The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry

Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry

Munford's Squadron Cavalry

Black Horse Troop arrived at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 9 May, 1861, and Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, 8 May, 1861. Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Stationed in the rear between Island and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

LIEUTENANT COLONEL T T MUNFORD,
Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, was assigned to command Munford's Squadron Cavalry, on 20 July, 1861.

Unlettered Company Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B: CAPT. W B BALL
The company was accepted in state service at Manchester, Chesterfield County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861, and was mustered in state service at Camp Lee, Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad and Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of the Capitol, Captiol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General J Seldon, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 25 April, 1861. The company was assigned to Munford'd Squadron Cavalry on 20 July, 1861, and to the Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel W H Jenifer, on 11 August, 1861. The company was assigned to the 4th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, by Special Orders No.248, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 4 September 1861.
Unlettered Company Black Horse Troop: CAPT. W H PAYNE
The company was organised at Waterloo, Fauquier County, Virginia, under the command of Captain J Scott, on 18 June, 1859, and Captain J Scott, Black Horse Troop, was appointed captain, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 17 March, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861 (See Scott's Squadron Cavalry). The company was accepted in state service at Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861, and Private W H Payne, Black Horse Troop, was appointed captain, Black Horse Troop, on 27 April, 1861. The company was mustered in state service at Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, by Colonel E Hunton, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 7 May, 1861, and was assigned to Munford's Squadron Cavalry on 20 July, 1861 (See the 8th Virginia Infantry). The company was assigned to the 4th Virginia Cavalry, Company H, by Special Orders No.248, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 4 September 1861, and Captain W H Payne, Black Horse Troop, was appointed major, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 11 September, 1861. Major W H Payne, Provisional Army of Virginia, was assigned to the 4th Virginia Cavalry by Special Orders No.276, Paragraph XII, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 12 September 1861, and First Lieutenant R Randolph, 4th Virginia Cavalry, Company H, was appointed captain, 4th Virginia Cavalry, Company H, on 19 September, 1861.

Sources

"Wm. H. Payne has been elected Captain of the Fauquier Black Horse, and with his Company is now in Camp at Dumfries."

Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia), 29 April, 1861

"Among the troops encamped here are the following companies: Cavalry - Governor's Guard; Chesterfield, company B; Hanover Troop; Henrico Troop; Amelia Light Dragoons."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 14 May, 1861 - Camp Ashland, Hanover co., Va., 12 May, 1861

"The First Regiment of Virginia Volunteer Cavalry has been made up as follows: 1. Chesterfield Troop, Capt. Wm. B. Ball. 2. Gov.'s Mounted Guard, Richmond, Capt. J. G. Cabell. 3. Hanover Troop, Capt. Wms. C. Wickham. Henrico Troop, Capt. Z. S. McGruder. 5. Amelia Troop, Capt. S. S. Weisiger. 6. Goochland Troop, Capt. Julian Harrison. 7. Meckenburg Troop, Capt. Thomas F. Goode. 8. Pittsylvania Troop, Capt. C. E. Flourney. 9. Cumberland Troop, Capt. Henry R. Johnson. 10. Charlotte Troop, Capt. John G. Smith. This regiment goes at once into a camp of instruction, at Ashland, under the command of Lieut. Col. R. S. Ewell, late of the U. S. Army."

Richmond Enquirer, Semi-weekley Edition (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 17 May, 1861 - Cavalry Regiment

"Tuesday evening two companies were transported with their horses and provisions, on the Central Railroad. This evening the Governor's Guard and the Chesterfield Troop will leave in the evening the same way, and to the same destination."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 31 May, 1861 - Camp Ashland, Hanover County, 30 May, 1861

"Four companies of the First Regiment of Virginia Volunteers were at Fairfax Court-House on Monday evening, besides the Warrenton Rifles and five Cavalry Companies, viz.; Ball's, Chesterfield corps; Wickham's, (Hanover,) Prince William, Rappahannock and Black Horse Cavalry, of Fauquier. It was thought probable that Col. Maxcy Gregg's South Carolinians would take the place of the Richmond companies, and permit them to rejoin their Regiment at Manassas Junction."

Richmond Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia), 19 June, 1861 - Military

"The Black Horse Troop was formed in 1858, Colonel (then Mr) Scott was dining with Colonel (afterwards General) W. H. payne at the latter's father-in-law's, near Warrenton. After dinner payne predicted an early dissolution of the Union and suggested the forming of a squadron of cavalry. And so the young farmers of the neighbourhoodwere called together in Payne's office at Warrenton (not at Waterloo), and the company was speedily recruited and officered. Scott was elected captain; Robert Randolph, first lieutenant; Charles H. Gordon, second lieutenant; Alex. D. Payne, third lieutenant. W. H. payne was at the time on Governor Wise's staff and held a commission, but, nevertheless, joined the company as a private. From 1858 to April 1861 the company had nothing to do but meet and drill. Many of the meetings were held at Waterloo. At the time of the John Brown raid the troop was called out and rendered such services as were assigned to it. On the 17th of April, 1861, the troop marched to Harper's Ferry and on the 26th was recalled by order of Colonel (afterwards general) Hunton, of Warrenton, and directed to complete its organisation. Colonel Scott having gone off to Alabam in advance of the secession of Virginia and taken rank in the regular Confederate army, W. H. payne was elected captain of the troop. He was the troop's 'first commander in war' and led it to its first battlefield (Manassas), but in a few months promotion took him away from the command of the company. All members did not have black horses, but there were many black horses in the company."

Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia), 19 July, 1899 - The Black Horse Cavalry

Books/ Manuscripts

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series, Second Virginia Cavalry, First Edition, No.990 of 1000, by R J Driver, Jr. & H E Howard

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 69, Serial No.81: Record of events for Fourth Virginia Cavalry, April 1861-November 1864, edited by James B Hewett

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Fourth Virginia Cavalry, Second Edition, by K L Stiles

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: Sixth Virginia Cavalry, Second Edition, by M Musick

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Black Horse Troop, some reminiscences of thier famous command: Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume XXX, January-December, 1902, pp142-146, from the Herald (Baltimore City, Maryland), February, 1902

Notes

Black Horse Troop

The Black Horse Troop was organised at Waterloo, Fauquier County, Virginia, under the command of Captain J Scott, on 18 June, 1859, and Captain J Scott, Black Horse Troop, was appointed captain, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 17 March, 1861, dated 16 March, 1861.

Seizure of Harpers Ferry Arsenal & Armory, on Shenandoah & Potomac Streets, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, 16-18 April, 1861: The Black Horse Troop was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, under the command of First Lieutenant B Randolph, in the evening on 16 April, 1861, and was accompanied by Fauquier Mountain Rangers, under First Lieutenant R Ashby (See the 7th Virginia Cavalry). The company arrived at Halltown, Jefferson County, Virginia, in the evening on 18 April, 1861, and at Bolivar Heights, one and a half miles west of Bolivar, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 10 PM the same day. The Black Horse Troop was ordered to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, at 12 AM on 19 April, 1861.

Note: The Black Horse Troop was stationed at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, Virginia, and Berlin Bridge, on the Potomac River, opposite Berlin, Frederick County, Maryland, under the command of Major General K Harper, Fifth Division, Virginia Militia, between 19 and 21 April, 1861 (See the 5th Virginia Infantry).

Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, to Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, 22 & 25 April, 1861: The Black Horse Troop arrived at Leesburg, Loudoun County, in the morning on 22 April, 1861, and was accepted in states service at Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861.

Organistaion of Black Horse Troop, 25 April, 1861: Captain W H Payne, First Lieutenant R Randolph, Second Lieutenant C H Gordon

Note: The Black Horse Troop was ordered to Dumfries, Prince William County, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861, and the Black Horse Troop and the Warrenton Rifles were stationed at White Sulphur Springs, on the Rappahannock River, four miles southeast of Waterloo, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 4 May, 1861.

Mustered for one year, Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, 7 May, 1861: The Black Horse Troop was mustered in state service for one year at Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, by Colonel E Hunton, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 7 May, 1861 (See the 8th Virginia Infantry).

Note: The Black Horse Troop was guarding public property at White Sulphur Springs, on the Rappahannock River, four miles southeast of Waterloo, Fauquier County, Virginia, on 7 May, 1861.

Disposition of troops, Headquarters, Potomac Department, Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, 8 May, 1861: 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers (100), Company E, Captain S H Devaugh; 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers (88), Company G, Captain A Herbert; 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers (69), Company H, Captain M Mayre; Alexandria Home Guards (100), Captain J Latouche; Washington('s) Home Guards or Fairfax Cavalry (53), Captain E B Powell; Border Guards or Fairfax Cavalry, Captain M D Ball, at Alexandria, Virginia; Fairfax Rifles (51), Captain W H Dulany, at Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia; Washington Volunteers (113), Company A, Captain C K Sherman; Porter's Company (74), Captain J C Porter; Alexandria Artillery (86), Captain D Kemper, at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia; Richardson Guards, Captain J Welsh, at Madison Courthouse, Madison County, Virginia; Emmett Guards, Captain J E Towsen, Jr.; Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery, Captain T Triplett, at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia; Rappahannock Cavalry (64), Captain J S Green, at Amissville, ten miles east of Washington, Rappahannock County, Virginia; Black Horse Troop, Captain W H Payne, at Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia; Powhatan Troop, Captain J F Lay, enroute to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia

White Sulphur Springs, on the Rappahannock River, four miles southeast of Waterloo, Fauquier County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 9 May 1861: The Black Horse Troop (76) was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 9 May, 1861, dated 8 May, 1861, and arrived at Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 9 May, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Powhatan Troop and arrived at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the evening on 9 May, 1861 (See the Powhatan Troop).

Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 10 May, 1861: The Black Horse Troop and the Powhatan Troop were assigned to Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, under the command Captain W H Payne, Black Horse Troop, on 10 May, 1861 (See Lay's Squadron Cavalry).

Troops stationed at & in the vicinity of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, (918), 12 May, 1861: Colonel Garland, Jr., Provisional Army of Virginia, Major C Boyle, Provisional Army of Virginia; Lynchburg Home Guards, Captain K Otey; Lynchburg Rifles Greys, Captain M S Langhorne; Southern Guards, Captain R C Saunders; Farmville Guards, Captain R A Booker; Prince William Rifles (60), Captain A S Hamilton; Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery, Captain T Triplett; Emmett Guards, Captain J E Towsen; Black Horse Troop (76), Captain W H Payne; section of Alexandria Artillery, Captain D Kemper, at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia; Warrenton Rifles (88), Captain J Q Marr, at Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia; Rappahannock Cavalry (57), at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia

Note: The Powhatan Troop, under the command of Captain J F Lay, was stationed at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, between 9 and 11 May, 1861, and was ordered to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 12 May, 1861.

Camp Pickens, Manassas, Prince William County, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 4-9 June, 1861: The Black Horse Troop was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 4 and 9 June, 1861, and was accompanied by Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army (See the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Note: Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was assigned to command the the troops stationed at Fairfax County, Virginia, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry by Special Orders No. 1 and General Orders No.9, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861, and the Powhatan Troop and the Albemarle Light Horse were assigned to Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, under the command of Captain J F Lay, Powhatan Troop, by Special Orders No.14, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 9 June, 1861 (See the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The Black Horse Troop was stationed at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861.

Note: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B; the Black Horse Troop; the Hanover Light Dragoons, the Washington('s) Home Guards or Fairfax Cavalry; the Prince William Cavalry; and the Rappahannock Cavalry were stationed at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861.

Mills Crossroads, four miles northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 4 July, 1861: The Black Horse Troop was ordered to Mills Crossroads, four miles northeast of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South Carolina Infantry, and Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, to engage Federal pickets on 4 July, 1861, and was accompanied by four companies of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, a section of the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company, and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company G. The Black Horse Troop was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Withdrawal to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17 July, 1861: The Black Horse Troop was ordered to withdraw to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J W Henagon, the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, and the Fairfax Cavalry. The company was assigned to guard duty at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 17 July, 1861, and was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 12 AM, on 18 July, 1861.

Island & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The Black Horse Troop was stationed in the rear between Island and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, in the morning on 21 July, 1861 (See the 30th Virginia Cavalry).

After the first battle of Manassas the Black Horse Troop was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the evening on 21 July, 1861, and was assigned to Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General P G T Beauregard, Confederate States Army, by Special Orders No.154, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861.

Note: The Black Horse Troop, the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies B and D, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, were ordered to the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 21 July, 1861 (See Munford's Squadron Cavalry).

Pohick Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, 4 October, 1861: The Black Horse Troop was stationed at Pohick Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 4 October, 1861.

The Black Horse Troop was assigned to the 4th Virginia Cavalry, Company H, under the command of Colonel B H Robertson, by Special Orders No.248, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 4 September, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Sangster's or W Elzey's Crossroads, two miles south of Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 19 September, 1861.

Disbanded at Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 11 April, 1865: The 4th Virginia Cavalry was disbanded at Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 11 April, 1865.

Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B

The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was accepted in state service at Chesterfield County, Virginia, on 17 April, 1861, and was stationed at Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 23 April, 1861.

Organistaion of Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, 23 April, 1861: Captain W B Ball, First Lieutenant W B Woodridge, Second Lieutenant W G Clarke

Mustered for one year, Camp of Instruction or Lee, Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad & Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of the Capitol, Captiol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, 25 April, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was mustered in state service for one year at Camp of Instruction or Lee, Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad and Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of the Capitol, Captiol Hill, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, by Lieutenant Colonel & Assistant Adjutant General J Seldon, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 25 April, 1861 (See the 28th Virginia Infantry).

Camp of Instruction or Lee, Hermitage Agricultural Fairgrounds, between the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad & Deep Run Turnpike, two miles northwest of the Capitol, Captiol Hill, Richmond, to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, 2 May, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was ordered to Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by General Orders No.9, Headquarters of the Division, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 2 May, 1861.

Organisation of Harrison's Battalion Cavalry, 27 May, 1861: Major J Harrison, cavalry, Provisional Army of Virginia; Goochland Light Dragoons, First Lieutenant G F Harrison; Governor's Mounted Guards, Captain J G Cabell; Hanover Light Dragoons, Captain W C Wickham; Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, Captain W B Ball

Note: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was assigned to Harrison's Battalion Cavalry, under the command of Major J Harrison, cavalry, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Camp Ashland, Slash Cottage, on the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad, west of Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.127, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 27 May, 1861 (See Harrison's Battalion Cavalry).

Camp Ashland, Slash Cottage, on the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad, west of Ashland, Hanover County, Virginia, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 30-31 May, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.127, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, in the evening on 30 May, 1861, dated 27 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the Governor's Mounted Guards. The company arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 31 May, 1861 (See Jenifer's Battalion Cavalry).

Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, 31 May, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was ordered to Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Major J Harrison, Provisional Army of Virginia, on 31 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the Governor's Mounted Guards, the Goochland Light Dragoons, and the Hanover Light Dragoons (See Harrison's Battalion Cavalry).

Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 6 June, 1861: Captain W B Ball, Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was ordered to Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, to procure accoutrements by Special Orders No.10, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 6 June, 1861.

Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was stationed in the vicinity of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861.

Note: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B; the Black Horse Troop; the Hanover Light Dragoons, the Washington('s) Home Guards or Fairfax Cavalry; the Prince William Cavalry; and the Rappahannock Cavalry were stationed at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861.

Reconnaissance to Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, & Great Falls, on the Potomac River, Montgomery County, Maryland, 16-18 June, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was ordered on a reconnaissance to Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, and Great Falls, on the Potomac River, Montgomery County, Maryland, under the command of Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry, at 1 AM on 16 June, 1861, dated 15 June, 1861, and arrived at Frying Pan Church, on the old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861. The company was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry and a detachment of the Hanover Light Dragoons.

Note: A section of the Alexandria Artillery, under the command of Captain D Kemper, and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, and a detachment of the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, under the command of Captain W R Terry, arrived at Frying Pan Church, on the old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 16 June, 1861.

Organisation of reconnaissance to Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, & Great Falls, on the Potomac River, Montgomery County, Maryland, 16-18 June, 1861: Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry; 1st South Carolina Infantry (575); Chesterfield Light Dragoons (45), Company B, and detachment of Hanover Light Dragoons (25), Captain W B Ball, Chesterfield Light Dragoons (45), Company B; 30th Virginia Cavalry (45), Company A, and detachment of 30th Virginia Cavalry (25), Company B, Captain W R Terry, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A; section of Alexandria Artillery (34), Captain D Kemper

Frying Pan Church, on the old Ox Road, to Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, arrived at Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 16 June, 1861, and Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry, arrived at the Potomac River, opposite Seneca Creek, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the morning on 17 June, 1861.

Skirmish on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile southeast of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was ordered to Hunter's Mills, on Difficult Run, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day. The company was stationed on Ayr(e)s Hill, a quarter of a mile north east of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, during the skirmish on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile southeast of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 17 June, 1861 (See the Skirmish at Vienna).

Vienna to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17-18 June, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 17 June, 1861, and arrived via Flint Hill, two miles north of Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 1 AM on 18 June, 1861.

Note: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was stationed at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 24 and 28 June, 1861.

Withdrawal to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17-18 July, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was ordered to withdraw to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 8th South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J W Henagon, the Black Horse Troop, and the Fairfax Cavalry. The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, arrived at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 12 AM, on 18 July, 1861.

Island & Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was stationed in the rear between Island and Mitchell's Fords, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, on 21 July, 1861 (See the 30th Virginia Cavalry).

After the first battle of Manassas the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was ordered to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B; the Black Horse Troop; and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies B and D, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, were ordered to the Suspension Bridge, on Cub Run, one mile west of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 5 PM on 21 July, 1861 (See Munford's Squadron Cavalry).

Organisation of Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: Colonel N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army; 1st Mississippi Battalion Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel W L Brandon; 13th Mississippi Infantry, Colonel W Barksdale; 17th Mississippi Infantry, Colonel W S Featherston; 18th Mississippi Infantry, Colonel E R Burt; Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, Captain W B Ball

Note: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was assigned to Colonel N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, by Special Orders No.154, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 23 July, 1861, and to the Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, on 25 July, 1861.

Centreville, Fairfax County, to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, 9-11 August, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.212, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 9 August, 1861, dated 8 August, 1861, and and arrived via Gum Spring, and H Ball's Mill, on Goose Creek, four miles north of Aldie, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening on 11 August, 1861.

Reconnaissance to Lovettsville & Waterford, Loudoun County, Virginia, 12-13 August, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B,was ordered to Lovettsville, Loudoun County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, in the morning on 12 August, 1861, and to Waterford, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the morning on 13 August, 1861.

Reconnaissance to White's Ferry, on the Potomac River, four & a half miles west of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, 23-27 August, 1861: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, under the command of Captain W B Ball, arrived White's Ferry, four and a half miles west of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, in the afternoon on 23 August, 1861, and was ordered to Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, in the evening on 27 August, 1861.

Note: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was stationed east of the old Carolina Road, two miles southwest of Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia, on 31 August, 1861.

Organisation of reconnaissance to White's Ferry, on the Potomac River, four & a half miles west of Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland, left section, 23-27 August, 1861: Captain W B Ball, Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B; 17th Mississippi Infantry, Company K, Captain W L Duff; Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, First Lieutenant W B Woodridge; left section of Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company, Captain J C Shields and First Lieutenant W P Palmer

Note: The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was assigned to the 4th Virginia Cavalry, Company B, under the command of Colonel B H Robertson, by Special Orders No.248, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 4 September, 1861.

Special Orders No.317, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 13 September, 1861: The Loudoun Cavalry, the Madison Cavalry or Invincibles, the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, and the Wise Dragoons were ordered to remain with the Seventh Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate States Army, by Special Orders No.317, Paragraph IV, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 13 September, 1861.

The Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, was ordered to rendezvous at Sangster's or W Elzey's Crossroads, two miles south of Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 19 September, 1861.

Disbanded at Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 11 April, 1865: The 4th Virginia Cavalry was disbanded at Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, on 11 April, 1865.

Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Major General M L Bonham, South Carolina Militia, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 24 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, H, I, K, and L, and was assigned to command the Department of Alexandria and set up headquarters at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.95, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry. He arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the the troops stationed at Fairfax County, Virginia, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry by Special Orders No. 1 and General Orders No.9, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 4 and 9 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the Black Horse Troop (See Munford's Squadron Cavalry). He was assigned to command the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and reappointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, dated 14 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General P G T Beauregard, Confederate States Army, assumed command of the Department of Alexandria at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861.

The 4th Virginia Cavalry and the 6th Virginia Cavalry were assigned to the Third Brigade, First Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General J E B Stuart, Confederate States Army, General Orders No.18, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 22 October, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.93: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp534-535
Lieutenant Colonel T T Munford, Thirtieth Virginia Cavalry, dated Cavalry Camp, in the vicinity of Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 24 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT No.86: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp518-521
Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Gregg, in the vicinity of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861