The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Colonel W W Kirkland, 11th North Carolina Infantry

Colonel W W Kirkland, 11th North Carolina Infantry

Eleventh North Carolina Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 3 and 12 July, 1861. Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 17 July, 1861. Stationed at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861. Redesignated Twenty-first North Carolina State Troops 14 November, 1861

COLONEL W W KIRKLAND
W W Kirkland was appointed colonel, 11th North Carolina Infantry, on 1 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 9 July, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL J M LEACH
Captain J M Leach, 11th North Carolina Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 11th North Carolina Infantry, on 1 July, 1861.

MAJOR J M RICHARDSON
J M Richardson was appointed major, 11th North Carolina Infantry, at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 3 July, 1861.

Company A Davidson Guards: CAPT. J C HEDGECOCK
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Lexington, Davidson County, North Carolina, under the command of Captain J M Leach, on 8 May, 1861, and was ordered to to proceed by the North Carolina Railroad to Danville, Virginia, in the morning on 17 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and Captain J M Leach , 11th North Carolina Infantry, Company A, was appointed lieutenant colonel, 11th North Carolina Infantry, on 1 July, 1861. First Lieutenant J C Hedgecock, 11th North Carolina Infantry, Company A, was appointed captain, 11th North Carolina Infantry, Company A, on 8 July, 1861, dated 3 July, 1861.
Company B Yadkin Grey Eagles: CAPT. J K CONNALLY
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Yadkinville Courthouse, Yadkin County, North Carolina, on 12 May, 1861, and was ordered to Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, on 2 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 9th (1st) North Carolina Battalion Sharpshooters, Company A, at Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1862.
Company C Blue Ridge Riflemen: CAPT. B Y GRAVES
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Mount Airy, Surry County, North Carolina, on 20 May, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861.
Company D Forsyth Rifles or Riflemen: CAPT. A H BELO
The company was accepted or mustered n state service for one year at Salem, Forsyth County, North Carolina, on 22 May, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, at 10 AM on 17 June, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Forsyth Greys or Guards and arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, at 12 PM on 19 June, 1861.
Company E Forsyth Greys or Guards: CAPT. R W WHARTON
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Salem, Forsyth County, North Carolina, on 24 May, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, at 10 AM on 17 June, 1861. The company was accompanied by the Forsyth Rifles and arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, at 12 PM on 19 June, 1861. The company was assigned to the 1st North Carolina Battalion Sharpshooters, Company B, at Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 26 April, 1862.
Company F Mountain Boys: CAPT. R K PEPPER
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Danbury, Stokes County, North Carolina, on 29 May, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, in the morning on 17 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.
Company G Town Fork Invincibles: CAPT. S WESTMORELAND
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Germanton, Stokes County, North Carolina, on 30 May, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, in the morning on 17 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.
Company H Mountain Tigers: CAPT. J R WAUGH
The company was accepted or mustered in state for one year at Dobson, Surry County, North Carolina, for one year on 5 June, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 28 June, 1861.
Company I Surry Marksmen: CAPT. J C GILMER
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Mount Airy, Surry County, North Carolina, on 5 June, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 28 June, 1861.
Company K Forsyth Southrons: CAPT. F P MILLER
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Winston, Forsyth County, North Carolina, on 11 June, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.
Company L Rockingham Invincibles: CAPT. J H Boyd
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Wentworth, Rockingham County, North Carolina, on 3 June, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 29 June, 1861. Captain J H Boyd, 11th North Carolina Infantry, Company L, died at Richmond, Virginia, on 28 August, 1861, and First Lieutenant A J Boyd, 11th North Carolina Infantry, Company L, on 3 September, 1861.
Company M Guilford Dixie Boys: CAPT. W L SCOTT
The company was accepted or mustered in state service for one year at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, on 4 June, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, in the morning on 9 July, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861.

Ninth (First) North Carolina Battalion Sharpshooters

Major R W Wharton

Company A Yadkin Grey Eagles: CAPT. N G Hunt
First Lieutenant N G Hunt, 21st North Carolina State Troops, Company B, was appointed captain, 9th (1st) North Carolina Battalion Sharpshooters, on 26 April, 1862.
Company B Forsyth Greys or Riflemen: CAPT. P D Headley
Captain R W Wharton and First Lieutenant P D Headley, 21st North Carolina State Troops, Company E, were appointed major, 9th (1st) North Carolina Battalion Sharpshooters, and captain, 9th (1st) North Carolina Battalion Sharpshooters, Company B, on 26 April, 1862.

The 9th (1st) North Carolina Battalion Sharpshooters was organised at Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, under the command of Major R W Wharton, 21st North Carolina Carolina State Troops, Company E, on 26 April, 1862, and was mustered in Confederate service for one year on 29 June, 1862. The battalion was assigned to the 21st North Carolina State Troops between 26 April and 25 May, 1862.

Sources

"The Danville Register bestows a high compliment upon the 11th North Carolina Regiment now encamped near that place."

The Daily Dispatch, 29 June, 1861 - North Carolina Volunteers

"This Regiment lately arrived here, but is not at present in Richmond. Old Mexican Volunteers, who have inspected this command, speak of it as formed of the best material. The men composing it were armed and equipped according to law that is, in the best possible manner. The rear train of the two conveying the regiment ran into the forward train Tuesday night, at Beaver Dam Depot, wounding four persons. The dispatch received from Mr. Fontaine, President of the Central road, at two P. M. yesterday, states that three of them - John C. Royal, D. A. Vestal and John B. Howell - are only bruised. They are walking about, and may be able to travel on the cars today. The only other who was hurt (W. D. Harrison) is suffering from a strain of his back, but is improving. They are all of the 11th N. C. Regiment, (Capt. Connelly's company.)"

The Daily Dispatch, 18 July, 1861 - Eleventh Regiment N.C. Volunteers

"In this great battle, so signally victorious for the Confederate arms, North Carolina had fewer troops engaged than it had in any other important battle of the armies in Virginia. Colonel W W Kirkland's Eleventh (afterward Twenty-first) regiment, with two companies – Captain Connally's and Captain Wharton's - attached, and the Fifth, Lieutenant Colonel J P Jones in command during the sickness of Colonel McRae, were present, but so situated that they took no part in the engagement."

Confederate military history: A library of Confederate States history, in twelve volumes, written by distinguished men of the South, edited by General Clement A Evans of Georgia

"Without further incident, the regiment arrived at Manassas early on the morning of the 18th. Immediately the regiment moved in double quick time to our position at Michell's Ford on Bull Run – this being the centre of the Confederate line of battle."

Histories of the several regiments and battalions from North Carolina, in the great war 1861-65, Volume 2, written by members of the respective commands and edited by Walter Clark, lieutenant colonel, 17th North Carolina State Troops

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 48, Serial No.60: Record of events for the Twenty-first North Carolina Infantry (formerly Eleventh North Carolina), May 1861-February 1865, edited by James B Hewett

The 21st North Carolina Infantry: A Civil War history with a roster of officers, by Lee W Sherrill, Jr.

The Civil War and Yadkin County, North Carolina: A History with contemporary photographs and letters, by Frances Harding Casstevens

Volunteer troops, Adjutant General's Office, 24 June, 1861

Register of North Carolina troops, 1861, Adjutant and General's Office, Raleigh, North Carolina, 1st November, 1861

Roster of North Carolina troops in the War Between the States during the years 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864 and 1865, Volume 2, by John W Moore

Notes

The 11th North Carolina Infantry was accepted in state service by General Orders No.13, Adjutant General's Office, Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, on 11 June, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Danville, Virginia, on 12 June, 1861.

Yadkinville Courthouse, Yadkin County, North Carolina, to Danville, Virginia, Company B, 2-24 June, 1861: The Yadkin Grey Eagles was ordered to Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, on 2 June, 1861, and arrived at the Camp of Instruction, near Raleigh, Wake County, via Salem, Forsyth County, and Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, on 4 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861.

Lexington, Davidson County, North Carolina, to Danville, Virginia, Company A, 17-19 June, 1861: The Davidson Guards was ordered to proceed by the North Carolina Railroad to Danville, Virginia, in the morning on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, in the afternoon the same day. The company arrived near Reidsville, Rockingham County, North Carolina, in the evening on 17 June, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, on 18 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, at 4 PM on 19 June, 1861.

Salem, Forsyth County, North Carolina, to Danville, Virginia, Companies D & E, 17-19 June, 1861: The Forsyth Rifles and the Forsyth Greys were ordered to Danville, Virginia, at 10 AM on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Kernersville, Forsyth County, North Carolina, at 12 PM the same day. The companies arrived at Bruce's Crossroads, Guilford County, North Carolina, in the evening on 17 June, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, in the morning on 18 June, 1861. The Forsyth Rifles and the Forsyth Greys arrived at Danville, Virginia, via Reidsville, Rockingham County, North Carolina, at 12 PM on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day.

Note: The Forsyth Rifles and the Forsyth Greys were stationed at Camp Magazine, near Salem, Forsyth County, North Carolina, under the command of Colonel J Hasten, 66th North Carolina (Militia) Infantry, on 17 June, 1861.

Danbury, Stokes County, North Carolina, to Danville, Virginia, Company F, 17-19 June, 1861: The Mountain Boys was ordered to Danville, Virginia, in the morning on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861.

Germanton, Stokes County, North Carolina, to Danville, Virginia, Company G, 17-20 June, 1861: The Town Fork Invincibles was ordered to Danville, Virginia, in the morning on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Mount Airy, Surry County, North Carolina, to Danville, Virginia, Company C, 19-24 June, 1861: The Blue Ridge Riflemen was ordered to Danville, Virginia, on 19 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861.

Winston, Forsyth County, North Carolina, to Danville, Virginia, Company K, 24-26 June, 1861: The Surry Marksmen were ordered to Danville, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.

Dobson & Mount Airy, Surry County, North Carolina, to Danville, Virginia, Companies H & I, 24-28 June, 1861: The Mountain Tigers and the Forsyth Southrons were ordered to Danville, Virginia, on 24 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 28 June, 1861.

Wentworth, Rockingham County, North Carolina, to Danville, Virginia, Company L, 25-26 June, 1861: The Rockingham Invincibles was assigned to the 11th North Carolina Infantry, Company L, on 19 June, 1861, and was ordered to Danville, Virginia, on 25 June, 1861. The company arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 26 June, 1861.

Mustered in one year, Danville, Virginia, 3 July, 1861, & 12 July, 1861, dated 3 July, 1861: The 11th North Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, and L, were mustered in Confederate service for one year at Danville, Virginia, on 3 July, 1861, and Company M on 12 July, 1861, dated 3 July, 1861.

Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, to Danville, Virginia, Colonel W W Kirkland, 5-9 July, 1861: Colonel W W Kirkland, 11th North Carolina Infantry, was ordered to Danville, Virginia, on 5 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 9 July, 1861.

Note: Adjutant General R F Hoke was assigned to command the Camp of Instruction at Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, on 5 July, 1861.

Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, to Danville, Virginia, Company M, 9-11 July, 1861: The Guilford Dixie Boys was ordered to Danville, Virginia, in the morning on 9 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hill, near the Dan River, one mile west of Danville, Virginia, on 11 July, 1861.

Note: The Guilford Dixie Boys was stationed at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, on 17 June, 1861, and was assigned to the 11th North Carolina Infantry, Company M, on 25 June, 1861.

Danville to Richmond, Virginia, Companies A, E, G, I, K, L, & M, 13-14 July, 1861: The 11th North Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, E, G, I, K, L, and M, were ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Danville Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the morning on 13 July, 1861, and arrived via Burkeville Junction, Nottoway County, Virginia, at 10 PM the same day.

Danville to Richmond, Virginia, Companies B, C, D, F, & H, 14-15 July, 1861: The 11th North Carolina Infantry, Companies B, C, D, F, and H, were ordered to proceed by the Richmond & Danville Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, on 14 July, 1861, and arrived via Burkeville Junction, Nottoway County, Virginia, on 15 July, 1861.

Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 16-17 July, 1861: The 11th North Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Winchester, Frederick, County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.223, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, in the afternoon on 16 July, 1861, dated the same day but was detained by a collison on the Virginia Central Railroad near Beaver Dam Station, Hanover County, Virginia, at 10 PM on 16 July, 1861. The regiment was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas, Virginia, in the morning on 17 July, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

Note: The 11th North Carolina Infantry was involved in a railroad accident near Beaver Dam Station, near Beaver Dam, Hanover County, Virginia, on the Virginia Central Railroad, on 16 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 18 July, 1861: The 11th North Carolina Infantry was ordered to the rear of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.129, Paragraph II, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861, and proceeded at 5 AM on 18 July, 1861. The regiment was accompanied by the 8th Louisiana Infantry, Companies B, D, E, F, G, and K, under the command of Colonel H B Kelly, the same day (See the 8th Louisiana Infantry).

Note: Colonel H B Kelly was assigned to command the 8th Louisiana Infantry, Companies B, D, E, F, G, and K, and the 11th North Carolina Infantry at the rear of Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.129, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 17 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the 11th North Carolina Infantry was stationed at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The 11th North Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Sixth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of Sixth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 24th Virginia Infantry, 5th North Carolina States Troops, 11th North Carolina Infantry, 13th North Carolina Infantry

Mitchell's Ford to Camp Rhett, near Camp Walker, Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 6 August, 1861: The 11th North Carolina Infantry arrived at Camp Rhett, near Camp Walker, on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, on 6 August, 1861.

Camp Rhett, near Camp Walker, Orange & Alexandria Railroad, near McLean's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Pageland, near Gainesville Depot, Prince William County, Virginia, 25 August, 1861: The 11th North Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Gainesville, Prince William County, Virginia, in the morning on 25 August, 1861, and arrived at Camp Hardee, Pageland, near Gainesville Depot, Prince William County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 11th North Carolina Infantry was ordered to Wolf Run Shoals Ford, on the Occoquan River, by Special Orders No.257, Paragraph II, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 21 August, 1861, and was assigned to Brigadier General G B Crittenden, Confederate States Army, at Pageland, near Gainesville Depot, Prince William County, Virginia, on 29 August, 1861.

Redesignated 21st North Carolina State Troops, 14 November, 1861: The 11th North Carolina Infantry was redesignated the 21st North Carolina State Troops on 14 November, 1861.

Reorganised near Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, 16-18 April, 1862: The 21st North Carolina State Troops was reorganised near Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, between 16 and 18 April, 1862, and Companies B and E were assigned to the 1st, also known as the 9th, North Carolina Battalion Sharpshooters, under the command of Major R W Wharton, on 26 April, 1862.

Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, 9 April, 1865: The 21st North Carolina State Troops, under the command of Captain J H Miller, surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Appomattox County, Virginia, on 9 April, 1865.

North Carolina State Troops, 8 May, 1861: Ten regiments of North Carolina State Troops, numbering 1st to 10th, were organised to serve during the war on 8 May, 1861, and thirteen regiments of volunteers for twelve months service were authorised, numbering 1st to 8th and 10th to 14th on 10 May, 1861. Special Orders No.222, Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, 14 November, 1861, authorised the original ten regiments of state troops to keep their numbering and the volunteers to be redesignated and all units were subsequently known as North Carolina State Troops.

Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Major General M L Bonham, South Carolina Militia, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 6 PM on 24 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, H, I, K, and L, and was assigned to command the Department of Alexandria and establish headquarters at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.95, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry. He arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the the troops stationed at Fairfax County, Virginia, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry by Special Orders No. 1 and General Orders No.9, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 4 and 9 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the Black Horse Troop (See Munford's Squadron Cavalry). He was assigned to command the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and reappointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, dated 14 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier general P G T Beauregard assumed command of the Department of Alexandria at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861.

The 11th North Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Sixth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Colonel J A Early, 24th Virginia Infantry, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.87: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, p521
Colonel W W Kirkland, Eleventh North Carolina Infantry, Mitchell’s Ford, on the Bull Run River, 23 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT No.86: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp518-521
Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Gregg, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861