The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Radford's Squadron Cavalry

Botetourt Dragoons and Radford Rangers arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 17 and 25 June, 1861, respectively. Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Stationed at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL R C W RADFORD
Colonel R C W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, was assigned to command Radford's Squadron Cavalry on 20 July, 1861.

Company C Botetourt Dragoons, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry: CAPT. A L PITZER
The Botetourt Dragoons was accepted in state service at Fincastle, Botetourt County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, the same day. The company arrived at Liberty, Bedford County, Virginia, in the evening on 17 May, 1861, and was ordered to Lynchburg, Virginia, in the morning on 18 May, 1861. The company arrived at Lynchburg, Virginia, in the evening on 18 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 20 May, 1861. Captain A L Pitzer received an accidental gunshot wound on 1 July, 1861, and Second Lieutenant C Breckenridge was assigned to command the company between 1 and 21 July, 1861. The company was assigned to Radford's Squadron Cavalry on 20 July, 1861 (See the 30th Virginia Cavalry).
Company G Radford Rangers, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry: CAPT. E W Radford
The company was accepted in state service at Forest Depot, Bedford County, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 29 May, 1861. The company was assigned to Radford's Squadron Cavalry on 20 July, 1861 (See the 30th Virginia Cavalry).

Sources

"Tomorrow the Botetourt Dragoons, Capt. Pitzer, leave for Lynchburg."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 20 May 1861 - Affairs in Virginia

"In advancing the cavalry was divided as follows: Under my own command I had at first but one squadron, composed of the companies of Captains Radford and Pitzer, the latter in charge of Lieutenant (Cary) Breckinridge. I was joined by Captains Terry, Alexander, (Willaims C) Wickham, and (E B) Powell, with their companies, while moving towards stone bridge."

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Second Virginia Cavalry, First Edition, No.990 of 1000, by R J Driver, Jr. & H E Howard

Reminiscences of a Confederate soldier of Co. C, 2nd Va. Cavalry, by R H Peck

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

Botetourt Dragoons

The Botetourt Dragoons was accepted in state service at Fincastle, Botetourt County, Virginia, on 17 May, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Lynchburg, Virginia, 23 May, 1861: The Botetourt Dragoons was mustered in state service for one year at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 23 May, 1861.

Lynchburg to Milford Mills, on Broad Run, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 17-21 June, 1861: The Botetourt Dragoons was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 17 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D (See Hale's Squadron Cavalry). The company arrived at Rockfish Station, Nelson County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to New Glasgow, Amherst County, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861. The Botetourt Dragoons arrived at Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, at 12 PM the same day and arrived at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, in the evening on 19 June, 1861. The company was ordered to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, in the morning on 20 June, 1861, and arrived at Warrenton Springs, Fauquier County, Virginia, in the evening the same day. The Botetourt Dragoons was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the morning on 21 June, 1861, and arrived at Milford Mills, on Broad Run, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Milford Mills, on Broad Run, near Manassas Junction, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 24 June, 1861: The Botetourt Dragoons was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, by Special Orders No.62, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861, dated 23 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D. The company arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Centreville to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 29 June, 1861: The Botetourt Dragoons arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 29 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D.

Note: A detachment of the Botetourt Dragoons and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company D, were ordered on a reconnaissance on the Little River Turnpike in the morning on 30 June, 1861, and Captain A L Pitzer, Botetourt Dragoons, received an accidental gunshot wound on 1 July, 1861. First Lieutenant R H Burks, Botetourt Dragoons, was appointed adjutant, 30th Virginia Cavalry, on 6 June, 1861, and Second Lieutenant C Breckenridge was assigned to command the Botetourt Dragoons between 1 and 21 July, 1861.

Withdrawal to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17 July, 1861: The Botetourt Dragoons was ordered to withdraw to the Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company G, the 7th South Carolina Infantry and the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company. The company arrived at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Note: The Botetourt Dragoons was assigned to Radford's Squadron Cavalry, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, on 20 July, 1861 (See the 30th Virginia Cavalry).

After the first battle of Manassas the Botetourt Dragoons was stationed at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, 22-23 July, 1861: The Botetourt Dragoons was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 22 July, 1861, and to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day. The company arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day and was ordered to Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.

Note: The Botetourt Dragoons was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Radford Rangers

The Radford Rangers was accepted in state service at Forest Depot, Bedford County, Virginia, on 28 May, 1861, and was stationed at Camp Davis, the Fairgrounds, on Fifth Street, two miles west of Lynchburg, Virginia, on 29 May, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Lynchburg, Virginia, 29 May, 1861: The Radford Rangers was mustered in state service for one year at Lynchburg, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel D A Langhorne, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 29 May, 1861.

Lynchburg to Millford Mills, on Broad Run, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, 23-25 June, 1861: The Radford Rangers was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 7.30 AM on 23 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies E, F, H, and I, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford. The company arrived at Orange Courthouse, Orange County, Virginia, ay 10 AM the same day and was stationed at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, at 6.30 PM on 23 June, 1861. The Radford Rangers was ordered to Fauquier White Sulphur Springs, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 7 AM on 24 June, 1861, and arrived at Fauquier White Sulphur Springs, Fauquier County, via Jeffersonville, Tazewell County, Virginia, at 3 PM the same day. The company was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 6.30 AM on 25 June, 1861, and arrived at Milford Mills, on Broad Run, near Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 6 PM the same day.

Millford Mills, near Manassas Junction, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 30 June, 1861: The Radford Rangers was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, by Special Orders No.74, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 6 AM on 30 June, 1861, dated the same day and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavlary, Companies E, F, H, and I. The company arrived at Camp Radford, near Fairfax Courthouse via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM the same day.

Mills Crossroads, between Falls Church & Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 4 July, 1861: The Radford Rangers was ordered to Mills Crossroads, between Falls Church and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw and Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, to engage Federal pickets in the morning on 4 July, 1861, and was accompanied by four companies of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, a section of the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company, and the Black Horse Troop. The Radford Rangers was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Withdrawal to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17-18 July, 1861: The Radford Rangers was ordered to withdraw to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company C, the 7th South Carolina Infantry and the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company. The company was assigned as escort to the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company, and arrived at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 AM on 18 July, 1861.

Note: The Radford Rangers was assigned to Radford's Squadron Cavalry, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, on 20 July, 1861 (See the 30th Virginia Cavalry).

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The Radford Rangers was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 12 PM on 23 July, 1861, dated 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day.

Centreville to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23-24 July, 1861: The Radford Rangers was ordered to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.149, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 8 PM on 23 July, 1861, dated the same day and arrived at Camp Gregg, near Vienna, via Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 July, 1861.

Note: The Radford Rangers was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Vienna to Flint Hill, between Vienna & Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 11 August, 1861: The Radford Rangers was ordered to Flint Hill, between Vienna and Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 11 August, 1861.

Radford's Squadron Cavalry

After the first battle of Manassas the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies C and G, were stationed near Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies C and G, were assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 2nd South Carolina Infantry, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, 7th South Carolina Infantry, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Alexandria Artillery, Hanover Light Dragoons, Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, C, G, and H

Disbanded at Lynchburg, Virginia, 11 April, 1865: The 2nd Virginia Cavalry was disbanded at Lynchburg, Virginia, on 11 April, 1865.

Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Major General M L Bonham, South Carolina Militia, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 6 PM on 24 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, H, I, K, and L, and was assigned to command the Department of Alexandria and establish headquarters at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.95, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry. He arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the the troops stationed at Fairfax County, Virginia, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry by Special Orders No. 1 and General Orders No.9, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 4 and 9 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the Black Horse Troop (See Munford's Squadron Cavalry). He was assigned to command the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and reappointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, dated 14 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier general P G T Beauregard assumed command of the Department of Alexandria at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861.

The 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, C, G, and H, and the Hanover Light Dragoons and the Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards were assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph III, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.72: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp457-458
Colonel R C W Radford, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry, of operations of Cavalry Brigade, 17 to 20 July, 1861, dated Camp Gregg, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 27 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.92: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp532-533
Colonel R C W Radford, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry, dated Camp Vienna, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT No.86: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp518-521
Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Gregg, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861