The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel E B C Cash, 8th South Carolina Infantry

Colonel E B C Cash, 8th South Carolina Infantry

Eighth South Carolina Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 1 June, 1861. Arrived at Manassas, Virginia, 15 June, 1861. Stationed at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL E B C CASH
Major General E B C Cash, South Carolina Militia, was appointed colonel, 8th South Carolina Infantry, on 20 March, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J W HENAGAN
J W Henagon was appointed lieutenant colonel, 8th South Carolina Infantry, on 20 March, 1861.

MAJOR T E LUCAS
T E Lucas was appointed major, 8th South Carolina Infantry, on 20 March, 1861.

Company A Darlington Rifles: CAPT. A J HOOLE
The company was accepted in state service at Darlington Courthouse, Darlington District, South Carolina, on 14 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861. The company was ordered to proceed by the Cheraw & Darlington Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 15 April, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day.
Company B Chesterfield Rifles: CAPT. M J HOUGH
The company was accepted in state service at Chesterfield District, South Carolina, on 9 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company C Chesterfield Guards: CAPT. W H COIT
The company was accepted in state service at Cheraw, Chesterfield District, South Carolina, on 1 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company D Jackson Guards: CAPT. J S MILLER
The company was accepted in state service at Chesterfield District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company E Timmonsville Minutemen: CAPT. S M KEITH
The company was accepted in state service at Timmonsville, Darlington District, South Carolina, on 10 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year, under the command of Captain J W Owens, on 13 April, 1861. Captain J W Owens, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company E, resigned on 1 June, 1861, and First Lieutenant S M Keith, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company E, was appointed captain, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company E, the same day.
Company F Darlington Greys: CAPT. W H EVANS
The company was accepted in state service at Darlington Courthouse, Darlington District, South Carolina, on 10 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861. Captain W H Evans, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company F, resigned on 29 November, 1861, dated 22 November, 1861, and First Lieutenant T E Howle, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company F, was appointed captain, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company F, the same day. st Captain T E Howle, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company F, was appointed captain, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company M, on 13 May, 1862.
Company G Marlboro Blues or Guards: CAPT. J W HARRINGTON
The company was accepted in state service at Marlboro District, South Carolina, on 18 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company H Jeffries Creek Company or Volunteers: CAPT. R L SINGLETARY
The company was accepted in state service at Hopewell Church, Marion District, South Carolina, on 26 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company I Marion Guards: CAPT. E T STACKHOUSE
The company was accepted in state service at Little Rock, Marion District, South Carolina, on 26 January, 1861, and mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861. Captain E T Stackhouse, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company I, was appointed captain, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company L, and and Second Lieutenant A T Harllee, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company I, was appointed captain, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company I, on 13 May, 1862,
Company K McQueen Guards: CAPT. D M MCLEOD
The company was accepted in state service at Marlboro District, South Carolina, on 24 January, 1861, and mustered in state service for one year on 13 April, 1861.
Company L Spartan Band: CAPT. E T STACKHOUSE
The company was accepted or mustered in Confederate service for two years or the war, under the command of Captain E T Stackhouse, on 13 May, 1862.
Company M: CAPT. T E HOWLE
The company was mustered in Confederate service for two years or the war, under the command of Captain T E Howle, on 13 May, 1862, and First Lieutenant J J McIvor, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company F, was appointed captain, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company F, the same day.

Source

"He inspected the division, thus increased, consisting of the 2nd and 8th South Carolina regiments, the shattered remnants of Hampton's Legion, about 150 strong, whom we had received, (what with the killed, wounded, and those attending them, few were left in the field,) and one company – partly of Marylanders, and partly of Crescent Blues of New Orleans."

The Rebellion Record: A diary of American events with documents, narratives, illustrative incidents, poetry etc, Volume 2, Charleston Mercury, 29 July, edited by Frank Moore

Bound for glory: A brief history of the Darlington Rifles, precusor volunteer militia to Company A, Eighth South Carolina Volunter Infantry, C.S.A., origin through First Manassas, by Elizabeth Hoole McArthur

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Lowcountry & Pee Dee, by R S Seigler

Notes

The 8th South Carolina Infantry was accepted in state service on 6 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 13 April, 1861.

State Service

The 8th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to rendezvous at the Washington Racecourse, above Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861.

Organisation of 8th South Carolina Infantry, 16 April, 1861: Colonel E B C Cash, Lieutenant Colonel J W Henagan, Major T E Lucas; Company A, Captain A J Hoole (84); Company B, Captain M J Hough (90); Company C, Captain W H Coit (96); Company D, Captain J S Miller (99); Company E, Captain S M keith (100); Company F, Captain W H Evans (96); Company H, Captain R L Singletary (100); Company I, Captain E T Stackhouse (97); Company K, Captain D M McLeod (94)

Darlington Courthouse, Darlington District, to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, Companies A, E, & F, 15 April, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, E, and F, were ordered to proceed by the Cheraw & Darlington Railroad to Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, in the morning on 15 April, 1861, and arrived by the Northeastern Railroad in the evening the same day.

Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, Companies E, F, & G, 20 & 21 April, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry, Companies E, F, and G, was stationed at Sullivan's Island, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J W Henagon, on 20 and 21 April, 1861.

Note: The 7th South Carolina Infantry and 8th South Carolina Infantry were stationed at the Washington Racecourse, above Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Brigadier General S McGowen, South Carolina Volunteers, in the afternoon on 1 May, 1861 (See the 7th South Carolina Infantry).

Confederate Service

The 8th South Carolina Infantry was stationed at the Washington Racecourse, above Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, on 2 May, 1861.

The 8th South Carolina Infantry was stationed at the Washington Racecourse, above Charleston, Charleston District, South Carolina, under the command of Brigadier General S McGowan, South Carolina Volunteers, on 1 May, 1861.

Charleston, Charleston District, to Cussack's Mill, on Pye Branch, near Florence, Florence District, South Carolina, 2 May, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Northeastern Railroad to Mars Bluff, near Florence, Florence District, South Carolina, at 11 AM on 2 May, 1861, and arrived at Cussack's Mill, on Pye Branch, near Florence, Florence District, South Carolina, the same day.

Mustered in one year, Mars Bluff, near Florence, Florence District, South Carolina, 1 June, 1861, dated 13 April, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Mars Bluff, near Florence, Florence District, South Carolina, by Major N G Evans, cavalry, Confederate State Army, on 1 June, 1861, dated 13 April, 1861.

Mars Bluff, near Florence, Florence District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, 2-4 June 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Wilmington & Manchester Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861, and arrived at Wilmington, New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 3 June, 1861. The regiment arrived at Richmond, Virginia, by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861.

Note: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Howard's Grove, on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, near Richmond, Virginia, between 4 and 13 June, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 13 June, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.66, Paragraph VI, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, in the morning on 13 June, 1861, dated 7 June, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Manassas Junction to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.32, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861, dated

14 June, 1861, and arrived in the evening the same day.

Note: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, on 20 June, 1861.

Manassas Junction to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21-22 June, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the evening on 21 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861, and arrived at Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 22 June, 1861.

Germantown to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 2 July, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special orders No.71, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 2 July, 1861, dated 29 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Henagon, near Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 1st South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special orders No.71, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 1 July, 1861, dated 29 June, 1861, and the 18th Virginia Infantry was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special orders No.71, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 29 June, 1861.

Fairfax Courthouse to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, 13 July, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 13 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Lucas, near Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Withdrawal to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17-18 July, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J W Henagon, was ordered to withdraw to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Colonel R C W Radford, 30th Virginia Cavalry, at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, the Black Horse Troop, and the Fairfax Cavalry. The 8th South Carolina Infantry arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day and was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 1 AM on 18 July, 1861. Colonel E B C Cash, 8th South Carolina Infantry, assumed command of the 8th South Carolina Infantry at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the morning the same day.

After the first battle of Manassas the 8th South Carolina Infantry arrived at the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 2.30 AM on 22 July, 1861.

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 12 PM on 23 July, 1861, dated 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day.

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23-24 July, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.149, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 8 PM on 23 July, 1861, dated the same day and arrived at Camp Gregg, near Vienna Station, via Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 July, 1861.

Note: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 2nd South Carolina Infantry, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, 7th South Carolina Infantry, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Alexandria Artillery, Hanover Light Dragoons, Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, C, G, and H

Vienna to Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, 14 August, 1861: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 14 August, 1861.

Reorganised near Richmond, Virginia, 13 May, 1862: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was reorganised with twelve companies for two years near Richmond, Virginia, on 13 May, 1862.

Consolidation of 8th South Carolina Infantry, 9 April, 1865: The 8th South Carolina Infantry was consolidated and designated the 3rd South Carolina Consolidated Infantry with the 3rd South Carolina Infantry, the 3rd South Carolina Battalion Infantry, parts of the 1st, 2nd, 6th, and 7th South Carolina Reserve Battalion Infantry on 9 April, 1865 (See the 8th South carolina Infantry).

Organisation of 3rd South Carolina Consolidated Infantry, 9 April, 1865: Colonel E T Stackhouse, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel R P Todd, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Major J K Griffin, 3rd South Carolina Infantry; Company A, Captain T W Gary, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Company B; Company B, Captain (?), 8th South Carolina Infantry; Company C, Captain R H Wright, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Company E; Company D, Captain J W Watts, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Company G; Company E, Captain AW Burnside, 3rd South Carolina Battalion Infantry, Company E; Company F, Captain W S Pitts, 3rd South Carolina Battalion Infantry, Company B; Company G, Captain B A Rogers, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company K; Company I, First Lieutenant T Connor, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Company B; Company K, First Lieutenant J R Moore, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Company D

Surrendered at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, 26 April, 1865: The 3rd South Carolina Consolidated Infantry surrendered at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, on 26 April, 1865.

Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Major General M L Bonham, South Carolina Militia, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 6 PM on 24 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, H, I, K, and L, and was assigned to command the Department of Alexandria and establish headquarters at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.95, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry. He arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the the troops stationed at Fairfax County, Virginia, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry by Special Orders No. 1 and General Orders No.9, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 4 and 9 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the Black Horse Troop (See Munford's Squadron Cavalry). He was assigned to command the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and reappointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, dated 14 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier general P G T Beauregard assumed command of the Department of Alexandria at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861.

The 8th South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.70: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp457
Lieutenant Colonel J W Henagan, Eighth South Carolina Infantry, of operations 17 and 18 July, 1861, dated Camp Victory, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 29 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.71: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp457
Colonel E B C Cash, Eighth South Carolina Infantry, of operations 18 and 19 July, 1861, dated Camp Victory, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 31 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.91: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp530-532
Colonel E B C Cash, Eighth South Carolina Infantry, dated Camp Victory, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 31 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT No.86: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp518-521
Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Gregg, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861