut and Stono River on 19 April, 1861.

Organisation of 2nd South Carolina Infantry stationed at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 30 April, 1861: Claremont Rifles (67), Chicora Guards (80), States Rights Guards (77), Lancaster Greys (104), detachment Governor's Guards (31), Clarendon Rifles or Volunteers (87), Richland Guards (87)

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies B, F, G, H, I, and K, and a detachment of Company A, under the command of Second Lieutenant P Brown, declined Confederate service on 19 April, 1861, and were stationed at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding and Major D Barnes, on 3 May, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

Assignments of 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies B, F, G, H, I, & K, 20 & 27 June & 19 & 29 August, 1861: The Richland Guards was mustered in Confederate service for the war as the 12th South Carolina Infantry, Company D, at Lightwood Knot Springs, near Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, by Captain J L Black, Jr., 1st South Carolina (Regulars) Infantry, Company E, on 29 August, 1861; the Lancaster Greys was mustered in Confederate service for one year as the 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, at Camp Quitman, near Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, by Acting Assistant Adjutant General T S Mills, Confederate States Army, on 27 June, 1861, dated 8 April, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry); the States Rights Guards was mustered in Confederate service for one year as the 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company B, at Camp Quitman, near Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, on 27 June, 1861, dated 8 April, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry); the Chicora Guards or Salem Company was mustered in Confederate service for one year as the 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company D, at Camp Quitman, near Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, by Acting Assistant Adjutant General T S Mills, Confederate States Army, on 27 June, 1861, dated 8 April, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry); the Claremont Rifles was mustered in Confederate service for one year as the Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company G at Lightwood Knot Springs, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain J L Black, Jr., 1st South Carolina (Regulars) Infantry, Company E, on 19 August, 1861 (See the Hampton Legion); and the Clarendon Rifles or Volunteers, under the command of Captain J Macaulay, was discharged on 20 June, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company E, was stationed at Camp Kirkwood, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 22 April, 1861, and a detachment of the Brooks Guards, 17th South Carolina State Militia, was accepted in state service as the Brooks Guards Volunteers at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 8 May, 1861.

Major General M L Bonham, South Carolina Army, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, 14-21 April, 1861: Major General M L Bonham, South Carolina Army, was assigned to command the troops at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, by General Orders No.6, Headquarters, Division South Carolina Volunteers, Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, on 14 April, 1861, and was relieved by General Orders No.27, Headquarters, Provisional Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 21 April, 1861.

Confederate Service

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, D, and E, were ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 24 April, 1861, and Companies B, F, G, H, I, and K, and a detachment of Company A, were stationed near the Sunken or Dahlgren Battery, at Morris Island, Charleston Harbour, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding and Major D Barnes, between 25 April and on 30 May, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, D, and E, were stationed at the old American Hotel, on King Street, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, between 24 and 25 April, 1861.

Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Companies A, C, & E, 25-27 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, and E, were ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, under the command of Senior Captain W H Casson, Company A, at 11 PM on 25 April, 1861, and arrived by the Weldon Railroad at Petersburg, Virginia, via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, at 9 AM on 27 April, 1861. Companies A, C, and E were ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, the same day and arrived in the morning on 27 April, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, and E, were stationed at the New Poor House, Richmond, Virginia, under the command of Adjutant A D Goodwin, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 27 April, 1861, and a detachment of Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant W Z Leitner and Third Lieutenant W L De Pass, was ordered to proceed by the Camden Branch, South Carolina Railroad, on 27 April, 1861.

Charleston, Charleston District, to Sumter, Sumter District, South Carolina, Company D, 26 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry (87), Company D, was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Sumter, Sumter District, South Carolina, in the evening on 26 April, 1861, and was accompanied by Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry.

Lancaster, Lancaster District, to Hobkirk Hill, one mile above Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, Companies G & H, 28 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies G (78) and H (92), were ordered to rendezvous at William Clyburn's Store, Lancaster District, South Carolina, in the morning on 28 April, 1861, and arrived at Hobkirk Hill, one mile above Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, the same day. Companies G and H arrived at Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, in the afternoon on 28 April, 1861, and were accompanied by Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry.

Note: Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, was stationed at Hobkirk Hill, one mile above Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, in the afternoon on 28 April, 1861, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company G, was stationed at the Mansion House and Company H at the Dekalb House, Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, in the evening the same day.

Camden, Kershaw District, & Sumter, Sumter District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Companies D, G, & H, 29-30 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies G and H, were ordered to proceed by the Camden Branch, South Carolina Railroad, to Richmond, Virginia, at 1 AM on 29 April, 1861, and were accompanied by Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry. Companies G and H arrived by the Wilmington & Manchester Railroad at Sumter(ville), Sumter District, South Carolina, in the morning the same day and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies D, G, and H, at Florence, Florence District, South Carolina, at 12 PM on 29 April, 1861. Companies D, G, and H arrived a Wilmington, New Hanover County, North Carolina, at 12.30 PM the same day and were ordered to proceed by the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad to Petersburg, Virginia, at 5 PM on 29 April, 1861. The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies D, G, and H, arrived by the Weldon Railroad at Petersburg, Virginia, in the afternoon on 30 April, 1861, and were ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 3 PM the same day. Companies D, G, and H arrived at Richmond, Virginia, at 5.30 PM on 30 April, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies D, G, and H, were stationed at the Alms House, on the outskirts of Richmond, Virginia, on 30 April, 1861, and Company D was stationed at Camp Charleston, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 5 May, 1861.

Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina to Richmond, Virginia, Company F, 30 April-2 May, 1861: The Abbeville or Secession Guards was mustered in state service as the 7th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, on 15 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 30 April, 1861 (See the 7th South Carolina Infantry). The company arrived at Wilmington, New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 1 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day. The company arrived by the Weldon Railroad at Petersburg, Virginia, via Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, at 9 AM on 2 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived at Richmond, Virginia, at 1 PM on 2 May, 1861.

James River, near Trotting Park & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, Companies A, C, D, E, & F, 2 May, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, D, E, and F, were ordered to the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Charleston, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies G and H, were stationed at the Alms House, on the outskirts of Richmond, Virginia, on 5 May, 1861.

Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Company B, 6-7 May, 1861: The Butler Guards was mustered in state service as the 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, on 14 April, 1861, and arrived at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 17 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Charlotte & South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 3 PM on 6 May, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, and Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, in the evening on 7 May, 1861.

Note: The 4th South Carolina Infantry and a detachment of the Richland Rifles (61) were stationed at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 6 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Company I, 9-11 May, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company I, was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 9 AM on 9 May, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, in the morning on 11 May, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H, were stationed at Camp Charleston, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 11 may, 1861.

Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, Company K, 12-14 May, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company K, was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, at 9 PM on 12 May, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Camp Davis, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Mustered in one year, on the James River, near Trotting Park & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, 22 & 23 May, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies G, H, and I, were mustered in Confederate service for one year at the Camp Davis, on the James River, near Trotting Park and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861, and Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, and K on 23 May, 1861.

James River, near Trotting Park & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 24-26 May, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 11 PM on 24 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the Lynchburg Artillery (See the Lynchburg Artillery). The regiment arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 25 May, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry and the Lynchburg Artillery were involved in a collision on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near Orange Courthouse, Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, on 25 May, 1861.

Manassas Junction to Mitchells Ford, on the Bull Run River, 27 May, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 27 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the Lynchburg Artillery. The regiment arrived at Camp Beauregard, near Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening the same day.

Note: Two men of the Albemarle Light Horse were assigned as couriers to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry at Camp Beauregard, near Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 9 June, 1861, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861 (See the Scott's Squadron Cavalry).

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 22-23 June, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, Confederate States Army, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the evening on 22 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 7th South Carolina Infantry and the Alexandria Artillery. The regiment arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 23 June, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Mills Crossroads, between Falls Church & Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 3-4 July, 1861: Five companies of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry were ordered to Mills Crossroads, between Falls Church and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, to engage Federal pickets, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw and Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, in the evening on 3 July, 1861, and was accompanied by a section of the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company; the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company G; and the Black Horse Troop. The five companies of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry were ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 4 July, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company F, was Mills Crossroads, between Falls Church and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 3 July, 1861.

Withdrawal to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17-18 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to withdraw to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the Hanover Light Dragoons, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company H, and the Alexandria Artillery. The regiment arrived at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 18 July, 1861, and was assigned as support to the Alexandria Artillery on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry Company F, was on detached duty in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 2nd South Carolina Infantry arrived near the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 11 PM on 21 July, 1861.

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 12 PM on 23 July, 1861, dated 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day.

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23-24 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.149, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 8 PM on 23 July, 1861, dated same day and arrived at Camp Gregg, near Vienna, via Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 July, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 2nd South Carolina Infantry, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, 7th South Carolina Infantry, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Alexandria Artillery, Hanover Light Dragoons, Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, C, G, and H

Vienna to Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, 14 August, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 14 August, 1861.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel R E Bowen, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Major General M L Bonham, South Carolina Militia, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 6 PM on 24 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, H, I, K, and L, and was assigned to command the Department of Alexandria and establish headquarters at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.95, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry. He arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the the troops stationed at Fairfax County, Virginia, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry by Special Orders No. 1 and General Orders No.9, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861. Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 4 and 9 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the Black Horse Troop (See Munford's Squadron Cavalry). He was assigned to command the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and reappointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, dated 14 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier general P G T Beauregard assumed command of the Department of Alexandria at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861.

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.67: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp451-453
Colonel J B Kershaw, Second South Carolina Infantry, of retreat from Fairfax Courthouse and skirmish at Mitchell’s Ford, dated Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 26 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.88: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp522-527
Colonel J B Kershaw, Second South Carolina Infantry, dated Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 26 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT No.86: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp518-521
Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Gregg, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861