The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Captain D Kemper, Alexandria Artillery

Captain D Kemper, Alexandria Artillery

Alexandria Artillery

Arrived at Manassas Junction, Virginia, 9 and 16 May, 1861. Mustered in Confederate service for one year dated 1 July, 1861. Stationed at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

CAPTAIN D KEMPER
D Kemper was appointed captain, Alexandria Artillery, on 15 March, 1861, and major, artillery, Confederate States Army, on 25 July, 1862.

Section: FIRST LT. W D STUART
W D Stuart was appointed first lieutenant, Alexandria Artillery, on 15 March, 1861.

Two 6 pounder smoothbores, M1841

Section: SECOND LT. R H BAyLISS
R H Bayliss was appointed second lieutenant, Alexandria Artillery, on 15 March, 1861.

Two 6 pounder smoothbores, M1841

Sources

"The Fifth Alabama and the crack Zouave regiment, from New Orleans, arrived only a few days ago, and a number of cavalry and artillery companies, two South Carolina regiments, under General Bonham, with the Prince William and Black Horse cavalry and Alexandria Artillery company, were at Fairfax Court House."

The New York Herald, 30 June, 1861 - Position of the rebel forces in Virginia, Washington, 29 June, 1861

"The company's armament was no more impressive than its men; four small six-pounder brass guns. The city had borrowed the guns from the U S Navy Yard and regularly fired them on Washington's birthday and other notable dates."

The Virginia Regimental Histories Series: The Brooke, Fauquier, Loudoun & Alexandria Artillery, First Edition, No.785 of 1000, by Michael J Andrus

Supplement to the Official Records: Part II, Record of Events, Volume 70, Serial No.82: Record of events for Eighteenth Battalion, Virginia Artillery, July 1861-August 1864, edited by James B Hewett

A guide to Virginia military organisations 1861-1865, Revised Second Edition by I A Wallace, Jr.

Notes

The Alexandria Artillery was accepted in state service at Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 15 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 17 April, 1861. The company was assigned to barracks at Lyceum Hall, on Washington Street, Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 25 April, 1861.

Note: G Duffey was appointed captain, Alexandria (Mechanical) Artillery, on 29 July, 1850, and First Lieutenant D Kemper, Alexandria Artillery, on 10 January, 1861. The Alexandria Artillery was assigned four 6 pounder brass smoothbores borrowed from the Navy Yard, on M Street, between Sixth and Ninth Streets, Washington, D. C., in March 1861.

Alexandria & 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers, 19 February & 27 April, 1861: The Alexandria Artillery was assigned to the Alexandria Battalion Volunteers, under the command of Major M D Corse, on 19 February, 1861, and was redesignated the 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers by General Orders No.4, Headquarters, Potomac Division, Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia, on 27 April, 1861 (See the Garrison at Alexandria).

Alexandria to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, 3-4 May, 1861: The Alexandria Artillery was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, in the evening on 3 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers and the Warren Rifles. The company arrived at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, in the morning on 4 May, 1861.

Note: The 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers and the Warren Rifles were ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, in the evening on 3 May, 1861, but was an error by a telegraph operator who wrote 'battalion' instead of 'battery'. The Alexandria Artillery was detached and assigned to Colonel P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 4 May, 1861.

Morning report of Alexandria Battalion of Virginia Volunteers, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 6 May, 1861: Major C Boyle, Provisional Army of Virginia; Adjutant & Second Lieutenant G L Whittington, Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery; Emmett Guards (63), Captain J E Towsen; Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery (51), Captain T Triplett; Prince William Rifles (70), Captain A S Hamilton; Alexandria Artillery (76), Captain D Kemper

Note: The Alexandria Artillery, under the command of Captain D Kemper, was stationed at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 5 May, 1861, and in the morning on 6 May, 1861. A detachment of the Emmett Guards (23) and Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery (1) were on detached duty in the morning on 6 May, 1861.

Disposition of troops, Headquarters, Potomac Department, Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, 8 May, 1861: 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers (100), Company E, Captain S H Devaugh; 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers (88), Company G, Captain A Herbert; 6th Virginia Battalion Volunteers (69), Company H, Captain M Mayre; Alexandria Home Guards (100), Captain J Latouche; Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards (53), Captain E B Powell; Border Guards or Fairfax Cavalry, Captain M D Ball, at Alexandria, Virginia; Fairfax Rifles (51), Captain W H Dulany, at Fairfax Station, Fairfax County, Virginia; Washington Volunteers (113), Company A, Captain C K Sherman; Porter's Company (74), Captain J C Porter; Alexandria Artillery (86), Captain D Kemper, at Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia; Richardson Guards, Captain J Welsh, at Madison Courthouse, Madison County, Virginia; Emmett Guards, Captain J E Towsen, Jr.; Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery, Captain T Triplett, at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia; Rappahannock Cavalry (64), Captain J S Green, at Amissville, ten miles east of Washington, Rappahannock County, Virginia; Black Horse Troop, Captain W H Payne, at Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia; Powhatan Troop, Captain J F Lay, enroute to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia

C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, 9 May, 1861: A section of the Alexandria Artillery, under the command of Captain D Kemper, was ordered to proceed by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad to Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 9 May, 1861, and was accompanied by Colonel P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia.

Note: Colonel P St G Cocke, Provisional Army of Virginia, was stationed at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, between 9 and 11 May, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, in the morning on 12 May, 1861.

Troops stationed at & in the vicinity of Manassas Junction, Prince William County, (918), 12 May, 1861: Colonel Garland, Jr., Provisional Army of Virginia, Major C Boyle, Provisional Army of Virginia; Lynchburg Home Guards, Captain K Otey; Lynchburg Rifles Greys, Captain M S Langhorne; Southern Guards, Captain R C Saunders; Farmville Guards, Captain R A Booker; Prince William Rifles (60), Captain A S Hamilton; Irish Volunteers or Triplett's Heavy Artillery, Captain T Triplett; Emmett Guards, Captain J E Towsen; Black Horse Troop (76), Captain W H Payne; section of Alexandria Artillery, Captain D Kemper, at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia; Warrenton Rifles (88), Captain J Q Marr, at Bristoe Station, Prince William County, Virginia; Rappahannock Cavalry (57), at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia

Note: The Powhatan Troop, under the command of Captain J F Lay, was stationed at Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, between 9 and 11 May, 1861, and was ordered to Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 12 May, 1861.

Note: A section of the Alexandria Artillery, under the command of First Lieutenant W D Stuart, was stationed at Camp Henry, C George's, northwest of Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, Virginia, on 16 and 20 May, 1861.

General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, 8 June, 1861: The Alexandria Artillery was assigned to the Confederate States by General Orders No.25, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 8 June, 1861, and was accepted in Confederate service on 1 July, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Prince William County, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 15 June, 1861: The Alexandria Artillery was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 15 June, 1861.

Centreville to Frying Pan Church, on the old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: A section of two 6 pounder smoothbores and thirty-four men of the Alexandria Artillery, under the command of Captain D Kemper and First Lieutenant W D Stuart, was ordered to Frying Pan Church, on the old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 16 June, 1861, and was accompanied by 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company A, and a detachment of the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company B (See the 30th Virginia Cavalry).

Note: The 1st South Carolina Infantry, the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, Company B, and a detachment of the Hanover Light Dragoons, under the command of Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry, arrived at Frying Pan Church, on the old Ox Road, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the afternoon on 16 June, 1861.

Frying Pan Church, on the old Ox Road, to Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 16 June, 1861: A section of the Alexandria Artillery arrived at Dranesville, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Colonel M Gregg, 1st South Carolina Infantry, in the evening on 16 June, 1861.

Skirmish on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile southeast of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17 June, 1861: A section of the Alexandria Artillery was ordered to Hunter's Mills, on Difficult Run, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 17 June, 1861, and arrived at Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4 PM the same day. The section was stationed on Ayr(e), Fairfax County, Virginia, during the skirmish on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile southeast of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 17 June, 1861 (See the Skirmish at Vienna).

Note: A section of the Alexandria Artillery, under the command of Second Lieutenant R H Bayliss, was stationed at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 16 June, 1861, and the and 1st South Carolina Infantry, Company B, was assigned as support to a section of the Alexandria Artillery during the skirmish on the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a quarter of a mile southeast of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 17 June, 1861.

Vienna to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 17-18 June, 1861: A section of the Alexandria Artillery was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening on 17 June, 1861, and arrived via Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 June, 1861.

Centreville to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 21-22 June, 1861: The Alexandria Artillery was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, by Special Orders No.51, Paragraph V, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, in the evening on 21 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the 7th South Carolina Infantry (See the 7th South Carolina Infantry). The company at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, arrived in the morning on 22 June, 1861.

Note: The Alexandria Artillery was mustered in state service at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 30 June, 1861.

Note: The Alexandria Artillery was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861.

Withdrawal to Mitchells' Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17-18 July, 1861: The Alexandria Artillery was ordered to withdraw to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, under the command of Colonel J B Kershaw, 2nd South carolina Infantry, at 8 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, the Hanover Light Dragoons, and the 30th Virginia Cavalry, Company H. The company arrived at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 18 July, 1861, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry was assogned as support to the Alexandria Artillery on 21 July, 1861.

Note: The Hanover Light Dragoons was assigned as escort to the Alexandria Artillery in the morning on 17 July, 1861.

After the first battle of Manassas the Alexandria Artillery arrived at the Stone Bridge, on the Bull Run River, at 11 PM on 21 July, 1861.

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The Alexandria Artillery was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 12 PM on 23 July, 1861, dated 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day.

Centreville to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23-24 July, 1861: The Alexandria Artillery was ordered to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.149, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, at 8 PM on 23 July, 1861, and arrived at Camp Gregg, in the vicinity of Vienna Station, via Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 July, 1861.

Note: The Alexandria Artillery was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 2nd South Carolina Infantry, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, 7th South Carolina Infantry, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Alexandria Artillery, Hanover Light Dragoons, Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, C, G, and H

Vienna to Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, 14 August, 1861: The Alexandria Artillery was ordered to Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 14 August, 1861.

Reorganised, at Lee's Mill, on the east bank of the James River, seven miles southwest of Yorktown, York County, Virginia, 29 April, 1862: The Alexandria Artillery was reorganised at Lee's Mill, on the east bank of the James River, seven miles southwest of Yorktown, York County, Virginia, on 29 April, 1862.

18th Virginia Battalion Heavy Artillery, Company E, 3 February, 1864: The Alexandria Artillery was dismounted and assigned to the 18th Virginia Battalion Heavy Artillery, Company E, under the command of Major M B Hardin, by Special Orders No.19, Adjutant & Inspector General's Office, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 3 February, 1864, dated 24 January, 1864.

Disbanded, Sayler's Creek, ten miles west of Farmsville, Prince Edward & Cumberland Counties, Virginia, 6 April, 1865: The Alexandria Artillery was disbanded at Sayler's Creek, ten miles west of Farmsville, Prince Edward and Cumberland Counties, Virginia, on 6 April, 1865.

Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Major General M L Bonham, South Carolina Militia, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, at 6 PM on 24 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, H, I, K, and L, and was assigned to command the Department of Alexandria and set up headquarters at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Virginia, by Special Orders No.95, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry. He arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the the troops stationed at Fairfax County, Virginia, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry by Special Orders No. 1 and General Orders No.9, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 4 and 9 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the Black Horse Troop (See Munford's Squadron Cavalry). He was assigned to command the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and reappointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, dated 14 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier General P G T Beauregard, Confederate States Army, assumed command of the Department of Alexandria at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861.

The Alexandria Artillery was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac,Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction, Prince William County, Virginia, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.73: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp458-459
Captain D Kemper, Alexandria Artillery, of retreat from Fairfax Courthouse and skirmish at Mitchell’s Ford, dated Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.94: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp535-536
Captain D Kemper, Alexandria Artillery, dated Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 25 July, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT No.86: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp518-521
Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Gregg, in the vicinity of Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861