The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry

Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry

Second South Carolina Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 22 and 23 May, 1861. Arrived at Manassas, Prince William County, Virginia, 25 May, 1861. Stationed at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL J B KERSHAW
J B Kershaw was appointed colonel, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 2 February, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL E P JONES
J D Blanding was appointed lieutenant colonel, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 2 February, 1861, and was assigned to command the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies B, F, G, H, I, and K, at Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 19 April, 1861. Private E P Jones, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company B, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 16 May, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

MAJOR A D GOODWYN
Captain D Barnes, Lancaster Greys, was appointed major, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 2 February, 1861, but declined Confederate service on 19 April, 1861, and Adjutant A D Goodwyn, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, was appointed major, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, on 16 May, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

Company A Governor's Guards: CAPT. W H CASSON
The company was accepted in state service for one year at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 5 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 8 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Davis, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, dated 22 May, 1861.
Company B Butler Guards/ Hoke's Rifle Company: CAPT. A D HOKE
The company was accepted in state service for one year at Greenville District, South Carolina, on 5 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year as the 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, on 15 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year as the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company B, at Camp Davis, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, and Captain A D Hoke, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company B, was severley wounded in the arm at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. He was stationed at Orange Hospital, Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, on 24 July, 1861 (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry).
Company C Columbia/ Richland Greys, 23rd South Carolina Militia, Upper Battalion: CAPT. W H WALLACE
The company was accepted in state service for one year at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 7 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 8 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Davis, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861, and Captain W H Wallace, 2nd South Carolina, Company C, was slightly wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.
Company D Sumter Guards/ Volunteers: CAPT. J S RICHARDSON, JR.
The company was accepted in state service for one year at Sumter, Sumter District, South Carolina, on 7 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 8 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Davis, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, and Captain J S Richardson, Jr., 2nd South Carolina, Company D, was slightly wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861. A detachment (21) of the company was assigned to the Palmetto Light Artillery, under the command of Captain H R Garden, on 28 April, 1862.
Company E Camden Volunteers/ Light Infantry: CAPT. J D KENNEDY
The company was accepted in state service for one year at Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, on 8 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 9 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Davis, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861.
Company F Abbeville/ Secession Guards: CAPT. W W PERRYMAN
The company was accepted in state service for one year at Chalk Level, Abbeville/ Greenwood District, South Carolina, on 10 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year at New Market, Abbeville District, South Carolina, as the 7th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, on 17 April, 1861. The company was assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company F, at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 29 April, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Davis, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861 (See the 7th South Carolina Infantry).
Company G Flat Rock Guards, 22nd South Carolina Militia, Upper Battalion: CAPT. C C HAILE
The company was accepted in state service for one year at Flat Rock, Kershaw District, South Carolina, on 16 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 24 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Davis, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861.
Company H Lancaster Invincibles, 21st South Carolina Militia, Lower Battalion: CAPT. A MCMANUS
The company was accepted in state service for one year at Lancaster, Lancaster County, South Carolina, on 8 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 28 April, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service afor one year Camp Davis,on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861, and CaptainA McManus, 2nd South Carolina, Company H, was slightly wounded at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.
Company I Palmetto Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia: CAPT. G B CUTHBERT
The company was accepted in state service, under the command of Captain T W Middleton, as part of the 17th South Carolina Militia at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 27 December, 1860, and G B Cuthbert was appointed captain, Palmetto Guards, on 12 March, 1861. The company was mustered in state service for one year at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 9 May, 1861, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Davis, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861.
Company K Brooks Guards (Volunteers), 17th South Carolina Militia: CAPT. A B RHETT
The company was accepted in state service for one year at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 8 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 12 May, 1861. The company was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Davis, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 23 May, 1861, and a detachment (61) was mustered in Confederate service for two years and three months as the Brooks Light Artillery, under the command of Captain A B Rhett, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 28 January, 1862.

Organistion of 2nd South Carolina Infantry at first battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861: Colonel J B Kershaw, Lieutenant Colonel E P Jones, Major A D Goodwyn; Company A, Governor's Guards, Captain W H Casson; Company B, Butler Guards/ Hoke's Rifle Company, Captain A D Hoke; Company C, Columbia/ Richland Greys, Captain W H Wallace; Company D, Sumter Guards/ Volunteers, Captain J S Richardson, Jr.; Company E, Camden Volunteers/ Light Infantry, Captain J D Kennedy; Company F, Abbeville/ Secession Guards, Captain W W Perryman; Company G, Flat Rock Guards, Captain C C Haile; Company H, Lancaster Invincibles, Captain A McManus; Company I, Palmetto Guards, Captain G B Cuthbert; Company K, Brook Guards Volunteers, Captain A B Rhett

Columbia Artillery

Captain A J Green

The Columbia Artillery (66) was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3.30 AM on 2 January, 1861, and at 1 PM the same day.

Note: A detachment of the Columbia Artillery (15) arrived by the South Carolina Railroad at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 3 January, 1861.

Charleston & Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 2-3 January, 1861: The Columbia Artillery was ordered to proceed by the steamer Excel to Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 4 PM on 2 January, 1861, but did not disembark, and was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 3 January, 1861.

Charleston to Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 3-4 January, 1861: The Columbia Artillery was ordered to proceed by the steamer Excel to Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 3 January, 1861, and disembarked at the rear of Fort Moultrie, west end of Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 4 January, 1861.

Note: The Columbia Artillery was stationed at Fort Moultrie, west end of Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 10.30 PM on 5 January, 1861, and at the Five Gun/ Beauregard Battery, east of the Curlew Ground, west end of Sullivan's Island, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 22 February, 1861.

Sullivan's Island to Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 23 February, 1861: The Columbia Artillery was ordered to Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, to relieve a detachment of the 1st South Carolina Infantry (23), Company F, under the command of Captain J G Pressley, on 23 February, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Note: A detachment of the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Company F, was stationed at the Star of the West Battery/ Fort Morris, northeast side of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 22 and 23 February, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

General Orders No.8, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 27 March, 1861: The Columbia Artillery was assigned to the Star of the West Battery/ Fort Morris (two 24 pounders) and Batteries B and C (two 24 pounders each), northeast side of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain A J Green, by General Orders No.8, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 27 March, 1861.

Distposition of Columbia Artillery during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, 12-13 April, 1861: The Columbia Artillery was stationed at the Star of the West Battery/ Fort Morris, and Channel Batteries B and C, northeast side of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, between 12 and 13 April, 1861.

Orders, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 21 April, 1861: Captain A J Green, Columbia Artillery, was assigned to command the Channel Battery A/ Sunken/ Dahlgren Battery (two 10 inch swivel guns), northeast side of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Orders, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 21 April, 1861.

Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, 25-26 April, 1861: The Columbia Artillery was relieved from duty at the Star of the West Battery/ Fort Morris, and Channel Batteries B and C, northeast side of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Special Orders No.89, Headquarters, Provisional Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 9 AM on 25 April, dated 22 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, in the evening on 26 April, 1861.

Note: The Palmetto Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia, was assigned to the Star of the West Battery/ Fort Morris, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Special Orders No.89, Headquarters, Provisional Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 22 April, 1861, and Captain A J Green, Columbia Artillery, was assigned as an unattached volunteer to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company I, and aide to Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, at the first battle of Manassas on 21 July, 1861.

Sources

"This splendid Company, commanded by Capt. John Wylie, arrived in town on Thursday afternoon last, en route for the seat of war."

Camden Weekly Journal (Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina), 16 April, 1861 - Lancaster Greys

"Three volunteer companies of citizen soldiery, under the command of Lieut. Col. J. D. Blanding, arrived here last night, by the night train of the South Carolina Railroad."

Anderson Intelligencer (Anderson, Anderson District, South Carolina), 17 April, 1861 - Arrival of troops

"The following is the Staff of Col. Kershaw's Regiment formed for service in Virginia: J. B. Kershaw, Colonel. Capt. A. D. Goodwyn, Adjutant. Capt. J. J. Villepigue, Commissary. Capt. T. W. Salmond, Surgeon. Lieut. W. S. Woods, Quartermaster. Lieut. E. J. Maynardi, Chaplin. Lieut. H. J. Nott, Assistant Surgeon. Col. C. Gaillard, Col. A. E. Doby, Col. W. H. Harby, Col. E. Wallace, Volunteer Aids. Lieut. Col. Green of Gov. Pickens' Staff has been attached to the command for special duty by order of the Governor. Three Companies took their departure on Thursday evening. The Colonel and most of his Staff, with the remaining corps, the Sumter Volunteers, left last evening (Friday) for Richmond. The palmetto guard, capt. Cuthbert, will join this Regiment as soon as relieved from duty on Morris' Island. Capt. Haile's and Capt. McManus' Companies from the interior, are expected to be in camp today, and will start to join the Second Regiment om the way. Capt. Perryman's Abbeville Volunteers, who start for Richmond today, on their arrival will join whatever Regiment they may select."

Charleston Courier (Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina), 27 April, 1861 - Col. Kershaw's Regiment

"We learn that Capt. Gibbs' fine Company of 87 men from Lexington District, have marched into service and start for Richmond this day to join Col. Gregg's Regiment. Capt. McManus' Company of 90 men also march from Lancaster, and start today to join Col. Kershaw's Regiment. Capt. Boykin's Company, 100 strong, from Camden, started Saturday to join Col. Gregg's Regiment. Capt. Cantry's Mounted Company has been formed into infantry, and will march on Tuesday next to join Col. Kershaw's Regiment. The Butler Guards from Greenville, 120 strong, also march on Tuesday to join Col. Kershaw's Regiment. The Butler guards are composed of the very flower of Greensville District. Capt. Richardson's Company started Saturday for Richmond. Capt. Perryman's fine Company from Abbeville, with rifles and sabre bayonets, 90 in number, start Tuesday to join Col. Kershaw's Regiment. These additions will make Col. Kershaw's Regiment about nine hundred in number, and Col. Gregg's Regiment about eight hundred - in all between sixteen hundred and seventeen hundred South Carolina troops thus far sent to Richmond."

Charleston Courier (Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina), 29 April, 1861 - Our volunteer soldiery

"The greater part of the gallant Second Regiment of South Carolina volunteers left Charleston on Thursday last, under the command of Col. J. B. Kershaw, on the Northeastern Railroad, bound for the Old Dominion. A detachment of the Regiment, numbering about 300 men, arrived in Richmond on Saturday morning via Petersburg Railroad, and were provided with quarters in the Northeastern part of the city. The staff officers of the Regiment left Charleston on Friday."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 29 April, 1861 - Second Regiment of South Carolina volunteers

"Another detachment left on Saturday, in charge of Lieuts. Leitner and De Pass, of the Camden Volunteers, which will join their comrades in Richmond."

Camden Weekly Journal (Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina), 30 April, 1861 - Volunteers

"The Flat Rock Guards, of this District, under command of Capt. C. C. Haile, and Lancaster Invincibles, Capt. A. McManus, having nobly and promptly responded to the call of Col. Kershaw, arrived in town Sunday afternoon, en route for Virginia. They were met at Hobkirk hill by Col. Kershaw, attended by Capt. J. I. Villepigue, of his Staff, and Messers. Doby and hardy, Special Aides. At one o'clock they left by special train in order to connect with the morning cars for Wilmington."

Camden Weekly Journal (Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina), 30 April, 1861 - More volunteers

"A detachment of the Second Regiment of South Carolina volunteers, 283 in number, under Col. J. B. Kershaw, arrived in Richmond at half-past 5 o'clock yesterday evening per Petersburg Railroad. The companies composing the detachment are commanded by Captains McManus, Hale and Richardson."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 1 May, 1861 - Arrival of South Carolina troops

"Our streets were again enlivened today by the presence of Palmetto troops, who arrived from Weldon by special train at 12½ o'clock."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 2 May, 1861 - From Petersburg, 30 April, 1861

"We learned last evening from Travers Daniel, Esq.; the gentlemanly and obliging agent of the Petersburg Road, that 189 Southern soldiers would leave Wilmington, N. C., yesterday evening, at 4 o'clock, for Richmond - the Confederate Light Guard, Capt. E. J. Walker, 88 men, from Augusta, Ga; Capt. Perryman's company, from Haverhill District, S. C., 101 men will arrive in Petersburg to day at 9 A. M., and get into Richmond about 11 ¼ o'clock."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 2 May, 1861 - Movements of the military

"The Abbeville, (S.C.) Guards, Captain Perryman, arrived by an extra train from the South, at one o'clock yesterday afternoon. They were greeted by the Sumter and Camden Volunteers, and by them escorted to the encampment in the Northwestern part of the city."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 3 May, 1861 - Abbeville Guards

"This company, whose arrival from Greenville, S. C., has been noticed, afforded our citizens an opportunity yesterday of seeing as fine a body of citizen-soldiery as eye need light upon. They were accompanied by their own Brass Band."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 9 May, 1861 - Butler Guards

"This fine company having been accepted as a part of Col. Kershaw's Regiment, now in service in Virginia, left yesterday for Richmond, on a special train furnished free of expense by the authorities of the Charlotte Railroad. This train left at 3 o'clock, and will run through to Charlotte in five hours, reaching Richmond before 12 o'clock today. The Guards were escorted to the depot by the Fourth Regiment, under the command of Col. Sloan, and by the Richland Rifles, of Columbia."

Anderson Intelligencer (Anderson, Anderson District, South Carolina),9 May, 1861 - The Departure of the Butler Guards

"The Brooks Guards, Capt. Burnett Rhett, 85 strong, left tonight for Richmond. They will join Colonel Kershaw's Regiment now encamped near that city."

Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 12 May, 1861 - From Charleston

"The expected arrival on Saturday of that gallant corps of true and brave South Carolina gentlemen, the Palmetto Guard, of Charleston, South Carolina, was mentioned in the Dispatch of that date."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 13 May, 1861 - The Palmetto Guard

"The Brooks Guards, a very fine body of men from glorious little South Carolina, made their appearance in our midst yesterday, and were warmly welcomed, as they deserved to be. The Guards, who are fully armed and ready for instant service, number 78 men, and are commanded by Capt. A. Barnwell Rhett. They were received at the Petersburg depot by the Palmetto Guard, with their band, and escorted (after passing through various streets, where both companies received much admiration for their soldierly appearance) to the camp near the Trotting Course."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 15 May, 1861 - South Carolina Volunteers

"On Tuesday the Brooks Guards, Captain Rhett, 79 men, of South Carolina, arrived in Richmond."

Evening Star (Washington, D. C.), 16 May, 1861

"The Lynchburg Artillery Company, 7 cannon and other warlike appurtenances, and 130 men, left for the interior yesterday evening, via the Central Railroad. Col. Kershaw's command 2nd Regiment South Carolina volunteers, 1100 men, went on the same train, to the same place."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 25 May, 1861

"The Second Regiment was mustered into service today. The announcement of its having been mustered sooner, however, was premature. Below I send a corrected list of the field and staff; of the several companies composing the regiments I gave a list some week or two ago. Palmetto Brigade. M. L. Bonham, Major General, S. C. V. W. C. Moragne, Division Adjutant General. W. D. Simpson, Division Inspector General. A. P. Aldrich, Division Quartermaster General. R. B. Boylston, Division Commissary General. J. N. Lipscomb, Division Paymaster General. Dr. J. McF. Gaston, Division Surgeon General. S. Warren Nelson, Aid-de-Camp. Thos. J. Davis, Aid-de-Camp. B. F. Whitner, Aid-de-Camp. E. Spann Hammond, Special Aid-de-Camp. Sam'l W. Melton, Special Aid-de-Camp and Military Secretary. First Regiment. Maxcy Gregg, Colonel. D. H. Hamilton, Lieutenant Colonel. Aug. M. Smith, Major. T. B. Ferguson, Adjutant. Alex. H. McGowan, Quartermaster. Joseph Kennedy, Commissary. J. W. Powell, Surgeon. W. J. Bull, Assistant Surgeon Wm. M. Gist, Sergeant Major. Second Regiment. J. B. Kershaw, Colonel. E. P. Jones, Lieutenant Colonel. A. D. Goodwyn, Major. E. E. Sill, Adjutant. W. S. Wood, Quartermaster. J. J. Villepigue, Commissary. T. W. Salmond, M. D., Surgeon. H. J. Nott, M. D., Assistant Surgeon J. L. Haile, Sergeant Major, M. B. Moses, Quartermaster Sergeant. "

Charleston Courier (Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina), 27 May, 1861 - Camp Davis, near Richmond, Va., 22 May, 1861

"An election for Lieutenant Colonel and Major of Col. Kershaw's Regiment, held day before yesterday, resulted in favour of Ervin P. Jones, late a private in the Butler Guards, and A. D. Goodwin, late Adjutant of the Regiment."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 29 May, 1861 - Election for Field Officers

"On Saturday morning last, three trains of troops, containing Colonel kershaw's regiment of South Carolina volunteers and Captain Latham's battery of artillery, arrived at Orange Court House about twenty-five minutes befors the mail train, going West, was due there.."

Richmond Enquirer, Semi-weekley Edition (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 28 May, 1861 - Railroad collision! Two volunteers killed and several wounded

"Two days I was in Richmond, where I was exceedingly busy getting my Company ready for inspection by the officer of the Confederate army. The second day after my arrival there we were duly mustered into the Confederate service, and on the next evening marched for Manassas Junction, a point of great importance, where the railroads from harper's Ferry and Alexandria, running to Richmond, meet."

"Our trip was dreadfully slow, and I spent two nights and one day in the cars. The next day was spent working hard to pitch our tents. The morning following I was out drilling my company, when the Colonel, who had gone out a short time before, came in hastily, and ordered the whole regiment to fall into line."

The Charleston Mercury (Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina), 5 June, 1861 - 'Camp Kershaw,' Bulls Run., Va., 30 May, 1861

"Our command - Kershaw's Second Regiment - is still at Bull Run, waiting with patience for a call to battle, and yet having so much confidence in the military skill and knowledge of General Beauregard, that we would wait here six months if he said it were necessary for success."

Charleston Daily Courier (Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina), 22 June, 1861 - Camp Beauregard, Bull Run, 18 June, 1861

"The night before we left Camp Gregg (Centreville,) the Second Regiment passed us on their way to Fairfax C. H.; they came from Bull's Run for miles below us, and were achieving a march of eleven miles; leaving Bull's Run at six P. M. they reached Fairfax at two A. M. Upon meeting them the next afternoon, I found them in the highest possible state of accommodation, both bodily and mentally."

Edgefield Advertiser (Edgefield, Edgefield District, South Carolina), 10 July, 1861 - Virginia correspondence: Fairfax C. H., Va., 29 June, 1861

"Camp Kershaw, where our command is at present encamped, is a beautiful shady grove, about one quarter of a mile North of Fairfax C. H. Mr. Ball, the proprietor of the Grounds, having kindly offered it to the regiment."

The Charleston Courier (Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina), 10 July, 1861 - Camp Kershaw, Fairfax C. H., Va., 1 July, 1861

"Encircling the slope on which our canvas is pitched, Col. Kershaw's Regiment is encamped. Crowning the hill opposite, about half a mile to our right, Col. Cash's forces are lying, and the 7th South Carolina Volunteers, Col. Bacon, occupy the ridge between. Gen. Bonham has his headquarters here in a small wooded house, formerly the property of a Yankee, (of whom, by the way, this country is still full), and Captain Boykin's cavalry, acting as a garde d'honneur, have picketed their steeds within musket shot of his door."

The Charleston Mercury (Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina), 24 August, 1861 - Camp Kershaw, Fairfax C. H., Va., 16 August, 1861

Books/ Manuscripts

A history of the Second South Carolina Infantry, 1861-1865, by Mac Wyckoff

The Civil War letters of Alexander McNeill, 2nd South Carolina Infantry Regiment, edited by Mac Wyckoff and transcribed by Cora Lee Godsey Starling

Diary of Edmund Ruffin, Volume II, The years of hope, April 1861-June 1863, by edited William Scarborough

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Midlands, by R S Seigler

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 64, Serial No.76: Record of events for the Second South Carolina (Palmetto) Infantry, April 1861-June 1864, edited by James B Hewett

South Carolina troops in Confederate service, Volume II, complied by A S Salley, Jr.

Order Book of Lieutenant Colonel Wilmot Gibbes DeSaussure, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, containing copies of orders received and sent at the Charleston Harbour, during the secession crisis, 27 December, 1860-2 January, 1861, and 1 March-30 April, 1861

Richard S. Ewell: A soldiers life, and by Donald C Pfanz

Lieutenant General Jubal Anderson Early C.S.A., autobiographical sketch and narrative of the War Between the States, with notes by Jubal Anderson Early

"He inspected the division, thus increased, consisting of the 2nd and 8th South Carolina regiments, the shattered remnants of Hampton's Legion, about 150 strong, whom we had received, (what with the killed, wounded, and those attending them, few were left in the field,) and one company - partly of Marylanders, and partly of Crescent Blues of New Orleans."

Charleston 'Mercury Account', Battlefield of Bull Run 22 July - The Rebellion Record: A diary of American events with documents, narratives, illustrative incidents, poetry etc, with twelve portraits of steel, and various maps and diagrams, Second Volume, edited by Frank Moore, author of 'Diary of American Revolution'

Notes

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was accepted in state service on 12 March, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 1 PM on 9 April, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was mustered in state service for one year on 8 and 9 April, 1861, and Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, was stationed at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 26 March and 9 April, 1861.

Flat Rock, lancaster District, South Carolina, Company G, 27 February, 1861: The Flat Rock Guards was stationed three miles north of Flat Rock, Lancaster District, South Carolina, on 27 February, 1861.

State Service, Morris Island, Company I, 9 January-12 February, 1861

The Palmetto Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia, was accepted in state service at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Captain T W Middleton, on 27 December, 1860, and was stationed at Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 9 January and 12 February, 1861.

Note: The Palmetto Guards was stationed at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 27 December, 1860, and 9 January, 1861.

United States Arsenal, on President Street, between Doughty& Bee Streets, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 26-27 December, 1860: The Palmetto Guards (68) and the Cadet Riflemen (54) were assigned to guard duty at the United States Arsenal, on President Street, between Doughty and Bee Streets, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 26 December, 1860, and were relieved by the Irish Volunteers at 4 PM on 27 December, 1860.

Note: Brigadier General R G M Dunovant, South Carolina Militia, was assigned to command Fort Moultrie, west end of Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, and other military posts in Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, by Orders No.39, Brigade Headquarters, South Carolina Militia, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 2 January, 1861.

Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 9-11 January, 1861: The Palmetto Guards, under the command of Captain T W Middleton, was ordered to Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 9 January, 1861, and was accompanied by the Irish Volunteers. The Palmetto Guards arrived at the Lighthouse, south end of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 11 January, 1861.

Skirmish with the steamer Star of the West, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 9 January, 1861: A detachment of the Citadel Military Academy Corps Cadets (40), under the command of Major P F Stevens, Citadel Military Academy, stationed at the Star of the West Battery/ Fort Morris, northeast side of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, was engaged in a skirmish with the steamer Star of the West at 7 AM on 9 January, 1861.

Note: The Palmetto Guards and the Irish Volunteers were assigned to guard duty on the steamer General Clinch in the evening on 8 January, 1861, and signalled the Star of the West Battery/ Fort Morris, northeast side of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 9 January, 1861.

Troops stationed at Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 9 January, 1861: Lieutenant Colonel J L Branch, 1st South Carolina Militia Rifles; 1st South Carolina Militia Rifles, German Riflemen (90), Captain J Small; Charleston Zouave Cadets (45), First Lieutenant C E Chichester; 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, Vigilant Rifles (85), Captain S Y Tupper; Star of the West Battery/ Fort Morris, Citadel Military Academy Corps Cadets (40), Major P F Stevens

Garrison at Lighthouse, south end of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 12 January, 1861: 17th South Carolina Militia, Palmetto Guards (109), Captain T W Middleton; Irish Volunteers (92), Captain E McGrath; 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, German Artillery, Company B, detachment, Second Lieutenant B Meyerhoff

Note: The Palmetto Guards, under the command of Captain T W Middleton, was stationed at the Lighthouse, south end of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 11 January and 12 February, 1861.

Morris Island to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 12 February, 1861: The Palmetto Guards was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 12 February, 1861.

Note: The Palmetto Guards was relieved by the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Companies B, F, and I, at the Lighthouse, south end of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 12 February, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

State Service, Morris Island & Fort Sumter, Company I, 12 March-30 April, 1861

The Palmetto Guards, under the command of Captain G B Cuthbert, was ordered to proceed by steamer to Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 12 March, 1861.

Note: Lieutenant Colonel W G DeSaussure, 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, was assigned to command the artillery at Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Headquarters, South Carolina Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 2 March, 1861, and commandant of the batteries and assigned to command all the troops serving the batteries at Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, Special Orders No.8, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 12 March, 1861.

Organisation of Palmetto Guards, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 12 March, 1861: Captain G B Cuthbert, First Lieutenant C R Holmes, Second Lieutenant T S Brownfield; Third Lieutenant G L Bust

Note: Major P F Stevens, Citadel Military Academy, was appointed commandant of batteries by Special Orders No.8, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 12 March, 1861.

Orders No.2, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 12 March, 1861: The Palmetto Guards was assigned to Major P F Stevens, Citadel Military Academy, by Orders No.2, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 12 March, 1861.

Note: Major P F Stevens, Citadel Military Academy, was assigned to command the Iron/ Stevens' Battery, Point Battery No.1, and Point/ Mortar Battery No.2, Cummings Point, north end of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Special Orders No.8, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 12 March, 1861.

Iron/ Stevens' Battery, Cummings Point, north end of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 12 March, 1861: The Palmetto Guards was assigned to the Iron/ Stevens' Battery, at Cummings Point, north end of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Orders No.108, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Forces on Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 12 March, 1861.

Note: The 1st South Carolina Infantry, Company I, under the command of Major P F Stevens, Citadel Military Academy, was stationed at the Iron/ Stevens' Battery, Cummings Point, north end of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 11 March, 1861, and was relieved by Orders No.108, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Forces on Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 12 March, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

General Orders No.8, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 27 March, 1861: The Palmetto Guards, under the command of Captain G B Cuthbert, was assigned to the Iron/ Stevens' Battery, Point Battery No.1, and Point/ Mortar Battery No.2, Cummings Point, north end of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by General Orders No.8, Paragraph VI, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 27 March, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General J W Simons, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, was assigned to command Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 11 April, 1861.

Distribution of Palmetto Guards during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, 12-13 April, 1861: A detachment of the Palmetto Guards, under the command of Captain G B Cuthbert and Ensign & Third Lieutenant G L Buist, was stationed at the Iron/ Stevens' Battery Cummings Point, north end of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina; a detachment, under the command of Second Lieutenant T S Brownfield and Captain J P James, Citadel Military Academy, at Point Battery No.1, Cummings Point, north end of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina; and a detachment, under the command of First Lieutenant C R Holmes and First Lieutenant W W Armstrong, Citadel Military Academy, at the Point/ Mortar Battery No.2, Cummings Point, north end of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 12 and 13 April, 1861.

Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, 14-15 April, 1861: A detachment of the Palmetto Guards, under the command of Captain G B Cuthbert, was ordered to Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, on 14 April, 1861, and to Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 15 April, 1861.

Garrison at Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, 14 April, 1861: Lieutenant Colonel R S Ripley, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery; 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company B, detachment, Captain J W Hallonquist; 17th South Carolina Militia, Palmetto Guards, detachment, Captain G B Cuthbert

Note: A detachment of the Palmetto Guards and the 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Company B, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel R S Ripley, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, were assigned to garrison duty at Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, by Special Orders No.12, Headquarters, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 14 April, 1861.

General Orders No.24, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 17 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, South Carolina Volunteers, under the command of Brigadier General J W Simons, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, by General Orders No.24, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 17 April, 1861.

Organisation of First Brigade, South Carolina Volunteers, northern portion of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 17 April, 1861: Brigadier General J W Simons, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia; 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Colonel J B Kershaw; 17th South Carolina Miltia, Colonel J Cunningham; 6th South Carolina Infantry, Companies C, E, F, G, I, Lieutenant Colonel A J Secrest; 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, Lieutenant Colonel W G DeSaussure

Special Orders No.89, Headquarters, Provisional Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 25 April, 1861, dated 22 April, 1861: The Palmetto Guards was assigned to the Star of the West Battery/ Fort Morris, northeast side of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Special Orders No.89, Headquarters, Provisional Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 9 AM on 25 April, 1861, dated 22 April, 1861.

Note: The Columbia Artillery was relieved from the Star of the West Battery/ Fort Morris, and Batteries C and D, northeast side of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Special Orders No.89, Headquarters, Provisional Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 9 AM on 25 April, dated 22 April, 1861.

Morris Island to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 30 April, 1861: The Palmetto Guards was ordered to proceed by the steamer Chesterfield to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Orders, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 30 April, 1861, dated 29 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the Marion Artillery and the German Artillery, Company A, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W G DeSaussure, 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery. The company arrived at Adgar's Wharf, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 4 PM on 30 April, 1861.

Note: The Palmetto Guards was relieved from the Star of the West Battery/ Fort Morris, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Orders, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Battalion of Artillery, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 30 April, 1861, dated 29 April, 1861. The Palmetto Guards was organised as the Palmetto Guards, under the command of Captain G B Cuthbert, and the Palmetto Guard Artillery, under the command of Captain G L Buist, at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 1 May, 1861.

State Service, Morris Island, Company K, 9-29 April, 1861

The Brooks Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia, under the command of Captain J E Carew, was organised at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 9 January, 1861.

Note: The Brooks Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia, under the command of Colonel J Cunningham, 17th South Carolina Militia Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, was relived from duty at the United States Arsenal, on President Street, between Doughty and Bee Streets, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 4 PM on 23 January, 1861 (See the 4th South Carolina Infantry).

Organisation of Brooks Guards, 17th South Carolina Militia, 16 January, 1861: Captain J E Carew, First Lieutenant E Rhett, Jr., Second Lieutenant C O Lamotte, Third Lieutenant J F Moorer

Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, Company K, 9 April, 1861: The Brooks Guards was ordered to Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 9 April, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Note: Lieutenant Colonel & Aide de Camp B Rhett, (Governor F W Pickens, State of South Carolina), was tempofarily assigned to command the Brooks Guards at Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 9 April, 1861, and Captain J E Carew, Brooks Guards, arrived at Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 10 April, 1861.

Distribution of Brooks Guards during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, 12-13 April, 1861: The Montgomery Guards was tationed between Gadberry and Vinegar Hills, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Colonel J Cunningham, 17th South Carolina Militia, during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, between 12 and 13 April, 1861.

General Orders No.24, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 17 April, 1861: The 17th South Carolina Militia was assigned to the First Brigade, South Carolina Volunteers, under the command of Brigadier General J W Simons, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, by General Orders No.24, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 17 April, 1861.

Organisation of First Brigade, South Carolina Volunteers, between Cummings Point & Vinegar Hill, northern portion of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 17 April, 1861: Brigadier General J W Simons, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia; 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Colonel J B Kershaw; 17th South Carolina Miltia, Colonel J Cunningham; 6th South Carolina Infantry, Companies C, E, F, G, I, Lieutenant Colonel A J Secrest; 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, Lieutenant Colonel W G DeSaussure

Note: The Brooks Guards, under the command of Brigadier General J W Simons, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, was stationed at Camp Cunningham, between Cummings Point and Vinegar Hill, northern portion of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 27 April, 1861.

Morris Island to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 29 April, 1861: The Brooks Guards was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the afternoon on 29 April, 1861.

Organisation of Brooks Guards, Volunteer detachment, 17th South Carolina Militia, 9 May, 1861: Captain A B Rhett, First Lieutenant W Elliott, Second Lieutenant C O Lamotte, Third Lieutenant J F Moorer

State Service, LegarÉ's landing, Fort Johnson, Wappoo Cut, Morris Island, 10-24 April, 1861

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A and C, were ordered to proceed by the Columbia, Wilmington & Manchester Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 2 PM on 9 April, 1861, and Companies A, C, and D, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding, arrived by the South Carolina Railroad at 3 AM on 10 April, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, and D, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding, rendezvoused at Kingsville, Richland District, South Carolina, in the evening on 9 April, 1861, and were stationed at the old American Hotel, on King Street, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 10 April, 1861.

Organisation, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, 2 February-19 April, 1861: Colonel J B Kershaw, Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding, Major D Barnes; Governor's Guards, Captain W H Casson; Columbia/ Richland Greys, Captain W H Wallace; Sumter Volunteers, Captain J S Richardson, Jr.; Camden Volunteers/ Light Infantry, Captain J D Kennedy; Chicora Guards/ Salem Company, Captain S D M Lacoste; Lancaster Greys, Captain J D Wylie; Richland Guards, Captain J C Bookter; States Rights Guards, Captain D W Ray; Claremont Rifles, Captain J G Spann; Clarendon Volunteers/ Rifles, Captain W E Keels

Note: Brigadier General R G M Dunovant, South Carolina Militia, was assigned to command Fort Moultrie, west end of Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, and other military posts in Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, by Orders No.39, Brigade Headquarters, South Carolina Militia, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 2 January, 1861, and the Clarendon Volunteers/ Rifles was mustered in state service as the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company I, at Clarendon District, South Carolina, on 8 April, 1861.

Charleston to Fort Johnson, Windmill Point, James Island, Charleston Distrct, South Carolina, Company A, 10 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company A, was ordered to proceed by steamer at Southern Wharf, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Fort Johnson, Windmill Point, James Island, Charleston Distrct, South Carolina, on 10 April, 1861.

Camden, Kershaw District, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, Company E, 9-10 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company E, was ordered to proceed by the Camden Branch, South Carolina Railroad, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 5 PM on 9 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Columbia Branch, South Carolina Railroad, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 10 April, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company E, was stationed at Kingsville, Richland District, South Carolina, in the evening on 9 April, 1861.

Charleston to Morris Island, Charleston Distrct, South Carolina, Companies C & E, 10 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies C and E, was ordered to proceed by steamer to Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 10 April, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company E, under the command of Corporal H G McKagen, was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 12 PM on 13 April, 1861, and a detachment, under the command of Second Lieutenant E E Sill, on 15 April, 1861.

Gadsden, Richland District, & Claremont District, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, Richland Guards, States Rights Guards, & Claremont Rifles, 10 April, 1861: The Richland Guards, under the command of Captain J C Bookter; the States Rights Guards, under the command of Captain D W Ray; and the Claremont Rifles, under the command of Captain J G Spann, arrived at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 10 April, 1861.

Lancaster Courthouse, Lancaster District, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, Lancaster Greys, 11-12 April, 1861: A detachment of the Lancaster Greys was ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the afternoon on 10 April, 1861, dated 1 PM 9 April, 1861, and a detachment in the morning on 11 April, 1861. The company arrived at Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, in the evening on 11 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Camden Branch, South Carolina Railroad, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 4 AM on 12 April, 1861. The Lancaster Greys (98) arrived by the South Carolina Railroad at 2 PM the same day (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

Note: The Lancaster Greys was stationed at the DeKalb and Mansion Houses, Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, in the evening on 11 April, 1861, and at the old American Hotel, on King Street, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 12 and 14 April, 1861.

Charleston to Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 7 companies, 12 April, 1861: Seven companies of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, were ordered to Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 10 AM on 12 April, 1861.

Memorandum of instructions for the troops tonight, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, 12 April, 1861: The 1st South Carolina Infantry, Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant J F Gist, was assigned to Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, by Memorandum of instructions for the troops tonight, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 12 April, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Distribution of 2nd South Carolina Infantry during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, 12-13 April, 1861: The Governor's Guards was stationed at Legaré's Landing, on the Stono River, James Island, Charleston Distrct, South Carolina; the Lancaster Greys at the old American Hotel, on Kings Street, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina; the Columbia/ Richland Greys at Wappoo Cut, on the Sono River, three miles west of Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina; and the Sumter Volunteers, the Camden Volunteers/ Light Infantry, the Chicora Guards/ Salem Company, the Richland Guards, the States Rights Guards, the Claremont Rifles, and the Clarendon Volunteers/ Rifles, at Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbour, South Carolina, between 12 and 13 April, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General J W Simons, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, was assigned to command Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by General Orders No.1, Headquarters, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 11 April, 1861, and a detachment of the German Hussars (12), 4th South Carolina Cavalry Militia Cavalry, was assigned to Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry; a detachment (6) to Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry; a detachment (6) to Colonel J Cunningham, 17th South Carolina Militia; and a detachment to headquarters as couriers by Memorandum of instructions for the troops tonight, Paragraph VII, Headquarters, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 12 April, 1861.

Legaré's Landing, on the Stono River, James Island, Charleston Distrct, South Carolina, 15 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry (96), Company A, was stationed at Camp Beauregard, Legaré's Landing, on the Stono River, James Island, Charleston Distrct, South Carolina, on 15 April, 1861.

Note: The Lancaster Greys was ordered to James Island, Charleston Distrct, South Carolina, at 11 PM on 14 April, 1861, and to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3 AM on 15 April, 1861.

Charleston to Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, Lancaster Greys, 15 April, 1861: The Lancaster Greys was ordered to proceed by the steamer Nina at the Southern Wharf, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 3 PM on 15 April, 1861, and was stationed at Fort Moultrie, west end of Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 20 April, 1861.

Note: The Lancaster Greys was ordered to report to Lieutenant Colonel R S Ripley, 1st South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Army of South Carolina , at Fort Moultrie, west end of Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 20 April, 1861, dated evening 19 April, 1861.

Special Orders No.21, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Northern Portion, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 16 April, 1861: A company of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to the right of the Star of the West Battery/ Fort Morris, and one company to the rear and right of the Sunken/ Dahlgren Battery, northeast side of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by Special Orders No.21, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Northern Portion, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 16 April, 1861.

General Orders No.24, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, 17 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, South Carolina Volunteers, under the command of Brigadier General J W Simons, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia, by General Orders No.24, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 17 April, 1861.

Organisation of First Brigade, South Carolina Volunteers, between Cummings Point & Vinegar Hill, northern portion of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 17 April, 1861: Brigadier General J W Simons, Fourth Brigade (Charleston), Second Division, South Carolina Militia; 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Colonel J B Kershaw; 17th South Carolina Miltia, Colonel J Cunningham; 6th South Carolina Infantry, Companies C, E, F, G, I, Lieutenant Colonel A J Secrest; 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery/ 2nd South Carolina Battalion Artillery, Lieutenant Colonel W G DeSaussure

Wappoo Cut, on the Stono River, three & a half miles west of Charleston, Charleston Distrct, South Carolina, Company C, 19 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company C, was stationed at Wappoo Cut, on the Stono River, three and a half miles west of Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 19 April, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the Rutledge Mounted Riflemen, 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery, was stationed in the vicinity of Wappoo Cut, on the Stono River, three and a half miles west of Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 19 April, 1861.

Organisation of 2nd South Carolina Infantry (533), Camp Complaint, in the vicinity of the Sunken/ Dahlgren Battery, northeast side of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 24 April, 1861: Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding, Major D Barnes; Lancaster Greys (104), Captain J D Wylie; States Rights Guards (77), Captain D W Ray; Chicora Guards (80), Captain S D M Lacoste; Claremont Rifles (67), Captain J G Spann; Governor's Guards (31), detachment, Second Lieutenant P Brown; Clarendon Rifles/ Volunteers (87), Captain W E Keels; Richland Guards (87), Captain E F Bookter

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies B, F, G, H, I, and K, and a detachment of Company A, under the command of Second Lieutenant P Brown, declined Confederate service on 19 April, 1861, and were stationed at Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding and Major D Barnes, on 3 May, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

Camp Kirkwood, northern portion of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, 22 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company E, was stationed at Camp Kirkwood, northern portion of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 22 April, 1861.

Assignments of 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies B, F, G, H, I, & K, 20 & 27 June & 19 & 29 August, 1861: The Richland Guards was mustered in Confederate service for the war as the 12th South Carolina Infantry, Company D, at Lightwood Knot Springs, seven miles north of Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, by Captain J L Black, Jr., 1st South Carolina Infantry/ Regulars, Company E, on 29 August, 1861; the Lancaster Greys was mustered in Confederate service for one year as the 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, at Camp Quitman, on the South Carolina Railroad, Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, by Acting Assistant Adjutant General T S Mills, Confederate States Army, on 27 June, 1861, dated 8 April, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry); the States Rights Guards was mustered in Confederate service for one year as the 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company B, at Camp Quitman, on the South Carolina Railroad, Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, on 27 June, 1861, dated 8 April, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry); the Chicora Guards/ Salem Company was mustered in Confederate service for one year as the 9th South Carolina Infantry, Company D, at Camp Quitman, on the South Carolina Railroad, Ridgeville, Dorchester District, South Carolina, by Acting Assistant Adjutant General T S Mills, Confederate States Army, on 27 June, 1861, dated 8 April, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry); the Claremont Rifles was mustered in Confederate service for one year as the Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company G, at Lightwood Knot Springs, on the Charlotte & South Carolina Railroad, seven miles north of Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Captain J L Black, Jr., 1st South Carolina Regulars/ Infantry, Company E, on 19 August, 1861 (See the Hampton Legion); and the Clarendon Rifles/ Volunteers, under the command of Captain J McCaulay, was discharged on 20 June, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

Note: Major General M L Bonham, South Carolina Army, was assigned to command the troops stationed at Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by General Orders No.6, Headquarters, Division South Carolina Volunteers, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 14 April, 1861, and was relieved by General Orders No.27, Headquarters, Provisional Army, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 21 April, 1861.

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, D, and E, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, were ordered to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the evening on 24 April, 1861, and Companies B, F, G, H, I, and K, and a detachment of Company A, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J D Blanding and Major D Barnes, were stationed at Camp Complaint, in the vicinity of the Sunken/ Dahlgren Battery, northeast side of Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, between 25 April and on 30 May, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, D, and E, were stationed at the old American Hotel, on King Street, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, between 24 and 25 April, 1861.

New Market, Abbeville District, to Schutzenplatz/ German Shooting Ground, Ruckersville, one mile north of Ann Street, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, Company F, 17 April, 1861: The Abbeville/ Secession Guards was mustered in state service as the 7th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, at New Market, Abbeville District, South Carolina, on 17 April, 1861, was ordered to proceed by the Greenville & Columbia Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning the same day. The company was accompanied by the 7th South Carolina Infantry, Company B, and arrived by the South Carolina Railroad at Camp Charleston/ Bacon, Schutzenplatz/ German Shooting Ground, Ruckersville, one mile north of Ann Street, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, at 11 PM on 17 April, 1861 (See the 7th South Carolina Infantry).

Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Companies A, C, & E, 25-27 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A (59), C (65), and E (89), under the command of Senior Captain W H Casson, Company A, were ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia,at 11 PM on 25 April, 1861, and arrived by the Weldon Railroad at Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, at 9 AM on 27 April, 1861. Companies A, C, and E were ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, the same day and arrived in the morning on 27 April, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, and E, under the command of Adjutant A D Goodwin, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, were stationed at the Almshouse, north of Shockoe Hill Burial Ground, one mile north of the Capitol, on Capitol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861, and a detachment of Company E, under the command of First Lieutenant W Z Leitner and Third Lieutenant W L De Pass, was ordered to proceed by the Camden Branch, South Carolina Railroad, on 27 April, 1861.

Charleston, Charleston District, to Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, Company D, 26 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry (99), Company D, was ordered to proceed by the South Carolina Railroad to Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, in the evening on 26 April, 1861, and was accompanied by Colonel J B Kershaw and Adjutant & Captain A D Goodwyn, 2nd South Carolina Infantry.

Lancaster, Lancaster District, to Hobkirk Hill, one mile north of Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, Companies G & H, 28 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies G (78) and H (92), were ordered to rendezvous at William Clyburn's Store, Lancaster District, South Carolina, in the morning on 28 April, 1861, and arrived at Hobkirk Hill, one mile north of Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, the same day. Companies G and H arrived at Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, in the afternoon on 28 April, 1861, and were accompanied by Colonel J B Kershaw and Captain J I Villepigue, Commissary, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, and Specials Aids & Colonels A E Doby and W H Hardy.

Note: Colonel J B Kershaw and Captain J I Villepigue, Commissary, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, and Specials Aids & Colonels A E Doby and W H Hardy, State of South Carolina, were stationed at Hobkirk Hill, one mile north of Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, in the afternoon on 28 April, 1861, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company G, was stationed at the Mansion House and Company H at the Dekalb House, Camden, Kershaw District, South Carolina, in the evening the same day.

Camden, Kershaw District, & Sumter, Sumter District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Companies D, G, & H, 29-30 April, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies D, G and H, were ordered to proceed by the Camden Branch, South Carolina Railroad, to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 29 April, 1861, and were accompaned by Colonel J B Kershaw and Adjutant & Captain A D Goodwyn, 2nd South Carolina Infantry. Companies D, G and H arrived by the Wilmington & Manchester Railroad arrived at Florence, Florence District, South Carolina, at 12 PM on 29 April, 1861, and at Wilmington, New Hanover County, North Carolina, at 12.30 PM the same day. The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies D, G and H, were ordered to proceed by the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad to Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 29 April, 1861, and arrived by the Weldon Railroad at Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 30 April, 1861. Companies D, G and H were ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, at 3 PM the same day and arrived at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, at 5.30 PM on 30 April, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies D, G, and H, were stationed at the Almshouse, north of Shockoe Hill Burial Ground, one mile north of the Capitol, on Capitol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 30 April, 1861, and Company D was stationed at Camp Charleston, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 5 May, 1861.

Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Company F, 30 April-2 May, 1861: The Abbeville/ Secession Guards (97) was assigned as the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company F, at Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 29 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 30 April, 1861. The company arrived at Wilmington, New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 1 May, 1861, and was ordered to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day. The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company F, arrived by the Weldon Railroad at Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, via Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, at 9 AM on 2 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, at 1 PM on 2 May, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company A, under the command of Third Sergeant S L Lephart, arrived at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 1 May, 1861.

Camp Charleston, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Companies A, C, D, E, & F, 2 May, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, D, E, and F, arrived at Camp Charleston, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies G and H, were stationed at the Almshouse, north of Shockoe Hill Burial Ground, one mile north of the Capitol, on Capitol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 5 May, 1861.

Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Company B, 6-7 May, 1861: The Butler Guards was mustered in state service as the 4th South Carolina Infantry, Company A, on 14 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Greenville & Columbia Railroad to Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 16 April, 1861. The company arrived at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 17 April, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Charlotte & South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, at 3 PM on 6 May, 1861. The company arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, and Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, in the evening on 7 May, 1861.

Note: The 4th South Carolina Infantry and a detachment of the Richland Rifles (61) were stationed at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 6 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Company I, 9-11 May, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company I, was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, at 9 AM on 9 May, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, in the morning on 11 May, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H, were stationed at Camp Charleston, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 11 May, 1861.

Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, Company K, 12-14 May, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company K, was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 12 May, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Wilmington, New Hanover County, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, on 14 May, 1861.

Note: Camp Charleston, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, was designated Camp Davis between 12 and 16 May, 1861, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Camp Davis, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Mustered for one year, Camp Davis, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works & Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia 22 & 23 May, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, C, G, H, and I, were mustered in Confederate service for one year at the Camp Davis, on the James River, east of the Reservoir/ Water Works and Hollywood Cemetery, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 22 May, 1861, and Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, and K for one year on 23 May, 1861.

Arrival at Manassas Junction, 24 May, 1861

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 10/11 PM on 24 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the Lynchburg Artillery. The regiment arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 25 May, 1861 (See the Lynchburg Artillery).

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 25 May, 1861.

Collision at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, 25 May, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry and the Lynchburg Artillery were involved in a collision at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, in the morning on 25 May, 1861.

Note: Privates J Kennedy, J G Kirkland, and J A H Richburg, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company D, and Privates R B Patterson, T J Perry, W M Truesdell, and B Jones, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company G, were injured during the collision at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, in the morning on 25 May, 1861, and Private W M Truesdell, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company G, was discharged for disability at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, on 10 August, 1861.

ALarm at Fairfax Courthouse, 27 May, 1861

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 27 May, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Beauregard/ Bull Run, Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, between 27 May and 21 June, 1861.

Note: The 1st South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 26 May, 1861, and arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 27 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry).

Troops ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 27 May, 1861: Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army; 1st Virginia Infantry, Companies B, C, D, G, H (2nd), I, K, Colonel P T Moore; 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Colonel J B Kershaw; Prince William Cavalry, Captain W W Thornton

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was stationed half a mile northeast of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 27 May, 1861.

Camp Beauregard/ Bull Run, Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 27 May, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, in the morning on 27 May, 1861.

Note: The 1st Virginia Infantry, Companies B, C, D, G, H (2nd), I, and K; the Prince William Cavalry; and Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, were ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 27 May, 1861.

Camp Beauregard/ Bull Run, Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, Albemarle Light Horse, 9 June, 1861: A detachment of the Albemarle Light Horse (2) were assigned as couriers to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry at Camp Beauregard/ Bull Run, Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 9 June, 1861 (See the Scott's Squadron Cavalry).

Note: Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, arrived at Camp Beauregard/ Bull Run, Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 7 June, 1861, and at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 9 June, 1861.

General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 20 June, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Mitchell's Ford to Fairfax Courthouse, 21 June, 1861

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 21 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Kershaw, M D Ball's, on the road between Fairfax Courthouse and Falls Church, a quarter of a mile northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 22 June, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was stationed at the Methodist Episcopal Church, on the old Braddock Road, northwest of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 21 June, 1861, and at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 22 June, 1861.

Troops stationed at & in the vicinity of Germantown & Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 June, 1861: Brigadier General ML Bonham, Confederate States Army; 1st South Carolina Infantry, Colonel M Gregg; 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Colonel J B Kershaw; 7th South Carolina Infantry, Colonel T G Bacon; 8th South Carolina Infantry, Colonel E B C Cash; Black Horse Troop, Captain W H Payne; Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, Captain W B Ball; Hanover Light Dragoons, Captain W C Wickham; Washington Home Guards/ Fairfax Cavalry, Captain E B Powell; Alexandria Artillery, Captain D Kemper

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Camp Kershaw, M D Ball's, on the road between Fairfax Courthouse and Falls Church, a quarter of a mile northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 22 June and 17 July, 1861.

Reconnaissance to Mills' Crossroads, 4 Companies, 3-4 July, 1861

Four companies of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, were ordered on a reconnaissance to Mills' Crossroads, four miles northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 3 July, 1861, and were accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company G; the Black Horse Troop, one 12 pounder Army howitzer and one 6 pounder smoothbore of the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company; and Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry (See the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company).

West of Mills' Crossroads, four miles northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 4 July, 1861: Four companies of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, were stationed west of Mills' Crossroads, four miles northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 4 July, 1861.

Note: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company G; the Black Horse Troop; and one 12 pounder Army howitzer and one 6 pounder smoothbore of the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, were stationed one and a half miles west of Mills' Crossroads, four miles northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 4 July, 1861 (See the Radford's Squadron Cavalry).

Organisation of reconnaissance to Mills' Crossroads, four miles northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 3-4 July, 1861: Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry; Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry; 2nd South Carolina Infantry, 4 companies; 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company G, Captain E W Radford; Black Horse Troop, Captain W H Payne; Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company, section, Captain J C Shields

Note: Corporal M C Tyler and Private S H Gordon, Black Horse Troop, were killed by a detachment of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry during the reconnaissance to Mills' Crossroads, four miles northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 AM on 4 July, 1861 (See the Munford's Squadron Cavalry).

Camp Kershaw, M D Ball's, on the road between Fairfax Courthouse & Falls Church, a quarter of a mile northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 4 July, 1861: Four companies of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry were ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 4 July, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was stationed on the road between Fairfax Courthouse and Falls Church, northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861.

Withdrawal to Mitchell's Ford, 17-18 July, 1861

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, was ordered to withdraw to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the Hanover Light Dragoons, the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company H, and the Alexandria Artillery. The regiment arrived at Artillery Hill, west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 17 July, 1861.

Disposition of 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies G & K, 17 July, 1861: A detachment of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies G and K (50), under the command of Captain C C Haile, was stationed at the road between Fairfax Courthouse and Falls Church, three and a quarter miles northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, and a detachment of Companies G and K (50), under the command of First Lieutenant T R Cantey, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company G, at the road between Fairfax Courthouse and Falls Church, two and a quarter miles northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861.

Note: A detachment of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies G and K, was stationed at the road between Flint Hill and the junction of the Fairfax Courthouse and Falls Church, one mile southeast of Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861.

Disposition of 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B & I, 17 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company A, was stationed at the road between Fairfax Courthouse and Falls Church, a quarter of a mile northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, and Companies B and I in woods south of the road between Fairfax Courthouse and Falls Church, a quarter of a mile northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861.

Disposition of 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company F, 17 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company F, was stationed in woods north of the road between Fairfax Courthouse and Falls Church, three quarters of a mile northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861.

Note: Two 6 pounder smoothbores, under the command of Captain D Kemper, Alexandria Artillery, were stationed on the road between Fairfax Courthouse and Falls Church, three quarters of a mile northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861 (See the Alexandria Artillery).

'Artillery Hill', west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 18 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 12 AM on 18 July, 1861, and arrived in the morning the same day.

Note: The Hanover Light Dragoons and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company H, under the command of Captain W C Wickham, Hanover Light Dragoons, were stationed northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861.

Butler's, three quarters of a mile north of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, Company C, 18 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company C, was assigned to picket duty at Butler's, three quarters of a mile north of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 18 July, 1861.

Skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, Companies F & I, 18 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies F and I, and two 6 pounder smoothbores, under the command of Captain D Kemper, Alexandria Artillery, were stationed a quarter of a mile north of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, the during the skirmish at Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, between 12 and 12.30 PM on 18 July, 1861.

Note: The 7th South Carolina Infantry, Company H, was stationed on the road west of Butler's, three quarters of a mile north of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, between 7 and 8 AM on 18 July, 1861, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry Company F, was on detached duty in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See the 7th South Carolina Infantry).

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 18-21 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was stationed northwest of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, between 18 and 21 July, 1861.

Statement of the strength of the Second Regiment, S. C. V, present for duty on the morning of 21 July, 1861, engaged in the battle of Manassas: 1 Colonel, 1 Lieutenant Colonel, 1 Major, 1 Adjutant, 1 Surgeon, 1 Commissary, 1 Assistant Surgeon, 1 Chaplin, 1 Sergeant Major, 1 Quartermaster Sergeant, 4 Volunteers Aids. Total field & staff, 14. 10 Captains, 28 Lieutenants, 40 Sergeants, 41 Corporals. Total Commissioned & Non-commissioned officers, 119. Privates, 629. Aggregate, 762

First battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was stationed northwest of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River,in the morning on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company F, was assigned to scouting duty northeast of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning on 21 July, 1861, and was assigned to the 7th Louisiana Infantry in the afternoon the same day (See the 7th Louisiana Infantry).

Advance to Henry Hill, one mile west of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Henry Hill, one mile west of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 12 PM on 21 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th South Carolina Infantry and the Alexandria Artillery.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was stationed south of I Henry's/ Spring Hill, one mile west of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Advance to Bald Hill, on Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Bald Hill, on Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry and the 8th South Carolina Infantry were stationed north of Bald Hill, on Chinn's Branch, northeast of Chinn's Spring, Prince William County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

General pursuit to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered on a general pursuit to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The Crescent Blues (50), Company B, and a detachment of the Beauregard Rifles, under the command of Captain McG C Goodwyn, Crescent Blues, Company B, were assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Infantry south of I Henry's/ Spring Hill, one mile west of the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, in the afternoon on 21 July, 1861.

Troops stationed one mile west of the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, in the afternoon 21 July, 1861: 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Colonel J B Kershaw; 8th South Carolina Infantry, Colonel E B C Cash; Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Senior Captain J Conner, Hampton Legion Battalion Infantry, Company A; Crescent Blues, Company B, Captain McG C Goodwyn; Albemarle Light Horse, Captain J Scott, cavalry, Confederate States Army; Acting Assistant General & First Lieutenant J H Hill, artillery, Confederate States Army, Third Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah; Alexandria Artillery, Captain D Kemper

Note: Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, and a detachment (20/50) of the 8th South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Captain W H Evans, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company F, was ordered to the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 21 July, 1861 (See the 8th South Carolina Infantry).

Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, 21-22 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry arrived at Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 11 PM on 21 July, 1861, and was stationed at the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 2.30 AM 22 July, 1861.

List of killed, etc, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, at the first battle of Manassas, 21 July, 1861: Company A, w 5, t 5; Company B, k 1, w 1, t 2; Company C w 7, t 7; Company D, w 6, t 6; Company E, k 2, w 6, t 8; Company F, w 1, t 1; Company G, k 1, w 5; Company H, w 4, t 4; Company I, w 6, t 6; Company K, w 6, t 6; Killed 5, wounded 47, total 52

Return of casualties in the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, at the battle of first Manassas, 21 July, 1861: Killed 5, wounded 43, total 48

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, dated 22 July, 1861.

Mitchell's Ford to Vienna, 23 July, 1861

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 23 July, 1861, and arrived at 2 PM the same day.

Centreville to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23-24 July, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.149, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 8 PM on 23 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Gregg/ Victory, southwest of the Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 July, 1861.

Organisation of First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army; 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Colonel J B Kershaw; 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Colonel J H Williams; 7th South Carolina Infantry, Colonel T G Bacon; 8th South Carolina Infantry, Colonel E B C Cash; Hanover Light Dragoons, Washington's Home Guards/ Fairfax Cavalry, Captain W C Wickham, Hanover Light Dragoons; 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, E, G, & H, Colonel R C W Radford; Boykin (Mounted) Rangers, Captain A H Boykin; Alexandria Artillery, Captain D Kemper

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Gregg/ Victory, southwest of the Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 24 July and 9 August, 1861.

Vienna to Flint Hill, 11 August, 1861

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 11 August, 1861, and was stationed at Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 11 and 14 August, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was stationed three quarters of a mile southwest of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 9 and 11 August, 1861, and at Camp Kershaw, south of Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 14 August and 20 September, 1861.

Picket duty at Munson's Hill, 20-27 September, 1861

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 20 September, 1861, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Companies C and D, were assigned to build earthworks at Munson's Hill, east of the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one and a quarter miles northwest of Bailey's Crossroad, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 22 September, 1861.

Note: The 9th South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 14 and 21 September, 1861, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Munson's Hill, east of the Leesburg & Alexandria Turnpike, one and a quarter miles northwest of Bailey's Crossroad, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 23 September, 1861 (See the 9th South Carolina Infantry).

Skirmish at Lewinsville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 25 September, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, was ordered to Lewinsville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 25 September, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st Georgia Regulars, the 17th Virginia Infantry, and the left section of the Washington Battalion Artillery, 1st Company. The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was engaged in a skirmish at Lewinsville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 2 and 4.30/5 PM on 25 September, 1861.

Note: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry arrived at Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 9 PM on 25 September, 1861, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company F, was ordered to Flint Hill, two miles north of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 27 September, 1861.

Falls Church to Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, 27-28 September, 1861: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Flint Hill, two miles north of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 27 September, 1861, and arrived at Camp Kershaw, Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 28 September, 1861.

Note: Private W LMA Scruggs, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, Company B, was killed during the skirmish at Lewinsville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 25 September, 1861.

Withdrawal to Blackburn's Ford, 16 October, 1861

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Blackburn's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 16 October, 1861.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 2nd South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Colonel R E Bowen, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, 23 April, 1861: M L Bonham was appointed major general, South Carolina Volunteers, by General Orders No.10, Headquarters, Provisional Forces, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 5 March, 1861, dated 23 February, 1861, and was assigned to command the troops stationed at Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, by General Orders No.6, Headquarters, Division South Carolina Volunteers, Morris Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 14 April, 1861. Major General M L Bonham, South Carolina Volunteers, was relieved by General Orders No.27, Headquarters, Provisional Army of South Carolina, Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 21 April, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 23 April, 1861. He arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 24 April, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, H, I, K, and L. Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the Department of Alexandria and set up headquarters at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.95, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861, and was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861. He was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861. Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the the troops stationed at Fairfax County, Virginia, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry by Special Orders No. 1 and General Orders No.9, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861, and arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 9 June, 1861. He was assigned to command the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and was reappointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, dated 14 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier general P G T Beauregard assumed command of the Department of Alexandria at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861.

The 2nd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Second Brigade, Third Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, by General Orders No.15, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 22 October, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.67: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp451-453
Colonel J B Kershaw, Second South Carolina Infantry, of retreat from Fairfax Courthouse and skirmish at Mitchell’s Ford, dated Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 26 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.88: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp522-527
Colonel J B Kershaw, Second South Carolina Infantry, dated Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 26 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT No.86: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp518-521
Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Gregg,in the vicinity of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861