The Fourth Alabama Painting by Don Troiani

First Brigade, Army of the Potomac

Private J E Cooper, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Company E

Private J E Cooper, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Company E

Third South Carolina Infantry

Mustered in Confederate service for one year 6 June, 1861. Arrived at Manassas, Junction, 22 June, 1861. Stationed at Mitchells's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 21 July, 1861

COLONEL J H WILLIAMS
J H Williams was appointed colonel, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, on 6 February, 1861.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL B B FOSTER
B B Foster was appointed lieutenant colonel, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, on 6 February, 1861.

MAJOR J M BAXTER
J M Baxter was appointed major, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, on 6 February, 1861.

Company A State Guards or Garlington Rifles: CAPT. B C GARLINGTON
The company was accepted in state service at Laurens, Laurens District, South Carolina, on 7 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 14 April, 1861.
Company B Williams Guards: CAPT. S N DAVIDSON
The company was accepted in state service at Newberry, Newberry District, South Carolina, on 9 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 14 April, 1861.
Company C Pickens Guards: CAPT. R C MAFFET
The company was accepted in state service at Frog Level, Newberry District, South Carolina, on 15 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 14 April, 1861.
Company D Cross Anchor Volunteers: CAPT. T B FERGUSON
The company was accepted in state service at Cross Anchor, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 18 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 14 April, 1861.
Company E Quitman Rifles: CAPT. J D NANCE
The company was accepted in state service at Newberry District, South Carolina, on 20 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 14 April, 1861.
Company F Wadsworth Guards: CAPT. T WALKER
The company was accepted in state service at Boyd's Old Field, near Madden's, Newberry District, South Carolina, in January 1861 and was mustered in state service on 15 April, 1861. Captain T Walker, 3rd South carolina Infantry, Company F, resigned on 11 September, 1861.
Company G Laurens Briers: CAPT. R P TODD
The company was accepted in state service at Laurens Courthouse, Laurens District, South Carolina, on 22 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 14 April, 1861.
Company H Brooks Guards: CAPT. D NUNAMAKER
The company was accepted in state service at Dutch Fork, Lexington District, South Carolina, on 23 January, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 14 April, 1861.
Company I Musgrove Volunteers: CAPT. B S JONES
The company was accepted in state service at Laurens, Laurens District, South Carolina, on 1 March, 1861, and was mustered in state service on 14 April, 1861.
Company K Blackstock Volunteers: CAPT. B KENNEDY
The company was accepted in state service at Spartanburg, Spartanburg District, South Carolina, on 25 February, 1861, and was mustered in state service for one year on 14 April, 1861.
Company Unlettered Helena Guards: CAPT. J N (T S C) Brown
The company was mustered in state service for one year at Newberry, Newberry District, South Carolina, on 14 April, 1861, and was not accepted in Confederate service at Lightwood Knot Springs, seven miles above Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 6 June, 1861.
Company Unlettered Company Raiborn: CAPT. W J M Jones
The company was mustered in state service for one year at Rabon Creek, Laurens District, South Carolina, on 14 April, 1861, and was not accepted in Confederate service at Lightwood Knot Springs, seven miles above Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 6 June, 1861. The company was disbanded on 10 June, 1861.

Source

"The Third South Carolina Volunteers, 1,000 strond, reached this city yesterday morning between 6 and 7 o'clock, and went into camp near the Reservoir."

The Richmond Daily Dispatch, 20 June, 1861 - South Carolina Volunteers

South Carolina troops in Confederate service, Volume II, complied by A S Salley, Jr

A history of the Third South Carolina Infantry, 1861-1865, by Mac Wyckoff

Far, far from home: The wartime letters of Dick and Tally Simpson, 3rd South Carolina Volunteers, by Guy R Everson and Edward H Simpson, Jr.

South Carolina's military organisations during the War Between the States: The Upstate, by R S Seigler

Notes

The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was accepted in state service on 6 March, 1861, and was ordered to rendezvous at Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 13 April, 1861.

Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, 14-17 April, 1861: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, and I, arrived at Camp Ruffin, the Fairgrounds, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 14 April, 1861; Companies F and G on 15 April, 1861; and Companies D, H, and K, on 17 April, 1861.

Note: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was stationed at Camp Ruffin, the Fairgrounds, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, under the command of Brigadier General A C Garlington, South Carolina Volunteers, on 1 May, 1861.

Columbia to Lightwood Knot Springs, seven miles above Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, 17 May, 1861: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Charlotte & South Carolina Railroad to Lightwood Knot Springs, seven miles above Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 17 May, 1861, and arrived at Camp Johnson, on the Charlotte & South Carolina Railroad, near Lightwood Knot Springs, seven miles above Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, the same day.

Mustered in one year, Lightwood Knot Springs, seven miles above Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, 6 June, 1861, dated 14 April, 1861: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was mustered in Confederate service for one year at Camp Johnson, on the Charlotte & South Carolina Railroad, near Lightwood Knot Springs, seven miles above Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, by Lieutenant Colonel B E Bee, infantry, Confederate States Army, on 6 June, 1861, dated 14 April, 1861.

Note: The Helena Guards and the Company Raiborn, under the command of Captain J N Brown's and W J M Jones', respectively, were not accepted Confederate service at Lightwood Knot Springs, near Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, on 6 June, 1861, and the Company Raiborn was disbanded on 10 June, 1861.

Lightwood Knot Springs, seven miles above Columbia, Richland District, South Carolina, to Richmond, Virginia, 15-19 June, 1861: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Charlotte & South Carolina Railroad to Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 15 June, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad via Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, and Weldon, Halifax County, North Carolina, and Petersburg, Virginia, at 7 AM on 19 June, 1861. The regiment was ordered to Camp Jackson, the Reservoir, near Trotting Park, Oregon Hill, Richmond, Virginia, the same day.

Reservoir, near Trotting Park, Oregon Hill, to Richmond to Manassas Junction, Virginia, 22-23 June, 1861: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.76, Paragraph IV, Adjutant & Inspectors General's Office, Richmond, Virginia, in the evening on 22 June, 1861, dated 20 June, 1861, and arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, in the morning on 23 June, 1861.

Manassas Junction, Virginia, to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 23 June, 1861: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, by Special Orders No.62, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 June, 1861, and arrived at Camp Beauregard, near Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, the same day.

Note: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, Army of Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General D R Jones, by Special Orders No.62, Paragraph III, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 23 June, 1861, and a company of the 7th Virginia Infantry was stationed at Camp Beauregard, near Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, the same day (See the 7th Virginia Infantry).

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, 30 June 1861: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.71, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 8 AM on 30 June, 1861, dated 29 June, 1861, and arrived at Fairfax Courthouse, Fairfax County, Virginia, the same day.

Note: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by Special Orders No.71, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 29 June, 1861 (See the Third Brigade, Army of the Potomac).

Withdrawal to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, 17-18 July, 1861: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to withdraw to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 8.30 AM on 17 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 18th Virginia Infantry (See the 18th Virginia Infantry). The regiment arrived at Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, via Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the evening the same day.

After the first battle of Manassas the 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, at 10 PM on 21 July, 1861.

Follow & observe the enemy near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 22 July, 1861: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to follow and observe the enemy, to pick up stragglers, and secure relinquished property near Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 8 AM on 22 July, 1861, and was accompanied by the 7th South Carolina Infantry, a section of the Richmond Howitzer Battalion Artillery, 1st Company, and the Hanover Light Dragoons. The regiment arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning the same day and was ordered to Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, in the evening on 22 July, 1861.

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23 July, 1861: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.146, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 12 PM on 23 July, 1861, dated 22 July, 1861, and arrived at Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, at 2 PM the same day.

Mitchell's Ford, on the Bull Run River, to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 23-24 July, 1861: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, by Special Orders No.149, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, at 8 PM on 23 July, 1861, dated the same day and arrived at Camp Gregg, near Vienna Station, via Germantown, Fairfax County, Virginia, in the morning on 24 July, 1861.

Note: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Organisation of First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, 25 July, 1861: 2nd South Carolina Infantry, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, 7th South Carolina Infantry, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Alexandria Artillery, Hanover Light Dragoons, Fairfax Cavalry or Washington Home Guards, 30th Virginia Cavalry, Companies A, C, G, and H

Vienna to Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, 14 August, 1861: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was ordered to Flint Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, on 14 August, 1861.

Reorganised near Richmond, Virginia, 13 May, 1862: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was reorganised for two years near Richmond, Virginia, on 13 May, 1862.

Consolidation of 3rd South Carolina Infantry, 9 April, 1865: The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was consolidated and designated the 3rd South Carolina Consolidated Infantry with the 8th South Carolina Infantry, the 3rd South Carolina Battalion Infantry, parts of the 1st, 2nd, 6th, and 7th South Carolina Reserve Battalion Infantry on 9 April, 1865 (See the 8th South carolina Infantry).

Organisation of 3rd South Carolina Consolidated Infantry, 9 April, 1865: Colonel (Lieutenant Colonel) E T Stackhouse, 8th South Carolina Infantry; Lieutenant Colonel R P Todd, 3rd South Carolina Infantry; Major J K Griffin, 3rd South Carolina Infantry; Company A, Captain T W Gary, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Company B; Company B, Captain (?), 8th South Carolina Infantry; Company C, Captain (First Lieutenant) R H Wright, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Company E; Company D, Captain J W Watts, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Company G; Company E, Captain A W Burnside, 3rd South Carolina Battalion Infantry, Company E; Company F, Captain W S Pitts, 3rd South Carolina Battalion Infantry, Company B; Company G, Captain B A Rogers, 8th South Carolina Infantry, Company K; Company I, Captain (First Lieutenant) T Connor, 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Company B; Company K, Captain (First Lieutenant J R Moore), 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Company D

Surrendered at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, 26 April, 1865: The 3rd South Carolina Consolidated Infantry surrendered at Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, on 26 April, 1865.

Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac: Major General M L Bonham, South Carolina Militia, was appointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 23 April, 1861, and arrived by the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad at Richmond, Virginia, at 6 PM on 24 April, 1861. He was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, H, I, K, and L, and was assigned to command the Department of Alexandria and establish headquarters at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, by Special Orders No.95, Headquarters, Virginia Forces, Richmond, Virginia, on 21 May, 1861 (See the 1st South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to proceed by the Virginia Central Railroad to Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 22 May, 1861, and was accompanied by the 1st South Carolina Infantry. He arrived by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, via Culpeper Courthouse, Culpeper County, and Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia, on 23 May, 1861, and was assigned to command the the troops stationed at Fairfax County, Virginia, and the 2nd South Carolina Infantry by Special Orders No. 1 and General Orders No.9, Headquarters, Department of Alexandria, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 4 June, 1861 (See the 2nd South Carolina Infantry). Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, was ordered to Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia, between 4 and 9 June, 1861, and was accompanied by the Black Horse Troop (See Munford's Squadron Cavalry). He was assigned to command the First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, by General Orders No.20, Paragraph I, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 20 June, 1861, and reappointed brigadier general, Confederate States Army, on 21 October, 1861, dated 14 July, 1861.

Note: Brigadier general P G T Beauregard assumed command of the Department of Alexandria at Camp Pickens, near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on 2 June, 1861.

The 3rd South Carolina Infantry was assigned to the First Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, under the command of Brigadier General M L Bonham, by Special Orders No.169, Paragraph I, Headquarters, First Corps, Army of the Potomac, on 25 July, 1861.

Reports

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.68: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp453-454
Colonel J H Williams, Third South Carolina Infantry, of retreat from Fairfax Courthouse and skirmish at Mitchell’s Ford, dated Camp Gregg, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 2 August, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT NO.89: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), Chapter IX, pp527-528
Colonel J H Williams, Third South Carolina Infantry, dated Camp Gregg, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 31 August, 1861

OFFICIAL REPORT No.86: Series I, Volume 2 (Serial No.2), pp518-521
Brigadier General M L Bonham, Confederate States Army, First Brigade, Army of the Potomac, dated Camp Gregg, near Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1 August, 1861